10 largest dog breeds

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Despite the fact that among the dogs there are quite large breeds, the sizes of some are so surprising that staying close with one of these can be a real test for those who first encountered such a huge dog size. So, which of the dogs can rightfully be considered a giant? Next we will talk about the ten most formidable representatives of the canine world.

Features of the character, care and education of large dogs breeds

In ancient times, the ancestors of large dogs were called bullenbasers, the hallmarks of which were huge size, powerful jaws and strength. By modern standards a large dog can be considered if it reaches a weight of 26 kg with taller than 60 cm. Due to its large size, some breeds require special attitude and care, since atypical physiology implies other physical and mental development.

Large breeds are conventionally divided into powerful and athletic. First ones As a rule, they are phlegmatic, calm, well trained, do not need in long intensive loads. The second ones are mobile, energetic, quickly excited, which complicates their education.

Powerful dogs need enough free space, in including in the place of residence, therefore they will feel more comfortable yourself in a private house or aviary. The latter is valid only for long-haired breeds. It is important to provide the pet with a soft litter: with prolonged lying on a hard surface in such dogs calluses are formed in the joints.

You should carefully choose the place of walk: frequent walking on how much surface often leads to stretching of the tendons. Not training and walking should be too intense for some dogs – it is fraught, again, with orthopedic problems. Nutrition of representatives of large breeds should be balanced and moderate: overfeeding will lead to obesity, which will affect the condition of bones and joints.

Large dogs need compulsory training, excluding aggressive methods. Without proper education, such individuals will be pose a threat not only to others, but also to family members dog owner.

Rating of the largest breeds

Nomination a place dog breed rating
Top 10 largest breeds 10 Tibetan mastiff 4.1
9 Newfoundland 4.2
8 Moscow Watchdog 4.3
7 Irish Wolfhound 4.4
6 Leonberger 4.5
5 Iberian Mastiff 4.6
4 Great Danish 4.7
3 Saint bernard 4.8
2 Spanish mastiff 4.9
1 English mastiff 5.0

Tibetan mastiff

Rating: 4.1

Tibetan mastiff

One of the most ancient, expensive and rare breeds of dogs. Many centuries back she was a watchman at Tibetan monasteries and accompanied nomads in the Himalayas. The first mention of the Tibetan mastiff appeared back in the 4th century BC. Ancient philosopher Aristotle admired the strength and complaisance of these dogs. Despite their size, Tibetan mastiff has a pronounced hunting skills, so in the old days for one such individual was given 20 greyhounds. A distinctive feature of the breed is its exceptional cleanliness. (almost on a par with a cat).

Standards: distinguished by a large physique with a large, wide head and long tail. It has a two-layer, very fluffy fur. There are several colors – black, black with fawn spots, brownish-golden and gray (brown areas on the face are possible, under the tail, below the legs or around the eyes). Height is 56-72 cm, weight – 55-60 kg.

Character and habits: a very smart and loyal dog, which will become a reliable friend for an experienced and loving dog breeder. Possesses excellent security and friendly character, but with it is considered a proud and inclined dog from the owner. Getting along well with other representatives of his breed. Friendship with a dog of a different breed is possible only if breeding of both individuals and the absence of differences between them with side of the owner.

Features: representatives of the Tibetan mastiff breed need to the firm hand of the trainer, but no cruelty (balance and calm are important). In this case, from the crumbs a puppy will grow up a powerful and loyal friend for his master, who will be obedient, intelligent, adroit and very loving dog. Can not note excessive fluffiness of the breed, which will require regular bathing of the dog (every 1.5-2 months) and thorough combing out a couple of times a week.


Rating: 4.2


The good-natured aristocrat was bred in territories bordering Atlantic waters – in the Canadian sea province of Newfoundland. Little is known about the origin of the breed: it is believed that the ancestor Newfoundland was a Tibetan mastiff. Representatives of the breed in their time used on porters island as porters heavy load and for pulling nets with fish: it is very powerful and excellent swimming dog.

And today, Newfoundland dogs are considered good. swimmers: all thanks to water-repellent wool, membranes on legs and congenital tendency to swim. Incredible strength, endurance and energy. Breed without exaggeration considered one of the strongest in the world, as demonstrated a dog named Barbara Allens Dark Hans in 1979, becoming the most a strong dog in proportion to his weight: she dragged along concrete coating cargo weighing more than 2.2 tons.

Standards: distinguished by a powerful physique, large head and powerful wide tail. Membranes are located between the toes, simplifying the swimming process. There are 3 colors of the breed – black, brown and black and white. Male growth is 69-75 cm, weight is 60-70 kg. The growth of bitches is 63-68 cm, weight is 45-55 kg. Still known a larger instance of Newfoundland is the largest representative The breed weighed 117 kg.

Character and habits: courageous breed, which is capacious characterizes one word – “gentleman”. A very loyal dog one of the friendliest in the world. Sociable, affectionate, smart, Get along well with children and other pets. It has developed protective skills.

Features: excellent swim and needs periodic water training and more. Superbly trained but does not tolerate rigidity (good results will help to achieve balanced calm training). The breed needs regular cleaning wool (2-3 times a week) and periodic bathing (every a couple of months). Distinctive feature – drooling.

Moscow Watchdog

Rating: 4.3


Large breed bred on the territory of Russia just a little more half a century ago. It was “born” in the 50s of the last century by Crossing St. Bernard, Caucasian Shepherd Dog and Russian Pinto Hound. Despite its youth, the breed is deservedly considered one of the the most outstanding among service dogs. She mixes well in itself habits and the best qualities of a shepherd and a St. Bernard, but at the same time superior to their muscularity and mobility.

Standards: different proportional physique, large head and powerful jaws with large, tight-fitting teeth. There are 2 colors (with a speck both) of the breed – spotted and red-piebald. Male growth – 68-78 cm, weight – from 55 kg. Height of bitches – 66-73 cm. Weight – from 45 kg.

Character and habits: self-confident, but enough a balanced and complaisant dog that not only walks well on contact with a person, but also has pronounced qualities guard and guard breeds. Moscow watchdog knows no fear while protecting his master, he never steps back. Wherein distinguished by friendly disposition and friendliness towards all members of the family in which he lives.

Features: the dog is perfect for security functions, and for family maintenance. But anyway needs training, since the lack of training and attempts by the owner to socialize the dog will lead to over manifestation of her a characteristic feature is incredulity. That, in turn, will outgrow into poorly controlled aggression.

Irish Wolfhound

Rating: 4.4

Irish Wolfhound

The breed is considered the largest among hunting, but at the same time far from the largest among the largest breeds. Irish Wolfhound – one of the oldest in the world: even in the time of the Celts (4 centuries before AD) the ancestors of this breed were used to hunt wolves and wild boars.

Large size with exceptional speed and power laid the foundation for regular and massive harassment with their wild animals. As a result, the breed was on the verge of extinction to early 19th century. Thanks to one British enthusiast – Richardson managed to find an old-type female of this large breed and recreate it.

Standards: proportional, muscular body with not very large head and pointed muzzle. Color – white, gray, fawn, black and red. The average growth of the breed is 79-86 cm, weight – 55 kg.

Character and habits: a very kind, flexible dog, which It will be a great companion for any dog ​​breeder. Shows friendliness towards other breeds of dogs and even cats. It features excellent hunting skills. Attached to to your master. It barks a little.

Features: has an average level of intelligence, but at the same time perfectly succumbs to training and clearly understands what is required of her. Not suitable for maintenance in an apartment. The best option is private house with a large yard and a high fence for keeping from pursuit of “prey”. Needs daily intense training to maintain optimal fitness.


Rating: 4.5


The proud proud man is the result of crossing Newfoundland, saint bernard and pyrenean shepherd dog. The breed is considered not only one one of the largest in the world, but also one of the friendliest best example of a “family” dog.

Standards: differs in a massive physique, bony, a large head and a voluminous chest. The coat is long, with lush pants and a collar. There are several colors – fawn, golden, brown-red, with a dark mask, valid black spine. Male height – 72-80 cm, female height – 65-75 cm. Average breed weight – 55-65 kg.

Character and habits: calm, friendly character, discretion, high intelligence, excellent learning and watchdog qualities. It stands out for its incredible love for children. Very faithful and sociable dog.

Features: different ability to take independent decisions while focusing on the person. Very a loyal breed that does not survive the change of master. Wash the dog is worth it as needed, but should be combed regularly (at least once a week). You should not take several to the family at once puppies – it will be more difficult for a person to develop authority.

The best way to keep Leonberger is a private house with a large yard and the possibility of entering the room. Life on the chain is not for him: he must feel part of the family. Requires regular and long walks to keep fit: despite massiveness, different mobility and energy.

Iberian Mastiff

Rating: 4.6

Iberian Mastiff

The breed is 3 thousand years old, although officially it recognized only in 1946. It is believed that she was bred yet ancient Phoenicians as a watchman and a good shepherd. This affectionate giant is incredible friendliness and patience even to the kids of the family in which he lives.

Standards: massive physique, large head, thick, soft coat. There is one color – white with tiger spots, black, gray and a black mask on the face. Male growth – 77-81 cm, height of bitches – 72-75 cm. Average weight – 70-80 kg (weight some individuals – 100 kg).

Character and habits: distinguished by a calm, loving disposition, easy to learn. A smart and reliable dog that understands perfectly its weight superiority over many breeds and never attacks a “stranger” in the absence of obvious danger, limiting itself to barking. Suitable for protection, often used as bodyguard.

Features: feels more comfortable in a private house, than in the apartment. It can be contained both indoors and in aviary. Doesn’t need long walks, but loves games with master of nature. Despite its massiveness, the dog breed the Pyrenean mastiff is very agile and energetic.

Great Danish

Rating: 4.7


The breed is considered the tallest in the world: its representatives there is practically no limit to growth. The pedigree is related to English mastiff (many still compare these two breeds and cannot come to a general conclusion about which one is larger). Dog resembling Great Danes, met in ancient Greece as early as the 13th century before ad. She was exquisitely dubbed the “dog of Apollo.” It – national dog of Germany.

This breed is scared of many due to the huge growth, but the appearance deceptive – Great Dane – friendliness itself. Representative of the breed will be a great companion for active people: elegant, noble and just as active.

Standards: strong, but elegant physique, long head with a strong neck, long tail. There are several colors – brindle, brown, black and blue. Male growth starts at 80 cm, weight – 54-91 kg. The growth of bitches is from 72 cm, weight – 45-59 kg. A dog named Zeus from the USA is considered the record holder of the breed: with a weight of 70 kg the growth of the giant reaches almost 112 cm.

Character and habits: very smart, calm, friendly dog, devoted to the owner. Characterized by playfulness, caution and sensitivity. Very rarely makes noise. Loving dog, get along great with representatives of other breeds. Well amenable to training.

Features: needs regular exercise and active walking to maintain emotional balance. Strict required adherence to diet, as having excess weight will result to orthopedic problems.

Saint bernard

Rating: 4.8


The ancestor of this large breed is the Tibetan mastiff. Saint Bernards met in the days of the ancient Romans and were them imported to Switzerland, from where they were further distributed. About 3 centuries ago, the breed began to be actively used as lifeguard, trained in the search for missing tourists. It is a national dog of Switzerland.

Standards: has a muscular physique, massive head, the muzzle is short. There are 2 types of St. Bernards: long, slightly wavy coat and with short, stiff. Color – red with white stained and vice versa. The growth of males is 70-90 cm. The growth of bitches is 65-80 cm. The weight of the rock starts at 80 kg (average – 100 kg). A dog named Benedictine who weighed is considered the champion of the breed. 166.4 kg and become the heaviest dog in the world.

Character and habits: intellectual dog, perfectly oriented on the ground. It stands out for its calm, good-natured character, playfulness, friendliness to people and pets. Very loyal and faithful breed with an excellently developed protective instinct: Saint Bernards are great watchmen.

Features: great salivation, very fast get dirty. Not very suitable for families with small children, because it can bring them down (unintentionally). Does not love prolonged sun exposure. It takes a very long time to form personality. Easy to learn, but requires a soft, calm approach. Dog’s fur needs daily cleaning, and eyes – in periodic vet check as the breed is prone to ophthalmic diseases.

Spanish mastiff

Rating: 4.9

Spanish Mastiff

Not just a large, but already a giant dog, whose homeland is Spain. Initially, representatives of the breed were used in as protection of cattle from attack by predators like a wolf. And today they are used as reliable watchmen. Despite his massiveness, the Spanish mastiff can hardly be called inactive: he always held with dignity. A distinctive feature of the breed is restraint and late maturity (on average, occurs at 3 of the year).

Standards: stocky and flexible at the same time, strong, big head, thick, strong tail. Color – any plain (preferably solid – fawn, deer, black and other). Male growth ranges from 77-88 cm, weight – 80-100 kg. The growth of bitches is 72-88 cm, weight – 70-100 kg.

Character and habits: independence in decision making, excellent hunting skills, calm disposition, incredible speed reactions and developed sense of territory, self-confidence, friendliness, sensitivity to the mood of the owner. Fine can be trained and with the right education will become faithful friend and good defender.

Features: Only rural is suitable for living terrain, preferably with a fenced plot and the possibility free range. Also requires long daily walks, but without excessive physical exertion. Breed training should to be selected individually: it is extremely important to respect the dog and when exhibit exceptional patience because the breed deduced in such a way as to have independence in making decisions.

Training for the breed is required: rude Spanish a mastiff is a threat. Brought up never attacks strangers first and rarely gives a voice. If this happened, it’s says that there is a danger.

English mastiff

Rating: 5.0

English mastiff

Old British eligible breed be called the largest in the world. In ancient times her representatives used to harass bears. Distinctive trait breed – royal calm. English mastiff differs in impressive dimensions, which nonetheless belittle its harmony and impressiveness.

Standards: powerful physique with developed breasts and large head, short broad muzzle with jaw protruding forward and strong teeth. The coat is short and stiff. Color – fawn, apricot, silver, brindle and dark deer. Height – 90-94 cm weight – from 110 kg. The dog is considered the champion of the breed by the nickname Hercules, weighing 155 kg with a growth of 94 cm.

Character and habits: balanced character, courage, friendliness, calm. A smart, confident dog that gets along well both with people (including young children), and with any pets. The breed is considered very good-natured and strongly attached to the family in which he lives.

Features: Needs well-designed training without applying harsh methods. Mandatory socialization of the dog, and in the early stages of its development, since the breed is prone to isolation and suspicion. Daily combing required wool, as the English mastiffs shed much. The breed is bad tolerates heat.

Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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