Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Crocodiles are without a doubt one of the most dangerous creatures of our planet. For the first time these reptiles appeared in late Cretaceous, about 83.5 million years ago back. Now crocodiles are divided into 25 different species, including a pair of species of the gavial family, 8 species alligators and 15 species of real crocodiles. Habitat applies to all tropical areas of the world. Settle crocodiles usually in fresh water, hunting any animals located nearby. Of all the existing predators, they have the most powerful jaws that can bite bones of even a large animal, such as a leopard. They are also known for frequently attacking people, not even being provoked, while having acute teeth, extremely movable tail and powerful armor makes them formidable opponents even for an armed man. Most species crocodiles have a considerable size, but in our today’s the selection we will consider ten real giants belonging to detachment Crocodilia.
- The largest crocodiles in the world
- 10th place – New Guinean crocodile
- 9th place – Swamp crocodile
- 8th place – Siamese crocodile
- 7th place – Mississippi alligator
- 6th place – Ganges gavial
- 5th place – Black Cayman
- 4th place – American American crocodile
- 3rd place – Orinoc crocodile
- 2nd place – Nile crocodile
- 1st place – combed crocodile
The largest crocodiles in the world
|Nomination||a place||name||Maximum length||Weight Limit|
|The largest crocodiles in the world||10||New Guinean Crocodile||3,5 meters||–|
|9||Swamp crocodile||3.5 meters||200 kg|
|8||Siamese crocodile||4 METERS||300 KG.|
|7||Mississippi alligator||4,5 METERS||400 KG.|
|6||Ganges Gavial||5 METERS||250 KG.|
|5||Black cayman||5 METERS||400 KG.|
|4||American Crocodile||5.3 METERS||500 KG.|
|3||Orinoc crocodile||5,4 METERS||380 KG.|
|2||Nile crocodile||5.5 meters||1,000 KG.|
|1||Combed crocodile||7 METERS||2,000 KG.|
10th place – New Guinean crocodile
New Guinean crocodiles belong to the family of real crocodiles, they live in Indonesia and in the western part islands of new guinea. Males reach a length of three and a half meters, females a little less – about 2.7 meters. Crocodiles have gray-brown color, passing on the tail to dark brown with oblong black spots. The muzzle is narrow and long, elongated forward. Representatives of the species feed on amphibians, fish, and small ones. mammals, young individuals begin with aquatic invertebrates and insects, only as they grow older, moving to a larger prey. Being a nocturnal predator, a New Guinean crocodile in the daytime time prefers to bask on the shore or hide in holes, which he pulls out in the steep slopes of the river. Duration the life of these predators is 60 years or more.
9th place – Swamp crocodile
Swamp crocodile, also called magera, is found in South India, on the island of Sri Lanka, in Pakistan and several neighboring countries. The body length of males is from three to three seconds half meters with a weight of 150-200 kilograms. Painting light or dark olive color, depending on the age of the individuals. Live swamp crocodiles in swamps, shallow lakes and rivers with slow over current. During the drying up of reservoirs, they dig themselves shelters in the form of bur either migrate to a new place. Magera move freely by land, reaching speed of 14 kilometers per hour if necessary (true only for a short time). In the aquatic environment they are capable of pursue your prey at a speed of 40 kilometers per hour. Nutrition growing individuals consists of invertebrates, adult diet predator includes fish, turtles, snakes, birds and a variety of mammals. They hunt at any time of the day, at night most often go to land. Crocodiles do not disdain dead animals, helping to cleanse water bodies. Sometimes wizards themselves become prey of larger crocodiles or tigers.
8th place – Siamese crocodile
This species of crocodile inhabits Southeast Asia. Was first discovered in Siam, as a result of which he received such a name. On the today the population is only about five thousand individuals, most of them live in Cambodia. Crocodiles settle in swamps and rivers, go hunting mainly at night, during the day most often sit out in shelter. Main food source fish and aquatic animals appear for them, less often hunt mammals coming to water. Adult males grow to four meters in length, and their weight reaches 300 kilograms. Despite the formidable appearance and impressive size, the Siamese the crocodile is comparatively peaceful and rarely attacks person, except for the protection of the territory. The view is clearly pronounced social hierarchy, which is violated only during the period droughts when reptiles are forced to gather in the remaining ponds in large groups.
7th place – Mississippi alligator
Mississippi alligators are endemic to the southeast parts of the USA, they are found in various freshwater bodies, usually choosing standing water. The name alligator comes from Spanish word denoting a lizard. Adult males of this species have a length of about four and a half meters, and their weight is often makes more than four hundred kilograms. Mississippi coloring alligators olive or black, belly significantly lighter than the rest of the body. They hunt small and medium the size of animals, however, for lack of other food sources attack and large individuals who came to the watering hole. Mississippian the alligator is able to cope with prey far exceeding him in the weight category. There are also cases of cannibalism, especially with a high population density.
6th place – Ganges gavial
This reptile is one of two surviving to this day. representatives of the gavialov family. It lives in the northern part Hindustan Peninsula and the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Torso length Gangan gavials reaches five meters, large individuals weigh up to 250 kilogram. The color of the color ranges from brown and dark green to almost white. A unique feature of the species is the elongated jaw, the length of which exceeds the width of almost five times. Sticking out from the mouth, sharp teeth give the gavial a frightening appearance, but for man, he does not pose a serious threat. Crocodiles settle in deep rivers with a fast current, feed mostly on fish. Due to poorly developed limb muscles, they are extremely slow on drier, where the truth goes quite rarely. But in the native element gavial is capable of speeds up to 30 kilometers per hour.
5th place – Black Cayman
Black caimans belong to the alligator family, they are found in South America, in more than seven countries. This is the most the largest of all species of alligators, the length of the males taking into account the tail can be more than five meters, and they weigh about 400 kilogram. As the name implies, their scaly skin has black color, which serves as an excellent disguise at night and helps to absorb heat better. Caimans usually live in large lakes and rivers, their highest concentration is observed in the river Amazon and its tributaries. During the Amazon high water season settle on the formed temporary reservoirs, while drought on the contrary, they gather in numerous groups. Actively hunt in mostly at night, during the day more often bask in the sun to maintain optimal body temperature. Any animals can become prey both river and watering. Powerful jaws of black caimans allow them to bite through even the shells of large turtles.
4th place – American American crocodile
This species is found in South and North America, the most distributed in Florida, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic and on the islands of the Caribbean. Such a wide habitat possible not least due to the tolerance of the species to being in salt water. Crocodiles are obligated by name its narrow pointed jaws. The largest males of the species grow up to 5.2-5.3 meters with a weight of 400-500 kilograms. Main diet sharp-headed crocodiles composed of fish, they are very agile in the aquatic environment and are capable of reaching speeds of 32 kilometers per hour. In winter reptiles dig burrows along the riverbank line of the season, where wait until the onset of heat. For humans, the species is considered dangerous. due to high aggressiveness – numerous crocodile attacks in Panama, Mexico and Costa Rica.
3rd place – Orinoc crocodile
South American reptile from a family of real crocodiles, inhabits water bodies in Colombia and Venezuela, mainly in areas near the Orinoco River. This view is the largest animal on the whole continent of South America, its length the body reaches 5.4 meters. Pronounced sexual dimorphism, females significantly smaller than males and grow no more than 3.6 meters. Coloring crocodiles range from grayish to even dark green colors. The species is characterized by a narrow muzzle adapted to the underwater hunting. Adults feed mainly on fish, reptiles medium sized and semi-aquatic mammals such as capybara. Land residents are only attacked when they are very hungry. IN socially, Orinoc crocodiles are very isolated predators, each individual occupies a personal site, protecting it from any intrusions, with the exception of the mating period.
2nd place – Nile crocodile
The range of the species extends to almost the entire territory of the African continent south of the Sahara. Nile crocodiles inhabit the rivers and freshwater marshes, although tolerant to water with a small level salinity. Due to their size, they are on top food chain in Africa – virtually no animal is capable resist a predator more than five and a half meters long and weighing about a ton. In addition, these crocodiles have tremendous power. bite, once a German scientist zoologist witnessed as an adult male bit off the head of a bull. They hunt from an ambush, instantly dragging a victim who came too close under water. At night time nile crocodiles sometimes lie in wait for prey in the distance 30-50 meters from the water. During a short chase to them, despite seemingly awkward, able to reach a speed of 17 kilometers in hour. In water, reptiles can move twice as fast. The diet consists mostly of large animals, including buffaloes, sharks, and even leopards. Human attacks also not uncommon due to the large number of settlements near crocodile habitats.
1st place – combed crocodile
Saltwater crocodiles are the largest reptiles of the planet and the largest of all land predators. Maximum length of individuals the male is seven meters, the weight of such a male can reach two tons. The species has an unusually wide habitat, extending from the shores of India through Asia to Australia itself. This is due to the fact that crocodiles often migrate to distant distance using ocean currents. There are cases when they during such trips over 500 kilometers were covered. Settlement crocodiles settle in full-flowing rivers, mangrove swamps, sometimes they can be found in sea lagoons. This view It tolerates salt water. Being extremely aggressive and strong animals, they are often crowded out other higher predators such as sharks and large ones feline representatives. Powerful jawed crocodile jaws allow you to easily crush the skull of a buffalo, not to mention any less strong bones. Reptiles spend most of the day waiting for the victim, but at the time of the attack they can develop speed 11 kilometers per hour on land and up to 30 kilometers per hour in water environment. For humans, this reptile is also serious. danger because it tends to consider a person as potential production.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.