Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Domestication of cows from wild tours took place in the period Early Neolithic, approximately in the 7th century BC, in Syria and Turkey. From then until today large horned livestock is an integral part of livestock farming and plays an important role in the economy of most states of the world. Cows are raised both on large farms and on small households. Thanks for decades A variety of breeds were bred: dairy, meat and combined. Also these animals are bred in order to obtain skin. Each of the breeds of cows has its own characteristics, but today we consider those breeds that amaze with their huge the dimensions.
Overview of the largest breeds of cows in the world
|Rating of the largest breeds of cows in the world||1||Angler||550 KG.|
|9||Belgian blue||900 KG.|
|10||Chianina||more than 1000 kg.|
Angler breed was bred on the German peninsula Angeln breeding method, thanks to the crossing of shorthorns and angels. It has existed since the 17th century. Cows have dark cherry either reddish color, the weight of adults reaches 550 kilograms, a characteristic feature is a large bowl-shaped udder with protruding veins. Considered the best among German breeds of dairy orientation – the annual milk yield exceeds 4500 kilograms, with Moreover, its fat content is about 4.5%, and the protein content is 3.7%. As a result of careful selection, the Angler breed different not only high milk yield, but also good indicators of slaughter yield of meat, up to 55%. Cows hardy, easily adapt to the climate, however, have a wayward temperament. Are popular in European countries, in Russia Angler breed bred mainly in the southern regions.
Tagil breed belongs to the dairy direction, it formed in the Urals in the XVIII-XIX centuries by crossing Yaroslavl, Kholmogorsky and Dutch breeds with local Tagil cows. The main goal of breeding was to increase milk production and increase fat content of milk. Middle milk yield per year for Tagil cows today is about 3,500 kilograms, but fat content can reach record for Russian breeds 5%. Last but not least promoted by the Urals rich in useful substances vegetation on pastures. Another feature of cows is maintaining high reproductive abilities for almost all life. Tagil breed has an elongated, squat torso, weight is 550-600 kilograms. Cows don’t need special care, have a calm, flexible character.
This versatile breed of meat and milk origin occurs from Switzerland, from where the ancestors of the monbellyadras were brought to France. Selection began in the 18th century, and in 1889 the breed recognized as one of the best at the Paris World’s Fair. Cows have a motley suit, a distinctive feature is white coloring lower body. The weight of sexually mature individuals usually reaches 600-650 kilogram. The Montbeliard breed is known for its productivity, annual milk yield often reaches 8,000 kilograms of milk with fat content about 4% and a protein content of 3.45%. Lactation lasts for 305 days. Milk is used to make the best types of cheese, yogurt and cottage cheese. Equally impressive cow performance possess and regarding meat characteristics – lethal yield up to 68%, lean meat, with excellent taste. In France, the Montbeliard breed is bred for the most part parts in the mountains and foothills. In many other countries of the world they are also popular, being considered an elite species cattle. Montbeliards are known as an advertising “face” dairy products, which is not surprising, given the peculiarities of this breed a pleasant color and proportionality of the body.
The Charolese breed was bred in the 18th century on the territory of Burgundy (France) by crossing Simental breed with selected local cows. She was further improved later. after crossing with shotgorn. The breed belongs to the meat species cattle, animals tend to grow rapidly and building muscle with a minimum fat content fiber. This allows you to get at slaughter from 60% to 70% of the output high quality meat with a protein content of up to 20%. Besides, cows give a good amount of milk for meat breeds – about 2500 kilograms per year, fat content of 4%. Outwardly, Charolais stand out massive physique with pronounced lumpy muscles. The color ranges from white to cream shades. Cow weight is 600-700 kilograms. The breed is quite demanding on diet and conditions, poorly tolerates winter frosts. Charolese cows are common in Europe and North America, they appeared in Russia since 1998.
The most common breed in North America was introduced from Europe, she was originally bred in the Netherlands and Germany. Towards the end of the 19th century, Holstein cows began to be exposed. selection in order to increase milk yield and milk fat content, a little later, much attention was paid to the protein content in milk. A number of modern methods have been used, such as artificial insemination, embryo transfer, creation of special feeds and programs feeding. Thus, using purebred breeding managed to create a breed leading in the dairy direction. Holstein cows are predominantly black and white, with an udder large, cup-shaped. Adult animal weight reaches 750 kilogram. Productivity indicators fluctuate, depending on conditions of detention. So in Israel, farms have managed to obtain up to 10,000 kilograms of milk per year. However his fat content usually does not exceed 3%. American breed representatives give about 9000 kilograms of milk with a fat content of 3.6%. Annual milk yield Holstein cows in Russia are 7,500 kilograms, with 3.8 percent fat. breed content requires serious investments, because Holstein does not tolerate cold, drafts, and stress, need a spacious room and clean, fresh in the air.
Breeding of Kostroma cows began in the first half of the 20th century, but the greatest success was achieved already in 1945 by livestock farming “Karavaevo”. They crossed local animals with Schwyz and Algauz rocks. Kostroma breed cows stand out massive and strong characteristic of universal orientation physique. The body is slightly elongated in length, the suit is gray, may be of different shades: from milk to brown. With good nutrition the weight of an adult cow reaches 800 kilograms. Insofar as selection was carried out in severe wartime, breed characterized by unpretentiousness to feed, conditions of detention and climate. Moreover, on coarse feed, cows gain weight faster and provide the best indicators of milk yield. Another positive a feature is high immunity. Representatives on average Kostroma breed per year can produce from 6,000 to 7,000 a kilogram of milk, and its fat content is more than 4%. Slaughter the yield is about 65%. Cows are bred in the Central Federal District Russia, as well as in Ukraine and Belarus.
The history of the Bestuzhev breed began in the XVIII century, when cattle-breeding farm of the landowner Bestuzhev in the Simbirsk province Dutch, Simmental cows and shothorns were brought. Crossbreeding and further selection led to the formation of large, resistant to diseases of animals that provide high productivity and in meat and dairy. Cows grow fast adults individuals often gain weight in 800 kilograms. They have cherry red, sometimes brownish color. The body is strong harmoniously folded, with a wide chest and a small head. Animals are perfectly adapted to the weather conditions of the Volga region, undemanding in matters of maintenance and feeding, they do not there is a genetic predisposition to leukemia. Slaughter the yield of high-quality meat can reach 60%, annual milk yield ranges from 5,000 to 8,000 kilograms in individual cases. Besides Volga region, breed bred in Bashkiria and Tatarstan.
Hereford – one of the most beloved meat breeds of farmers. It combines high productivity, unpretentiousness and big weight. Perfect for fattening in natural conditions. Happened Herefords from local cattle in English county Herefordshire, where peasants crossed for several centuries. From the 19th century, cows were further improvement – this time in Canada and the USA, from where they spread almost all over the world. Animals have a weight of about 850 kilograms, physique stocky, squat. The suit of the body is dark red, and the head is white. They are hardy, calm temperament and long life. Killer exit may up to 70%, marbled meat, is considered one of the best in the world for cooking steaks. Also of high value is hide due to its strength and elasticity. Cow’s milk gives little – no more than 1200 kilograms per year, moreover, they are usually not milked, leaving milk for feeding offspring. Herefords are bred in 50 countries of the world, they were imported into Russia at the beginning of XX century.
The breed has existed in Belgium since the XVIII century, it was bred by crosses of Shorthorn and Friesian cows. Then in the 19th century with the aim of increases in meat orientation of cows were crossed with Charolais bulls. But she acquired her modern look a little later, due to the appearance of genetic mutation leading to increased muscle growth. By way breeding cows with this mutation are widespread. The blue breed, as the name implies, predominates blue and white, although there are other types of color. Wool almost completely absent, under a thin skin clearly large rounded muscles are visible. Last trait attaches animals with a unique look, not allowing them to be confused with another breed. The weight of adults is approximately 900 kilograms. Despite its impressive size and frightening appearance, the Belgian blue is known for its calm, complaisant disposition. Most the breed is popular in Western Europe, in Russia so far what is considered exotic. Cows are demanding care, but this is with excess compensated by productivity indicators: slaughter yield reaches 80%, besides they give up to 4500 liters of milk per year with fat levels of 3.5% -4.5%.
Chyanina or Kian breed is one of the oldest in the world, according to historical evidence, it was bred by the Etruscans in Italy, dating back to the 8th century BC. Until the end of the 20th century, animals most commonly used in agriculture because of their strength and endurance, but with the development of mechanization of labor, selection It was directed towards improving meat characteristics. Kian cows are by far the largest and high view of livestock. The adult reaches one and a half meters at the withers, and the weight is a ton or even more. Color most often beige or cream shade, the body is rounded, with high legs. Slaughter yield of meat – 65%, milk cows are given exclusively in an amount sufficient for feeding calf, then lactation stops. Chicken meat is cooked famous Florentine beef steak. The breed is demanding in care, to get high quality meat, experts carefully monitor for the condition of the animals. In addition to the Italian province of Umbria, Kian breed is bred in Canada and Latin countries America.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.