Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Antarctica is known as the driest, coldest and windiest region on the planet. Almost 98 percent of its area, which is 14 million square kilometers, covered with durable a layer of ice with a thickness of more than one and a half kilometers. For this huge ice desert is the norm the temperature is 40-50 degrees lower zero, the absolute minimum of cold was also recorded here – minus 89 degrees centigrade. And she is rightfully considered the most high continent of the Earth, since the average height of its surface above sea level reaches 2000 meters. The relief of Antarctica is pretty uneven, several large mountains cross its surface arrays. We invite you to learn about the ten highest Antarctic tops.
The highest peaks in Antarctica
|The highest peaks in Antarctica||10||Bentley Summit||4,245 meters.|
|9||Mount Sidley||4 285 meters|
|8||Mount Markem||4 285 meters|
|7||Mount rootford||4 350 meters|
|6||Mount Elizabeth||4 477 meters|
|5||Mount Kerkpatrick||4 480 meters|
|4||Mount gardner||4,528 meters|
|3||Mount Shinn||4,587 meters|
|2||Mount tiri||4,661 meters|
|1||Peak vinson||4 892 meters|
10th place – Bentley Summit
Mount Bentley is located in the western part of the Sentinel Range, height this peak, year-round covered in ice and snow, is 4245 meters. It got its name in honor of the American glaciologist, geophysicist and seismologist Dr. Charles Raymond Bentley. The scientist is known primarily for leading the Antarctic an expedition on all-terrain vehicles of 1958-1959, during which explored part of Antarctica south of Bird Station, and determined ice sheet thickness in this region.
9th place – Mount Sidley
Mount Sidley is an extinct shield volcano, formed in the era of the early Pleocene. Its top is on 4285 meters above sea level. First saw the mountain in 1934 Rear Admiral Richard Byrd, Antarctic Chief expeditions. He decided to name her in honor of Mary Sidley, the daughter of one from their sponsors. The first person to climb top Sidley, became in 1990, Bill Atkinson, a resident of New Zealand. Although this mountain bears the honorary name of the highest volcano on the Antarctic continent, it does not use popular even among extreme climbers since located too far from research stations.
8th place – Mount Markem
Markem – an elongated mountain range in the Queen ridge Elizabeth, which is part of the Transantarctic Mountains, which cross almost the entire Antarctic continent and divide it into eastern and western parts. It is 150 kilometers to northwest of Mount Elizabeth. The highest of the three peaks rises above sea level at 4350 meters. The top was open during the Discovery expedition, which took place at the beginning of the 20th century. British captain Robert Falcon Scott leading the expedition named the mountain after the outstanding scientist Clements Markem, the former at that time the president of the Royal Geographical Society. It was he who initiated this extremely complex and dangerous a journey that has become an important milestone in the study of ice mainland.
7th place – Mount Rutford
Mount Rutford belongs to the Craddock massif, located in the south Sentinel Range, near Vinson Peak. Her height – 4477 meters. Until 2006, the peak remained anonymous, while the committee by Antarctic names there was no decision to give her a name in honor of Robert Rutford, a member of two research University of Minnesota’s Antarctic expeditions 1960s. The exact height of Mount Rutford in the same 2006 two climbers from Australia
6th place – Mount Elizabeth
The mountain is located in the territory of Ross, in the eastern part Antarctica, it is part of the Queen Alexandra Ridge, related to the Transantarctic mountains. Elizabeth rises to 4480 meters above sea level, this is the second highest peak of the ridge after Mount Kerkpatrick, as well as one of the few mountains of the south continents that are not covered by permafrost. Top was discovered during the British Antarctic expedition of the beginning of XX century, also known as the Nimrod expedition, led by researcher Ernest Henry Shackleton. She got her name in honor of Elizabeth Dawson-Lambton, who acted as one of patrons of this trip. The mountain gained notoriety in 2013, when a plane crashed on its steep slopes Canadian airline “Kenn Borek Air” with three passengers on board flying between research stations.
5th place – Mount Kerkpatrick
Mount Kerkpatrick – the highest point of the Transantarctic Mountains, its domed peak reaches a height of 4528 meters. She is standing in the middle of the ridge of Queen Alexandra, west of the Birdmore Glacier. The merit of the discovery of this mountain, which occurred in 1908, owned by members of the Antarctic British expedition under Ernest Shackleton’s leadership. It owes its name to one from the sponsors of the expedition, entrepreneur Kerkpatrick from English Glasgow City. The mountain is attractive for climbers because of its relative availability, especially in the spring months. In 2004 nearby, researchers found early Jurassic period fossil dinosaur remains of the genus cryolophosaurus, pterosaurs and ancient reptiles.
4th place – Mount Gardner
Mount Gardner, whose height is 4587 meters, refers to Sentinel ridge. It is located in the land of Elsuert, in the distance about three kilometers from the top of Tiri. It is named after American pilot Lieutenant Harvey Gardner who crashed when the plane crashed in 1959. Among lovers of the Antarctic Mountain climbing is considered one of the most inaccessible, as climbing complicates covering most of the slopes huge patton glacier.
3rd place – Mount Shinn
Mount Sinn, which is part of the Sentinel Range, is located in West Antarctica, less than 10 kilometers from the peaks Tyree and Vinson. It is a mountain range 4 wide kilometers and a length of over 12 kilometers. The mountain was opened in the result of a research flight in 1958. Named US Navy pilot Lieutenant Conrad Shinn, one of the first to made a successful landing at the South Pole. For the first time Mount Sinn conquered in 1966 by a group led by an experienced climber Nicholas Clinch. And in 2001, Australian climbers held large-scale study of the Elsuert mountain system, during which determined the exact height of Mount Sinn – 4661 meters, thereby correcting erroneous data received from a previous expedition.
2nd place – Mount Tiri
The second highest mountain of the mainland has been known since 1958, when it discovered planes of the sixth squadron of the US Air Force during reconnaissance flights. They decided to name the new peak in honor of Rear Admiral David Thiry, commander of the 1960s deployed near Antarctica warships of the US Navy. The height of Mount Tiri is 4852 meters, it refers to the Antarctic mountain range of Elsuert. At different times, climb to this peak was carried out by six groups of climbers, ascending three different routes. Three people from groups died in the process climbing tiri. The most difficult and dangerous southern slope of the mountain with its 2,000-meter sheer wall is still unconquered since
1st place – Vinson Peak
The Vinson Massif is impressive in size – its length is 21 kilometers wide 13 kilometers and the highest point under called Vinson Peak rises above sea level by 4892 meters. The mountains were discovered 1200 kilometers from the South Pole. in 1958 by American researchers during a flyby on by plane. The array got its name from the name of the famous U.S. Congressman Carl Vinson funding for scientific expeditions to Antarctica. Vinson Peak enters Seven Peaks list compiled by an informal association climbers. Although technically it is not the most difficult for climbing (difficulty is estimated at four and a half points), the rise is complicated by factors such as continuous snow cover, cold, constant wind and very thin air.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.