Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Even Vladimir Semenovich Vysotsky wrote that better mountains can only mountains that I’ve never been to before. And in order to show your climbing qualities, marvel at the breathtaking look and breathe in incredibly clean, frosty air, which always lacking, do not even need to do a passport. In Russia many really high mountains that are waiting for their conquerors.
And for those who want to literally touch the sky, we made ranking of the 10 highest mountains in Russia.
- Rating of the highest mountains in Russia
- 10th place: Shota Rustaveli Peak (4.86 km)
- 9th place: Katyn-tau (4.97 km)
- 8th place: Mizhirgi (5.025 km)
- 7th place: Kazbek (5.034 km)
- 6th place: Shkhara (5,068 km)
- 5th place: Jangitau (5,085 km)
- 4th place: Pushnik peak (5.1 km)
- 3rd place: Kostantau (5.152 km)
- 2nd place: Dykhtau (5.204 km)
- 1st place: Elbrus (5.642 km)
Rating of the highest mountains in Russia
|10 highest mountains in Russia||10||Shota Rustaveli Peak||4,860 meters|
|9||Katyn Tau||4 970 METERS|
|4||Furry Peak||5,100 METERS|
|3||Kostantau||5 152 METERS|
|2||Dykhtau||5 204 METERS|
10th place: Shota Rustaveli Peak (4.86 km)
Shota Rustaveli Peak is known for its impregnability. In essence, this – One of the most difficult to conquer Russian peaks. On the the moment of compilation of material climbing routes are closed on it due to danger and constant bad weather, however their minimum category – 4A (preparation and experience required).
Peak Shota Rustaveli for a long time did not submit to climbers because of its relief. The mountain is covered with icy slopes, and in rare the valleys are millennial glaciers. The result of the first successful a documented attempt to conquer was the ascent in 1937 year.
The peak enters the mountain range, called the Bezengi wall. Himself massif covered with icy peaks and centuries-old glaciers, also unfriendly for passing – some climbing Routes are assigned the maximum difficulty level. But at the same time here people live quite well – there are villages and alpine tourist camps.
9th place: Katyn-tau (4.97 km)
The name of this peak, also included in the Bezengi wall and located in Kabardino-Balkarian territory, translated from local language as “mountain woman”. And it is connected with the ancient a legend. According to myths, a girl really wanted to marry her lover, but her parents resisted. Not daring to argue mother and father, the woman decided to just go to the mountains and stay alive there. And she never returned.
Katyn-tau is another difficult mountain for climbers. Of course on it also laid routes of type 3A, more or less “friendly” for newcomers, but still without experience and suitable equipment here better not to go. The first documented conquest of the summit Katyn-tau dates from 1889.
On one side, Katyn-tau mountain is covered by the Bezengi glacier – the largest in the Caucasus. It is also difficult to subjugation and ascent – but at the same time very beautiful.
8th place: Mizhirgi (5.025 km)
Mizhirgi is the first of the so-called “five-thousanders of the Caucasus.” So same as the predecessors in the ranking, this mountain peak is part Massif Bezengi wall. And it is also extremely difficult to climb. – its slopes are almost completely icy, and in a few valleys are glaciers. The view of Mijirgi, of course, opens exciting – but this power of nature is fraught with many dangers.
For the first time, Mizhirgi peak was subdued, according to documentary information, in 1889. However, locals do not consider this true information. In the vicinity of the mountain there is a legend that the peak was named after the shepherd Mazhir Attaev, who managed conquer the peak back in the middle of the XIX century.
One of the main dangers awaiting climbers, trying to climb this mountain – ice landslides. Almost all the rock is covered with a fragile layer of frozen water, streaked with deep cracks. That is why the minimum climbing difficulty routes on this mountain – 4A; and the maximum is 6A.
7th place: Kazbek (5.034 km)
Kazbek is not only one of the highest Caucasus mountains, but also most popular tourist route. Its name translates as “ice peak” – and fully justified. Despite the tourist “adaptability”, some sections of Kazbek are still very complex for climbing due to severe icing on the slopes.
In addition, Kazbek is a sleeping volcano. Mountain block of ice rises among the bright green valleys, making it very attractive for a variety of tourists – from those who come just admire the Caucasus, to those who definitely need conquer this “small Elbrus”.
Kazbek can hardly be called a “groomed” mountain. There are no cable cars roads and cafes, such as, for example, on Elbrus, and the climb even with “simple” Georgian side requires work in conjunction. But at the same time at an altitude of 3.8 km are the ancient monastery of Betlemi, in which, according to ancient legend, hidden treasures of Queen Tamara.
6th place: Shkhara (5,068 km)
The name of the mountain “Shkhara” translated from Georgian means “nine”. And this is not surprising – it has 9 pronounced peaks. AND the highest is reached at 5068 meters.
Shkhara, like many other Caucasian mountains, is very difficult for climbing. Especially from the Russian side, where the simplest the climbing route belongs to category 5A – only for experienced and trained conquerors. From the Georgian slopes it is not so complicated, but still inaccessible to beginners.
This high complexity is largely due to the fact that on the slopes Shkhara is immediately three huge glaciers. Of course they are very beautiful – shining in the sun, these “snow fields” attract attention and create a feeling of natural power. Therefore, the Shkhara is better to admire with the foothills where the gentle green valleys are still located. A mountain towering above them, keeping the clouds on their snowy slopes.
5th place: Jangitau (5,085 km)
Jangitau is the central and highest mountain of the Bezengi wall. Its peak reaches 5085 meters! However, the highest it became a mountain in Georgia just recently – before that, leadership belonged to Shkhara. But then the measurements were repeated, and it turned out that Jangitau is 17 centimeters higher predecessor.
Like many other mountains of the Bezengi wall, Jangitau is very difficult to climb. The easiest route from the Russian side classified as Category 4B, i.e. requires special training and practical experience from climbers, trying to conquer this peak.
From the Georgian side, climbing routes are a little easier. Exactly therefore the first recorded subjugation of Jangitau dates from 1888 year.
By the way, the very name of the peak from the local language translates as “New Mountain”.
4th place: Pushnik peak (5.1 km)
Among climbers, there is an opinion that Pushkin peak is required enter necessarily. From the top of this mountain, a spectacular view View of the Tuzuac Glacier, located on the slopes and foot.
This mountain got its name in honor of the memorable date. First its peak was conquered by the cult Soviet climber Victor Zimin in 1937. On the same date, a century has passed since the death of the famous Russian poet.
Pushkin peak is so difficult to climb that for the next subjugation took as long as 70 years. Second time to its top managed to climb only in 2007. Moreover, the routes that lead to peak, are classified as “Category 4B”, however constant bad weather significantly complicates the process of conquest. Climbers themselves call this Kabardino-Balkarian mountain “gendarme”, noting it severe and incorruptible disposition.
3rd place: Kostantau (5.152 km)
Kostantau – one of the most famous and inaccessible Caucasian peaks, as well as the third largest mountain in Russia. Its name translates from the local language as “house-like peak” – because from afar, it resembles a marquee.
However, the similarity of Kontantau with the house is limited to this. Mountain extremely unfriendly, and many attempts to conquer it end death. For example, in 1888, two climbers from England died, trying for the first time in the history of mankind to conquer its peak.
Such disobedience is declared constantly bad weather on the slopes of Kostantau. Almost always, blizzards and snow are raging here. AND the slopes themselves are covered with ice crust. Of course now to the top Koshtantau leads several mountaineering routes at once, but all of them inaccessible to beginners – even the simplest is classified as “Category 4B”, that is, requires special training and experience.
2nd place: Dykhtau (5.204 km)
Dykhtau is one of the most beautiful mountains in Russia. She consists of them dark rocks that impressively contrast with snow and ice crust, and the top is surrounded by white clouds that never Do not leave this peak.
The mountain itself – the name of which, by the way, translates as “steep” – refers to difficult to climb. Climbing routes, laid on it, by category begin with 4A. Therefore not worth it go to her without the appropriate experience.
Dykhtau was first conquered in 1888, and reached the peaks Albert Mummery – British climber who became an inventor special mountain tents. The design he created was different so high reliability that it soon entered the serial production. And they were produced for almost a century – until 1968 the year when new materials and engineering solutions allowed more sustainable options.
Another interesting fact is connected with this mountain. Exactly on the opposite side of the earth, on the Caroline Islands, is being released silver souvenir coin depicting Dykhtau and indicated its height.
1st place: Elbrus (5.642 km)
Elbrus – the highest and most popular mountain peak Of Russia. It is interesting for a variety of tourists – from beginners to experienced climbers. For the first on the southern slopes even infrastructure is available – and cable cars, and permanent camps with cafes and hotels.
Elbrus is among the so-called “7 peaks.” It’s seven the highest mountains, one on each continent. Elbrus in this The event is considered a European peak. In addition, it refers to quite simple to conquer.
The easiest way to climb Mount Elbrus is from the south. Climbing routes they have a category of complexity 2A, so even beginners conquerors will be able to get to the top. But for those who are looking extreme and difficult, you can recommend the northern slopes. On the the complexity of climbing routes is 3A, which requires special training, but not as dangerous as that of other peaks in rating.
Interestingly, Elbrus is not just a mountain, but a dormant volcano. Researchers say he can wake up. But when is it what will happen and what the consequences will be is unknown.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.