Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective and does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
The view of the majestic mountain peaks can be called one of the most beautiful sights in the world, they fascinate, inspire and push you to various daring feats. Europe's topography is mostly flat and does not boast such striking mountain ranges as the Tibetan Himalayas, but nevertheless, it has many high mountains that are popular with climbers. We present to your attention the ten highest European peaks. This rating includes the Caucasus Mountains, which, according to most scientists, geographically belong to the European continent.
Rating of the highest mountains in Europe
|Top 10 tallest mountains in Europe||10||Bazarduzu||4.1|
10th place – Bazarduzu
Elevation: 4 466 m
Mount Bazarduzu is the top of the Greater Caucasus ridge and is located on the border of two countries – Russia and Azerbaijan. Its name, translated from the Turkic language, means “market square”, it comes from the large annual fairs held in the valley during the Middle Ages and gathering traders from all parts of the world. Kichensuv Gora got its middle name from the Lezghins (the indigenous population of Dagestan), it translates as “the mountain of fear”. The first ascent of Bazarduzu was made by the Russian explorer and climber Aleksandrov in 1847. The mountain is especially famous for the fact that at the beginning of the 20th century, a glacier about a kilometer long descended from its top.
9th place – Matterhorn
Elevation: 4 478 m
The Matterhorn mountain peak is located in the Pennine Alps, exactly in the middle between two ski resorts: the Swiss Zermat and the Italian Breuil-Chevinha. Its curved peak resembles a cap. For quite a long time, the mountain remained unconquered, as it inspired the climbers with awe, but in the end, a team of climbers led by Edward Whimper decided to climb the summit. Only two climbers survived this dangerous expedition in 1965, four others fell into the abyss during the descent.
8th place – Weisshorn
Elevation: 4 506 m
Mount Weisshorn is located in Switzerland and Italy, it is part of the Pennine Alps. Most of the ridge is located on the Swiss side. The name Weisshorn is translated from German as “white peak”. Courageous climbers tried to conquer the mountain more than once, but all the time the expeditions failed. It was only in 1861 that a British climber named John Tyndall, accompanied by guides Ulrich Wenger and Johann Josef Bennen, managed to climb the summit. It is worth noting that even today the mountain is considered dangerous for climbing and amateurs bypass it. It's all about unpredictability – Weisshorn is famous for its avalanches, which killed entire expeditions. Only the most courageous climbers from time to time risk trying their hand at conquering this peak.
7th place – Liskamm
Elevation: 4 538 m
The mountainous upland, which is part of the Western Alps and consists of two peaks, is located on the border between Italy and Switzerland. It has the frightening name “cannibal”, which was given to it by climbers for the constant and unpredictable collapse of avalanches, numerous boulders dangerously hanging from the ridge and terrain dangerous for climbing. For the first time, the summit of Liskamm was conquered in 1861. An expedition of 14 people climbed the peak, including eight English climbers and six guides from Switzerland. The pioneers were lucky – the ascent was relatively easy and there were no casualties. Today on the slopes of Liskamma there are many hiking trails for those keen on mountain tourism, but only professionals dare to climb the peak itself.
6th place – House
Elevation: 4 545 m
Summit Dom, located in the Pennine Alps, belongs to the Mischabel mountain range. Its name is translated from German as “dome” or “cathedral”, which is a reference to a researcher named Canon Berchtold from Sion Cathedral, who studied the area surrounding the mountain. But earlier the mountain was called Mischabel, which translates as “pitchfork” because of its shape – it consists of five closely spaced peaked hills, resembling pitchfork teeth. The first mountaineering ascent of the House took place in 1858, when the British JL Davis, with two local guides, climbed the peak. And in 1917 the first skiing took place on the northern slope of the mountain.
5th place – Dufour
Elevation: 4 634 m
Peak Dufour is considered a national treasure of two states: Switzerland and Italy. It is part of the picturesque Monte Rosa mountain range, which in turn is part of the Pennine Alps. The name of the mountain comes from the name of the famous Swiss engineer and military topographer Guillaume-Henri Dufour, who created a detailed topographic map of the southwestern part of Switzerland. For the first time a human foot set foot on the top of Dufour in 1855. The ascent was made by an international group, consisting mainly of British and French professional climbers led by Charles Hudson.
4th place – Mont Blanc
Elevation: 4 810 m
The Mont Blanc peak, like the previous one, is geographically divided between the two countries, one part of it is located in Italy, the other on the French side. The mountain range with a total length of 50 km belongs to the Western Alps. From the Italian name Mont Blanc literally translates as “white mountain”. The summit was conquered in 1786 when the Frenchman Jacques Balma and the Swiss Michel Pakkar climbed it. Today Mont Blanc is known for its developed resorts for mountain tourism enthusiasts, as well as professional centers for training climbers. Of the ski resorts located at the foot, the most popular are the elite resorts of Chamonix and Courmayeur. The Tour du Mont Blanc is located around Mont Blanc. Also inside the mountain, a tunnel was laid with a length of more than one and a half km, connecting Italy and France.
3rd place – Shkhara
Elevation: 5 193 m
The magnificent Shkhara peak is located in the central part of the main ridge of the Caucasus Mountains and is considered one of the main attractions of Georgia. It was first conquered during an expedition in 1888 by a team of climbers from Great Britain and Sweden. Russian rock climbers ascended the peak a little later – in 1933. By the way, despite its stunning height, Shkhara is quite easy to climb, thanks to which its slopes are very popular among mountain tourism lovers. Every year, athletes of a very different level, including non-professionals, rise to the top. Shkhara is also famous for its dizzying landscapes, which is facilitated by the picturesque Inguri River flowing around the mountain, which originates from the glacier.
2nd place – Dykhtau
Elevation: 5 205 m
The name Dykhtau translates into Russian as “steep mountain”, which is quite appropriate for a peak more than five kilometers high, one glance at which can cause dizziness. The mountain is located on the side ridge of the Caucasus Mountains, in the lands of the Kabardino-Balkarian high-mountain reserve. The mountain range has a pyramid shape with three pointed peaks. The highest of them is called the Main, but the most popular among climbers is Pushkin Peak, the most difficult to climb. More than a dozen tourist routes of various difficulty levels have been laid along the slopes of the mountain. For the first time the summit was conquered in 1888 by two foreign climbers: the Swiss Heinrich Zarflu and the British Albert Mummery.
1st place – Elbrus
Elevation: 5 642 m
Elbrus is the highest point in Europe and is included in the list of the seven highest peaks in the world. From the point of view of geology, it belongs to stratovolcanoes, since it is the mouth of a long extinct volcano. The mountain is located in the Caucasus Mountains, on the territory of Russia. It has huge glacial deposits, due to the melting of which many large rivers of the Caucasus and Stavropol Territory feed. In 1829, as part of a research expedition sponsored by the Russian Academy of Sciences, the first ever ascent to the top of Elbrus took place. The team of eminent scientists was led by General Georgy Emmanuel. Nowadays, the peak is very popular with both professional athletes and amateur climbers.
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.