Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
The modern world requires doing everything as quickly as possible. A little bit linger in breakfast – and now you are late for work, and malicious the boss is not making very positive plans for your award. You will be delayed with marriage – and now you are already in their thirties, and you have to pretend that everything suits you anyway. Do not have time sign a profitable contract – and kilograms of money go competitors.
Therefore, modern transport should also be fast. So as not to had to spend on traveling from one city to another in several days. Engineers constantly come up with more and more travel methods that allow you to cross the continent in few hours. Supercars and superhighways, supersonic aircraft, trains capable of accelerating to 300-400 kilometers per hour … All this is created in order to travel were simple and fast.
And in this article we made a rating for the 10 fastest world of trains. They really move on impressive speeds allowing you to cross the whole country in a matter of hours. As and should be in the modern world.
Indicate maximum speed achieved, not standard mode, because even the fastest trains carry passengers to 250-300 km / h.
- Rating of the fastest trains in the world
- 10th place: AVE Talgo-350, Spain, 330 km / h
- 9 место: Peregrine Falcon , Россия, 350 км/ч
- 8th place: KTX2, South Korea, 352 km / h
- 7th place: THSR 700T, Taiwan, 355 km / h
- 6th place: Shinkansen Alfa-X, Japan, 360 km / h
- 5th place: CRH380A, China, 380 km / h
- 4th place: Shanghai Maglev Train (“Shanghai Maglev”), China, 431 km / h
- 3rd place: TR09, Germany, 450 km / h
- 2nd place: TGV POS, France, 574.9 km / h
- 1st place: Maglev L0, Japan, 603 km / h
Rating of the fastest trains in the world
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||Top speed|
|Rating of the fastest trains in the world||10||AVE Talgo-350, Spain||330 km / h|
|9||Peregrine Falcon , Россия||350 km / h|
|8||KTX2, South Korea||352 km / h|
|7||THSR 700T, Taiwan||355 km / h|
|6||Shinkansen Alfa-X, Japan||360 km / h|
|5||CRH380A, China||380 KM / H|
|4||Shanghai Maglev Train (“Shanghai Maglev”), China||431 km / h|
|3||TR09, Germany||450 km / h|
|2||TGV POS, France||574.9 km / h|
|1||Maglev L0, Japan||603 km / h|
10th place: AVE Talgo-350, Spain, 330 km / h
Spain became the first European country to launch an entire network high-speed highways – that is, not a separate route, but several at once, with hubs in Barcelona and Madrid. And the fastest train that runs on these railway lines – AVE Talgo-350, capable of accelerating to 330 km / h.
AVE Talgo-350 was launched in 2007, and for its development and the design took 13 years. The route is known first line up with its weird design. The locomotive is called a “duck” because of elongated nose and unexpectedly straight windshield. However, on aerodynamic characteristics this design only affects positively.
AVE Talgo-350 runs between Madrid and Barcelona. If he goes non-stop, then the distance is 621 km from one city in he overcomes the other in just 2.5 hours. The locomotive is installed eight megawatt engines, which provides a fairly high energy efficiency combined with low transportation costs.
9 место: Peregrine Falcon , Россия, 350 км/ч
Despite the fact that the Russian “Peregrine Falcons” can without problems accelerate to 350 km / h, their standard speed is 250 km / h This is due to the feature of the paved route. “Peregrine Falcons” ply between Moscow and St. Petersburg through densely populated areas, and when accelerating above 300 km / h behind the locomotive is created vortex effect. Train-cut air flows may be able to knock an adult down, even if he stands 5 meters from the railway tracks.
In addition, for such a high speed “Sapsan” will need new railway tracks. Now the track on which he passes, 152 cm wide. Additional acceleration required reduce it to standard European values of 143.5 see. So Sapsan has to drive 250 km / h.
The Sapsana locomotive itself is built on a platform for authorship Siemens, however, it is made specifically for Russian conditions. Not only track widths are taken into account, but also features climate. The train travels along regular railway lines, i.e. a separate high-speed highway was not built for him.
8th place: KTX2, South Korea, 352 km / h
KTX2 (KTX-Sancheon) became the second high-speed train, launched in South Korea. Its standard speed is 305 km / h, but in the tests managed to accelerate to 352 km / h In the development of the locomotive and passenger cars adopted Hyundai Rotem participated, and the route itself was launched in 2010 year.
To make the train easier and faster made of a special aluminum alloy. Moreover, the thickness walls and windows are relatively high – up to 38 mm. It is made for ensure sound insulation and sealing so that passengers felt comfortable.
Thanks to powerful propulsion, the train is able to reach cruising speeds in just 316 seconds. It is operated almost on all high-speed South Korean highways. For example, he runs between Seoul and Busan, covering a distance of 417.5 km in less than two hours with a stop in Daegu.
7th place: THSR 700T, Taiwan, 355 km / h
Taiwan’s THSR 700T – one of the largest high-speed trains in the world. Its maximum capacity is 989 passengers! At the same time 66 of them can go in business class – with wide seats and comfortable seating.
The Japanese took part in the development of the vehicle Shinkansen group of companies, known for its “bullet trains.” However, the device had to be adapted for use in Taiwan The high-speed highway on which data travels wagons, was launched in 2007. Standard speed is 300 kilometers per hour, however, during the tests managed to disperse up to 355 km / h.
The composition is operated at the only high speed highways in Taiwan that connects the Nangang areas in Taipei and Zuoing in Kaohsiung. The distance between them is almost 360 km The THSR 700T drives it in just over an hour. Wherein the railway route runs along the coast so that passengers also have beautiful views from the windows.
6th place: Shinkansen Alfa-X, Japan, 360 km / h
Shinkansen trains have long been world leaders in speed. And until now, locomotives are called “bullet trains” – as due to the fact that they are able to accelerate above 300 kilometers per hour and because of the streamlined aerodynamic design.
In addition, these routes were among the first high-speed ones. So, they were launched back in 1964. Moreover, they are executed on “European” rut with a width of 143.5 cm, which is slightly larger than on standard Japanese rail routes. Therefore, by Shinkansen only bullet trains run.
The fastest are locomotives 400 and 500 series. Exactly they are now moving on the HSR. Also in 2019 was tested the all-new Alfa-X, which was able to accelerate to 360 kilometers per hour. The most interesting feature of this locomotive is a 22-meter nose designed specifically to improve aerodynamic characteristics. The fact is that on the train there are tunnels, and the trains entering them experience a very strong air resistance. 22-meter streamlined nose will help reduce him, thereby preserving the reliability of the design.
5th place: CRH380A, China, 380 km / h
Chinese train CRH380A carries passengers cruising at a speed of 380 km / h. At the same time, it can accelerate faster, but the exact redistribution is unknown. The train is operated in all Chinese high-speed routes, but most often it can be found on railway connecting the two largest cities of the country – Beijing and Shanghai.
The locomotive was commissioned in 2010. Thanks to him managed to reduce the travel time between different cities on average by 40%
The development of the CRH380A required a huge amount of engineering innovation. According to the official list, published by the manufacturer, the train received an updated nose design and geometry to reduce aerodynamic resistance, aluminum housing to reduce weight, sealed design, safe and high-strength trolleys, control system and noise reduction, special engines with redesigned power scheme, dual pantographs of active type and recuperative the brakes.
4th place: Shanghai Maglev Train (“Shanghai Maglev”), China, 431 km / h
Shanghai Muggle uses a startling, almost magical magnetic levitation technology. This train has no wheels. Instead of this it is equipped with powerful electromagnets, thanks to which literally hovering over the railroad.
And if there are no wheels, then there is no friction. Therefore the train may accelerate to impressive levels. So, its standard speed (more precisely, the maximum achieved in transit with regular operation) is 431 km / h. He can move faster. only in everyday mode such acceleration is not is used.
True, the railway line itself, which travels (or, more precisely, it flies) this fast train is quite short. Its length is 30 kilometers. A railway line connects Pudong International Airport with Shanghai subway, and the train flies this distance in 7.5 minutes. It was originally planned that it would go much further, right up to to zhejiang however some economic crisis and simultaneous launch of a high-speed railway line with bullet trains made further construction useless and meaningless.
3rd place: TR09, Germany, 450 km / h
In Germany, a country that understands the importance of high speeds and invented autobahns – there is a railway network Transrapid. It was developed by Siemens and uses technology. magnetic levitation. And it is regularly updated.
The latest update, released in 2011, received a code name TR09. This is the ninth iteration. And thanks to technology magnetic levitation, as well as many other innovations (including including a streamlined streamlined body) the train is able to move at a standard operating speed of 450 kilometers per hour.
TR09 Supports Unique Energy Recovery Technology through harmonic oscillations of magnetic fields. For the “overclocking” they are considered “garbage”, but the power supply of vehicles can support. As a result, the TR09 does not even have a contact rail. required – all the way, regardless of speed, he completely hovering over the railway.
In addition, the TR09 is equipped with capacious built-in batteries, thanks to which it is able to levitate for a long time even in cases power failure on rails. It is very important to use in seismically hazardous areas. Therefore, the train TR09 already became interested in Chinese and Taiwanese railway workers.
2nd place: TGV POS, France, 574.9 km / h
TGV POS is a train on the international railway network, which connect France, Switzerland and Germany. In 2007, he was able to set a world record for the speed of such vehicles, Speeding up to 574.9 kilometers per hour!
True, it is worth noting that the record train was specially optimized to set a new bar. He has reduced the number of passenger cars of up to 3 pieces (usually it travels with 10 units), and also closed the gaps between them. It allowed reduce air resistance. In addition, put the wheels increased diameter and increased voltage in the contact network.
However, even in operational mode, the TGV POS is very fast. train. It drives at a speed of 320 km / h, which is impressive result for wheeled railway transport. From Paris to Swiss Basel can be reached in 3.5 hours, and in Zurich – in 4.5 hours.
1st place: Maglev L0, Japan, 603 km / h
In 2015, Japanese railway workers set an absolute speed record among trains. They were able to accelerate the locomotive L0 to 603 kilometers per hour! The train uses magnetic technology levitation, and also has a special streamlined aerodynamic body (which may seem funny because of the elongated bent “nose”).
It is worth noting that it has not yet been put into operation. Trains using magnetic levitation technology need own railway line, and on a standard track “fly” They can not. And she is under construction. Open the levitation line connecting Tokyo and Nagoya is planned in mid-2020s, and in the next two decades to complete it to Osaka.
Maglev L0 will become one of the most technologically advanced trains. Like German TR09, he will not need a contact feed rail – he will receive all the necessary electricity by induction from Railway tracks. It is also planned to abandon the traditional cockpit, most train systems will be automatically controlled, and the driver will be present “just in case”. Admire the world around him, too, will not be able due to the lack of a windshield – it would just crack from an air strike.
Overall, the Muggle L0 is the fastest train in the world. May he for now has not yet been launched, he still holds a speed record ground passenger transport.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.