Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Features of the climate affect all spheres of human activity: his habits, work and even health status. Some places on the planet in terms of normal existence is abnormally cold, therefore unsuitable for permanent life. But, as shown practice, in a harsh climate you can live and even work. About such here inhabited places and it will be discussed.
In the realm of deadly cold: top 10 coldest cities of the world
|Nomination||a place||Town||FIXED TEMPERATURE MINIMUM|
|top 10 coldest cities in the world||10||Hell, Norway||– 25.6 C|
|9||International Falls, USA||– 48.3 C|
|8||Utkiagwick (Barrow), USA||– 48.9 C|
|7||Vorkuta, Russia||– 57 C|
|6||Ust-Shchuger, Russia||– 58 C|
|5||Prospect Creek, USA||– 62.1 C|
|4||Snej, Canada||– 62.8 C|
|3||Yakutsk, Russia||– 65 C|
|2||Verkhoyansk, Russia||– 69.8 C|
|1||Oymyakon||– 71.2 C|
Fixed temperature minimum: -14 0С
The humble postal Norwegian town has a rather unusual a name that speaks for itself. Translated from English it sounds like hell. The combination of this fact with severe subarctic climate has paid off: today this locality enjoys popular among tourists who come here for extreme sports and in order to take a spectacular photo against the backdrop of a snowy city and a signage with its loud name.
And, although minus temperatures are observed only in the period with December to March, we must pay tribute to the endurance of local residents. Temperature -15 0С (and such throughout winters) it feels much stronger than, for example, in many Northern cities of Russia. This place is considered one of the most coldest among the inhabited on the planet: all because of the high humidity air and severe sea wind blowing mercilessly all year round. Incredibly contrasting sensations: hot association with the name and in fact, the arctic cold meeting “on the threshold” of the city. Such a trip to hell.
The population of the town does not exceed 1,500 people. They live in traditional wooden houses are almost never used road transport by bike, and in the summer manage to set up excellent gardens in their courtyards.
International Falls, USA
Fixed temperature minimum: -48.3 0С
Minnesota is known not only for its many beautiful lakes, but also a very harsh climate. It is in this “unfriendly” terrain and located the coldest in Continental America Town – Town International Falls, known to the nation as a “refrigerator” nation. “Notably, the unofficial name of the city was patented. The city quickly realized its benefits and long ago advertised itself as an ideal place for extreme tourism and carrying out various tests in severe climatic conditions conditions.
Thunderstorms, heavy rains, heavy snow are common in International Falls, blizzards, strong winds and even sometimes tornadoes. Temperature minimum this area was recorded back in 1909: then the column the thermometer dropped to -48.3 0C. But also in our days the weather here is not friendly: on New Year’s Eve holidays, it often drops below -20 0C. In this less than 7,000 people live and, frankly, they don’t You will envy, because it is cold here not only in winter. Average June temperature is -5 0C.
Utkiagwick (Barrow), USA
Fixed temperature minimum: -48.9 0C
A modest town with a population not exceeding 4,000 people known as the northernmost city of the United States and one of the coldest on the planet. Until December 2016, the settlement named after the founder of the Royal Geographical Society – John Barrow. As a result of the referendum held at the same time, the city renamed Utkiagvik (traditional name in dialect inupiatus).
The northern town is located in the permafrost region. One of Utkiagvika features – from November to February here almost no sun peeks out. Average annual temperature of the settlement is -12 0С, the lowest the indicator is in February (-49 0С).
The climate of the area can be called not just severe, but also dangerous for life (especially in winter), because low temperatures are here coupled with sharp cold winds. Local frost at times freezes the soil to a depth of 400 meters. Not more than 3 months in the thermometer’s column rises above 0 0С, but rarely exceeds +4 0C. Even in the summer months here may hit a little frost.
The fixed temperature minimum: -57 0С
Vorkuta deservedly falls into our rating of the coldest cities of the world, because this settlement (Komi Republic) is located in subarctic climate. And this is the permafrost zone. Geographically the city belongs to the Far North. Frosts are observed here in for 10 months a year. Even in the summer, sometimes small frosts, so growing vegetables in the open the ground is simply impossible. In this case, there may be sudden temperature jumps: sometimes there is real heat here – about +30 0C. The average annual rate is -6 0C.
With the advent of December, interesting weather sets in changes: for 11 days here is a real polar night, and between May and July it’s even more unusual – the sun does not hide behind horizon. From the city limits to the coast of the Arctic ocean – no more than 140 kilometers. And within the borders of Vorkuta County the oldest human site in the European Arctic is located – Mamontova Kurya (by the name of the village on whose territory she located). The age of this site is about 37.5 thousand years.
Interesting fact. Until recently, not a single a road that leads to the city. To all who planned to visit Vorkuta, had to stop in Ukhta, located almost 700 kilometers from the city, and there to immerse car on the railway platform. In 2010, a winter road was built, which was caused by the need for maintenance nearby gas pipeline. But you can drive along this winter road only at special equipment.
Fixed temperature minimum: -58 0С
A tiny village, which, rather, can be called a village, located territorially in the Komi Republic. Another member ranking, which can rightfully be called the coldest among small towns and one of the harshest on the planet. Located at an altitude of 75 meters above sea level numbering 30 people is considered the coldest in Europe. In 1978 at the station of the same name during the Arctic invasion (a sudden invasion of arctic air in the middle latitudes) was recorded record low temperature – 58.1 0C below zero.
Already in October, frosts come to the settlement and do not let go of their icy “hugs” until the month of May, when on the ground there may be frosts. By the way, in addition to the lowest temperature at European territory, the village also holds another record: absolute minimum in non-winter months. So, in March, the temperature the air here reached -50.8 0С, and in November -48.8 0C. It is noteworthy that in the closest to Ust-Shchuger the village (Vuktyl) have never been so extreme temperatures. Perhaps the local climate can be called the mildest in the Komi Republic.
Prospect Creek, USA
Fixed temperature minimum: -62.1 0С
Prospect Creek – a small settlement, the number of inhabitants in which does not exceed 2,000 people. this modest a town almost 300 kilometers from Alaska’s second largest city – Fairbanks. In the 70s Prospect Creek was a camp where they lived the people who built and maintained the alluvial station, and later several years after the opening became abandoned. Second “life” place received after almost 20 years: it turned into a tourist base.
Prospect Creek is a few kilometers from Polyarny Circle, in the subarctic climate zone. And although today it is the settlement is not permanently inhabited, periodically live there builders or engineers with families when necessary construction or maintenance of pumping stations, bridges, etc.
The average annual temperature Prospect Creek is not exceeds -7 0С. It was here that the most low air temperature in the United States. In pipeline construction time from 1970 to 1980 here a weather station was operating, resuming its work in the recent 2015 year.
Fixed temperature minimum: -62.8 0С
In fact, the modest village of Snej was once the first Klondike settlement since the gold rush. In 1947 villagers recorded a record low for that area temperature: -62.8 0С. It is the lowest temperature indicator recorded in the continental North America. It is curious that on the day when the settlement was observed so cold temperature, locals noted incredible acoustics: at a distance of 6.5 kilometers you could clearly hear not only dog barking, but also human speech.
At the same time, the average annual rainfall is not very large: the largest indicator is usually observed in October – about 240 mm. Summer comes to this small town very late and not particularly pampers locals: average temperature in the warmest period of the year does not exceed +5 0С. Although even in Arctic winds and snowfalls are possible during this time.
Fixed temperature minimum: -65 0С
The capital of the Republic of Sakha is one of the largest cities in the world, located in the permafrost region and one of the coldest not only in Russia, but also in the world. Lives in Yakutsk a quarter of a million people and this city is considered highly developed by economic performance. No wonder they come here in search of work from all nearby cities. The cold of life is not a hindrance.
Winters are snowy, long and very harsh: medium temperature indicator reaches -40 0C. Any frost in Yakutia last for six months (throughout the winter) – with October to April.
At the same time, in the summer the heat is really abnormal: in some days the temperature can reach +40 0С. Since Yakutsk is a northern city, always in the summer there comes a short period of “white” nights. Annual fluctuation temperatures in Yakutia – one of the largest on the planet. But still, the average annual thermometer rarely exceeds -9 0С.
Interesting fact. Yakutsk stands on permafrost, which is not thawed for several millennia.
Fixed temperature minimum: -69.8 0С
Another representative of the Republic of Sakha in our ranking. By in fact, both cities – Verkhoyansk and Yakutsk – are fighting among themselves (informally) for the title of the coldest in Russia. But, unlike Yakutsk, Verkhoyansk – one of the smallest cities in the territory Russian Federation with a population of just over 1000 inhabitants.
Verkhoyansk is also known (officially) as the North Pole of Cold hemisphere of the planet, although this right disputes the modest town of Oymyakon, also located in Yakutia. At one time, they sent to Verkhoyansk political prisoners, which is not surprising given the harsh climate and no less severe living conditions.
Winters in the city are long and very cold (medium duration – 7 months). In this case, the number of precipitation is scanty during the year. For this reason, Verkhoyansk often called the driest city in Russia. Summer is short and warming it far: even at this time of the year are possible small frosts. Annual average temperature makes -18.6 0С.
The coldest winter came to this cold little town in far 1892: for three days in a row the thermometer recorded a record -69.8 0C. The figure was recorded by the exiled, who worked at that moment on the local weather stations.
Interesting fact. In 2012, Verkhoyansk was attacked by a wolf a flock of 400 individuals. The locals patrolled the city perimeter for long hours waiting for reinforcements. According to According to the Ministry of Agriculture, that year over 300 were killed by predators horses and about 16,000 deer.
Fixed temperature minimum: -71.2 0С
The representative of the Far Eastern Russian region is located in the same name Yakut ulus. The population of this small village is about 600 people, and they all actually live in ice place. The fact is that Oymyakon is in the taiga, sandwiched between the mountains. In this natural “trap” are concentrated huge masses of cold air. Therefore the temperatures here stable low.
The average winter temperature in the village is about -40 0С, despite the fact that the winter period lasts about 9 months in year. Interestingly, in the Sakha language, the name of the town means “non-freezing water”. And all because in this area there is a warm spring that never freezes among the eternal permafrost.
In 1926, a thermometer recorded a record in Oymyakon temperature, not only for the village, but for the whole world: -71.2 0С. Since we are talking about settlements in the ranking, this figure can be considered the lowest on the planet. If not take into account the population factor of the place, then the lowest temperature a mark is considered an indicator of -89.2 0C. Fixed he was at Vostok Station in Antarctica – this is the coldest point on the planet.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.