Review of the best according to the editorial board. On the selection criteria. This material is subjective and does not constitute advertising and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.
According to doctors, dizziness is the second most common cause after headache, forcing patients to see a neurologist. Most often, the elderly are affected: according to statistics, up to 30% of people over 65 years old and 50% over 80 years old face it. The causes of this condition are varied and can affect both the cardiovascular system and the inner ear, or even be associated with the psychological state of a person. Dizziness in itself is not a disease, but only a complex of symptoms of a particular disease. Therefore, offering the readers' attention the rating of the best drugs for dizziness, we consider it necessary to remind that a doctor should find out its causes and prescribe treatment.
- Rating of the best drugs for dizziness
- The best drugs for vertigo caused by damage to the vestibular apparatus
- The best drugs for dizziness caused by circulatory disorders
- Best drugs for stress-related vertigo
- Deprim forte
- The best drugs for vertigo for neck muscle spasm
- Milgamma compositum
Rating of the best drugs for dizziness
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||price|
|The best drugs for vertigo caused by damage to the vestibular apparatus||1||Dramina||RUB 160|
|2||Betaserc||1 198 RUB|
|The best drugs for dizziness caused by circulatory disorders||1||Vinpocetine||84 rbl.|
|Best drugs for stress-related vertigo||1||Afobazol||405 RUB|
|3||Deprim forte||231 r|
|The best drugs for vertigo for neck muscle spasm||1||Milgamma compositum||722 RUB|
|2||Katadolon||1 317 rub.|
The best drugs for vertigo caused by damage to the vestibular apparatus
The vestibular apparatus is a small organ located deep in the temporal bone. He is responsible for a sense of balance and a sense of body position in space. When the vestibular apparatus is damaged, it seems to a person that the world revolves around him (and not his body revolves in space). Doctors call this type of dizziness systemic.
Since the vestibular apparatus is located in the inner ear and the neurons connecting it to the brain pass in the same nerve as the neurons transmitting sound sensations, dizziness caused by damage to the vestibular apparatus is usually combined with hearing loss or inflammation in the ear. An exception is a condition called benign postural paroxysmal dizziness, and caused by the movement of special structures – otoliths, which, while moving, irritate the receptors, causing attacks of dizziness and nausea, especially after a sharp turn of the head, turning from side to side, etc. This condition is not life threatening and is treated with special gymnastics. Other possible diagnoses for vertigo, the source of which is damage to the inner ear:
- Meniere's disease
- vestibular neuronitis,
- migraine-associated dizziness,
- maze infarction,
- tumors in the inner ear,
- toxic damage to the vestibular nerve.
In all these cases, treatment of the underlying disease is necessary. From dizziness. as a symptom, drugs that suppress the activity of receptors of the vestibular organ will help.
Active ingredient: dimensionhydrinate.
Inhibits excessive activity of the vestibular analyzer. Reduces dizziness, has antiemetic and mild anti-allergic effects. It can be used not only for diseases, but also for the prevention of motion sickness in transport, aircraft, at sea, etc. Side effects may include dry mouth and nasal cavity, decreased blood pressure, insomnia, headache.
The drug is contraindicated in children under 2 years of age, in the 1st trimester of pregnancy.
Available in 50 mg tablets, take 3 times a day, for the prevention of motion sickness – 1 tablet half an hour before the trip.
Possible analogues: Ciel, Aviamarin.
- can be used to prevent motion sickness,
- undesirable effects are possible.
Active ingredient: betahistine.
It acts both on the receptors of the inner ear and on the centers of the brain that process information from the vestibular receptors. Improves blood flow to the inner ear and arteries that supply blood to the brain. Therefore, the drug can be used not only for lesions of the vestibular receptor, but also for vascular problems that cause dizziness (more about them in the next section of the rating of the best drugs). Reduces the frequency and intensity of attacks of dizziness, nausea, tinnitus.
Contraindicated in gastric and duodenal ulcers, bronchial asthma, pheochromocytoma, as well as in children and women in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Available in tablets of 8, 16 and 24 mg, taken 3 times a day.
Possible analogs: Betagistin, Vestibo, Tagista.
- acts on several possible causes of dizziness.
- possible side effects
- dispensed by prescription.
The best drugs for dizziness caused by circulatory disorders
This type of dizziness occurs when the normal blood flow in the areas of the brain responsible for balance is disturbed. Most often this happens with diseases such as atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, deformation or stenosis of the vertebral arteries, stenosis of the subclavian artery, and so on. In such cases, drugs that improve the blood supply to the brain are recommended to combat dizziness. We remind you that this kind of drugs should also be prescribed by a doctor, based on the general condition of the patient.
Trade names: Vinpocetine, Cavinton, Telektol, Korsavin
Improves microcirculation in the brain, increases resistance to hypoxia (lack of oxygen), stimulates metabolism in the brain.
The drug is contraindicated in the acute phase of hemorrhagic stroke, in severe arrhythmias and severe coronary artery disease, in children under 18, during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The most common adverse events are headache, decreased blood pressure, abdominal discomfort, dry mouth.
Take 5-10 mg 3 times a day, the course is up to 3 months.
- contributes to the normalization of blood circulation in the brain
Herbal preparation based on Ginkgo Biloba extract. Normalizes vascular tone, improves blood flow and microcirculation, improves metabolism in the brain and has antioxidant properties.
Contraindicated in erosive gastritis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer in the acute stage, in acute disorders of cerebral circulation, in children under 18 years of age. For pregnant and lactating women, the drug is prohibited from use, since safety studies have not been conducted in these groups of patients.
Among the undesirable phenomena, allergic reactions, a decrease in blood clotting with prolonged use, headache, tinnitus, nausea were noted. vomiting, diarrhea.
Take 1 tablet 3 times a day.
Possible analogs: Memoplant.
- vegetable origin,
- non-prescription leave.
- undesirable effects are possible.
Trade names: Stugeron, Cinnaron.
Expands small blood vessels of the brain, improving blood circulation, reduces headache, dizziness, tinnitus. Increases cell resistance to hypoxia. Has a slight anti-allergic effect.
Of the side effects, the most common are drowsiness, fatigue, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, digestive disorders).
Take 25 mg 3 times a day.
Contraindicated during pregnancy, breastfeeding.
- improves blood flow not only in the brain, but also in other organs.
- causes drowsiness.
Best drugs for stress-related vertigo
Usually this group of vertigo is called psychogenic, but this term does not mean at all that it is time for the victim to surrender to a psychiatrist (although in some cases requiring the prescription of antidepressants it is impossible to do without a psychiatrist or neurologist – these drugs are strictly prescription drugs). Even the dizziness attack itself can become a stress factor. Especially if it develops suddenly (as is often the case with the benign postural paroxysmal vertigo mentioned in the first section of the rating). Often psychogenic dizziness occurs against the background of panic attacks, 'hot flashes' during menopause and other conditions, accompanied by a reaction from the autonomic nervous system.
Stress dizziness is usually accompanied by a feeling of weakness, lightheadedness, instability of the 'flies' before the eyes and may result in loss of consciousness (fainting).
In such conditions, sedatives of various natures and antidepressants come to the fore.
Reduces anxiety, irritability, tearfulness, eliminates mood swings (emotional lability) and has antidepressant properties. In addition to dizziness, it reduces the feeling of dry mouth, sweating, palpitations caused by stress.
The effect of the drug begins to manifest itself on the 5th – 7th day of application, reaches a maximum by the end of 4 weeks. The course of treatment is up to 3 months, the effect persists for another 2 weeks after withdrawal.
Side effects include allergic reactions and headache.
Contraindicated in pregnancy, breastfeeding and children under 18 years of age.
- antidepressant effect,
Active ingredient: aminophenylbutyric acid.
Reduces anxiety, anxiety, fear, irritability, improves sleep. Has a nootropic effect: improves attention and memory.
For dizziness, it is recommended to take 250 mg 3 times a day.
The drug can also be used to prevent motion sickness in transport: for this you need to take 500 mg an hour before the trip.
Side effects may include headache and drowsiness at the beginning of the course of treatment.
Pregnant and lactating women should be used with caution, as safety studies have not been conducted in humans. During animal tests, no harmful effects on the fetus were found.
Analogs are possible: Phenibut, Noofen.
- relieves anxiety,
- has a nootropic effect.
- dispensed by prescription.
Natural antidepressant based on St. John's wort extract.
Has anti-anxiety effect, reduces feelings of general malaise and fatigue.
Available in capsules of 425 mg of active ingredient. Take 1 capsule 1 – 2 times a day, as you feel. The effect appears after 10 – 14 days from the start of application, the course of treatment is 4 – 6 weeks.
When taking the drug in the summer you need to remember that St. John's wort increases the sensitivity of the skin to ultraviolet light and use sunscreen.
Contraindicated in children under 12 years of age, pregnant women.
- natural preparation.
- increases photosensitivity.
The best drugs for vertigo for neck muscle spasm
With a spasm of the cervical muscles, not only can the blood flow in the vessels supplying the brain be disrupted. By itself, the spasmodic area creates a powerful stream of pathological impulses, discoordinating the work of some centers.
Diagnoses that a doctor can make:
- osteochondrosis (for many years, doctors have been arguing whether this diagnosis has a right to exist, but so far it remains);
- tension headaches,
Such dizziness is usually perceived not as the rotation of objects around, but as a kind of weakness, instability, instability of body position and the feeling that everything is floating. In such cases, treatment is aimed at reducing muscle spasm and pain, restoring normal blood flow in spasmodic muscles.
The complex of vitamins B1, B6 and B12 together has an analgesic effect when it comes to neuromuscular pain. In addition, such a complex helps to restore the antinociceptive (suppressive pain) system of the body and the functions of nerve cells.
Take 3 tablets per day for 3 weeks, then 1 tablet per day for 2 to 3 months.
Of the possible adverse events, only allergic reactions are noted.
The drug is not recommended during pregnancy due to the lack of safety data.
Possible analogs: combilipen.
- high safety,
Active ingredient: Flupirtin
Relaxes overly tense muscles, at the same time inhibits pain centers in the brain, thus reducing the flow of pathological impulses. The drug is not addictive, so the course of treatment is not limited.
Of the side effects, weakness, drowsiness are noted. Cannot be combined with alcohol. because the drug enhances the effects of alcohol.
Take 100 mg 3 times a day,
Contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation, children suffering from alcoholism, severe liver failure.
Possible analogs: Neidrodolone.
- relieves muscle spasm
- you can't drive
Attention! This rating is subjective and does not constitute an advertisement and does not serve as a purchase guide. Before buying, you need to consult with a specialist.