Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Any fruits and vegetables are tasteful, ripening seasonality, often adapting to certain types soils and the specific weather conditions in the region. The same applies to red currant, healthy and delicious berry found almost in all gardens of Russia. Experts found out which varieties are more often than others summer residents and professional agronomists acquire it. Introducing ranking of red currant varieties by fruiting season, as well as suitable for the suburbs.
- Rating of the best varieties of red currant
- Early varieties of red currant
- Yonker van Tets
- Cherry Wixne
- Early sweet
- The best mid-season varieties of red currant
- The best late varieties of red currant
- Gift of the Eagle
- The best winter-hardy red currant varieties
- Scarlet Dawn
- Ural beauty
- Ural Lights
- The best varieties of red currant for Moscow region
- Dutch red
Rating of the best varieties of red currant
|Nomination||a place||currant variety||RATING|
|the best early varieties of red currant||1||Yonker van Tets||4.9|
|The best mid-season varieties of red currant||1||Baraba||4.9|
|The best late varieties of red currant||1||Asora||4.9|
|3||Gift of the Eagle||4.7|
|The best winter-hardy red currant varieties||1||Scarlet Dawn||4.9|
|The best varieties of red currant for Moscow region||1||Rondom||4.9|
Early varieties of red currant
Shrubs of early ripe varieties of currant give ripe berries already in first month of summer.
Yonker van Tets
The leader in the ranking is the variety Yonker van Tets, this red currant bred by Dutch botanists in 1941, wide berry gained distribution in the postwar years when exported to countries of the Eurasian continent.
The plant is characterized by intensive growth, increased height of about 1.5 meters, multiple fruitful branches, but they are located compact. Large berries weighing up to one and a half grams are concentrated on branches in the harvest year, up to 6 kilograms on one bush, they pleasantly sweet (at a sucrose concentration of only 6%). Yonker Fruits Van Tets ideal for use immediately after assembly, harmonious in cooking diet, sweet foods and canned food.
Currants of this variety are distinguished by annual rich fruiting, in including in the central regions of Russia with variable weather conditions. Bushes are not afraid of frost, they are not affected by mealy dew and fatal anthracnose.
- Abundant productivity;
- Delicious fruits with a low concentration of sugars;
- Universality of the use of berries;
- Immunity to common diseases.
- The risk of disturbing the emergence of flowers in spring frosts is the problem of most early ripe representatives of the flora.
The second place in the ranking is occupied by the Vishnevaya currant variety. Viksne, bred by Latvian breeders on the basis of the variety Varshevich, it gained distribution in the Northwest and Central Black Earth regions with the best for development shrubbery conditions.
Variety Vinske is mainly commercial, grown producers of canned berries, this is due to the universality of medium-sized berries with a diameter of up to 0.8 cm and plentiful productivity – clusters are formed very rich. Bush indifferent to minimal soil moisture, low temperatures, transportable crop. These characteristics are also attractive. for manufacturers, as well as for ordinary summer residents.
The bush stretches to one and a half meters, but the growth of shoots uneven, so the shape of the bush turns out to be irregular. A characteristic feature of Cherry Viksne is dark berries resembling cherry shade, for which the variety got its name. While the fruits rich in pectin, one of the highest in the family Vitamin C concentration – up to 38 mg per 100 g.
- Shrub resistance to anthracnose;
- Crop versatility;
- Optimal taste;
- Increased concentration of pectin and ascorbic acid;
- High yield.
- The danger of freezing flowers in spring cold;
- For a bush, red-headed aphid is dangerous.
Bush currant folk selection Chulkovskaya neat spherical shape does not require pollination by insects. Berries ripen by the end of June, the fruits are small about 0.7 cm, with tangible acidity, therefore suitable mainly for conservation.
Shrub small, sour taste of berries owes resistance to dry soil, frost does not affect the characteristics of the plant, takes root in the middle and southern strip of Russia with a comfortable the climate.
- Drought is not terrible;
- Wide regional distribution;
- Abundant fruiting.
- Pronounced acidity determines the use in preservation.
Experts have identified the fourth place ranking early sweet. Fruits of mediocre taste with pronounced acidity it is better to process with sugar, although its content in bulk berries reaches 6%. In the harvest year, the bush will delight the summer resident with four kilograms of crop – significantly less than previously considered varieties.
The bush extends up to one and a half meters, its crown is neat, not afraid of frost and water shortage, the brush after maturation does not crumble. The plant is demanding on the soil: the soil must be nutritious, fertilized.
- Early readiness for picking berries;
- Frosts are not scary;
- Transportability of the crop.
- Mediocre sour taste;
- The bush is prone to overgrowth;
- Nutritious soil needed;
- A relatively meager crop, suitable for those who do not need a lot of berries.
The best mid-season varieties of red currant
These varieties of redcurrant give ripe berries in the second summer month. Their fruiting is more stable due to the lack of low temperatures in April-May during the period of fruit nucleation in the warm months (May June).
A relatively young Russian variety of currant Baraba is distinguished compact bush sizes, organic structure and gray-green tops of new shoots. Large berries weighing up to one and a half grams organic sweet with notes of acidity sugar up to 9%, they are good immediately after assembly and as part of the finished dishes. One bush is capable of producing a very plentiful crop.
Bush currant Baraba is not damaged in case of negative temperatures and fluid deficiency, the weak point is anthracnose.
- Plentiful harvest;
- Straight and organically folded bush;
- The ability to retain its own moisture;
- Organic taste.
- Damage to currant diseases.
The second place in the ranking of July grades is domestic. red currant Natalie, prevalent in favorable for its growth in the center and south of Russia. Plant low with neatly arranged branches, it gives a crop around the middle of the second summer month with large berries weighing up to 1 gram.
Natalie needs light, nutritious soil such as non-acidic loam; moderate humid climate is required for growth – the plant does not tolerate drought and an oversupply of water. Plant difficult takes root: at first it requires intensive care.
Flowers are pollinated independently.
- Delicate taste with sourness;
- The berries are large and juicy;
- Frost-resistant shrub;
- The seedling is difficult to take root;
- Requires nutrition for the soil and maintaining the right amount water.
The best late varieties of red currant
Harvest in late July, August and even early September give late varieties. Berries are usually the sweetest, because their period nucleation and maturation occur in the sunny months.
The experts ranked the first place in this rating category as Hazora. The dark maroon fruits of the currant are rather big – up to 1 gram and sweet, located on the average length of dense hands. Shrub – medium with spreading branches resistant to cold and many known parasites and diseases. It should be provided with sufficient moisture to improve yields, albeit without water the plant can also develop for a long time. Hazor’s Light likes – it is recommended to plant currants in the sun or in partial shade.
- Excellent yield with sufficient moisture;
- Universal fruits;
- Immunity to sores.
- With a moisture deficit in the soil, the berries lose in quantity and sweets.
In second place ranking mid-season fragrant Rosetta with fleshy berries developed on twelve-centimeter brushes. The shrub quickly takes root in the conditions of central Russia and quickly growing – the main distinguishing feature of Rosetta. The berries are ready for assembly in late July – early August, depending on the features climate.
The shrub normally tolerates frost, drought, but the soil is unsaturated with water, therefore, when landing on viscous soils must provide drainage site.
- Large brushes with fleshy berries;
- Recognized high palatability;
- Immunity to parasites and typical infection;
- The versatility of berry fruits.
- Demanding for moisture balance, does not tolerate waterlogging the soil.
Gift of the Eagle
The unique variety Dar eagle, bred in All-Russian Research Institute of Selection of Fruit Crops. Distinctive feature – large fruits on 12-centimeter brushes with dry margin. The bush grows to medium size, but its yield relatively low – about 2.5 kg per 1 bush.
The variety does not like direct rays of the sun, well takes root in the shade and partial shade. Of the diseases for the variety of redcurrant Dar Orla is dangerous powdery mildew, aphid attacks.
In general, the shrubs are unpretentious and give a quality crop, therefore often grown on an industrial scale.
- Large berries with optimal taste;
- The possibility of industrial cultivation;
- Universality of berries;
- Resistance to most diseases.
- The bush is actively affected by aphids;
- The plant requires shade.
The best winter-hardy red currant varieties
Winter-hardy varieties of perennial plants must be paid attention to residents of cold areas where the strong frosts. Currant shrubs also take root well in the central regions where the climate is sometimes unpredictable and frosts can be at other times of the year.
The first in the rating Scarlet Dawn – Russian grade of currant red, indifferent to winter freezing temperatures. Bush fruiting in mid-summer, berries no more than a gram to taste organic with a balance of sweetness and acidity, they ripen on elongated twigs-brushes.
Scarlet dawn is moderately fruitful – from 1.8 to 5 kg of fruit, the amount determined by the size of the plant. Bush requires moderate humidity and timely feeding in the spring, there are no problems with treatment – insects and diseases of the variety are not afraid.
- Winter hardiness and frost resistance without loss of fruiting abilities;
- Optimal fruiting;
- Immunity to common parasites;
- Appreciated balanced taste.
- Not identified.
Bred Western Siberia red currant Ural beauty medium ripening period adapted to central frosts stripes. Unpretentious plant, quickly takes root on a new site, but requires moderate humidity, sensitive to deficiency water. The shape of the crown is sprawling with drooping young twigs.
The plant retains the ability to bear fruit abundantly even in atypically cool summer, for which he is so loved amateur gardeners. However, winter temperature increases are capable of cause a disruption in the life of the plant and its violation functionality.
The berries of the Ural beauty variety are pleasantly sweet, moderate fineness a little less than a gram, on the hands there are few of them, but the stall is dry and harvesting is very convenient. Improve the quality of the fruit will help fertilizing in the spring.
- Quickly takes root;
- Mid-season variety (harvest by July);
- Sweet berries for universal use;
- It tolerates frosts down to –250 and below.
- Winter thaws are detrimental to the plant.
- Instability to spider mites.
In third place in the ranking is selected in the South Ural Research Institute of Horticulture and Potato Currant Variety Lights Ural, intended for breeding in the Ural region and on central Volga. Shrub with wide branches insensitive to severe Ural winters and typical diseases, however needs the necessary soil moisture, does not tolerate drying out of the soil.
Fleshy fruits reaching grams are suitable for assembly already in in the middle of summer to a considerable amount of up to 6 and 7 kg per healthy bush. Mild acidity combined with gentle sweetness makes berries are a treat for raw foodists and sweet tooth lovers of jam, jelly, compotes.
- Ideal resistance to freezing temperatures;
- Generous fees from one bush;
- Immunity to many diseases of currant;
- Balanced taste.
- Suitable for breeding only in the Urals and Volga.
The best varieties of red currant for Moscow region
The Moscow Region is located in the central zone of our country, most varieties are suitable for distribution in this area red currants, designed for the appropriate climate.
The work of breeders from Holland, Random – one of common and beloved in the central regions a grade of currant red, characterized by mouth-watering medium-sized berries less than a gram ripening in August. The plant is characterized by one of the richest and most constant yields of up to 10 kg per adult healthy plant.
Branches of a bush Randomly spread wide, fruits on ten centimeters brushes sit tight. Plant needs sufficient humidity, not afraid of moderate winter intensity frost, resistant to diseases such as powdery dew.
- Appetizing berries, rated 4.6 points;
- Stable crop;
- Suitable for cultivation in the central regions, including the surroundings of the Russian capital;
- Late ripening variety;
- Suffers from significant frosts.
The second place in the rating is occupied by the domestic grade of currant Ilyinka. The shrub yields a harvest of fleshy berries by mid-summer, scored 5 points according to experts, but overall yield relatively small – up to 5 kg from an adult plant.
Ilyinka is unable to develop in cold conditions due to instability to significant negative temperatures, and for the metropolitan area fits perfectly. Bush unattractive for parasitic insects and common currant diseases. In the Moscow region climate does not require much care.
- Sweet fleshy berries of the highest palatability;
- Few seeds;
- Ripening by July.
- Relatively few berries on the bush;
- Intolerance to severe frosts.
Experts awarded third place to the oldest authorship biologists of Holland. The bush stretches significantly, it is distinguished unusual parallelepipedal structure. The fruits are strongly acidic ripen not earlier than August, they are more organic in processed form due to the low concentration of the sweet agent.
Dutch red currant organically develops in the central strip of the Russian Federation, it is insensitive to the absence of soil moisture, but better berries and their large the amount obtained with sufficient watering.
- Optimum fruiting of about 4.6 kg per adult shrubs;
- The ability to retain its own moisture and carry drought
- Frost resistance;
- Immunity to insects and infection.
- Pronounced acidity of fruits with hard bones.
Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.