Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
While in some countries there are discussions about a scientific expedition with the goal of colonizing Mars, in others the population living below the line poverty, suffering from lack of food and drinking water. The least developed economies are in African continent. Most often these are countries with authoritarian political regimes, high levels of corruption, frequent local military conflicts and lack of access to international financial market. The greatest harm, of course, bring civil wars that lead to destruction industrial enterprises and the loss of investment.
To determine the level of well-being of the population, economists use averaged objective indicators such as GDP, then there is gross domestic product calculated at parity purchasing power per capita. For example, for the USA and some European countries, this figure is 50-80 one thousand dollars. It is worth noting that only those countries where economic statistics are being calculated for some African states (such as Somalia) level poverty is simply impossible to count due to lack of information.
Least Developed Countries Survey
|Nomination||a place||State||GDP (PPP) per person|
|Least Developed Countries||1||Madagascar||1,350 USD|
|3||Sierra leone||1,300 USD|
|7||Democratic Republic of the Congo||900 USD|
|10||Central African Republic||720 USD|
10th place – Madagascar
The island of Madagascar, located in the Indian Ocean, is famous its paradise nature and rich wildlife. Its unique the ecosystem attracts a large number of tourists who are one from the main sources of filling the state budget, however, this not enough to maintain the economy at least at an acceptable level. After how Madagascar became independent in 1960, its history totals several revolts and coups.
At present, the country’s political system is stable, although differs in corruption. Residents mainly agriculture and fishing. For a long time the island was important natural vanilla supplier and switch Coca Cola products to synthetic vanillin hit the economy hard. Significant the disadvantage that inhibits development is the lack of literate resource management professionals and high level inflation.
Material wealth in Madagascar is extremely distributed uneven: out of 25 million people, only 3% can be called financially successful, and more than 70% are below the poverty line, often without the essentials. Parity GDP purchasing power (PPP) for the inhabitants of Madagascar is 1350 dollars per person.
9th place – Comoros
The archipelago of volcanic origin, which is located in Strait of Mozambique, near the island of Madagascar. Index GDP (PPP) for residents of Comoros does not exceed $ 1345 per capita. This is a fairly young state, which exists since 1975, after independence France. The country survived a series of coups still unstable political situation.
Comoros have a rich and diverse culture, but poor economy. Most of the population is employed in various forms. Agriculture. The budget is replenished mostly due to exporting the ylang-ylang plant whose essential oil is used in perfumes and cosmetics, as well as vanilla, bananas and several others plants. However, large deposits of any natural resources, mining of which could improve the welfare of the country, here are absent.
Other pressing issues are social inequality and poor tourist attraction. Comoros although offer a tropical vacation, do not withstand competition from other island resorts with much more developed infrastructure. Among the local population, low prevails. literacy level making technological development impossible society.
8th place – Sierra Leone
In 1951, Sierra Leone gained independence from Great Britain, and after that the newly formed country survived 13 coups. Since the early 1990s in Sierra Leone for more than ten years a civil war was raging, which weakened the already very poor economy. Even after the end of hostilities, power in the African state for a long time belonged self-proclaimed military leaders. Crime rate, violence and corruption of politicians went wild, contributing to aggravation situations, and only recently in these areas are observed some positive developments.
The country is rich in natural resources, has fertile soil and the ability to use fishing resources, however underdeveloped the infrastructure does not make full use of these advantages. As a result, nearly two-thirds of the population of Sierra Leone are forced to live in poverty, and the level of GDP (PPP) per person barely reaches 1300 dollars. Residents of the country are engaged in fishing, diamond mining in mines and agriculture. The shadow economy is flourishing, and annual inflation exceeds 18%. Life expectancy in Sierra Leone is only 53 years old.
The state is almost entirely dependent on assistance from international organizations, in particular from the International Monetary fund and foreign investors. Nearly 10 percent of GDP comes from abroad.
7th place – Mozambique
The territory of Mozambique abounds with significant useful resources. minerals such as coal, oil and gas, but their extraction is poor established and does not save the poor economic situation. More than 80 percent of the working population is employed in agriculture industries, but only 12 are processed in the country percent of fertile soil, and yield is very low due to inefficiency of the applied methods.
Until 1975, Mozambique was a colony of Portugal. After declaration of independence new social democratic the country’s leadership carried out ill-conceived agrarian reform and drove the Portuguese immigrants. Deprived of all qualified professionals and experiencing serious financial problems, the state soon split into warring camps, which led to a civil war that lasted until 1992 and claimed hundreds of thousands of lives. After graduation, Mozambique moved on to multi-party democracy.
Now the population is about 30 million people, of whom 70% are below the poverty line. GDP indicator (PPP) per person – 1220 dollars. In addition, the country is weak developed medicine, high unemployment and half the inhabitants are illiterate. Local life expectancy The population barely exceeds 52 years.
6th place – Malawi
The country is located in southeastern Africa, almost a third of it the territory is occupied by the lake of the same name. Republic mired in poverty since the 1980s, after the collapse in tea and tobacco prices that make up the bulk of its export goods. In addition, in the early 90s the country was destroyed from within by local conflicts caused by the struggle for power. Now PPP per capita GDP in Malawi is a little over 1,100 dollars.
The economy of a country with a population of about 18 million inhabitants almost entirely based on tobacco growing and rural the farm. It has several large enterprises, but all they are busy processing all the same agricultural products. In Malawi there is large deposits of valuable minerals, but mining is still not adjusted. Cattle breeding is also very limited due to the abundance of flies. tsetse leading to the death of cattle. All this put the republic in dependence on humanitarian and financial support from a number of international organizations.
Poverty and poverty are an integral part of everyday life. more than half of the citizens of Malawi. This is the situation in finance generated concomitant health problems: medicine is almost absent, according to statistics, only 17 thousand people one qualified doctor. Moreover, up to 13 percent of residents infected with HIV.
5th place – Niger
From independence from France in 1960 to 2011, Niger was constantly in a state of political instability. For the entire existence of the state, in it six ruling regimes were replaced and several military coups. The territory consists of 80% desert territory, and almost the rest of it is arid land, for full-fledged agriculture fit only small areas, located near the river and lake Chad.
The population of the Republic of Niger reaches 22 million people, the total the area covers more than 1.2 million square kilometers. However, there are only five large cities in the country, very poorly developed infrastructure, completely lacking a network of iron dear. The economy is centered around agriculture and mining. uranium ore however the crisis of the 1980s seriously undermined established export of uranium. Although officially considered unemployed only 3 percent of people, incomes are so meager that two thirds of them are deprived of the most necessary. High fertility (in on average, every woman here gives birth to 6-8 times) with difficulty compensates for record infant mortality rates. According to World Health Organization report, one in six children in Niger dies due to hunger or disease before reaching five years of age.
The level of GDP (PPP) in the country is about a thousand dollars per person. Apparently, in the near future, the situation is unlikely will improve because the lack of even minimal education (less than 30 percent can read and write) still forces the population of the republic of niger engage in low-paid labor on fields, mines and cement plants.
4th place – Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly known as Zaire suffered many conflicts, the most serious of which became The second Congolese war, which ended only in 2002. Also the reign of dictator Mobutu hit the economy hard, appropriated five billion dollars from the state budget. At present, PPP per capita GDP is not reaches 900 dollars.
DR Congo authorities try to restore mining minerals such as oil, gold, cobalt and much more, however, most of this sector is occupied by shadow structures. The mining industry is controlled by foreign companies and organized crime groups that makes large-scale export impossible.
Over 75 percent of the country’s population is about 70 million people are suffering from a shortage food. In combination with the deplorable state of medicine, this leading to high mortality. Over the last few years by the cause of hunger, infectious diseases and local military clashes in DR Congo, 5 million people died.
3rd place – Liberia
Liberia was founded by those who came from America liberated slaves who tried to create a state on the principle U.S.A. However, neither democracy, much less American they failed to build an economy. Now a country with a population of 4.7 million people are in deep crisis caused by constant conflicts. In 1980, after the overthrow of the president followed two civil wars that claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and ended only after the intervention of the UN peacekeeping force. Military actions in the bud destroyed the rudiments of industrial growth and since 2005 Liberia essentially had to start development from scratch.
The state has valuable natural resources, mining which, however, is weak due to the lack of advanced technologies and infrastructure. In addition, the lion’s share of national wealth was “privatized” by the ruling class and their relatives. The working population is either employed in agriculture or in mining of almost depleted iron ore reserves. One more the source of state revenue is the provision for a fee foreign courts the right to fly under the flag of Liberia, allowing order port charges at low rates.
The level of GDP (PPP) per person is $ 880, this is not surprising given that 85% of residents do not have an official places of work. Even in the capital, Monrovia, most residents forced to huddle in shaky shacks and survive on less than 1.25 dollars a day.
2nd place – Burundi
Like other countries in the ranking, Burundi’s poverty cause First of all, there are long military conflicts, which began almost immediately after the proclamation of an independent Republic in 1962. The bloodiest conflict was civil war between the Hutu and Tutsi peoples. Even after her endings are still clashing ethnicly.
Burundi has a population of approximately 12 million person. Almost 90% of them are employed in the agricultural sector, which however, it does not save from poverty and chronic malnutrition. Of The cultivated products exported only to coffee, tea and cotton. PPP per capita GDP barely exceeds 800 dollars. The only thing the country can hope for is help from abroad however in terms of investment the economy of burundi extremely unattractive.
Adverse conditions prevailing in the country for normal lives are fertile ground for corruption, rampant crime and ongoing local conflicts. Infrastructure, health and education are at their lowest level. The state has a high birth rate and short life expectancy of an average of 50 years old.
1st place – Central African Republic
Formerly a French colony, Central African The republic gained independence since 1960. Colonial system soon replaced by the regime of the bloody dictator Bokassa, and after him the overthrow was another series of military coups, accompanied by the destruction of infrastructure and industry. Most of the power in the country to this day owned by armed groups, trade is booming drugs, weapons and people, there are hassles everywhere territories and spheres of influence.
On the territory of the Central African Republic lives about five million people who have to deal with daily unemployment, lack of food and lack of clean water. GDP level calculated by purchasing power parity here is 720 dollars per person. Overwhelming most of the population lives in makeshift huts. Economy The country consists mainly of exported wood and cultivated products such as tobacco or coffee. There are in the CARs and natural minerals, in particular deposits of diamonds and gold ore, but all deposits have long been owned by foreign corporations and are not bring income to the local population.
Half-starving conditions force residents to eat what you have to do: from fried caterpillars to dried monkey meat. Medicine is represented only by small foreign funds, who do not cope with frequent outbreaks of various epidemics. The average life expectancy in the country is 50 years, the level of literacy is about 12 percent.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.