How to choose a stun gun – self-defense with electricity

To stop an attacker or escape from dogs, do not Be sure to have a black belt in karate. Sometimes to protect yourself, just use a stun gun. Today we will tell how to choose high-quality electric weapons and what to look for attention when buying.

how to choose a stun gun

Types of stun guns

An electroshock device (ESH) is a non-lethal weapon. It is used for self-defense and as an alternative to more dangerous or lethal weapons. The stun gun hits the attacker electric shock muscle function, and disables it. Depending on type device and the duration of the discharge depends on the time disorientation of the attacker.

It often happens that a hit (even if it lasts a couple of seconds) leads to the fact that a person loses control over his movements and experiencing pain shock. He falls to the ground, unable move or think soberly. Electroshock actually interrupts brain work. The effects of electric shock usually persist in within a few minutes and a half hours. In this case, stun guns are not cause serious harm to human health.

Electroshock weapons are divided into two types: contact and remote. For the contact device to work, they need touch the attacker. Remote stun gun works differently – two small needle-electrodes attached from it fly out copper wiring to the device. They pierce clothes attached to it and strike a person with electric shock.

Most remote stun guns have a cartridge, designed for one shot. After using it, you must change. The range of remote devices designed for civilians, is about 4.5 meters.

Stun guns can have various forms and types. They are made in the form of small flashlights, pens, mobile phones, batons, etc. According to GOST 1996, these devices are divided into three groups: first, second and third.

Stun guns of the third group

The charge voltage of these devices is less than 45,000 V, and power – 0.3–1 W. They do not lead to disorientation or immobilizing the enemy, but perform psychological and scaring function. Such products are often made as lipsticks, flashlights, packs of cigarettes and mobile phones. They can affect the attacker in the warm season (through light clothing).


  • Affordable price (about 1,000 rubles);

  • Stun guns are great for protecting against stray dogs – animals are scared of electrical discharge, ozone emissions and high-frequency sounds that the device makes.


  • Such products cannot incapacitate the enemy, cause paralysis and disorientation.

Stun guns of the second group

Second-class electric weapons are more commonly sold Total. The discharge voltage of these stun guns is 45,000 –70 000 V and power less than 2 watts. Such devices cause pain shock and immobilization of the attacker for several minutes – this time enough to escape from the enemy and call for help.


  • Affect the attacker through clothing at any time of the year, although in winter their effectiveness decreases;

  • They quickly disorient and neutralize the enemy.


  • They neutralize the attacker only for 1-3 minutes. Rarely lead to loss of consciousness.

Stun guns of the first group

These are the most powerful and effective stun guns designed for civilians. The charge voltage is about 70,000–90 000 V, and the power is 2-3 watts. It should be noted that the electric Weapons with a power of more than 3 watts should not be used by Russian citizens. But law enforcement can use stun guns with power up to 10 watts.


  • Completely immobilize and disorient the enemy, cause severe pain shock and often lead to loss of consciousness. If The stun gun was used on vulnerable parts of the body (neck area or groin), the attacker may be disconnected for 10-30 minutes or more.

  • Work at any time of the year, no matter how much attacking clothes.


  • Cost (about 2,000-5,000 rubles). Stun guns first class more expensive than the second and third class stun guns.

The size of stun guns


Electric weapons can have various sizes and shapes, but its effectiveness does not depend on dimensions. Small devices in mobile phones or flashlights may well paralyze the enemy and bring him into an unconscious state. Moreover, they fit in a handbag, pocket or female palm, not causing suspicion.

Remote ECUs with a cartridge are large in size and weight, according to compared to contact, but they can also be hidden in a bag or inside pocket of a jacket.

The largest devices are batons. Their length is about 30-50 cm. Such models allow you to influence the enemy, while being at a small but distance. As the constant wearing of electric shockers-batons is not very convenient, manufacturers offer several alternatives. IN sale you can find telescopic devices that, when Necessities from a compact flashlight turn into a baton.

Large and heavy ESAs are most often used by representatives law enforcement, but they are also suitable for protection at home.


Batteries are used as a power source for ESH or batteries. Each of them has its own advantages and limitations.

Stun guns with batteries are designed for multiple using. They withstand about 200-300 discharges before sit down, and remain operational for a month. Such stun guns should be recharged regularly – even if they rarely used or not used at all. Charging should last about two hours (every month) if the ESA is not used, and 5-6 hours – if the stun gun is discharged.

Batteries are a good option for those who are not going to often use ESH. Battery-powered stun guns not needed recharge, and the battery charge should be enough for 15-20 discharges. However, keep in mind that at the most inopportune moment, batteries may sit down, and the weak sparks of the ESA will only anger the enemy.

Top manufacturers

Russian citizens can use stun devices with less than 3 W and discharge voltage not more than 90 000 V. At this elektroshoker must have a technical passport and certificate quality. The certificate should be worn with ESH – uncertified devices may be seized by representatives law enforcement.

In the Russian market, the following have proven themselves well manufacturers:


  2. Company “Mart”;

  3. TANDER;

  4. OJSC “Research Institute of Steel”;

  5. Karakurt.

It is important that the stun gun be of domestic production. On the the territory of the Russian Federation is not allowed to use devices from foreign brands, even if their characteristics are suitable for the above requirements.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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