Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Car shock absorbers are an important element of the suspension a car that compensates for vibrations and shock when driving along unevenness, bumps and other defects in the road surface. On the the current stage of production there are three enlarged groups shock absorbers: oil, gas and hybrid (gas-oil), combining the advantages of models of the first and second groups. All they differ from each other both in design and size of the worker resource, and a standard set of technical specifications.
As of the current moment, production of shock absorbers engaged in over 120 companies, which creates huge competition for market and greatly complicates the selection process for ordinary consumer. In this regard, the team of Expertolgy magazine decided conduct own research of the segment, and made a rating of 17 the best manufacturers of shock absorbers for cars. The ranking of the nominees in the rating was carried out taking into account ratings users, as well as on the conclusions of staff experts.
- How to choose shock absorbers
- Which shock absorbers are better: gas or oil?
- Rating of the best shock absorbers for cars
- Top European shock absorber manufacturers
- Top American Shock Absorber Manufacturers
- Top Asian shock absorber manufacturers
- The best domestic manufacturers of shock absorbers
How to choose shock absorbers
With the independent choice of shock absorbers in the secondary market It is very important to consider five key criteria:
Selectable shock absorber type. All shock absorbers are divided into three large groups:
- oil (liquid, hydraulic) – the most common, basic type of shock absorbers in which the working fluid is oil. Provide stable absorption of shock and vibration when driving along bumps and bumps. Suitable for everyday use, giving a sense of comfort at low speeds. However, during acceleration noticeably worsen handling characteristics.
- gas-oil (hybrid) – a product of the merger of two technical options providing intermediate comfort values and manageability. They are universal, but very expensive and difficult to manufacture.
- gas – a special series of rigid shock absorbers sharpened under control of the car even at high speeds movement. They last longer, roll less, look like dampers, but at the same time, you can forget about comfort while traveling.
Acquisition cost. This parameter is highly dependent on frequency of use of transport. If priority is rare trips to the country or to the city, then there is no point in acquiring high-resource specialized and usually expensive shock absorbers from middle and premium manufacturers – you can get by and a set of budget details from relevant representatives. IN if trips are made every day, the concept is cardinal way changes – consumables from such companies like Kayaba , Sachs (or their BOGE “mates”), Monroe , Bilstein etc.
Driving style. Individual criterion with which stands reckon, so as not to miss the selection of shock absorbers by type. If you are a fan of fast driving, and the streets in your city are not full of potholes, it makes sense to look for a set of gas consumables. Do you like mostly measured travel and comfort? Then your ideal is oil models. But hybrid shock absorbers are a kind of compromise for those who love (or who are forced road conditions) to combine acceleration and comfort.
Brand Importance. Shock absorbers are one of the few parts, the quality of which largely depends on the manufacturer. Well-known brands use a huge resource base, as well as unique corporate technologies to ensure all the best operational quality and technical characteristics of its product. Little-known firms cannot boast of this, counting on the creation of shock absorbers on classical patterns, and sometimes impudently copying (moreover, extremely bad) products more famous competitors.
General condition of the product. When buying a shock absorber “out hand in hand “in the secondary market, be sure to inspect it on no damage. Outwardly, there should not be any chips and cracks – all elements must fit snugly together, and the absence of any of them is unacceptable. In order to check shock absorber integrity, attempt should be made “pumping”. If there is enough force to pull the rod, applied by hands, then with a high degree of probability take place internal defects. Also, carefully inspect the packaging a box for the presence of a brand logo, information about manufacturer, as well as a special “mark of originality” – holographic stickers or seals.
Which shock absorbers are better: gas or oil?
Type of shock absorbers
+ Retain cushioning properties at low temperatures
+ Due to high rigidity, they provide better high speed handling
+ Possibly knowingly higher working resource
+ Efficient heat dissipation preventing the occurrence of cavitation
+ Provides work both for spinning and for compression (two-chamber design)
+ Not subject to strong roll when typing speed and braking
– High price
– Complicated design in comparison with liquid shock absorbers
– Low comfort indicators (suitable exclusively for racing and riding on smooth roads)
– Failure of one of the two chambers will provoke shock absorber in general
+ Softer than providing a more comfortable driving on rough roads
+ High prevalence on the secondary the market
+ Safety margin is enough for runs from 20 thousand kilometers
+ Pretty cheap compared to gas shock absorbers
+ Simple structurally and in some cases maintainable
– Predisposed to roll due to action only on compression
– Lose performance when the worker overheats body, the effect of cavitation, which destroys the metal and cuff
– If air gets inside the air condition shock absorbers worsen at times
Rating of the best shock absorbers for cars
|Top European shock absorber manufacturers||1||Hola||5.0|
|Top American Shock Absorber Manufacturers||1||Monroe||5.0|
|Top Asian shock absorber manufacturers||1||Kayaba||5.0|
|The best domestic manufacturers of shock absorbers||1||SAAZ||5.0|
Top European shock absorber manufacturers
The first line of the rating goes to the representative of the Netherlands – production company Hola, which produces shock absorbers for a single Long Life Warranty program. And, it should be noted, the name this program is fully true: the timing operating manufactured racks on bumpy roads often reach up to 65-70 thousand kilometers.
Customizing the product to international standards, Hola actively adopts experience from other companies around the world. So, recent changes in oil shock absorbers have affected structural part: the single-tube base was replaced by a two-pipe, with the addition (or without thereof) of a special gas pressure rod. In largely due to the competent selection of material they are able to work in wide temperature ranges: from -40 to 80 ° С, with non-critical changes in technical specifications. Understanding that driving conditions can vary significantly, the company’s engineers developed two model lines:
- CFD – a series of predominantly hydraulic struts, focused on driving comfort and precise suspension performance on irregularities;
- G’Ride – a sports series of shock absorbers with a clamped suspension, designed for dynamic driving and impeccable manageability.
In addition, Hola is loyal to to consumers, which is expressed in affordable prices and total monitoring the quality of the product.
Despite the fact that Sachs is a corporate partner BOGE companies, its production facilities and all products in generally more popular with domestic users. Why this happened is not entirely clear, because technological methods are almost the same. However, the main plus shock absorbers Sachs is versatility: one and the same the same model of consumables is equally good when installed on a passenger car car, and off-road vehicle. Although the idea is to focus on multifunctionality and unique, but it also affects average product life. So, for all products he makes about 30 thousand kilometers, and one can only guess how much such a step will be justified in the future.
If we talk about the assortment of shock absorbers from Sachs, then the whole It is divided into three separate groups:
- Sporting Set – a special gas series for fans high-performance sports ride, but excellent controllability;
- Super Touring – a standard series that includes gas and soft shock oil dampers. Have a high degree of comfort and suitable for operation on mixed highways;
- Advantage – Advanced Rack Series with Advanced a resource of work that combines the features of comfort and sporting disposition. Suitable for driving on mixed roads, but feels more confident when driving around the city.
KONI closes the top three – eminent premium a supplier of shock absorbers and other suspension elements to the market, whose products are of excellent quality and high price. It was the fact of high cost that did not allow the Dutch grandee rise higher in the ranking, although all the prerequisites for this are there.
The main feature of KONI products is a lifetime (!) a guarantee of work – this means that when a malfunction occurs the official service center will change the failed one without any problems shock absorber on brand new. True, on one condition: this guarantee valid for only one driver and one registered car. As with other suppliers, each separately taken product line has its own color marking. There are four such in the assortment of this nominee (it is noteworthy that only complete springs are marked with color):
- Special – the red shock absorbers of the improved series providing greater smoothness, comfort and stability on the roads with irregularities;
- Sport – standard yellow gas struts for needs sports ride. Do not give any comfort, but increase controllability;
- Sport Kit – shortened racks with blue marking springs, sharpened for aggressive driving and ensuring maximum manageability in a given mode;
- Load-a-Juster – shock absorbers with black springs aimed at the perception of large dynamic and static loads.
Shock absorbers of the German company Bilstein – a favorite product Russian consumers who prefer to modify their own cars by installing better parts. This company has the same authority as the representative of the middle segment KONI, and similarly offers all the best for mass market use and exclusive to high-end models auto.
It is noteworthy that Bilstein chose a strategy of constant development of own production, highlighting the whole complex under research needs. End up in front of users are hydraulic and gas racks with increased mileage intervals (up to 60 thousand kilometers), reinforced for high load perceptions modified to provide maximum comfort and handling (Performance Series and Sportline), etc. The highest quality standard for firms of this kind is an exclusive partnership with the best auto manufacturers all over the world. It is authentically known that in addition to supplying German conveyors Bilstein actively ships suspension parts on the line of Subaru, has (or until recently had) some relations with Honda and a number of American brands. In the end recognize – this is an excellent manufacturer of shock absorbers, albeit by reasonably high prices.
One of the premium manufacturers whose shock absorbers Delivered to assembly lines of the main German auto concerns: BMW, Volkswagen and its divisions (Volvo, Audi). Also by exclusive agreement BOGE ships part of the goods in Korean for car manufacturers, for picking car models executive class (Kia, Huyndai, etc.). Among consumers known primarily due to a successful pricing policy, raising the ratio between price and quality to the rank of profitable advantages.
According to the classical scheme, we present the line of racks existing in BOGE company:
- Automatic – a line of hydraulic shock absorbers with automatic adjustment of softness / stiffness (depending on road conditions) for a vivid driving experience and providing comfort;
- Pro-Gas is a professional-grade gas series in which engineers tried to cross the concepts of comfort and sports stiffness;
- Turbo-Gas – complete shock absorbers for sports use. Extremely tough but giving the driver 100% control a car;
- Turbo 24 – within this group single-tube are produced gas racks for off-road trips. One stop solution problems of precision control and easy passage of complex routes
- Nivomat – a reinforced series of shock absorbers with thick springs, Designed specifically for installation on vehicles with large body weight (commercial vehicles).
Well-known Polish company developing suspension elements and shock absorbers for budget cars used in Europe. Of course, there’s no question of any adaptation for the Russian market goes, and this is the main problem of all Krosno products. Not less they buy it well because of the low price and reasonable quality achieved through the introduction of operational principles manufacturing control.
The second reason for popularity lies in maintainability shock absorbers in a wide variety of models: collapsible enclosures allow you to easily audit the internal part. So, after mileage of 10-15 thousand kilometers, compression is weakened, as a result, the stem begins to move from less effort. A small repair with a replacement bypass valve allows you to solve a problem … for the next 10-15 thousand kilometers. No more and not less. All this, of course, speaks of Krosno as a good one. a manufacturer whose development success is adaptation goods under operating conditions other than the reference.
The line above is the European company ZEKKERT, focused on the production of shock absorbers for the budget segment. In everyday life, it is often compared with Lemforder – and not because that she is involved in packaging products developed by others firms. No: the whole thing is in high quality, against the background which even such a giant of the market as Lemforder (or something from his greatness left) nothing special stands out.
If we talk about the technical side of shock absorbers, then here we can distinguish the resistance of metal to frictional wear, and also impeccable execution of the laid functions (i.e. oil struts provide damping on bumps, and gas – excellent handling at speed), and nothing else. All products serve differently: maximum working life estimated at 70 thousand kilometers when driving on a flat surface with rare occasions for inclusion in the work. Minimum service life is 20 thousand kilometers, and often manifests itself in installation on domestic sedans such as Vesta, Granta or Priora. The explanation for this is elementary: consumers make a big mistake, believing that not reinforced racks will be good and long work in conditions of Russian roads.
A fairly well-known manufacturing company from Italy, included in the ranking of the best due to low cost and prevalence their products. PILENGA actively collaborates with niche European-level carmakers supplying shock absorbers and other suspension elements straight to the conveyor lines. They have own design, and their technical specifications are consistent with all requirements of industry standards and tolerances (ISO 9001).
It should be said that even despite the introduction of advanced PILENGA technology and structural features, struts and springs do not possess an extraordinary reserve of a working resource. They were all sustained taking into account equal European roads and autobahns, and in the data conditions allow you to comfortably overcome up to 40 thousand kilometers. As for the domestic realities … the loss of almost 70% of the potential durability provided. Comfortable ride on standard shock absorbers are possible over 10 thousand kilometers, then sheer torment begins with knocks and creaks when overcoming holes and potholes. If Italians manage to overcome the bar of limitation use and take into account the conditions of Russian expensive in future developments, they will surely take off in the popularity rating. well and so far – only eighth place.
Top American Shock Absorber Manufacturers
American Manufacturing Company suspension elements for cars of American, European and Asian brands, whose main warehouse and conveyor is located in Belgium. This fact largely explains the leadership position in European market, and from here the goods fall into the secondary market Russian segment.
As users note, every year Monroe is held meticulous work on errors, the result of which becomes increase the dynamic stability of shock absorbers on bumpy roads, as well as the growth of working life. A few years ago the average life of the company’s products was calculated 20-25 thousand kilometers – today this figure has grown to 50 thousand, but still heavily dependent on working conditions. Of all Monroe assortment of rulers and series, sharpen attention to the most popular:
- Original – a standard line of oil and gas consumables types.
- Reflex – the softest shock absorbers in the assortment of the American grand. Resource is produced extremely quickly on domestic roads, but at the same time provide a high degree of comfort and security.
- Radial-Matic – double-tube oil shock absorbers construction, whose resource is estimated at 35 thousand kilometers. Have a higher degree of reliability compared to the line Original.
- Gas-Matic – a series of gas two-pipe shock absorbers, dampers, with an increased threshold of a working resource (about 50 thousand with periodic use on a poor road surface).
- Van-Magnum – specialized racks for SUVs, able to absorb large dynamic and static loads, providing work for expansion and compression (peculiar dampers).
The largest American corporation, taking control of more dozens of large divisions to work in the global market auto parts. All products (brake elements, shock absorbers in assembly, hodovka spare parts, etc.) has a high price, but provides proper operating parameters throughout operation.
Practice shows that Delphi works closely with European and Asian car manufacturers (besides “their” brands like General Motors and Ford), supplying, moreover, a number of front and rear struts straight to the conveyors. So, discover them possible on BMW (X5), Opel (Zafira), Toyota (RAV 4), Suzuki (Vitara), Renault, Fiat and many others. According to users with moderate cross-country driving and urban roads can have a working resource of hundreds of thousands kilometers – and this is far from the limit. Assortment of delphi also very rich: there are also oil-type racks, and classic oil models, and modified shock absorbers with reinforced springs, stock, etc. The most important thing is not to stumble on fake which in the secondary market (due to popularity manufacturer) extremely much.
The third line of the rating goes to not the most famous American company RANCHO, producing a series of fairly hardy shock absorbers for everyday use. They are designed for use in SUVs, and often show results much higher than factory consumables installed with conveyor belt.
According to experts, absolutely the entire line of shock absorbers RANCHO uses a two-piece design with a more competent load distribution. Thanks to such a complex execution durability of racks reaches 50-60 thousand kilometers – and this with taking into account off-road use or disgusting road canvas. In addition, few users especially praise the quality of the front shock absorbers that do not give a roll and have much longer service intervals.
And yet we believe that third place is the best that can claim this manufacturer. High cost factors low popularity and specificity of use only under small cars and crossovers noticeably limits the range interested parties. And this, along with quality, plays a very big role.
Top Asian shock absorber manufacturers
A young and promising company manufacturing parts for undercarriage of vehicles of the predominant Asian segment market. Kayaba inspectors can be found at about 60% cars for sale from Japan, China and Korea. Besides Moreover, they actively send goods to the secondary markets of the USA and Europe, where they are willing to buy it because of the low competitive cost and high build quality.
At the moment, Kayaba’s ambitions are so great that the company actively and confidently launches new enterprises to create more perfect parts. As for the shock absorbers in particular, they represented by six rulers:
- Exel-G – gas oil racks designed for use in the city. Highly controllable and reduced ergonomic qualities for the sport temper;
- Premium – a premium series of hydraulic shock absorbers, compensating for any irregularities in the way and giving passengers a special comfort (a resource in Russia is estimated at an average of 30-40 thousands of kilometers);
- Gas-a-Just – a line of reinforced rear shock absorbers with single tube design designed for rear wheel drive cars participating in the drift and racing series;
- Ultra SR – shock absorbers capable of compressing and expanding. Lightweight design and stability a car on a track lane;
- AGX – adaptive shock absorbers of gas type. Independently select rigidity depending on the route and driving style;
- MonoMax – the next line of oil-type racks, suitable for the definition of “sports”. Has even less expressed comfort, but allows you to feel the car in all phases of speed.
LYNXauto – Akita Kaihatsu Corporation hi-tech shock absorbers for harsh conditions operation. Statistical analysis of failures of suspension arms showed that the most common causes of breakdowns are mechanical damage, rod wear at the contact with the guide sleeve and gradual loss of seal tightness. Focusing on these The Japanese engineering team made an attempt spot improvements, and added a new shock absorber design sealing assembly. Another stuffing box was added to the main cuff, which removes most of the load and takes on the challenge more dirt and dust.
In addition, the patented housing technology assumes the presence of a teflon coating on the guide sleeve, which contributes to a significant reduction in rod wear in the area contact. In view of all these improvements, the average resource of one shock absorber increased by 30%, and amounts to 60 thousand kilometers. Among the consumer circle, they are gradually starting to gain popularity, and not far off the possible “overthrow” of the leaders Japanese segment companies Kayaba and Tokico.
If the eternal rival in the segment represented by Kayaba is associated with shock absorbers of a sporting nature, the Tokico is the embodiment comfort and tranquility, giving a feeling of complete confidence for driving. Despite a richer history and colossal experience production this company does not seek to increase production capacity, perfecting what is available in the company lineup. Although this approach affects performance popularity among users, but allows you to use authority among the big automakers of their country and foreign segment.
For over a decade, Tokico has successfully collaborated with the concern Lexus, which relies on excellent driving dynamics and comfort. In addition, the shock absorbers of the classic series with success installed on Chinese (Geely, Lifan, Cherry) and American (General Motors, Ford) cars.
Average mileage for classic Tokico shock absorbers is calculated 30-40 thousand kilometers, taking into account the constant load of the suspension and ride on bumps. Premium Series and Modified constructions, in turn, can pass and more than 100 thousand kilometers, which greatly depends on driving style.
The fourth line of the rating goes to the experimental company Asian descent created for centralized production of shock absorbers for the needs of the giants represented by Kia, Hyundai, Ssang Young, as well as the ubiquitous General Motors. Over a decade the existence of this complex has become a major supplier parts for the entire Korean auto industry, and also launched enterprises in Japan and China, not counting the main office and a plant in South Korea.
According to the expert, the average work resource is here is 50 thousand kilometers, and is highly dependent on the manufacturer. If Japanese and South Korean parts are nothing do not differ from the original parts, then their “ideological” Chinese Serials are actually a different product. Unknown how this is possible, but often the difference lies not only in workers conditions, but also in the range of sizes – it seems that no control over production is carried out there. This is very depressing fact, which must be paid attention to. We strongly recommend that you purchase an original product, since the combination of price and quality in this case can be recognized perfect.
The fifth line of the rating goes to the company, which is very often mistaken for Chinese. Sensen – Japanese manufacturer mid-level shock absorbers, the main competitive advantage which is expressed in low cost and focus on masses. It is not a competitor of Tokico and Kayaba in its purest form, since his main area of activity is European and American markets. Here the company has existed for more than 30 years and has achieved more success than inside Japan.
Sensen’s key to shock absorber quality is responsible approach to the selection of materials and total quality control at all manufacturing operations. The company’s assortment includes thousands developments for 48 different brands of cars, including domestic Lada. Warranty period for all products developed under the control of the head office Sensen is 50 thousand kilometers – otherwise all customers receive free replacement of a broken rack under warranty. This is one more evidence of the Europeanization of the company – neither Japanese nor Russian manufacturers of such a support model for their products do not provide.
The best domestic manufacturers of shock absorbers
Extremely low-cost manufacturer of shock absorbers for domestic cars in all its variety, slowly but surely raising quality level to the level of noble representatives of European segment. It is noteworthy that currently in stock Skopinsky auto-aggregate plant mainly stands two-pipe type, designed for the perception of obviously large loads. Their advantages: longer life and low cost, as well as some beneficial design differences. IN in particular, the presence of a rebound shock buffer compensating for shock load when driving on continuous bumps. At the same time this component negatively affects the perception of a number of other obstacles such as road junctions or lateral shrinkage potholes, which affects the stability of the running parameters.
A unique feature of the SAAZ plant is that after decades of work on the conveyor, they decided to show customer loyalty. And in a rather original way: by collecting racks according to individual preferences customers. In addition, each shock absorber comes out repairable, but how justified is this measure (in view of the already low cost purchases) – it is up to the user to decide.
Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.