Despite the fact that modern laptops have a high performance, it’s better to use them anyway lightweight operating systems.
Which operating system to choose for a laptop: least resource-intensive distributions
Among the least resource-intensive distributions are:
- Lightweight versions of Windows 10 – LTSB and S;
- User-friendly Linux distributions – Ubuntu, Kubuntu, Mint;
- Linux wrapped distributions – for example, Elementary OS;
- Android desktop modification – Remix OS
You can also install older versions of Windows, such as 7 or XP, but they may no longer be supported by developers (like OS itself, and software for them) and receive security updates.
Windows 10 itself is pretty good works even on weak laptops – for example, equipped Intel Atom processor and 2 GB of RAM. But she has two editions that provide even greater productivity – LTSB and S.
Windows 10 LTSB (Long Term Support Branch) – Special enterprise version of the operating system designed to use in large companies, where it comes to the fore the need to maintain confidentiality of information. Therefore from telemetry services loading the processor, as well as removed some Modern applications.
There are enough flaws in Windows 10 LTSB. The first is himself the distribution kit “weighs” a lot and takes about 7-10 GB per hard drive. The second is because this operating system intended for use by corporations may arise problems with its licensing.
An alternative is Windows 10 S. Removed an important one from it. feature – no support for x86 / x64 desktop applications. I.e many familiar programs run on it will not work. Works Windows 10 S only with Modern applications.
User Friendly Linux Distributions
Most easy to use and user friendly. user-friendly Linux distributions are low system resource consumption. These are, for example, Ubuntu, Kubuntu and Linux Mint. They differ visually, slightly functionality and features.
However, Linux has plenty of flaws:
A fairly small driver database – for some devices in laptops simply can’t find software. For example, for touch screen or fingerprint scanner. And if from these components you can refuse, then the Wi-Fi module is already more complicated;
Rather low functionality of open source software – take advantage of familiar programs such as Microsoft Office or Adobe Photoshop, on such an OS will not work. And here are the alternatives rarely offer sufficient functionality or convenient interface. For some programs, Linux counterparts are not at all exist;
It takes a habit and some level of computer literacy;
Recent versions of these operating systems take up a lot of space. on the hard drive and due to “decorations” are heavily loaded computer.
Lightweight Linux Distributions
If the latest versions of user-friendly Linux distributions are strong load system resources, you can use special lightweight configurations. Such, for example, is Elementary OS.
This operating system is based on the Ubuntu kernel, however differs in minimalism both in the interface and in the requirements for computer resources. For example, it runs easily on configurations with 512 MB of RAM and 1 GHz processor.
However, the disadvantages of this OS are the same as the rest – of the above – Linux distributions.
Remix OS is a desktop modification of the Android operating system. Given that the “green robot” is optimized to work on weak configurations, with processors in 1.3-2.4 GHz and up to 2 GB of operational memory, this distribution will also go well for insufficiently powerful laptops.
The applications for this operating system are more than enough – it runs almost any Android program. But with the drivers even more problems.
Thus, most operating systems are severely truncated user capabilities. The most optimal solution for laptops will use Windows 10 LTSB. However, if there are no problems with drivers or open source software, You can use some Linux distribution.
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Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.