Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
To love tea, you don’t have to go deep into history. tea industry development. But it will not be superfluous to have an idea about features of tea varieties and the specifics of their cultivation. In the world many countries in the economy of which a significant share is reserved for tea industry, but only a few can boast impact on the global market. Next – About Real Monsters in the World tea (the article shows the average numbers showing the level tea production as of 2018/2019).
The giants of the tea world: top 9 most important manufacturers on the planet
|Nomination||a place||Country||Amount of product manufactured (annual index)|
|The 9 most important tea producers on the planet||9||Japan||80,000 tons|
|5||Sri Lanka||349,700 tons|
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 80,000 tons
Three of the four largest Japanese islands as if were created for growing quality tea – climatic features regions make it possible to produce an excellent plant for making delicious tea. It is noteworthy that Japan falls into ranking of world tea giants despite or contrary to one fact: the inhabitants of the land of the rising sun are so fond of fragrant and healthy drink that only 2% of production is exported product.
Of course, when they talk about Japanese tea, they mean exclusively green: about 99.9% of all tea grown on territory of the country, accounts for all kinds of varieties of green tea. Among the permanent favorites – bow, are also popular sencha, hodzytya, etc.
Interesting fact. The most delicious and high-quality green tea in the world produce only 2 states – Japan and China. Everything else (in in particular, we are talking about their direct competitors – India and Sri Lanka) is significantly inferior to him in quality.
Taste characteristics: Sencha – basic tea with a rich taste (without astringency) and fresh aroma; hekuro – the taste may be varied (it all depends on the place of growth); match – rich, bright taste, etc.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 90,000 tons
Mate – a traditional herbal decoction with an original aroma and unforgettable taste – the visiting card of Argentina. By the way, this The drink is incredibly popular among the inhabitants of the country. But Argentina became famous all over the world not only thanks to mate.
Some 100 years ago, nothing about South American tea they knew and its production was almost zero. Only in 1920 seeds suitable for cultivation were brought into the country ideal tea to the needs of world consumers of tea drink, – China and Russia.
The tea industry in Argentina has developed very slowly the pace. Not the last role in this was played by the government of the country: a ban on the import of tea and a significant reduction in the price of product in the 50s led to what about argentinian tea forgotten for a long time. And yet, in fact, ideal conditions for growing a valuable plant did not allow the country to go into oblivion: diverse climatic features and excellent soil contributed to the entry of Argentina into the world stage.
The predominant part of the product grown in the subtropical South American country, represented by varieties of black tea, which it turns out almost a reference hybrid of the Indian and Assamese.
Taste characteristics: black – unobtrusive, pleasant taste and light aroma; mate – herbal, reminiscent of green tea.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 150,000 tons
Thanks to the subtropical humid climate, unique volcanic soil and an abundance of gentle warm sun grown on Indonesian open spaces black tea is distinguished by unusual taste characteristics. It was they who allowed the country out of nobody a famous outsider in the tea world (which she was until 1929 years) to become one of the leaders: at one time the world the public enthusiastically accepted Assamese hybrids grown on Indonesian land.
Interesting fact. The oldest and largest tea factory, based on one of the main islands of the country (Sumatra island), is the manufacturer of Indonesia’s most famous tea. Before declaration of independence by the country in 1945 belonged to the Dutch. After has been nationalized to this day is under public administration.
Taste features: rich, full flavor, ideal for eating at breakfast. It goes well with milk.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 260,000 tons
Vietnam’s tea industry was born in the distant 1880: it was then that the first (owned by the French) teahouse was built plantation in phu tho. Industry development was pretty rapid, and after half a century, Vietnamese tea along with Ceylon and Chinese pleased the original taste of the inhabitants of Europe and far African open spaces.
Unfortunately, the war unleashed by the United States contributed their adjustments to the production of plants for a tea drink. Only to In 1980, the industry began to gradually recover. Today Vietnam’s tea industry is represented as large companies occupying a significant niche in the global market thanks to the reference quality of the products supplied, and humble individual entrepreneurs. The latter, by the way, produce a small amount of product the harvest is done exclusively by hand.
About 2/3 of the plants grown in Vietnam, represented by black varieties. Almost 1/3 more – excellent quality green tea. And only about 5% of the total tea product are special, very expensive varieties. Among them – kudin – a drink for special drink connoisseurs. Has a bitter taste, it is considered very useful (it has antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic).
Taste characteristics: black Vietnamese tea is different rich, tart taste (by the way, too tightly brewed Vietnamese tea can cause a headache). Green tea It has a delicate, sweet aroma. Artichoke tea is different sweetish, reminiscent of berry compote, taste.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 295000 tons
Hard to believe, but a powerful quantitative indicator of Turkish production is provided by a small region – it is not far from the city of Rize in the north-east of the country. It is here that the conditions as close to ideal for growing excellent tea black varieties: humid, mild climate and proximity to the sea. Though Turkey produces exclusively black tea (often called Turkish), this was enough to reach for leadership with the world giants of the tea industry.
Turks, by the way, and great connoisseurs of their own tea, which they like to brew in a very non-trivial way: by traditions, it is placed in a special samovar, where it is brewed incredibly concentrated, after which it is diluted with water just before serving.
Interesting fact. When ordering tea in Turkey, it is always important to clarify what strength in the drink do you prefer. Ideal for many option – a dark drink, a reddish tint is often called rabbit blood. But the amount of sugar and the need for it never specify: tea is always served with 2 pieces of sugar on saucer.
The Turkish tea market has its own peculiarity, and is it is not in powerful production turnover (which cannot be denied). The power of the national industry is also supported by “modest” tariff on the import of a foreign product. He makes up neither no less – 145%.
Taste characteristics: rich, fairly strong taste with original aroma.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 349,700 tons
It is not surprising that soaked with oriental spices and incense hot tropical country is in the leaderboard for the production of tea. Sri Lanka has been unchanged for many years a member of the three world giants in the tea industry. Situation dramatically changed after 2017, when the country happened a terrible drought, followed by a flood. Exacerbated the problem of contaminated soil and intensified processes erosion.
After that, the country’s share in world exports fell from 21 to 6 %, and she had to give up her usual third place to Kenya. Will the situation change for the better? Who knows. It remains only hope so. Sri Lanka has every opportunity to increase growth of product yield, its quality, etc. The problem is that there are not enough human and land resources for this. Besides Moreover, younger generations are not very enthusiastic about handmade on a tea plantation (famous Ceylon tea collected exactly like that – by manual method).
Interesting fact. Before the advent of the British in Sri Lanka tea was not grown. Everything changed after the British the first tea bushes were brought to the island.
Taste characteristics: depend on the variety of Ceylon tea, which are many. Among the main ones – Pekoe – weak tea with a delicate taste; Orange Pekoe – with a mild flavor and aroma; BP1 Broken Pekoe 1 – strong tea with a pronounced taste; BOP1 Broken Orange Pekoe 1 – has a special hop aroma; FBOPF Ex. Sp flowery broken Orange Pekoe Fannings Extra Special – mild flavor with aroma caramel, etc.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 470000 tons
Kenya is the only African country that has become significant a player in the global tea market – recently the third largest largest on the planet producer of a flavored drink. Compared with most of the countries represented in the ranking, African the state cannot boast of huge tea plantations. The industry is represented by many modest farms with an area of less than 1 acre.
Another feature is the climate of Kenya. Everyone knows that represents equatorial African heat. But it was found ideal solution – for the cultivation of tea they chose high mountain areas located near the famous Lake Victoria. It is here that nature pleases with pleasant seasonal rains.
It is worth noting the skill of Kenyan tea planters – to maintain a leading position in a frantic world race is not so just. The secret to Kenyan success is that they decide to go non-standard way and made a bet on innovative developments and new methods of growing tea. It is for this reason that Kenya has recently – a leader in the creation of new tea crops, for example, with dense foliage or unpretentiousness to conditions growths (a striking example of the latter – a single-leaf artesian tea).
Taste characteristics: rich, tart taste. Ideally combined with milk and honey, it becomes spicy when added spices (for special connoisseurs). Slightly reminiscent of Indian assam.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 1 250,000 tons
The country has long been the second largest permanent tea producer. More than 3.5 million people are involved in this industry. people, the majority of which are women. India produces both black and green tea. True, the share of the latter is usually not more than 1/10 of the total cultivated product.
The tea industry in India began many years ago with the bold the commercial steps of the british east india company that became transform huge colony land plots exclusively for the production of tea. Today, India is one of the largest participants in the global tea market. Although it may not be so noticeably, since about 80% of the cultivated product goes to domestic needs: Indians are considered big lovers of the good tea.
One of the most recognizable varieties of Indian tea drink production is tea from the northern regions, representing a spicy mixture harmoniously combined with milk. No less other varieties of Indian tea are also popular – Assam and the famous Tea Champagne – Darjeeling.
Taste characteristics: Darjeeling – nutmeg, tart taste and light floral aroma; assam – strong, with strong, malt flavor; nilgiri – soft, light fruity taste and citrus flavor.
Amount of product manufactured (annual rate): 2 400,000 tons
China is a real monster in the tea world. Country annually produces incredible millions of tons of fragrant, quality a drink with the finest taste. About 1/3 of all produced in the world tea falls precisely on Chinese products. Soon the unconditional leadership of the eastern country is unlikely to be challenged.
Since 2007, a sharp jump has been made to increase production: the amount of tea plant grown in 2 times (!). It should be noted and features of production: the main the lines are constantly expanding, there has been a clear trend towards increase production of elite varieties – Chinese dragon in action.
According to a traditional Chinese legend, tea was cultivated in the country 5,000 years ago, the emperor and a fine connoisseur of herbs Shannongom. And today, tea in China is perceived not just as aromatic hot drink, but also as a healing infusion, as well as the main participant in many national rituals.
Taste characteristics: separately it is worth talking about the most famous and most appreciated Chinese teas (only a few out of many). The first of these, Pu-Er, is the king among black teas. It is distinguished by a special, “earthy” taste, has healing properties – it is considered a drink of beauty and wisdom. Lung Jing – famous green tea. For its manufacture are used only tops with 2 leaves. Collection is exclusively manually.
Unlike most other Chinese teas, complemented by fragrant flowers, Lung Jing is made in its purest form. It has a rich taste and delicate aroma. Bilochun is made from hand-picked small fresh leaves. Collection Tea is a real art, besides it is very painstaking: it you have to collect literally a leaf from each kidney.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.