Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Bridges on our planet have been built since time immemorial. And if in ancient times these were, rather, primitive crossings, today by incredible sizes are being built around the world tremendous amount of work. In Europe over the past several centuries erected hundreds of reliable, original and simple beautiful bridges. But few of them are distinguished by their long length. We have selected the eight of the longest for your attention.
Kilometer Road: Top 8 Longest Bridges Of Europe
|top 8 longest bridges in Europe||8||Second Severn Bridge, UK||5.128 km.|
|7||Presidential Bridge, Russia||5.825 km.|
|6||Greater Belt, Denmark||6.79 km.|
|5||Oresund Bridge, Sweden / Denmark||7.845 km.|
|4||Saratov bridge, Russia||12.76 km.|
|3||Alekseevsky bridge over Kama, Russia||13.967 km.|
|2||Vasco da Gama Bridge, Portugal||17.2 km|
|1||Crimean (Kerch) bridge, Russia||19 km|
Second Severn Bridge, UK
Length: 5,128 km
This automotive cable-stayed bridge was created to unite banks of the River Severn, located in Wales and England. First specific references to the passage from one part of Britain to another appeared in the middle of the 19th century, when it was actively improving shipping and railway communication.
The first crossing in the full sense of the word arose only a century later – in 1966. It was a hanging Severn a bridge stretching over a distance of just over 1.5 km. About creating They started talking about a new crossing in 20 years, when the bridge was simply stopped cope with the car load. Parliament passed the decision to make the second Severn bridge a complement to the first and pave the freeway on it.
The main span of the structure passes above the water surface at a height 37 meters. Aerial view of the Second Seversky is similar to letter S, only slightly elongated. Until 2018, fare for ferries were charged (from England to Wales).
Presidential Bridge, Russia
Length: 5.825 km
This massive building is located in the city of Ulyanovsk and connects the Volga coast. At the construction of the structure were used various technical innovations designed to maximize increase the “efficiency” of its basic elements. On the Significant efforts and funds were spent on the construction (about 400 million rubles), which is associated with paramount importance Crossings of strategic importance.
The construction process was very long and several times was interrupted. Work on the construction of the crossing began in 1986. After 6 years, only the first flight was completed, and then another 6 years generally completely interrupted construction work due to a stop project financing.
He was suddenly remembered at the very peak of the financial crisis in country and decided to bring the matter to an end: in 2009 it was launched first stage, the then-attended ceremony President Dmitry Medvedev. And then in just a couple of years built the second phase. The construction of the Presidential Bridge has become part of a transport system modernization program.
Greater Belt, Denmark
Length: 6.79 km
Although one of the Danish kingdom crossings is not one of the three the longest, along the span, it is in third place. The hanging structure is located above the strait of the same name and connects Funen Island with Zealand. Construction process lasted as much as 10 years, the financial costs of the project amounted to more than 21 billion Danish crowns.
When the building was put into operation, it greatly facilitated life to many Danes and visitors: now from one island to another can be reached an hour faster. The new route became active use not only for passenger traffic, but also for cargo crossings. If the ferry is open before the bridge the ferry could “withstand” only 8,000 cars a day, Big Belt confidently copes with a machine flow of 27500 cars.
This bridge is extremely important not only for Denmark, but for the whole Of Europe. He allowed to abandon domestic flights from the capital to Odense, and the number of flights from Copenhagen to Aarhus or Aalborg, for example, decreased several times. In addition, the Great Belt provides reliable car traffic between Scandinavia and continental settlements of Europe.
Oresund Bridge, Sweden / Denmark
Length: 7,845 km
Bridges most often serve as a connecting point between water shores and continents, but the Öresund bridge connects two state. The transport node is represented by several elements: a tunnel and two bridges. One goes into a tunnel built on artificial island (Peberholm). To create it originally carried out work to deepen the bottom, and the excavated rock was poured in the form islands (0.5 x 4 km).
The official opening of the crossing took place in 2000. On the the festive event was attended by the monarchs of both countries – Margrethe II and Carl XVI Gustav. The bridge is somewhat unique in that designed not only for automotive, but also for railway communication. And in this capacity it can already be considered the longest on the continent. A trip to Oresund – a pleasure not cheap: the fare is 38 euros per car. But for those who travels regularly, there is a preferential rate.
Saratov bridge, Russia
Length: 12.76 km
The appearance of the bridge was a real event for the Russians, because this the crossing allowed to significantly reduce the duration of the move from Europe to Asia. Thanks to this bridge, comfortable and fast moving from Saratov to Engels. Saratov ferry is the main element of the bypass road around these settlements.
In addition to the Volga, the construction crosses 2 more rivers and the island Kotluban. The construction of the beam structure started in the distant 1991, and the first phase was put into operation after only 10 years old. The second opening had to wait almost as much – 9 years. IN the process of erecting a bridge structure used sand from nearby quarry. When it filled with water, it formed called Blue Lake, by the color of the water in it.
Alekseevsky bridge over Kama, Russia
Length: 13,967 km
Alekseevsky bridge is one of the three longest in Europe, which located in Russia (in Tatarstan) and crosses immediately several rivers. Construction began in 1992 and stretched out for a whole decade. For this long term The “relay race” for the construction of the bridge was taken over by several contractors, to More than 3,000 workers piled on the construction site.
In autumn 2002, the Alekseevsky bridge was officially launched in operation. The design is designed for car transport of any configuration and dimensions. Particular importance of this the crossing is attached to the fact that it is part of the Orenburg tract, and also – the longest car route in the world from Europe to Western China
Vasco da Gama Bridge, Portugal
Length: 17.2 km
Cable-stayed bridge was inaugurated near Lisbon across the Tagus River in 1998. This coincided with another very significant event: the Portuguese celebrated the 500th anniversary of their discovery by the great ancestor of the waterway connecting India and Europe. Fare for Vasco da Gama is charged (only for side of the capital – 2.25 euros).
Initially, the project was very ambitious, because it was about incredibly short deadlines to be combined the opening of the bridge with a jubilee date: in this process was 4 companies and about 3300 workers are involved.
Interesting fact: Vasco da Gama bridge is considered one of the most sustainable among existing: it can withstand a real hurricane (the structure will withstand even with gusts of wind up to 250 km / h) and even powerful earthquake. The natural curvature of the earth was also taken into account. surfaces: the surface of the bridge was made slightly curved.
Crimean (Kerch) bridge, Russia
Length: 19 km
After opening in 2018, the Crimean bridge officially took away first among the longest bridges in the previous participant of our rating. In addition, the crossing is considered the most long in Russia.
Construction of this link between the peninsula and mainland began after the annexation of Crimea to the composition of the country and a sharp deterioration in relations with Ukraine. The route of the future bridge was chosen from 4 options. Wherein several important points were taken into account: the presence of entrances to the move on both sides (auto, railway), the possibility of a rise in price of construction work, ice conditions along the route, etc. The whole project cost almost 230 billion rubles to the state budget.
The construction of the structure is considered to be two-part: it is represented automobile and railway parts (separate from each other). The ferry for cars was commissioned in 2018, and here the opening of the railway bridge is planned by the end of 2019.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.