Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
The pig is the only pet to breed exclusively for meat. Milk is also taken from a cow, from a goat – milk and wool, even chickens, and they “give” feathers and fluff to stuffing pillows. But the pig is a source of exclusively meat. But what a! With adult boar of some breeds, you can take a few centners fillet, bacon and bacon. This is enough to feed the whole family in for 4-6 months.
And let some people dislike the taste of pork. Meat is the animal really gives a lot – and this is very important. For those, who wants to never go to the market for lard and pork again, we compiled a rating of the 8 largest breeds of pigs in the world.
- Rating of the largest breeds of pigs in the world
- 8th place: White English pig (up to 280 kg of live weight)
- 7th place: Latvian white pig (up to 320 kg live weight)
- 6th place: Mirgorod pig (up to 330 kg of live weight)
- 5th place: Landras (up to 330 kg of live weight)
- 4th place: Ukrainian steppe white pig (up to 350 kg of live weight)
- 3rd place: Large white pig (up to 370 kg live weight)
- 2nd place: Duroc (up to 370 kg of live weight)
- 1st place: Large black pig (up to 400 kg live weight)
Rating of the largest breeds of pigs in the world
|Nomination||a place||Breed||Weight Limit|
|Rating of the largest breeds of pigs in the world||8||White english pig||280 kg|
|7||Latvian white pig||320 KG.|
|6||Mirgorod pig||330 KG.|
|4||Ukrainian steppe white pig||350 KG.|
|3||Large white pig||370 KG.|
|1||Large black pig||400 KG.|
8th place: White English pig (up to 280 kg of live weight)
The white English pig is the ideal breed for those breeders who want to ensure a quick change of stock. Representatives of this species are gaining mass several times more actively, than most others. So, already on the 200th day of life, wild boars weigh 100 kg, and at the age of 1.5 years reach a final weight of 280 kg.
Due to this, the growing cycle is significantly reduced. Slaughter no need to wait a few years, the first results will appear already in the following year after the opening of the farm. It is also useful for novice home owners who often don’t stand it prolonged fattening of the animal until it reaches marketable masses.
This dialing speed is due to the selection features. Three types of pigs served immediately as the ancestors of the white English breed – Portuguese, Chinese and local British. From the first and second got early maturity, and the third allowed the animal adapt to not too favorable climate of the country origin. By the way, that’s why the representatives of the breed are very rarely get sick and get sick when grown in the middle lane Russia and neighboring CIS countries.
White English pig belongs to the meat breed. That is, after slaughter more than 60% of the finished product will be a clean fillet. Actually that is why it is large in size – in a “ripe” form the animal reaches a length of 2 meters.
7th place: Latvian white pig (up to 320 kg live weight)
Latvian white is one of the “youngest” pig breeds. Officially, it was registered in 1967, and the selection of the species began at the end of the century before last. Among the ancestors – not only local animals, but also German white breeds, as well as English. Due to the youth of the breed, it is practically not common in Russia, and usually found only in small farms in the northwest of the country.
The result was a “universal”, meat-bearing breed. So with carcasses go up to 60% fillet and up to 3.7% fat. Fat is true quite small and significantly inferior to specially bred in Ukraine rocks – and an average of 2.8 cm. However, this enough for everyday food.
Besides, the Latvian white pig differs in “precocity”. Already at 6 months after birth, the animal reaches a weight of 100 kilograms. The maximum weight is 320 kg, as usual, in boars. The breed is easy to breed, as the average litter is 11-12 piglets that reach “milk” already at around 70 kg
However, the cultivation of thick and massive pigs of this breed should be approached with caution. Due to not too strong constitution with a high amount of fat, they can begin to hurt. In addition, representatives of the breed differ in some gluttony, so the cost of feed maintenance almost larger than other species.
6th place: Mirgorod pig (up to 330 kg of live weight)
Mirgorod breed belongs to the greasy direction, that is, in basically this animal gives fat. The fillet itself is not so much. However, it is not for his sake that these “wild boars” are bred.
Fat from Mirgorod breed is considered a reference. Its thickness is in an average of about 4.5 cm. In addition, the taste of this product recognize excellent. Mirgorod residents are proud of this achievement livestock and annually, in early December, spend a holiday, dedicated to the breed bred from them.
Breeding the breed was quite difficult. Predecessors deduced the people of Ukraine. Then the best greasy representatives crossed with European white pigs – and got the same Mirgorod breed. It is characterized by an unusual color, black-and-white (because of which it is also called “pockmarked”), and large, massive constitution.
As usual, boars have a larger mass than females. Their live weight can reach 330 kilograms! Normal sized animals reach 36 months of life – then their mass, as a rule, is 275 kilograms. There is not much meat in the carcass – up to 55% (at 85% slaughter weight). The breed is considered relatively uncomplicated in breeding, because the multiplicity of females is 10-11 piglets per litter. The only thing is that you need to feed this horde with something, since young growth adds up to 700 grams of weight per day.
Breeders determined that the best feed for this species are voluminous. The fastest “boars” gain muscle and fat on potatoes, corn silage and similar raw materials.
5th place: Landras (up to 330 kg of live weight)
Landrace is the first breed of pig bred specifically for getting bacon. Selection was carried out in Denmark, for her used by local representatives. Crossed them with a large white pig, and the diet included more animal protein products origin.
As a result, the Landrace carcass contains a large amount of lean meat. The subcutaneous fat layer is quite thin. Nevertheless, thanks to several of its layers, interspersed with muscle inserts, it makes excellent bacon.
The main advantage of landrace – “precocity”. So, weights of 100 kilograms of the animal reaches in just six months of feeding. The only thing worth considering is the high demands on conditions of detention, as well as the need for inclusion in the diet animal proteins. Only then meat and other products get really tasty.
Landrace thanks to the “precocity” and pleasant taste meat is widely distributed in domestic livestock. They found both in subsidiary farms and on large industrial farms. Adult boars can reach a mass of 330 kilograms, but usually they go to slaughter a little earlier – on 300 kg mark.
Landrace is also used to form offspring from pigs of other breeds. They mate easily with common farm species, and in the litter it turns out 10-12 crossed piglets. Taste qualities of their meat are also on top.
4th place: Ukrainian steppe white pig (up to 350 kg of live weight)
Ukrainian steppe white pig is one of the most common breeds in animal husbandry of the respective country. It was bred by the National Agrarian Academy on the basis of the biosphere reserve “Askania-Nova” located in the Kherson region, and first documented in 1934. Today she is actively grown in the south of Ukraine, as well as in Russia in the Rostov region, Stavropol and Krasnodar Territory. In addition, the breed It is represented in several countries of the former Soviet Union.
This geography of distribution is explained by the fact that the breed It survives best in hot, arid climates. IN in moderate weather, pigs are not feeling so well slowly gain weight and reach marketable weight.
The breed belongs to the universal, meat-bearing direction. Absorbs feed compounds that are not too rich nutrients (e.g. plant material and others bulk feed), unpretentious to the conditions of detention. Gaining weight relatively slowly – reaches 100 kg by age about 7-8 months – but grows to a significant size. The mass of an adult boar can be 300-350 kilograms. Slaughter yield up to 84%.
3rd place: Large white pig (up to 370 kg live weight)
The large white pig is one of the most famous and most “ancient” breeds. It was bred by English breeders back in the century before last. Now this breed is one of the most popular in Russian agriculture, as it is perfectly adapted to temperate climate and not demanding on the conditions of detention. And here she suffers from heat and sun, due to the white suit animal.
According to studies, approximately 85% of the total pig population in Russia is represented precisely by this breed. She refers to universal, meat-and-fat type, therefore perfectly satisfies product requirements. In addition, it is very massive – weight adult boars can reach 370 kilograms.
Large white pig occupies a special place in the selection of others rocks. It was often used for crossbreeding with native species, trying to achieve the best agricultural qualities. And quite successfully. Almost all breeds in our ranking have in their “pedigree” a large white pig.
The main advantage of the breed is its excellent taste. meat. It is not lean as it may seem, but “marble”. Muscle the fibers in the section are pierced by strips of fat. Thanks to such structure, it retains tenderness and juiciness during thermal processing that customers like most.
2nd place: Duroc (up to 370 kg of live weight)
Duroc is a bacon-meat breed of pig brought from America. It is very different from other species. First, Duroc has characteristic color (suit) – from golden to brick red, even cherry red is found. And secondly, pigs of this species have huge, very noticeable and impressive in size ham. Actually, for their sake they were bred.
The palatability of the meat removed from these pigs is excellent. Partly due to the fact that normal development requires strictly control the diet of animals by adding more protein products. But to the conditions of detention and the weather they are not so whimsical, and can be grown in a variety of climatic areas. Is that for Russia and the CIS countries duroc is still too exotic pigs.
Durk’s early maturity is also at an excellent level. Masses in They reach 100 kilograms in less than six months, adding up to 940 grams of live weight per day. However, further growth rates somewhat slow down. Adult boars aged 2–3 years may weigh up to 370 kilograms. Slaughter yield is up to 86%.
Fertility of Dyurka females is less than that of other pigs, and up to 9-10 piglets. However, sows take care of their offspring, which guarantees high survival. Duroc in principle distinguished by a good, calm disposition, but females during parenthood shows its best side – and they give a lot of milk, and look after the offspring.
1st place: Large black pig (up to 400 kg live weight)
Universal breed related to meat-bearing orientation. These black pigs are the biggest pigs in the world! Separate boars can grow up to 400 kilograms, although most ceases to gain weight already at around 350 kg. Over 50% of the weight – it’s clean, lean meat. Another 40% is already fat.
Large black pigs have a proportional exterior and dark color with a fairly long bristle. However, the big picture spoils some folding of the skin, as a result of which the animals are not so beautiful, like representatives of other species. But usually pigs are kept not for the exterior.
Large black pigs are well bred. In one litter can be up to 12 piglets. In addition, the boars of this breed are easy interbreed with representatives of other species – for example, large white. This helps increase offspring survival and improve taste qualities of meat.
An important disadvantage of a large black pig is the relatively slow weight gain. Marks in 100 kg animals are usually reach at 7-8 months of existence. 1 kg gain required spend up to 4.5 feed units. However, weight gain is stable and long-lasting, that is, by 3-4 years of life, boars and “get fat” to almost half a ton.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.