Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Bats belong to the order of bats, they and their nearest krylans are the only placental mammals for which flapping flight is the main mode of transportation. In total, there are more than a thousand different species of bats, a large some of which are bats, subdivided by zoologists into 17 families. The habitat of these animals extends to all Earth continents, with the exception of Antarctica. They are not found only in the tundra, the polar regions and on some oceanic the islands. Bats are exclusively nocturnal, in the afternoon but they sleep, choosing for this secluded places in caves, cracks trees, as well as ground and underground man-made structures. Since the skeletal structure of these creatures is rather fragile, and not allows them to move on the ground or push off to take off, they sleep in a suspended position, upside down. Another unique distinctive feature is the ability to use echolocation for orientation in a dark space and search for prey. Being predators, bats feed mainly on insects, but for larger species, frogs, lizards, fish, or small birds.
Bats are pretty harmless to humans. useful creatures, because they regulate the number small insects, a significant part of which harm objects agriculture and forestry. However creepy appearance and habits made them the object of myths and superstitions that later found reflected in popular culture. Demons and dragons taken portray with wings like bats, fabulous vampires have property to turn into these animals. Admittedly, large species really look scary. We bring to your attention a selection the biggest bats in the world.
Overview of the largest species of bats in the world
|Rating of the largest species of bats in the world||1||Giant evening party||10.4 cm||46 cm.||76 gr.|
|2||Big hare||13 cm.||32.5 cm.||80 GR.|
|3||Big horseshoe||7 CM.||40 cm.||30 GR.|
|4||White-winged vampire||11.5 cm.||40 cm.||40 GR.|
|5||Pale platypus||13.5 cm.||38 cm.||44 gr|
|6||Australian False Vampire||14 cm.||60 cm||200 GR.|
|7||Large leaf-bearing||14 cm.||90 cm.||190 GR.|
|8||Bulldog bat||15 cm.||60 cm||190 GR.|
Giant evening party
Nyctalus lasiopterus is the largest variety of volatile mice from all found in Russia and Europe. Yet Vespers live in Middle Eastern countries, in Central Asia and the North African continent. Name she obliged to its hunting habits, as it most actively leads yourself after nightfall or before dawn. Length body of a bat can reach 10.4 centimeters, wingspan – up to 46 centimeters, weight – up to 76 grams. Salient features are rounded ears and tan. The fur on the back of the head has a kind of elongated “mane”. Evening parties usually settle in deciduous forests isolated by small populations 3-7 individuals. Sometimes they share shelter with other species of bats. They feed on bugs, butterflies, and sometimes prey on small birds. The life span of the species is about 10 years.
Noctilio leporinus or the Great Moths is found in Central and South America, as well as the Bahamas and Antilles. Own it got its name because of a cleft like a cleft top lip. The second name of the bat is fish-eating, since her favorite food is small fish. Hare pick in as housing caves, crevices in rocks or other secluded places near water bodies or off the coast. Live large colonies, divided into small groups that are usually include one male and several females. The body length of individuals up to 13 centimeters, weight can reach 80 grams. Wings this species is narrow and very long; they exceed the body length by two and a half times. Females and males differ in color: individuals males have a bright reddish hairline, in individuals the female coat is brownish gray. Hunting volatiles mice in groups, prey is detected by echolocation, rippling on water surface. Thanks to the long hind limbs, equipped with sharp claws, the calves easily snatch out slippery fish out of the water.
Horseshoe (scientific name – rhinolophus ferrumequinum) distinguishes from other types of leathery flat outgrowth on the nose, serving to focus emitted ultrasound signals. Big the horseshoe has a body length of up to 7 centimeters and can reach 40 centimeters in wingspan. The weight of an adult is about 30 grams, the body color is reddish. Young growth at first has a plain gray color. The vision of horseshoes is almost atrophied, they rely almost entirely on flights excellently developed echolocation. The habitat is very extensive: includes almost all of Europe, a large part of Asia and North Africa. In Russia, they can be found in the Caucasus. As shelters these bats equip caves, crevices, mines and abandoned buildings. They feed on small nocturnal insects. On the hibernate, with females and cubs and males winter in separate groups. Life expectancy is about 20 years, which is quite a lot compared to other volatile with mice. In the territory of the Russian Federation, horseshoes are listed in the Red Book.
Bats of the species diaemus youngi, called white-winged vampires who live in the tropical regions of South and North America, most often found in the forests of Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru. During the day they prefer to relax in the hollows of large trees, less often live in caves in colonies of up to 30 individuals. White-winged body size the vampire reaches a length of 11 and a half centimeters, scope wings – up to 40 centimeters, and a large individual weighs about 40 gram. The coat is brown with a red tint, and wings are white at the edges, they also have a white membrane – hence and the name of the species happened. The food for the white-winged vampire is blood of various small birds, which they feed at night days, but if there are human settlements nearby, then these bats are switching to pets that are more affordable prey. According to research by zoologists, on average for all life (about 12 years) one individual drinks a hundred liters of blood. A colony of vampires living near a farm or village, capable of causing considerable damage – in attacked animals immunity is reduced, and the remaining wounds after bites attract parasites. In rare cases, white-winged vampires bite people too, which although not dangerous in itself, can lead to infection bats-borne infections.
A species of antrozous pallidus that bears the name of pale smooth-nosed, is a large bat her body length reaches 13 and a half centimeters, and wingspan – 38 centimeters. Color upper body pale brown, belly white. Of characteristic features of appearance can be distinguished broad colorless ears and big eyes. Inhabit the territory of North America, from Mexico to British Columbia in Canada. For settlement bats usually pick mountainous terrain near reservoirs. In the afternoon they hide in caves, dense crowns of trees, on attics of buildings, begin to feed shortly after sunset. During hunting pale smooth-bones use not only ultrasound, but also his well-developed vision and sharp hearing. Unlike others species that prefer to grab prey from the surface of the earth or foliage. The diet also includes some dangerous insects, such as scorpions. For the winter, males and females with cubs gather in large colonies, in the summer, kept separately.
Australian False Vampire
Australian False Spear Vampire wears the scientific name is macroderma gigas, it inhabits the vastness Australian continent. It occurs mainly in Queensland, Western Australia and the Northern Territory. As shelters false vampires most often choose mines or caves. Also lives in zones of tropical forests and mangroves. Adults individuals can grow up to 14 centimeters in length, their weight sometimes exceeds 200 grams, and the wingspan is 60 centimeters. Woolen ash-brown cover. Hunted in the radius of a pair kilometers from a constant place of the day, the diet is insects, frogs, birds and even small species of bats. Sacrifice they kill by biting her in the back of the head with their sharp fangs. Interesting that a false vampire is able to tolerate prey equal in weight.
Representatives of the species vampyrum spectrum live on both American continents, from Brazil and Peru to the southern part Mexico. These bats belong to the family of leaf-bearing. Their length body is about 14 centimeters, wingspan – 90 centimeters, and weight – up to 190 grams. Leafy bears have a large head with an elongated nose and large rounded ears. Body color reddish brown. Settled in forests or marshes, shelters arrange in the hollows of trees or inside human buildings. Bats prey on reptiles, amphibians and small bats. mammals, crack down on prey with powerful jaws. Although, like all other representatives of the genus, they have excellent echolocation, in the process of hunting they actively use the sense of smell and vision. There are relatively few natural enemies; these include first of all, owls and wild cats. Males and females of large leaf-bearing plants often form couples for life, they are also very caring parents.
Bulldog bats or eumops perotis differ in large physique: in length they can reach 15 centimeters, scope wings – 60 centimeters, and weight – about 190 grams. Torso covered with short and soft hair, has a long tail (up to 8 centimeters). The presence of narrow, pointed to the ends of the wings makes frequent fast movements possible, resulting in a bulldog the bat is able to pursue the victim at maximum speed up to 95 kilometers per hour. Found in the Western Hemisphere, on the territory of tropical forests and in the subtropics of the European Mediterranean, as well as Africa and Australia. Live in caves hollows of large trees, under crowns, in crevices of rocks or under roofs of buildings. Settled in numerous colonies. Individuals of this species differ in their developed echolocation apparatus – their squeak is heard on distance up to three hundred meters. The diet consists mainly from large insects. In hibernation, bulldog bats do not flow into.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.