The 8 Best Remedies for Skin Itching

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

No matter how trite it sounds, but medicine really moves forward by leaps and bounds, obeying the rhythm of scientific and technological progress. So, an experienced specialist in ultrasound, in the presence of a modern equipment, very quickly make an accurate diagnosis in practice any valvular heart disease, appreciate contractility of this organ, and even outline the path to treatment. Using a gamma knife and cyber-knife removed deeply lying tumors inside the head brain, and the artificial pancreas applied to the skin produces insulin, making life easier for patients with diabetes Type 1 and not requiring its introduction in injections.

But there are also complaints as simple as peace, in which everything technical devices are powerless so far. To to deal with such patients, you need, first of all, communication, thorough routine questioning and examination of the patient, and skill navigate immediately in many areas of medicine. And only then when making a final diagnosis, and confirming the version The doctor requires the participation of a specialist. Alas, to such a constant The “headache” of medicine also includes skin itching.

Itchy skin is a unique condition that simultaneously causes periodic torment, nervousness and irritability. But at the same time, for a very short time, the satisfaction of this persistent needs a condition that can be called pleasure. However, it is still impossible to determine exactly what it is. For each patient there is an “own” skin itch. Let’s try to understand how physiology and medicine characterize the condition itchy skin.

What is an itch?

First of all, itchy skin is a subjective sensation, with the help of which implements a superficial skin scratching reflex. The purpose of this reflex is to reset, nullify irritation, which periodically occurs on the surface of the skin. After all, the skin is a rich receptor field. Itching is much less common. on mucous membranes, which can also be a source of strong itching, and most often it is the mucous membrane of the genitals in women.

Scientifically, idiopathic, primary condition of skin itching called prurigo, and there really is such a diagnosis. In Russian, this can be translated as “pruritus”. It should be remember that itchy skin can indeed be warranted and necessary if there is a clear and understandable stimulus that and causes itchy skin.

This reaction to a clear stimulus is called physiological, e.g. due to insect bites, on tissue pressure, change skin temperature and humidity. Pathological itching is associated with the disease, for example, in the presence of parasites – scabies mites. Since he gnaws passages in the skin, the sensation of itching has a clear reason. FROM on the other hand, itching with scabies can be considered symptomatic – this is a sign of the life of the parasite, and there is a sequence actions to eliminate it.

But together with physiological and pathological itching, it can arise and one in which reactivity itself changes nervous system, the threshold of its excitability decreases, and in severe cases and a pathological lesion is formed. In the end – the disease no, but there is a need for continuous implementation satisfying the urge to itch.

Why itching may occur: looking for reasons

Before listing any cures for itching, you need to talk about its possible reasons. It is clear that in some cases itching medications will be completely unnecessary because the pathological process may generally be located far from receptor skin field, and primary disease must be treated.

Therefore, the task of the diagnostician is, at best, to find directly the cause of skin itching. And if the diagnostic search, in spite of all thoroughness, it will remain unsuccessful, only in in this case, you can diagnose prurigo, and apply various special antipruritic drugs acting on various links reflex associated with itching and pathological biochemical processes that may underlie this pathological reflex.

What diseases and pathological processes are accompanied intense skin itching? There are a lot of them, and a competent doctor should pay attention to all possible symptoms that sometimes are hidden, and do not “lie on the surface.” We list these diseases and conditions, and, moreover, this is not the whole list:

various endocrine pathology and metabolic diseases. First of all, it is diabetes mellitus, and manifestations of thyrotoxicosis, or hyperthyroidism. These are menopause and increased parathyroid hyperfunction glands, or hyperparathyroidism. The cause of skin itching with sugar diabetes, especially with insulin-dependent type 1 diabetes, is a lesion of the sensitive nerve endings high plasma glucose concentration, the development of diabetic polyneuropathies, and lowering the threshold of specific sensitivity. Such patients may experience local itching, for example, scalp or skin of genitals, mucous membranes, which disappears when glucose drops to normal numbers;

in oncology – the so-called carcinoid syndrome. Carcinoid syndrome is a “secondary” disease in which a tumor in elevated amounts secrete various biogenic amines, and also serotonin. Such a tumor is most often found in various parts of the small intestine, in the pancreas, ovaries, in lung, or metastatic tumors of the liver tissue;

single malignant tumors, without the release of biogenic amines can also cause intense skin itching. it various types of hemoblastoses, i.e. acute and chronic leukemia, lymphomas, some brain tumors, multiple myeloma and other types of tumor growth;

the effect of various drugs, of which many able to stimulate itchy skin. Most often this is a “desire scratch “cause opiate-based medications, and under the influence of drugs, for example, in heroin addicts, a condition is possible hypersensitivity of the skin. But in clinical practice more often all, of course, these are not opiates, but hormones and antibiotics. Estrogens anabolic steroids, erythromycin, testosterone, acetylsalicylic acid, neurotropic vitamins of the group. IN;

extremely often the cause of skin itching, especially in children, are various helminthic and parasitic infestations. First of all – it is enterobiosis, or pinworms that cause a specific itch in anus. Rarely, and in special, endemic regions – trichinosis, when encapsulated grow in muscle tissue larvae of parasites. These are various nematodes, flatworms, for example, causative agents of opisthorchiasis and fascioliasis. Do not forget about the presence of ectoparasites located outside. They include the same scabies mite or pediculosis, lice;

Due to diseases of the organ systems, itching may occur with the presence of chronic renal failure, with high growth urea and creatinine when the condition is close to uremic intoxication. It should be noted that most patients with chronic renal failure, approximately 9 of 10, with a significant decrease in glomerular filtration coefficient, complain of various types of skin itching, including those associated with hemodialysis;

blood diseases such as iron deficiency anemia and disease Wakeza, or erythremia, in which there is significant thickening blood, high hematocrit and stimulation of all 3 hematopoietic sprouts;

various liver diseases – various forms of cholestasis, then there is stagnation of bile, especially inside the liver. It’s cholestatic (biliary) form of cirrhosis, idiopathic sclerosing cholangitis, and other conditions, for example, chronic viral hepatitis. Bile exchange disorders that cause intense skin itching, may occur during pregnancy, and pass after childbirth;

various local trophic disorders on the skin. It’s dry skin xeroderma, for example, with Sjogren’s syndrome, various occupational diseases and chronic intoxication;

often, especially in old age, the so-called psychogenic pruritus associated with neurosis, or even pathological psycho-production. For example, with delusions of persecution, poisoning, and various manic states, senile involutional psychoses.

Finally, it can be noted and quite rare psychogenic itching as a short reaction to stress that occurs in the form of single, sporadic cases.

How to search, or diagnostic search for itchy skin

As can be seen from the above, the doctor must significant work that begins with questioning, family, medicinal and allergological history, and routine examination, to either confirm or exclude the main pathological condition.

From instrumental and laboratory diagnostic methods in a patient with an incomprehensible cause of skin itching must be The following analyzes were performed:

  1. general analysis of blood and urine;
  2. urine and blood sugar;
  3. detailed biochemical blood test with glucose level on an empty stomach, or glycated hemoglobin, taken hepatic indicators, bilirubin and transaminases, the enzyme responsible for cholestasis, or alkaline phosphatase and GGTF. It is very important to research the level of cholesterol and its fractions, and indicators of nitrogen metabolism, characterizing kidney function. These are urea and creatinine. If the patient has relevant risk factors, for example, a violation nutrition and overweight, it is necessary to examine uric acid. It is necessary to find out the level of iron in the blood plasma, the total iron binding the ability of serum (OZHSS) to find out the concentration of transferrin and ferritin. You need to know the level of thyroid hormones, if necessary, the concentration of catecholamines in the urine, examine metabolism of serotonin and histamine;
  4. in search of helminths, multiple analyzes of feces for eggs are possible worm, scrapings from perianal folds, fecal occult tests blood, specific diagnostic methods (ELISA, PCR), duodenal sounding;
  5. chest x-ray or even computer tomography;
  6. various types of ultrasound, such as liver and renal function tests of the kidneys, for example excretory urography.

You may need a puncture of the red bone marrow, angiography, lymph node examination, and all sorts of other types instrumental research. We should not forget about the possible autoimmune pathology that the patient may have. Therefore, by indications sometimes require studies of antinuclear factors on systemic lupus erythematosus, determination of acute phase proteins, CRP, rheumatoid factor. Finally, in the absence of objective data damage to organ systems, in the absence of signs of helminth infestations, functional disorders, it is necessary to exclude appropriate neurological and even mental pathology.

Currently, due to the spread in the territory Russian Federation HIV epidemic when it is already splashed over the reservoir of homosexuals and intravenous drug addicts, the fact of the presence of skin itching against the background of the progression of HIV infection. According to modern data, various forms of skin itching are observed in more than 80% of patients with HIV infection in the AIDS stage, and if there are already associated opportunistic infections, then itchy skin will be almost in 100% of cases.

Therefore, currently in the Russian Federation, in connection with diagnostic and treatment standards, such a patient with persistent and common skin itching is truly a “nightmare” for both a doctor and a medical institution. If a imagine that the primary patient therapist along with by questioning, inspection, filling out documentation 15-20 minutes, then you can understand what difficulties await the doctor, if it is not wizard. But suppose that, nevertheless, despite all the careful examination, to identify nothing. In this case diagnosed with prurigo, or pruritus. What is it?

If nothing is found, then the diagnosis is prurigo!

This disease, diagnosed by exclusion, is considered neuroallergic dermatosis, and is usually accompanied by the appearance on the skin of primary morphological elements. it vesicles, tubercles, the appearance of urticaria, just then severe itching appears. The cause of pruritus is considered prolonged exposure to many allergens that are related to food and medicinal.

In some cases, these are frequent insect bites or persistent digestive disorder, for example, hereditary deficiency enzymes. This chronic form of itching can lead to even preventive vaccinations, various bad habits, and prolonged existence of helminthic invasions. And even after helminthic invasion will be treated, persistent disorder remains nervous system in the form of chronic itching.

How does prurigo or pruritus proceed? Two of its forms are known. This is an acute and chronic form in adults. In the first case, usually extensor surfaces of arms and legs on which dense nodules or papules appear, on average, the size of a pea. They have a reddish-brown color, swell, and do not merge. between themselves. Just it is they that itch a lot. With a very strong crusts appear on the itch during combs, and then, their rejection leads to the appearance of pigmentation or whitish scars. Exist and other forms of pruritus, but we won’t dwell on them, leave it to dermatologists.

It goes without saying that the diagnosis of pruritus should go through as carefully as possible, and the diagnosis is made only with no other reasons, and only after consultation narrow specialists. Most often, a gastroenterologist, endocrinologist, gynecologist and oncologist, infectious disease specialist. In case of diagnosis the treatment will be handled by a dermatologist. How is it treated disease?

First of all, it is necessary to create a favorable background, and this is the most complicated. It is necessary to strictly observe a hypoallergenic diet, excluding all the most common food allergens about which there was a separate article. It should be eaten:

  1. without dyes and preservatives;
  2. dishes should not be sharp and annoying;
  3. it is necessary to limit baking, confectionery, refined and canned foods, fast carbohydrates, alcohol is prohibited;
  4. milk fat substitutes are prohibited (palm oil);
  5. fast food is prohibited.

In fact, it is much more difficult to comply with and withstand than take any medications correctly. It’s right organized daily routine, giving up bad habits, rational physical activity, proper diet can do wonders. As a result, the patient will not only get rid of itchy skin, but possibly from excess weight, joint pain, metabolism will improve, the threat of developing severe atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disasters, blood sugar normalizes, and other pleasant changes for the better.

Drug therapy for skin itching

If you still need to take medicine, then in antihistamines will be the basis of the treatment, since it is these agents regulate the intensity of nerve irritation endings, decreasing the amount of free histamine. These drugs belong to type 1 histamine receptor blockers and they subdivided into several classes.

The first class of these drugs is known to all. These are such drugs like Suprastin, Tavegil, Diphenhydramine, Diazolin. They are currently considered obsolete and rude because they cause drowsiness, and sedative effect. This is due to their effect on muscarinic cholinergic receptors. But there is no silver lining: such side effects with chronic skin itching can be considered very valuable.

In patients with severe neurotic type, irritability and insomnia, tormented by itching, such effects will be quite useful, since they allow you to calm down and easier to fall asleep.

It should be recalled that for each drug first given the international non-proprietary name, or INN. Then are some of the most popular commercial names, and the first is usually the name of the original drug first introduced to the market. Exactly the original medicine is always the most expensive, best examined from all sides. Then, after many years, when generics appear, or commercial copies, it remains the most clean, using reference substances. Drug prices are given for January 2020 for pharmacies of all forms of ownership on the territory of the Russian Federation. Sequence of presentation, the inclusion (non-inclusion) of individual drugs is not the goal creating advertising or anti-advertising and is dictated by modern clinical guidelines as well as consistency drug transfers on modern pharmaceutical sites.

The best remedies for skin itching

Nomination a place Name of product price
2nd generation antihistamines – the basis for the treatment of pruritus 1 Dimetindena Maleate – Fenistil 357 r
2 Loratadine (Claritin, Claridol, Lomilan, Loratavel) 45 rub
3 Desloratadine (Erius, Desal, Lordestine, Nalorius, Ezlor, Elisha) 291 rub
4 Fexofenadine hydrochloride (Allegra, Gifast, Fexadine) 384 rub
5 Levocetirizine (Zodak Express, Suprastinex, Xizal) 334 rub
Outdoor therapy 1 Losterol, Zinc-Naphthalan Paste 510 rub
2 Ichthyol ointment, paste or cream (ichthammol) 56 rub
3 Menovazine 67 rub

2nd generation antihistamines – the basis for the treatment of pruritus

The basis for the treatment of intense chronic itching will be second generation antihistamines that practically don’t penetrate the structures of the central nervous system, and therefore do not have a sedative effect. With them we will begin our review.

Dimetindena Maleate – Fenistil

Rating: 4.9

Dimetindena Maleate - Fenistil

Fenistil is a popular drug that can be prescribed in several dosage forms, as for internal, so for external use. It is a gel for application to the skin, and it’s drops. It can be used even by infants who are over just a month old. This is a standard histamine blocker. receptors, but belongs to the second generation, and therefore does not have characteristic side effects of previous generation drugs. For Fenistil in therapeutic doses is uncharacteristic of dry mouth, urinary retention, and so on.

It is prescribed for persistent skin itching for an adult daily in a dose of 60 to 120 drops, that is, a maximum of 40 drops three times a day, the maximum dosage is 50 drops. Fenistil is available at the Russian Tula Pharmaceutical factory, and the average packaging cost of 20 ml does not exceed 350 rub

Advantages and disadvantages

The duration of use of this drug in adults is no longer months, and the main plus of this drug is the opportunity appointments in children already in the second month of life. Naturally, this is not says that in children at this age there is a pruritus, or itchy skin, but eloquently testifies to safety this medicine. However, they should not get involved, because if you exceed a reasonable dose of 50 drops at a time and 150 drops during the day, then systemic side effects may still occur. it same dry mouth, dilated pupils, increased frequency heart contractions, and other anticholinergic effects.

Loratadine (Claritin, Claridol, Lomilan, Loratavel)

Rating: 4.8

Loratadin (Claritin, Claridol, Lomilan, Loratavel)

Claritin’s analogues are very popular, and are used not only for itchy skin, but also with similar allergic conditions, for example, with urticaria, hay fever and allergic rhinitis, with atopic dermatitis and allergic conjunctivitis, various forms of food allergies. Most often in pharmacies you can see the drug in tablets and a form of syrup that has no color.

He is appointed, starting from the age of two, to act It starts quickly, within 30-40 minutes after taking it. From reception Loratadine the greatest effect develops after 10-12 hours. it a real second-generation drug that does not cause side effects effects of the first generation, has no sedation and sleeping pills. Claritin is an imported drug manufactured by its company Schering-Plow, and a pack of 10 tablets will cost you from 190 to 260 rubles. Prescribe it to adults, preferably one tablet, 10 mg 1 time per day, from 2 weeks to 1 month in chronic forms prurigo.

This drug is on the federal list of essential drugs the price is set by the state. But if you are very cramped in means, then there are domestic counterparts. For example, MNN-generic loratadine from the domestic manufacturer Vertex will cost about 30. rubles for the same package.

Advantages and disadvantages

Perhaps the most important advantage of Claritin is his excellent European quality and cheapness, since it (so far) is included a list of vital medicines. how it is known that if you get on this list, then the medicine in our country “green street” is provided, for example, in the form of centralized procurement by hospitals at the expense of the budget. Therefore, for a place in the vital a battle is constantly being waged among different drugs and manufacturers. how and any drug, it still has side effects, which occur infrequently, in approximately one out of 40 patients. More often total headache occurs. This medicine is not affects the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, and therefore it can to drink while taking alcohol, although, of course, this is not recommended.

Desloratadine (Erius, Desal, Lordestine, Nalorius, Ezlor, Elisha)

Rating: 4.7

DESLORATADIN (ERIUS, DESAL, LORDESTIN, NALORIUS, EZLOR, ELISEUS)

Erius is considered a modern medicine, and quite safe, since it can be prescribed already six months of age. is he also applies to histamine receptor blockers, but the effect of its use is longer, while sedation and sleeping pills he has no effect. Of course, no one guarantees that heavy forms of skin itching against the background of its administration almost completely disappear, but in any case, its reception causes a significant relief, and not only with itchy skin, but also with various forms of allergic edema. This allows you to apply it when classic allergic diseases such as urticaria, edema Quincke, allergic rhinitis or conjunctivitis.

Erius is available in tablet form, or in syrup. Adults are shown taking one tablet per day, it also produces Schering-Plow company. One pack of 10 tablets will cost, per an average of 600 to 950 rubles. This drug is not on the list. ZhVNLS, therefore its price with the same quality, and at the same manufacturer, like Claritin, (after all, it is produced by the same company) is much higher.

However, you can buy cheap domestic counterparts of this medicines, such as Canonfarm production. It’s cheap INN is a generic that is available under the name Desloratadine-Canon. This package costs only 130 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like other modern antihistamines 2 generations produced in the West, this medicine is high quality, sufficient effectiveness and a small amount of side effects. Taking this medicine, you can safely drive a car, and also work in conditions associated with the presence of moving mechanisms. However, this is only possible if the specified maximum dosages, namely one tablet per day. If exceed this dose, you can get dry mouth, headache pain, or even a feeling of increased fatigue. Also undesirable apply this drug to pregnant and lactating women. Dosage this medication in adults to treat chronic itching averages 5 mg or 10 mg once a day. Duration treatment – from 2 weeks to 1 month.

Fexofenadine hydrochloride (Allegra, Gifast, Fexadine)

Rating: 4.6

Fexofenadine hydrochloride (Allegra, Gifast, Fexadine)

The drug Allegra, which is produced by a French company Sanofi-Aventis, can be purchased at pharmacies at prices from 400 to 800 rub. per pack of 10 tablets. This is a modern drug, and he has there are no side effects characteristic of the “ancient” antihistamines, and also alpha-blockers.

The effect manifests itself in an hour, and is valid 24 hours after a single dose. It’s very important that even if you take it the medicine for a whole month, then it is not addictive, and there is no the need to increase the dosage. Allegra is indicated for various forms of chronic itching, with allergic rhinitis, and with chronic urticaria. For adults, the usual dosage is 180 mg once a day, before meals.

Advantages and disadvantages

This drug has a minimum of contraindications. It’s just: age up to 12 years, individual intolerance, from which nowhere to go, pregnancy and the period of breastfeeding. FROM it is prescribed with caution to persons with liver failure and kidneys, as well as pathology of the cardiovascular system. Side effects, such as headache, are also rare. pain and dizziness. Allegra can be considered a worthy drug. for stopping skin itching, both symptomatic and diagnosis of prurigo.

Levocetirizine (Zodak Express, Suprastinex, Xizal)

Rating: 4.5

LEVOCETIRIZINE (ZODAK-EXPRESS, SUPRASTINEX, XYZAL)

Zodak Express is a completely different drug than just Zodak. Zodak contains cetirizine. Zodak Express is also used for chronic and acute forms of itching, and the Czech company produces it Zentiva, in a package of 7 tablets of 5 mg. On average, the cost of this packaging is from 170 to 330 rubles. You can purchase packaging and of 28 tablets (the same 5 mg), but calculated for a month application, it will cost from 440 to 600 rubles.

This medicine is used not only for the treatment of chronic itching, but also in the presence of all other allergic symptoms, starting from Quincke’s edema, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, and ending with urticaria. It is also a medicine that does not have side effects in therapeutic doses, such as drowsiness, dry mouth, changes in pupil size and urinary retention. It should be used one tablet once a day, and in case of If you need to treat your baby, you can give this medicine to drops.

Advantages and disadvantages

This tool does not have any special advantages and disadvantages, distinguishing it from a number of similar drugs. It’s normal second generation anti-allergic drug that is capable of selectively block histamine receptors, while not cause sedation, urination disorders, and other side effects effects. All 2nd generation antihistamines have an ideal compliance, they need to be taken only once a day, and They have a fairly lasting effect from one dose. The only thing noted as adverse reactions – this is fatigue, headache. Some volunteers noted increased appetite.

Outdoor therapy

Topical prurigo therapy only makes sense when human itchy dermatosis. In other words, the application of local drugs will only be effective when there is a change skin condition, and on it bumps, or papules, blisters form, or itchy urticaria elements, also vesicles, or vesicles, which can be filled with transparent contents and cause severe itching.

Primary morphological elements indicated higher from secondary. Secondary elements include crusts, or excoriation, traces of scratching, festering wounds, and other elements. All of them can occur on virtually unchanged skin by scratching, violation of the integrity of the skin surface and subsequent accession of a secondary infection. Therefore, the purpose of applying local means for chronic itching will not only decrease actually itching, but also drying, and disinfectant and antibacterial act. Consider the most famous means.

Losterol, Zinc-Naphthalan Paste

Rating: 4.9

Losterin, zinc-naphthalan paste

Losterol is available in the form of a cream, it can be used for daily skin care, and it is based on tarred naphthalan, a natural oil compound. Means additionally contains urea, zinc oxide, salicylic acid. As a result Losterol has anti-inflammatory, long-lasting pain medication, antimicrobial and vasodilator effects. Due to availability urea, it penetrates deep into the epidermis, and contributes to more intense exfoliating effect. Salicylic acid inhibits the development of microorganisms, and additionally contained Panthenol, a complex of fatty acids and vitamin E have a trophic effect, regulating lipid and water balance. The tool is not toxic, can used for a long time, from 2 to 3 times a day. Let it out several domestic pharmaceutical manufacturers in Ukraine, as well as companies in France and America. 50 ml tube the drug can be bought in a retail network from 300 to 650 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

The big plus of this drug is non-toxicity and good tolerance, it is a means of OTC. The only limitation is individual intolerance. naphthalan or cosmetic additives that are part of the fragrance, because still a local remedy that smells of oil is not very nice to others. But Losterin is very good for papular forms of prurigo, and is capable of complex therapy in conjunction with antihistamines reduce skin sensitivity receptors, increase the reflex threshold of itching, and help the skin will cope with problems such as joining a secondary infections, dryness and cracking due to persistent combs.

Ichthyol ointment, paste or cream (ichthammol)

Rating: 4.8

Ichthyol ointment, paste or cream (ichthammol)

Ichthyol ointment is considered very popular in dermatology, concentration of 10 or 20%. Ichthyol is cream, ointment and paste for external use. Some people mistakenly believe that in pasta or in ointments contain organic fish debris, since ichthyology – this is a science of fish, but in fact this tool consists entirely of other components. Ichthyol or ichthammol is formed by chemical a process called semicoking of oil shale. IN the result is a fraction of resins and oils that boils in average, at a temperature of 300 degrees. After treatment with alkali and acid, after thorough washing and sulfation, after the second washing, processing with ammonia and evaporation and get ichthyol, which anesthetizes, has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effect.

Ichthyol ointment helps fight itching, as it reduces skin sensitivity, antimicrobial, antistreptococcal and antistaphylococcal action, and in addition pruritus, successfully used to treat arthritis, neuralgia. Ichthyol ointment is even available in candles, for treatment gynecological and urological diseases. She graduated domestic manufacturers, and is applied to the skin with a thin layer, without rubbing, you can apply the product under the bandage at night. For adults ichthyol ointment can be applied 2 to 3 times a day to the affected plots. It costs a tube weighing 25g inexpensively, the maximum price in pharmacies for a 10 percent ointment is 100 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Ichthyol ointment is an indispensable tool in a home medicine cabinet. Indeed, in addition to joint pathology, and allergic manifestations, skin itching, it is even used to treat burns. However means may be contraindicated due to individual intolerance, and if it is not – then you can even use this ointment pregnant and lactating women. The main thing is that while feeding the ointment did not get on the nipples of the mother and the baby in the mouth.

Ichthyolum is usually well tolerated, and if there is an allergy to ichthyol, then it manifests itself immediately. Overdose with this ointment impossible, cheap and effective. It can be bought at many pharmacies, it produces more than 20 domestic enterprises, as well as pharmaceutical manufacturers of Lithuania, Ukraine and Belarus. Perhaps the only drawback can be considered specific the smell of ichthyol ointment, which slightly resembles creosote for impregnation of wooden railway sleepers. But by the way, some on the contrary, they find in this smell some peculiar attractiveness.

Menovazine

Rating: 4.7

MENOVAZIN

Menovazine is a very well-chosen ingredients. it liquid for local use, it is a pleasure Smelling mint clear alcoholic solution. This is a cheap tool and even a large bottle of 50 milliliters will cost no more, than 150 rubles. The composition of Menovazine includes menthol, or raceamentol, and more simply – peppermint oil, which has all the known pleasant cooling effect. In addition, the composition of Menovazin includes two components for local anesthesia: procaine and benzocaine.

All this has a complex effect when applied to the skin. Menthol irritates and pleasantly chills, affects nerve endings, distracts and reduces the feeling of itching. Menthol, on the other hand promotes a rush of blood to the superficial vessels of the skin, and with the presence of urticaria, its application contributes to the speedy resorption of severely itchy blisters. Two local anesthetics have an analgesic effect, and two drugs at once mutually reinforce each other’s action, being synergists. Anesthetics able to be absorbed superficially into the skin, and affect transmission nerve impulse. However, Menovazin is not absorbed.

This drug is produced by a large number of domestic firms, for example, LLC synthesis. In addition to the treatment of skin itching and various dermatological diseases, menovazine helps very well with joint and muscle pain, with chronic back pain, for example with lumbago, sciatica and the like diseases.

Advantages and disadvantages

The only contraindication to applying Menovazine is violation of the integrity of the skin, and in relation to the condition chronic skin itching is a long-term non-healing chronic wounds, crusts with the addition of a secondary infection and the presence of inflammation, sputum and suppuration. It is contraindicated because in its composition there are no antimicrobial components. But if there is no inflammation and suppuration, but there is just a skin itch on the background blisters or itchy tubercles, then Menovazin will perfectly cope with this symptom, especially with antihistamines. The only thing you need to carefully use it in pregnant and lactating women. It should be applied with grinding, up to 2-3 times a day. If a the person is sensitive to the action of local anesthetics, then still, if applied frequently over large areas of the skin, side effects such as low blood pressure pressure and slight dizziness.

Instead of a conclusion

Of course, not all means were named in the list. So in the local drugs section also uses methylene blue, ordinary alcohol solution of brilliant green, or fucortsin. IN case of severe, systemic pruritic dermatoses that do not stop the aforementioned drugs, “heavy artillery” is used, or topical glucocorticosteroid hormones. About them already repeatedly spoken and written in other drug reviews, and principles hormone prescriptions remain unshakable. They need to be taken only as prescribed by the doctor, as small as possible, minimally effective doses. Hormones are used as short as possible, and first you need to use the weakest hormones. If they don’t help, then gradually you need to move to stronger ones. For example, from hydrocortisone rise gradually to betamethasone, then prescribe mometasone furoate, that is, Elok, and end with the most a strong hormone, clobetasol propionate, or Dermoveit drug. At the slightest sign of stabilization local hormones must be avoided because if you apply them for a long time or constantly, then the effectiveness of their application is sharply reduced, and at the same time all other medicinal drugs are already ineffective.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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