Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
All the land on our planet is divided between about two hundred different countries and territories. The exception is only Antarctica, which, in accordance with a special convention, does not belongs to no state and also the state itself is an. Among countries there are both very small territories, for example, Monaco and Malta, and those that occupy millions square kilometers.
We present you the ten largest in area states of the world. Interesting fact: if you add all of the our country ranking together then they will occupy about half all the land of the globe.
Rating of the largest countries by territory in the world
|Rating of the largest countries by territory in the world||10||Algeria||2 381 740 sq. Km|
|9||Kazakhstan||2 724 902 sq. Km|
|8||Argentina||2 780 4000 sq. Km|
|7||India||3 287 000 sq. Km|
|6||Australia||7,686,850 sq. M. Km|
|5||Brazil||8 515 767 sq. M. Km|
|4||USA||9 519 431 sq. M. Km|
|3||China||9 598 962 sq. Km|
|2||Canada||9 984 670 sq. Km.|
|1||Russia||17 125 191 sq. Km|
10th place – Algeria
Algeria is located in northern Africa and is the largest country on the continent. Most of its territory (about 80%) occupies the Sahara desert so that the settlements are concentrated mainly along the coast, washed by the waters of the Mediterranean seas. Algeria’s area – 2,381,740 sq km Capital of the state also has the name Algeria. A significant part of the population Berber Arabs, one of the oldest African peoples. Total in 41.32 million people live in the country, most of them profess Islam, which is the official state religion.
The prevailing arid desert climate in Algeria is highly limits the ability to use land resources. IN summer season, air temperature can reach 50 degrees Celsius, however, frost and snow are possible in winter. Also sandstorms often occur that make everyday life difficult Algerians. The country has a well-developed oil industry. It is also worth noting that Algeria has the most modern and numerous army on the African continent.
The tourism sector makes a considerable contribution to the country’s budget. Algeria attracts guests from other countries with ancient sights, tours of desert oases, exquisite oriental cuisine and modern five star hotels. Among the attractions The deepest cave in Africa, Anu Ifflis, and famous Ink Lake.
9th place – Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan is the largest country in the world without access to the open sea. Its territory occupies 2 724 902 sq. Km. On the the territory of Kazakhstan is the Aral Sea and part Caspian Sea, the latter is the largest enclosed body of water on the planet. Most of the country’s territory consists of steppe and desert areas. Kazakhstan borders with Russia and several states of Asia. The population is about 18 million people, this number, in addition to the Kazakhs themselves, includes others the peoples living in the country, mostly Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars and Uzbeks. The Russian language here has the status of a second official and owned by most residents.
The main source of support and development of the economy in Kazakhstan is the extraction of natural resources, primarily oil, gas, coal and various minerals.
The country has a well-developed tourism industry. Thanks to the availability mineral lakes and ski resorts, as well as masses architectural and natural attractions for tourists in Kazakhstan will always have something to do. But the greatest asset states with a rich history are its distinctive traditions, rooted in the times of nomadic peoples and carefully kept from generation to generation. Kazakhs are distinguished by their hospitality and culinary talents, especially in cooking meat, which forms the basis of their diet. However, Kazakhstan is also very modern state. It is here that the first of all and The largest spaceport in the world – Baikonur. And the capital is Nur Sultan is a dynamic metropolis with advanced architecture and infrastructure.
8th place – Argentina
The area of Argentina is 2 780 4000 sq. Km. Territory of the country spreads from north to south, framed on one side by mountains Andes, and on the other, eastern – washed by the waters of the Atlantic the ocean. The large extent led to the formation of several climatic zones, in particular the southern part is severe cool climate. Argentina’s population is approximately 44 million people, the bulk of whom live in large cities and only a small proportion of the inhabitants live in the south and in the western highlands. Ethnically, it consists of descendants of the Spanish colonialists, as well as Italians and other Europeans who arrived later. Own name Argentina got in the 16th century by the Spaniards who hoped to find in their new colonies deposits of Argentum, that is, silver.
The basis of the Argentinean economy is agriculture and various types of industry. Still in the country, natural resources such as oil and uranium ore.
Argentina is known worldwide as the birthplace of tango. Capital countries – Buenos Aires, one of the most beautiful cities in the South America, he is famous for his superbly preserved historical colonial style architecture. Another big tourist Iguazu National Park, part of UNESCO World Heritage Site.
7th place – India
India extends over 3,287,000 sq. Km. In the north, it borders near Asian states in the west, east and south washed the waters of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal. India is known as one of the most densely populated countries in the world with population density more than 350 people per square kilometer. Total here 1.33 billion people live. India owes its name Indus River, on the banks of which the first settlers built their homes. Before British subjugation was one of the richest states in the world. IN At present, its economy is under development, significant cultural spheres, in particular Indian cinema and tourism.
Homeland of Buddhism, spices and black tea is extremely attractive for tourists. The unique culture in which the ancient oriental traditions, exotic cuisine, majestic historical buildings – all this can be seen in India. Huge role in life the local population plays religion. The country has many open for visiting temple complexes with luxurious architecture. But, perhaps the most famous part of the country is Goa. it’s one of the main centers of Indian tourism teeming with first-class resorts.
6th place – Australia
Australia is the only state in the world that occupies the whole the territory of the mainland. Its area is 7,686,850 square meters. km It is washed by the waters of the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Title Australia comes from the Latin “Terra Australis Incognita”, which translates as “unknown southern land.” It’s not yet the open but supposedly existing mainland was designated on maps from the 2nd century AD The bulk of the population, the total population which reaches 24 and a half million people, make up descendants of immigrants from England and Ireland. Australia has a very low population density, since a significant part of it territory is not suitable for living.
The state’s economy thrives on diamond mining, minerals and developed oil refining industry. In addition, the mainland annually attracts a huge the number of tourists from around the world. Australia has a lot amazing animals not found anywhere else, but flora abounds with rare plant species. Off the coast of australia There is a Great Barrier Reef, the dream of any diver. There are also other natural attractions such as Uluru Rock or pink lake hiller. What is especially interesting is the untouched nature in Australia coexists with vibrant ultramodern cities, such as Sydney and Melbourne.
5th place – Brazil
Brazil occupies 8,515,767 square meters. km It is a bright and beautiful country. with emotional, welcoming residents. She is known all over the world. thanks to the annual grand carnivals and their football five-time national team. The state borders with almost all South American countries, and in the east it is washed the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. The name owes its origin the special mahogany Pau Brasil growing here. In total, 209.3 million people live in Brazil. in 175 languages.
The country has mineral deposits, especially iron ore, also an important part of the economy is growing fruits, sugarcane, tobacco and coffee. It is Brazilian coffee considered the best in the world.
Despite the constant influx of tourists in the country to there are still poorly studied places, most of them are in vast and dangerous jungle of the amazon. Of the natural wonders of Brazil, in addition to the aforementioned river, it is worth highlighting the famous waterfalls Iguazu But most of all tourists are attracted by Rio de Janeiro, the city contrasts and entertainments symbolized by the statue Savior, one of the new wonders of the world.
4th place – USA
The area of the United States of America is 9,519,431 square meters. km This is the only country located at the same time in all climatic zones: from the arctic to the tropics. Her coast washed by the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. USA Neighboring Canada, Mexico and Russia through the Bering Strait. In addition to the mainland, belong to the territory of the state Hawaiian Islands Located In The Pacific Ocean. Number the population exceeds 327.2 million people. Ethnic composition alone of the most diverse, but this is not surprising, given that the country was populated and built by the descendants of immigrants literally from around Sveta.
The United States is an economically prosperous country with a large number of enterprises and well-established export. Thanks the presence of high duties on the import of foreign goods, is given here preference for own production. She also excelled in information technology, research and military industry. It’s no secret that the United States has huge financial and political influence in all countries of the Americas, and also Europe.
Millions of tourists visit the country every year, thus bringing solid income in the US state budget. In the USA there is impressive natural attractions such as the Great Canyon, Monument Valley or Yellowstone National Park. Also in the United States are four of the ten most popular museums in the world. Well Of course, people come to the country to look at Hollywood – center of world film production.
3rd place – China
China is the largest state in Asia, with an area of 9,598,962 sq. km It has borders with fourteen countries and is washed by the four seas of the Pacific. Modern Chinese Folk republic rooted in one of the most ancient civilizations on the light. It was in China that paper, compass and gunpowder were invented. Besides the volume of the territory, the country also differs in the number of people being the first on this indicator. China is home to 1.386 billion people, and its economic and cultural center Shanghai leads in the number and population density among all cities of the world. Most of the inhabitants of the Celestial Empire, as it is customary called unevenly settled due to urbanization and the fact that not all territories of the country are suitable for living.
The core of the economy is Chinese manufacturing, exporting almost any kind of goods. IN the state is doing everything from clothing and household appliances to cars and parts of spacecraft. China also has a high level of development in the scientific field.
With respect to tourism, the most interesting are the tracks Ancient Chinese Civilization: The Great Wall, Palace Complex Forbidden City, the tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuang with her famous terracotta army. In addition, many tourists seek to visit Tibet, where the main Buddhist temples and the highest mountains of the planet.
2nd place – Canada
Canada occupies 9,984,670 sq km. Second largest state located in North America, it has borders with the main part USA and Alaska. The country is washed by three oceans: the Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic Arctic. Interestingly, for all its immense The territory in Canada is home to only about 37 million people. The reason for this is the cold and harsh climate, dominant in the north of the country. A significant part of the territory unsuitable for comfortable living, and the main the population is concentrated along the southern border, in the temperate zone climate. The ethnic composition of Canadians is very diverse, although it was originally represented primarily by descendants of the French and the British.
The state is known for its high quality of life. leads in the number of citizens with higher education. Canadian economy centered around natural resource extraction and fishing. The country is rich in oil, iron ore and other minerals. It is considered one of the main world timber suppliers.
Canada is best known for its hockey and pristine nature. Ecotourism is very popular and skiing tours. The main attraction of the country is Niagara Falls, located on the state border New York.
1st place – Russia
First place in the ranking of the largest world states The Russian Federation, whose area is 17 125 191 sq. Km. The country is washed by as many as 12 seas and borders on 18 countries. Due to its enormous length, there is a number climatic zones, each of which has a rich natural diversity. In different parts of the country you can see taiga and snow-capped mountain peaks and areas of humid subtropical climate with sunny beaches. The territory of Russia is covered with lakes and thick a network of rivers, ten of which are more than 10 kilometers long.
146.7 million people live in the state. The Russian Federation has huge reserves of natural resources, a significant place in the economy is oil, iron ore, coal and other minerals. Lately the agricultural industry is developing. There is a car, aircraft manufacturing and other industries.
In Russia there are many interesting tourist sites, tens of millions of visitors from near and far abroad. The main natural assets of the country considered the world’s deepest lake Baikal and stratovolcano Elbrus, the highest point in Europe. Russia is known worldwide for its culture, in particular the literary and musical heritage. One St. Petersburg is considered one of the most beautiful cities in the country, teeming with architectural masterpieces, museums and theaters.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.