Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
If we consider the human body as a collection of cells, then you may be surprised to find that we are not alone. In addition to our cells in the body there are a huge number of other living things, which is called normal intestinal microflora. Number these permanent settlers measured in the thousands and hundreds of thousands trillions. The number of only species of microbes living in the intestine reach 10 thousand.
If you recall that each type of microorganism can have several strains, i.e. subspecies, differing culturally and biochemical properties, you can easily multiply the amount species 7 or 10 times. And almost all of this colorful composition localized in the large intestine. In the small intestine of microorganisms a little, because the environment there is mostly acidic. But in an alkaline environment the number of microorganisms increases tens and hundreds of thousands of times. Most of all in the large intestine of anaerobic microorganisms, then there are those whose metabolism does not require oxygen. But really our body can not do without a population of microbes? Not no can. That’s what they are for.
- Why are microbes needed?
- Why is the microbiota disturbed?
- What factors are we talking about? Here they are:
- Why do we need prebiotics?
- What is attributed to prebiotics?
- Prebiotic Passport
- Some prebiotic drugs
- Rating of the best prebiotics
- Lactulose (Dufalac, Portalac, Romphalac, Normase)
- GIT Transit prebiotic
- Hilak Forte
Why are microbes needed?
You may recall that the totality of microorganisms that inhabit our intestines are called intestinal microbiota. Therefore this the term can sometimes be freely used. So, the function of this microbiota are extensive and diverse. They:
- help provide a person with energy and nutrition (as if this it didn’t sound strange);
- give energy with some of their products life activity;
- stimulate the immune system and especially local;
- stimulate the formation of antibodies;
- control and regulate intestinal motility, i.e. quality of abbreviations;
- involved in the detoxification and elimination of alien poisonous substances;
- activate drugs that enter the intestines;
- destroy substances with mutational potential;
- improve the ionic composition of the epithelium and physico-chemical zones qualities of this zone;
- inhibit carcinogens and the effects of toxic substances on intestinal epithelium;
- prevent the reproduction of viruses and remove them;
- supply sources for the formation of fats and glucose;
- synthesize vitamins of group B, as well as pantothenic acid.
This list goes on and on. With certainty we can say the following. Man with a fully sterile fat the intestines will not be viable.
Why is the microbiota disturbed?
Man lives in an aggressive world. And in the last one or two centuries, a colossal influence began to influence his life amount of external physical and chemical factors. There are also various internal factors, such as illness, and features nutrition. They also upset the balance of intestinal microbiota.
What factors are we talking about? Here they are:
- uncontrolled use of antibiotics as self-medication;
- the use of drugs such as hormones, cytostatics and immunosuppressants, radiation and chemotherapy, operations;
- violation of the diet. First of all, this is an abundance preservatives that protect refined foods from spoilage, and very harmful effect on the activity of intestinal germs: these are dyes, lack of dietary fiber, fast food.
- stress and chronic neurosis;
- acute intestinal infections such as dysentery, salmonellosis, rotavirus infection;
- low immunity due to frequent colds diseases
- violation of biorhythms of the body associated with frequent trips and by flights (jetlag);
- various chronic diseases, and functional disorders, intestinal motor function disorders.
An example of a classic diagnosis is spastic or atonic constipation, biliary dyskinesia.
How to deal with this situation, after identification and elimination risk factor? If correctly, then a pathology treatment is prescribed, which led to dysbiosis. Conditionally pathogenic is neutralized flora that knead normal microorganisms, then eubiosis is restored, that is, the intestines are again populated normal microorganisms, and then maintaining this condition. And here is of tremendous importance for the elimination of dysbiosis and intestinal health restoration have probiotics and prebiotics. We can say that without them there will be nothing: neither health, nor life.
Why do we need prebiotics?
On almost every healthy diet site, you can read the simple difference between prebiotics and probiotics. The difference is the same as between prehistory and history: prebiotics prepare, and probiotics inhabit.
Probiotics are living microorganisms whose mission is to multiply and populate. And prebiotics are imported pre food for them. It is obvious that for a person and for germs, the food needs are completely different, and prebiotics for our body does not represent any nutritional value.
Basically, prebiotics are represented by various fibers. For their we don’t have enzymes. You can give an example of such fibers that we regularly consume, but which come from intestines unchanged: these are mushrooms.
As you know, partly the fungal body consists of chitin, of which the shells of insects consist. Of our mushrooms the body takes everything except chitin, since we don’t have an enzyme chitinases. Similarly, we cannot eat wood because wood is this cellulose, and cellulose, as an enzyme, we have is absent. But it is present in abundance in various beetles – woodworkers, sawmills, bark beetles, and other representatives arthropods.
But, nevertheless, such fibers that reach the intestines in unchanged, “with a bang,” found again populated microorganisms. After they are fermented, they form various short chain fatty acids, and they are very important for improving bowel function. First of all, they maintain acid-base state, improves integrity walls, and reduce their permeability. As a result through thin numerous toxins do not penetrate the intestinal wall into the blood. it reduces the likelihood of developing allergies, the development of autoimmune and oncological diseases.
So, for example, short-chain fatty acid butyrate significantly reduces the incidence of colorectal cancer if it is contained in normal concentration.
What is attributed to prebiotics?
So which representatives of prebiotics are known for modern science, which at first glance seems useless to humans, but very much in demand for his “tenants”?
There are many classifications of prebiotics as chemical structure and origin. Here are some of them:
- varieties of starches and starchy substances, inulin and others polysaccharides. Most inulin is in Jerusalem artichoke, onions and chicory, and also asparagus and fresh garlic;
- fructooligosaccharides that are found in oats, ripe Tomatoes
- Galactozooligosaccharides are the result of the breakdown of milk sugar or lactose;
- there are many of them in soybeans, mangoes, berries, green stalks of dandelion, from which make a salad, in rye bran.
Separately, mention should be made of the oligosaccharides that the baby receives. with breast milk, as well as lactulose.
We should not forget about monosaccharides, such as xylitol and sorbitol, about such long-chain sugars as cellulose, pectins, found in apples and marshmallows.
Even various amino acids, such as glutamic acid, valine, carotenoids, may exhibit prebiotic properties. Separately, you can name various plant extracts: carrot, corn, pumpkin and others.
However, there are leaders in pronounced prebiotic properties. Of these, inulin, lactulose, and several others can be called. prebiotics in pure form. To plant products, leaders in the number of prebiotics include: chicory, beans, artichoke, bananas, asparagus, peas, various cereals and onions, corn flakes.
Of course, some prebiotics are saturated and medicinal drugs, as well as biologically active additives. How to choose from of this diversity, what is most useful and indicated?
If a person has a complete diet with completely proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins, but there will be no prebiotics – then he will not be healthy. Even if he is literally “floods” with bifidumbacterin and other probiotics, then microbes, which landing is thrown into the intestines, there will be nothing to eat. therefore the diet should not work against microbes of normal microflora, but on her.
Before choosing a prebiotic, you must consider stringent requirements on him. Nutritionists know what:
- these compounds should not be destroyed in the active gastric juice, and pancreatic enzymes;
- they should not be adsorbed in the upper regions gastrointestinal tract;
- they should stimulate the reproduction of beneficial microorganisms.
Such polysaccharides fully satisfy all these requirements. cereals, fruits and vegetables, like inulin, such artificial disaccharides like lactulose, as well as calcium pantothenate.
It should be understood that prebiotics in their pure form should be prescribed with the correction of dysbiosis, that is, for the purpose of treatment. The usual a healthy person prebiotics should not be in the closet with medicines, and on the dining table. Cabbage, garlic, bananas, onions, asparagus, pistachio nuts and cashew nuts are considered the best sources of such fibers. If you add a little bit of these foods to your daily diet foods then gut microbiota soon gratefully will respond. Immunity will increase, as will immunity to various infections.
Some prebiotic drugs
In conclusion, consider some prebiotic drugs, which can be purchased at the pharmacy. They are usually assigned to complex therapy of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as for the correction of dysbiosis.
We will depart from the usual scheme, and will not describe separately advantages and disadvantages, because prebiotics are not formally drugs. Therefore, a disadvantage may be only individual intolerance, or, for example, high price or the difficulty of acquiring this drug in pharmacies. Also it should immediately be said that a contraindication can be acute intestinal obstruction, since all prebiotics lead to improving motility and the appearance of a physiological rhythm of defecation. After all, prebiotics are not only a medicine for us, but for our friends – microorganisms.
Rating of the best prebiotics
|Nomination||a place||Name of product||price|
|Rating of the best prebiotics||1||Lactulose (Dufalac, Portalac, Romphalac, Normase)||83 rub|
|2||GIT Transit prebiotic||149 rub|
|3||Hilak Forte||257 r|
Lactulose (Dufalac, Portalac, Romphalac, Normase)
Prebiotic Rating: 4.9
Although lactulose belongs to prebiotics, anatomical and clinical classification she belongs to the group laxatives. In addition to dysbiosis, it is indicated for rehabilitation treatment after acute intestinal infection, with constipation, as well as liver failure. Produced lactulose in the form of a syrup. These are bottles of 200, 500 ml, or 1 liter, or disposable sachets of 15 milliliters per pack. In box 10 such sachets.
It is a fairly viscous liquid that may have a light yellow color. or brown, and at the same time it is transparent. Firstly lactulose has an effect, being an osmotic laxative. In itself, without microbes, she can not do anything. Only thanks to them, it can stimulate peristalsis, promotes elimination of ammonia, which facilitates the condition in patients with hepatic insufficiency.
Lactulose is a prodrug. It is consumed intensively. intestinal microflora, and those same low molecular weight acids, which we have already mentioned above. As a result rises osmotic pressure, volume of the contents of the colon increases and irritates specific intestinal receptors. It enhances peristalsis, softens the stool, and recovers normal rhythm of bowel movements. So lactulose copes with constipation.
In patients with severe liver failure, and even with hepatic coma of lactulose through acidophilus coli transforms ammonia into a soluble form, which reduces it toxic effect. After all, you need to remember that with chronic liver failure neutralization of ammonia in the liver does not occurs, and ammonia itself is the end product of protein metabolism. Therefore, patients with such a severe pathology are very worth it limit whites in nutrition.
Naturally, there are contraindications to taking lactuloses, for example intestinal obstruction, or individual intolerance.
Lactulose is used in adults in an initial dose of 15 to 45 milliliters, and if constipation resolves within 2 days, then the dose reduce. The maintenance dose is approximately 2/3 of the initial. In case of hepatic coma and encephalopathy, it is given in high doses, to 45 milliliters three times a day, and then reduce the dose, achieving regular stool 2-3 times a day. Produces Lactulose Company Solway Pharmaceuticals, the Netherlands. The average cost of a bottle is 200 milliliters is 300 rubles.
GIT Transit prebiotic
Prebiotic Rating: 4.8
This drug can be bought at the pharmacy, and its name is quite reflects the essence of prebiotics: they transit through the digestive tract, favoring germs. This is a sachet powder, 10 sachets per packaging. In the composition of each bag: oligofructose, inulin, artichoke extract and green tea.
The prebiotic is produced by the domestic company ZAO Evalar, specializing in various nutritional supplements. average cost packaging – 182 rubles., minimum – 153, maximum 292 rubles. behind packaging. The action of this drug is standard for prebiotics: stimulation of bacterial life, displacement of harmful microflora, improvement passage of food through the intestines, elimination of toxins.
This is not a therapeutic drug, but a dietary supplement, in the composition of which is soluble dietary fiber, as well as fructose. The convenience of this tool is that you can not search separately artichoke extract and inulin, i.e. Jerusalem artichoke powder, and get it all together in a bag.
Prebiotic Rating: 4.7
Finally, we should talk about one more truly unique product: drops of Hilak forte. Why are they unique? Their task is re-establish nutrition and improve colonization of the colon trapped bifidobacteria and lactobacilli from probiotics. But to dietary fiber, and to none of the above species Hilak-Forte does not apply prebiotics. These are the products. the vital functions of healthy intestinal microorganisms that form habitual habitat for our friends.
According to the classification, he again had to be squeezed into funds against diarrhea, although in fact this clear solution with sour smell in its pure form – a drug that normalizes intestinal microflora.
All other indications are secondary, and related active activity of normal microflora. So extended the list of indications for the use of the drug Hilak forte will not only constipation. This is gastritis and salmonella infection, dyspepsia and functional diarrhea, dermatitis and urticaria, and so on.
As part of the drug, metabolic products of normal intestinal sticks, fecal streptococcus, as well as several species lactobacilli. It may be surprising that the products vital functions stimulate the reproduction of new microorganisms. Imagine a room full of feces or rubbish would be pushing for the continuation of the human race is hardly possible. But in microorganisms, everything is arranged differently. Their products vital functions, including lactic acid, its buffer salts, protect breeding colonies from potential adverse effects pathogens.
So using the Hilak Forte for the reappeared microorganisms not yet entrenched in the intestine are created greenhouse conditions. First of all, Hilak Forte stimulates growth acidophilic and lactobacillus flora. He is harmless, he is beautiful tolerated by both adults and children, it can be prescribed pregnant and lactating women, and again of all contraindications perhaps only rare individual intolerance.
It should be used either before meals or during meals, 3 times a day. Adults – an average of 50 drops per reception, children – 30 drops, and infants – 20 drops. It is available in the form of drops for administration inside, and a bottle of 100 milliliters will cost 500 rubles. Launches his German company Ratiopharm.
In conclusion, you should contact gardeners and gardeners. Great opportunity to get high-quality prebiotic inulin is available to almost everyone, starting from the Krasnodar Territory and ending with Siberia. This is a growing on a personal plot earthen pear, or Jerusalem artichoke. In addition to extremely useful root crops, this plant also pleases with beautiful yellow flowers.
Jerusalem artichoke is unpretentious, has a powerful deep root system, where edible tubers form. The tubers are lumpy and a little look like a turnip, or a cabbage stalk. Jerusalem artichoke tubers very juicy, nutritionally superior to many vegetables. Of his they have no taste and therefore can be added with success in almost any salads. It can be dried. If Jerusalem artichoke fry, it tastes like fried potatoes, only sweetish. You can also make dried Jerusalem artichoke chips ground Jerusalem artichoke can be added to coffee drinks, you can make your own chicory drink. For example, this is how USA. From Jerusalem artichoke there is a substitute of coffee for diabetics.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.