How to choose skiing

Alpine skiing gives you a lot of incomparable emotions however, it has a very high risk of injury. To to protect yourself as much as possible, you must resort to quality the choice of equipment, as well as carefully approach the choice of the skis themselves, paying close attention to the main characteristics.

choose the right ski

Top ski manufacturers

To withstand the severe regime of ski exploitation in the state not every model, but because choosing skis for speed maneuvering under similar conditions, preference should be given exclusively high-quality and well-known products:

  1. Salomon;

  2. Tisa;

  3. Fischer;

  4. Rossignol;

  5. Atomic

  6. Madshus;

Before you give your choice in favor of a particular model, you should not only study its characteristics, but also read reviews of specific athletes using device in real conditions and highlighting their advantages and limitations.

Types of skiing

Modern models of alpine skiing are divided into several categories depending on the style and technique of riding.

Carving skis

carving skiing

Classic models designed for speed maneuvering on specially prepared sites and tracks. Enjoy high popularity among ski regulars resorts. The width at the waist is 65-70 millimeters, the nose has wide elongated shape, thereby providing convenience maneuvering during the descent.


  • High functionality;

  • Convenient to manage;

  • Allow the possibility of riding in an arc;

  • Designed for riding on prepared tracks;


  • Quite expensive;

  • Not suitable for riding on an unprepared slope;

Skis for free skiing (freeride – models)

Freeride skiing

In a sense, these models are the opposite carving. They are intended for skiing on snow-covered virgin snow and unprepared slope, and therefore have the appropriate specifications. Such models are much wider – minimum width at the waist is 80-82 mm, there are models with a width up to 100-110 millimeters. They feature a wide toe and heel.


  • Great for riding unclean virgin snow;

  • Can withstand ski jumping on snow;

  • Allow performing various tricks and maneuvering along an arc;

  • Stable and manoeuvrable;


  • Quite expensive;

  • They require certain skills, are not suitable for beginners;

  • Difficult to master;

Cross-country skiing (all-terrain models)

universal skiing

They include the advantages of the above types and allow ride with the same success as specially trained tracks and snow-covered virgin lands. Great choice for beginners, Those who want to learn the correct riding technique. Waist Width varies between 65 and 80 centimeters, the shape of the nose and heel – wide, bent.


  • Universal;

  • Maneuverable and comfortable enough;

  • Allow you to ride both on virgin soil and on purpose prepared track;


  • Mediocre controllability;

  • Not suitable for performing complex tricks;

Freestyle skiing

freestyle skiing

Models designed for free ride and performance all sorts of acrobatic elements, tricks and jumps. They are characterized by significant waist width (80-100 centimeters) and relatively short own length. Thanks to its special shape allow you to ride with equal efficiency in both directions;


  • Universal;

  • Equipped with twintypes – special elements that allow ride forward and backward;

  • Allow you to perform various acrobatic elements and jumps with springboard;

  • Wide;

  • Powerful and hardy;


  • Roads

  • Not suitable for beginners;

  • They require certain skills;

Racing Skis

downhill skiing

Extremely professional models designed for high-speed maneuvering. With the appropriate technique, without difficulty Develop a speed of 80 or more kilometers per hour. Powerful, tough and resistant to mechanical stress. Not big width – about 72-75 millimeters at the waist, and longer than all the above models.


  • Hard;

  • Allow to develop tremendous speed;

  • Minimum coefficient of friction;

  • Hardy;


  • Narrow specialization;

  • Serious preparation and the ability to maneuver on speed

  • High price;

The main criteria for choosing skiing

ski selection criteria

According to this parameter, all skiing is divided into several classes.

  1. Soft alpine skiing, grades 6-8. Models designed for newbies forgive many errors;

  2. Alpine skiing of medium hardness, grades 8-10. Universal models which can be recommended for purchase as a beginner or advanced amateur.

  3. Hard skiing grade 10-12. The lot of professional riders require sophisticated control technology and maneuvering;

Turning radius

A parameter that determines how maneuverable and comfortable to management will be skiing and how suitable they are for use in certain conditions. The value of this parameter may vary in the range of 10 to 40 meters. The greater the value – the more skill you need in specific skis

  1. For beginners and hobbyists, skis with a radius will be required. a turn of the order of 16-18 meters;

  2. Professional downhill models from the mountain, have a turning radius of 35-40 meters;

  3. Skis designed for slalom, with its small length can have a turning radius up to 25-30 meters;

Choose skiing by height and weight

Choose skiing by height and weight

It is traditionally believed that the longer the ski – the more convenient maneuver them and the greater speed the rider is able to develop. However, heading to the store and buying the longest of the models presented on sale incorrectly, at a choice consider the following factors:

  1. Rider height. The best are skis that are 10-15 centimeters taller than a skier;

  2. Weight. The more weight a person has, the longer the skis should be. This is due to the need to compensate for increased bending at the point fastenings. An alternative to choosing long skis in this situation may be Become a choice in favor of a model of a more rigid class;

  3. Short skis are more maneuverable than long counterparts, but managing them is much more difficult. For for this reason, such models are the destiny of professional riders;

Ski geometry

Three parameters should be taken into account:

  1. Width and degree of roundness of the nose. The wider and rounder the nose – the it’s more convenient to maneuver the rider on the track. Conversely, the nose is narrow and elongated shape is able to develop increased speed, yielding wide in maneuverability;

  2. The width of the waist is the narrowest place in which, as a rule, Mounts are installed. The wider the waist – the more passable are skiing. For riding on equipped tracks, models with a width are suitable waist about 65-68 centimeters, if the situation is to deal with snow-covered virgin soil, should be preferred wider, of order 70-73 centimeters, models.

  3. The design and width of the heel. The situation is similar to that of the sock: the wider and rounder the heel, the more maneuverable and safer to corner skiing. The narrow and pointed heel is the lot of high-speed professional models;

Type of ski mount

This parameter indicates the ultimate load which allows the mechanism during heavy use. Designated numerical values, where each unit defines 10 kilograms rider weight. The situation is considered from two sides:

  1. For beginners and amateurs, the selection of fasteners follows the principle “own weight – 1-2 points.” For example, with your own weight in 80 kilograms should be preferred attachment for 1-2 classes less values ​​of 8. 6 or 7 class of fasteners will be optimal;

  2. For experienced riders who regularly practice downhill racing, the parameter is determined in the opposite direction – the weight of the rider plus 1-2 points. Thus, the above 80 kilogram experienced a rider in this situation will require fastening 9-10 classes;

We choose skiing for the child

The selection criteria for skiing for a small rider is largely similar to those for adults with appropriate adjustments to the height and weight of the baby. Should choose the most stable and maneuverable models that are suitable for mastering the technique of skiing and teach the child to ski confidently. In the future, as the skills of the young rider grow, require more standardized ski models.

We choose skiing for beginners

For a beginner rider who does not know the technique of riding in full least, skis must have the following criteria:

  1. Class – universal or freeride;

  2. Length exceeding 10-15 centimeters, his own growth;

  3. 6-8 class of rigidity;

  4. Wide and rounded toe and heel;

  5. The class of mounted fixtures depending on the weight;

  6. Waist 72-75 millimeters wide;

Choosing ski boots

ski boots

Properly chosen ski boots should comply with the following requirements.

Boot size

It is necessary to select skating shoes exclusively by fitting. It should be carried out on that sock in which there will be skating going on. After all the fasteners take their toll place, you need to apply a dynamic load and see is the foot firmly fixed, is there any play or feel discomfort.


Unlike classic skiing, alpine skiing suggests operation of extremely tough and high boots, as much as possible securely fixing the ankle and allowing precise control trajectory of movement.

Number of belts

The larger the number of clips on the boot, the more reliable it will be the leg is fixed and its position will be even more fixed when intense descent from the mountain. Optimal models are considered equipped with four-point mount with variable force tightening. Pay attention to the width of the belts – than this parameter is greater – the more reliably the calf is fixed during drive.

Pad width

It is selected individually, taking into account the geometric dimensions and anatomical structure of the legs. It is divided into three categories:

  1. Narrow block – 88-96 mm;

  2. Mid-size block – 95-100 millimeters;

  3. Wide pad – more than 100 millimeters;

Liner design and material

  1. The liner is an internal soft insert designed for protect your feet from cold and moisture. Made from dense membrane materials and completely repeats the contours of the rider’s legs. IN There are three main types of liner for sale:

  2. Classic unformed. Fixed boot sizes and selected by fitting;

  3. Moldable. Soft liner of standard size requiring carrying, during which he gradually takes the anatomical shape of the rider’s leg, repeating its contours and bends;

  4. Jellied liner. The design is similar to molded and also designed to create an internal anatomical structure forms;

  5. As a heater, you can find felt (in cheap models), natural fluff, as well as synthetic material thinsulate, currently the most advanced heat insulator.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose your skis. child and the secrets of choosing cross-country skiing.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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