How to choose high-quality linoleum

The final stage of repair work in the room is practically always becomes the installation of flooring. And about what type should be preferred, opinions are divided. Tile – slippery and “cold” material, the laminate is mostly afraid water, parquet is expensive and impractical. After weighing the pros and cons, many opt for linoleum – synthetic floor excellent performance characteristics, aesthetic appearance, resistance to major sources of damage, and also very democratic at the price. All that remains for the buyer is to decide on specific characteristics and give a choice in favor of a particular model.

How to choose linoleum

The best linoleum companies

Good and high quality linoleum models now produce well-known European and American manufacturers. “Pull up” in recent times and domestic manufacturers – their products are practically inferior to nothing foreign counterparts. You can recommend linoleum for purchase, produced under the following brands:

  1. Grabo

  2. Tarkett

  3. Armstrong

  4. Forbo

Before giving your choice in favor of a particular model, useful to study the characteristics, as well as read reviews real buyers who highlighted both positive and negative points.

The structure and application of linoleum

The structure of linoleum

Linoleum is a soft multi-layer “sandwich”, graceful appearance, wear resistance and unpretentiousness in operation. The structure of almost any model linoleum includes the following elements:

  1. Soft backing made from textile or foam polymer. Provides moisture protection, sound insulation and is responsible for plastic;

  2. A fiberglass sealing layer that fetters the structure and making it monolithic;

  3. The basis for printing. It is on it that the drawing is applied, as well as surface stamping is performed;

  4. Anti-abrasion protective polymer coating structures during mechanical stress;

  5. Lamination layer made of polyvinyl chloride providing protection against external influences;

Linoleum is sold in rolls, varying both in length and in width, so you can choose almost one-piece, without joints, a segment intended for installation in a residential building or office.

Varieties of linoleum

“Natural” linoleum

environmentally friendly linoleum

Linoleum in the classical sense of the word call this the coating is difficult, but it is it that uses a huge popular among fans of all the “green” and “green.” IN the basis is soft jute fabric, as a plasticizer wood resins are used, and coloring is done with natural pigment dyes. The main advantage is exceptional environmental friendliness.


  • Maximum environmental friendliness;

  • A variety of colors and shades;

  • Pleasant texture;


  • High price;

  • Afraid of creases;

  • Fair wear resistance;

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Linoleum

Polyvinyl chloride linoleum

Ageless classic, invented a very long time ago and still virtually unchanged production recipes. The above the structure is fully observed in the production of this type coatings, providing excellent wear resistance, resistance to moisture, temperature extremes, mechanical and abrasive impacts. It has a decent appearance, and the variety colors and colors makes it possible to choose for a specific interior.


  • High mechanical strength;

  • Practicality;

  • A variety of colors and patterns;

  • Wear resistance;


  • It deforms when exposed to high temperatures;

  • Tends to fade over time;

  • Not resistant to aggressive household chemicals;

Linoleum selection options


  1. The most popular ordinary household linoleum. Its key features are not only aesthetic appearance and durability, but also high sound insulation and moisture protection. This linoleum is made on a foamed substrate and perfectly Suitable for everyday use. Of the minuses it follows note low strength;

  2. The exact opposite of the above class is commercial linoleum. This type of coating is used in a commercial building with heavy traffic, and therefore the main criterion is maximum strength. Even under intense loads it is capable of maintain their appearance up to 15-20 years. Disadvantages high rigidity and high enough price;

  3. Semi-commercial linoleum is a cross between household and commercial linoleum. This type of coating is absorbed in the strength and reliability of commercial coating and noise vibration isolation of linoleum household. Great for both office and residential premises with low and medium flow visitors. The disadvantages include, perhaps, more higher than in the case of ordinary household linoleum, cost.

Linoleum class

A parameter closely related to the purpose and responsible for linoleum applicability in certain conditions. Indicated in two digits, the first of which indicates the conditions operation, and the second – to the degree of permissible mechanical load: the larger it is, the stronger linoleum (1,2 or 3). So, models with the first digit 1 or 2 – a great option for household operation. 3 or 4 – typically office or production linoleum.

Linoleum thickness

Linoleum thickness has the most direct effect on wear resistance, and also on insulating characteristics and protection against extraneous noise and vibration.

  1. Linoleum with a thickness of 1 to 3 millimeters is considered typically household. It provides acceptable sound and vibration isolation and different aesthetic appearance. Of the disadvantages of this coating is highly prone to damage due to mechanical stress;

  2. 4-6 millimeters thick is the golden mean and is suitable both for residential premises and for various offices with small and medium flow of visitors;

  3. Models with a thickness of 8-10 millimeters – the most durable and wear resistant. Typically, such models are related to commercial grade and provide maximum noise and vibration isolation, they are not afraid of mechanical impact and quite can be laid in places with an intense flow of visitors. The disadvantages of this coating are high rigidity, high weight and, of course, high cost;

Drawing and texture

Here you will find the widest flight of imagination. Wood and bamboo various colors and shades, stone, marble and granite, all kinds bizarre patterns – the specifics of the manufacture of the laminate gives the ability to get absolutely any texture and color!


Pay attention should first of all to the width linoleum. On sale you can find models of various widths – from 2.5 to 4 meters, each of which is perfect for the kitchen, bedrooms and even a bathroom. The length can be absolutely any and depends only on the parameters of a particular room.

Application specifics

Despite the general manufacturing technology, it is possible to sell to meet very specific models designed for operation in specific conditions. So, it’s popular linoleum with an antistatic coating that does not “surge” with current, among owners of private houses there is an increased demand for models suitable for use with underfloor heating. And in those rooms where there is a high probability of unintentional fire, preference should be given to fire-resistant models. Those or other linoleum properties are achieved by entering corresponding components in the final manufacturing stage.

Which linoleum to choose?

Which linoleum to choose

  1. Living rooms, living rooms and all kinds of personal rooms are not demanding on the characteristics of linoleum. Quality coating 21 classes will be more than enough;

  2. Rooms prone to high humidity (kitchens, bathrooms, bathrooms) require the use of linoleum 23 or 24 class;

  3. For laying in the bedroom or in the nursery, preference should be given linoleum of the 23-24th class, having a thickness of the order of 2.5-3 millimeter for maximum sound insulation;

How much is linoleum?

  1. The simplest models of 21-22 classes have a cost of 200-400 rubles per square meter of coverage;

  2. Coating 23-24 class, designed for laying in the bedroom or children’s, more expensive – from 500 to 900 rubles per “square”;

  3. Wear-resistant linoleum of 32-33 class, possessing increased mechanical strength, costs about 1000-1200 rubles per meter square;

  4. The most expensive is considered natural “linoleum”: it the cost starts at 2 thousand rubles per square meter.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose laminate flooring and the secrets of choosing a screwdriver.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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