How to choose compression stockings and correctly choose the size?

Varicose veins of the lower extremities become serious a problem for women with age. With it, the valves of the internal veins stop closing. A big role in the fight against venous diseases systems play prevention involving use compression stockings. Special underwear helps to achieve therapeutic effect and positive results with regular use.

choose compression stockings

The best manufacturers of compression stockings, which company choose?

Compression knitwear is used for a specific purpose – fight against diseases of the venous system. He helps to get positive effect, so it is better to consider when buying products of trusted manufacturers. There are not many in this segment brands that have received positive product reviews.


German quality of Medi knitwear is confirmed by Russian and foreign studies. Stockings meet the requirements RAL-GZ 387 standard, which is one of the strictest. Doctors say this brand, and in Germany the company is a market leader.


The German company Bauerfeind specializes in manufacturing orthopedic products using innovative technologies and solutions. It has long been supplying athletes with products Olympics. Today her bandages, knee pads and compression stockings are found at low prices in our stores and pharmacies.


Sigvaris from Switzerland is a competitor to German manufacturers. Her compression stockings get a lot positive feedback from doctors. Products certified by standard RAL-GZ 387. Relatively recently, the company began to master the Russian market.


Orto products are manufactured with innovation in mind areas of materials. The Spanish brand develops European markets, Attracting low prices and a variety of goods.

The principle of operation and features of compression stockings

The principle of operation of compression stockings

Varicose veins – a disease that occurs when the narrowing stops the inner wall of the veins. The cause of the problem becomes inactive lifestyle, wearing high-heeled shoes, pregnancy and heredity. To girls as prevention and effective Therapies suggest wearing compression stockings. They are used even in advanced stages.

The goal of such knitwear is to improve blood circulation. Normal microcirculation of blood in the legs is the main means of combating venous expansion.

The beneficial effect of stocking is manifested in the following:

  1. blood circulation improves;

  2. normal functioning of the veins is restored;

  3. swelling and the risk of thrombosis are reduced;

  4. overall leg fatigue at the end of the day is reduced.

Stockings stimulate blood circulation, making tissues better saturated with oxygen. It helps to achieve positive moments.

Special underwear made to apply pressure in the right areas. It is distributed from top to bottom – from hip to ankle. In the upper part, the pressure is maximum, and below minimum. This allows you to artificially restore the natural situation for muscles and veins while walking. People with sedentary work and a sedentary lifestyle is needed first.

Compression stockings differ in features:

  1. the use of light and flexible materials;

  2. seamless structure providing pressure to fit places;

  3. breathability.

These stockings are hypoallergenic, so they are used without problems. women who feel constant tiredness in their legs and having spider veins. Special jerseys from brands superior in quality to ordinary stockings and simple elastic bandages.

Types of compression stockings

Special compression hosiery is applied as in the early and advanced stages of varicose veins. Choose from models differing in size and degree of compression (compression). IN Depending on this, several varieties of linen are distinguished:


  1. Compression class 1;

  2. 2nd and 3rd compression class;

  3. 4th class of compression (therapeutic).

They are used in situations tailored to individual characteristics. organism and stage of development of varicose veins.

Preventive stockings

1st compression class

Zero compression class is used exclusively for prevention and they are worn without consulting a doctor. They are used sedentary girls who are experiencing by the end of the day discomfort from slight swelling. They are also recommended to be worn when pregnancy. The compression level is up to 18 mmHg pillar.

Such stockings help relieve tension in the legs, relieve varicose stasis and promote recovery after load.


  • universality of application;

  • stimulate blood circulation for the prevention of varicose veins and thrombosis

  • attractive appearance;


  • care and washing are required;

  • not suitable for serious problems.

Compression class 1 stockings

compression class 1 stockings

Stockings are recommended for unstable edema and The first signs of varicose veins. They are versatile pressure on the legs, preventing circulatory disorders system. Such products are recommended for pregnant women and people with genetic predisposition to varicose veins with sedentary work.

Such stockings can be recommended to girls who are worried the first signs of vein disease.


  • improved blood circulation, increased muscle tone;

  • slowing down the development of foot disease;

  • decrease in swelling in the lower extremities;


  • can not be used around the clock, especially at night;

  • there are contraindications for use (dermatitis, open wounds).

Compression stockings 2 and 3

Stockings 3 classes of compression

This species refers to stockings with a pronounced therapeutic effect. Them should be worn only on the advice of a doctor, if observed severe swelling or noticeable pain. In this case, varicose veins has already shown itself, and an obvious vascular network has formed on the legs. The compression ratio is from 23 to 44 mm. Hg. Art.

Such underwear is used for the treatment of progressive diseases of the veins, as well as related problems. For this special fabrics and innovative technologies are used.


  • improvement of blood flow from the periphery to the center;

  • reducing the risk of developing severe stages of the disease (thrombosis);

  • easier walking and less heavy legs;

  • prevention of venous expansion;


  • discomfort while wearing;

  • extensive contraindications for use (dermatological problems, atherosclerosis, endarteritis and other diseases).

Compression class 4 stockings

Stockings 4 classes of compression

Knitted stockings of a medical type are used as directed a doctor. They are worn only for serious problems with veins, as well as after surgery. High stockings compressions (over 50 mmHg) are also assigned as lying patients to eliminate problems with outflow of lymph or when severe edema.

Such stockings are not always on sale, because they are required only in the late stages of varicose veins or with recovery after surgery.


  • solving problems with puffiness and expansion of veins;

  • restoration of blood circulation and oxygen saturation of tissues;

  • removal of pain and heaviness in the legs;


  • apply only on the recommendation of a doctor;

  • extensive limitations for use.

Compression Stocking Options

selection criteria for compression stockings

Varieties of stockings have personal characteristics. At follow the recommendations of the doctors and pay attention to specific characteristics of a product.

The parameters include:

  1. compression level – pressure exerted;

  2. manufacturing materials – affect durability and convenience operation;

  3. trademark.

The pressure exerted on the surface of the skin is paramount selection criterion. Preventive stockings won’t help with varicose veins already begun. At the same time, if you use products exerting too much pressure are broken natural movement of lymph.

An important factor is the material of manufacture. Such products are made by special technology. Today often add synthetics for strength and elasticity, but it should let air in. Tissue Density (DEN) Affects Compression properties and some other parameters.

In appearance, stockings can be divided:

  1. classic

  2. models with silicone rubber;

  3. sticky belt models.

It is important to choose models that are below the line of the abdomen. In that the case ensures the correct distribution of pressure and aesthetic appeal remains.

How to choose compression stockings?

Verified brand and place of purchase are often a guarantee of the quality of the goods, otherwise it is easy to run into fake.

For the right choice of size, several aspects:

  1. leg length;

  2. hip circumference just below the groin;

  3. girths of the wide and narrow place of the tibia.

With a leg length of 65-68 cm, the circumference of the lower leg is 42-45 cm, and the narrow part of the tibia is 18-21 cm. If the leg length is 73-75 cm, then the girth hips need about 52-55 cm.

When choosing, you need to clearly understand what goals are required compression underwear. Preventive stockings are suitable for those who just worried about leg health. If your feet have already begun spider veins appear, signs of swelling and enlargement veins, then stockings of 1 or 2 compression levels are required. In the rest In cases consult your doctor.

How much do compression stockings cost?

  1. The cost of simple preventive stockings ranges from 800 to 1500 rubles.

  2. The price of compression stockings of classes 1,2,3 varies from 1500 to 6000 rubles.

  3. Class 4 medical stockings cost more than 4000-5000 rubles.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose tights and secrets of choosing a women bag.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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