How to choose an air gun

Modern pneumatic guns are not the toys with that we played in childhood. Appearance, indistinguishable from combat weapons, substantial weight, shot power – these parameters make “pneumatic” is a great tool for self-defense, and also allow It’s great to diversify your leisure time while camping. For, to make the right purchase – deal with the main types of such weapons and choose the right model.

choose a pneumatic gun

The best manufacturers of airguns. Which choose?

Currently on sale you can find a variety of samples airguns starting replicas of Chinese-made and ending with full replicas of the original military weapons, produced in the same factories. Is in demand Products of the above brands:

  1. Umarex;

  2. Anix;

  3. Smersh;

  4. Gletcher;

  5. Borner

The design of weapons of these brands is simple and reliability, without requiring unnecessary care efforts and service. Reviews of various models are presented on the network. Internet, there is also a large number of video reviews, in which weapons are demonstrated in real conditions.

What types of airguns exist?

Given that all pneumatic weapons constitute replica of military weapons, divide pneumatics into types in appearance (pistol, submachine gun, rifle) there is no point. Where more differences in such “trunks” in technical terms.

Spring piston pistols

The simplest type of weapon. When jerking the shutter to a special reservoir is pressurized with the necessary force, which, when the trigger is pulled, releases the piston when the help of which a shot is fired. Such pistols require cocking before each shot, and most a striking example of such weapons is the “air”, known since Soviet times.


  • Low cost;

  • Do not require cans of gas;

  • Design reliability;

  • Decent shot energy;

  • Realistic appearance;


  • Low firing efficiency;

  • The shutter must be juggled before each shots;

  • Low rate of fire;

Gas guns

This type of pneumatics involves the use of special carbon dioxide cylinder as an energy source. Carbonic gas is an excellent source of energy, and in order to to shoot, you need its minimum amount. As a result a compact gas cylinder lasts for a long time. In addition, such the weapon in its functionality resembles a combat one – bullets are stored in store, and one juggling the shutter is enough to perform a series of 10-12 shots or empty the store.


  • Realism;

  • Energy source – compact carbon dioxide cylinders;

  • Roomy store;

  • Great kinetic energy of a bullet;

  • Rate of fire;


  • Roads

  • Requires regular cleaning and lubrication;

Top picks of an air gun

air gun selection criteria

Regardless of how this or that one looks air gun, there are a number of criteria that should be take into account when choosing it.

Pistol barrel design

From the design of the barrel of a pneumatic gun, it completely depends range and accuracy of weapons. In this regard, all pneumatics It is divided into two conditional categories:

  1. Smoothbore weapon. The barrel of such a gun looks like a tube cylindrical or conical in shape with smooth and even inner walls. This type of trunk is lightweight and easy to production, however, is characterized by a number of disadvantages. IN in particular, the speed of a bullet and the accuracy of its shot cannot be call the maximum;

  2. Rifled weapons are an analogue of combat. In production the inner part of the barrel gets a special thread, thanks which the bullet receives rotational energy during the shot. it extremely positive effect on the strength of the shot, and also makes its accurate;

Type of ammunition

Almost all air guns shoot compact bullets that differ in characteristics and structure materials used:

  1. Galvanized metal balls or their analogues coated copper cladding is the most commonly used type of ammunition. Provide high speed shooting and charging, but not always are accurate;

  2. Pneumatic lead bullets are tapered and differ in accuracy. The disadvantages of such bullets include a strong deformation and, as a consequence, their disposability;

The amount of muzzle energy

An indicator that directly characterizes the power of a pistol shot and its penetrative ability.

  1. Models with muzzle energy of 3 to 7.5 joules currently are the most popular. They are powerful enough, accurate and long-range, but do not require any registration actions and legalization by the owner. It is such a muzzle energy possess traditional air guns as well paintball guns and airsoft drives;

  2. Devices with kinetic energy over 7.5 Joules per Russian legislation refers to hunting and sports weapons, and therefore require mandatory registration. Models over 25 Joule – registration, registration and obtaining a license. it powerful and long-range pistols capable of inflicting serious damage.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose optical sight and the secrets of choosing a decoy for hunting.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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