How to choose a sunscreen?

Smooth tanning is a girls dream. Experts warn in pursuit For beauty, do not forget about the safety of the skin. In summer or while sunbathing, use sunscreen body cream. It will help reduce negative impact. ultraviolet radiation, which leads to skin aging.

The best manufacturers of sunscreens, which company choose?

The best manufacturers of sunscreens, which company to choose?

On sale is a wide range of cosmetics for face and body care. There are thousands of names of SPF creams, but not every one of them justifies the price and provides protection from UV radiation. In such matters it is better to trust products trusted manufacturers and do not risk health.

  1. Nivea. Trademark of the German manufacturer Beierdorf Since 1989, AG has been represented on the Russian market. She sticks progressive production methods and scientific research. The Nivea SUN line combines safe creams, characterized by water resistance and ease of use. They approved by dermatologists and other experts.

  2. L’Oreal. The French company L’Oreal is a the largest manufacturer of perfumes and cosmetics. IN Russia sells goods worth more than 600 million euros each year. Loreal sunscreens are safe and reliable means of protection against ultraviolet radiation.

  3. Librederm Among Russian brands on the market stands out Librederm The company is not so famous, but offers some types high quality goods. The production uses development in the field of cosmetology and pharmaceuticals. Brand sunscreen received a lot of positive feedback from consumers.

  4. Vichy. French cosmetic brand named after resort town, where there are sources of healing water. It used for the manufacture of cosmetic products. In our country model brand is popular. It implemented through pharmacy chains, which speaks of quality and security.

The principle of operation and structure of sunscreen

The principle of operation and structure of sunscreen

The sun emits radiation in different ranges. Dangerous the effect is ultraviolet, which is divided into three types – UVA, UVB and UVC. Rays C are dangerous for the human body, but they completely absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere. Rays B reach surface in an amount of not more than 5%.

The basis of all ultraviolet radiation affecting human skin are rays A (their amount is 95%). They lead to the formation of tan, and with prolonged exposure the sun to negative consequences – hypersensitivity, tissue damage (burns), cell mutations and oncology. Lovers sunbaths without protective creams face loss of elasticity skin, rapid aging and the appearance of wrinkles.

Dermatologists, oncologists recommend using sunscreens creams when in the sun. This will prevent burns and prevent photoaging of the skin. Means do not interfere with the appearance bronze tan.

The principle of action of sunscreen is based on neutralization action of rays A and B of the spectrum. Their action is to following:

  1. creation of effective UV filters;

  2. preventing the penetration of dangerous rays into the layers of the skin, reducing risk of burns and oncology;

  3. chemical conversion of ultraviolet light energy into thermal energy.

The beneficial effect depends on the variety of a particular cream, composition and other features. Pay attention to the indicator SFP, ranging from 4 to 50, it determines the level of protection against exposure to harmful radiation.

Types of Sunblocks for Tanning

Types of sunblock for tanning

Beauticians offer different sunscreens for the face and body. They are selected based on individual needs and type skin. A simple classification of tanning agents is to divide by type of skin for which they are intended:

  1. for very bright;

  2. for light;

  3. for normal;

  4. for the dark.

People with pale and very fair skin should carefully relates to UV protection. Better to choose products with intensive protection and SPF indicators of at least 35. His It is also recommended for those who find it difficult to achieve an even tan, therefore you have to be in the sun for a long time. Cream with intense protection prevents burns and signs premature aging, skin damage, but they are applied every 2 hours.

Means for fair skin – creams with indicators of SPF from 25 to 35. They are recommended to people of a pale type with light brown hair, which after 1-3 hours in the sun burns on the shoulders and back. Such sunscreens help even out the tone. tanning without negative consequences.

Normal skin creams are common category. Their SPFs range from 15 to 25. The impact is protection against burns, tonic and regenerative properties. Facilities easy to apply and absorb. Recommended for people with slightly dark skin and dark shades of hair.

To swarthy people it is better to choose creams with SPF indicators of no more 15. Such products are needed more to maintain skin elasticity and prevent wrinkles. Due to the light texture they quickly absorbed and protect the skin from harmful effects UV rays.

Sunscreen Selection Options

Sunscreen Selection Options

When choosing it is important to choose the right cream so that it fits specific skin type. Otherwise, the beneficial action will be minimal.

The parameters include:

  1. degree of protection against UV rays;

  2. physical and chemical filters;

  3. water resistance;

  4. consistency;

  5. additional substances for moisturizing and strengthening.

People with fair skin who plan for a long time to be in the sun, you need a cream with a degree of protection SPF above 30. The rest will suit light tanning products.

Physical and chemical filters protect against specific varieties of UV rays. To do this, you should study the weather forecast for region where the UV index is indicated. On the packaging of the cream is usually indicated radiation protection UVA, UVB. In this case, marking appears. IPD, PA +. PPD

Useful additional substances include primarily vitamins A, B, C, F. They strengthen and moisturize the skin, provide antioxidant effect. Undesirable additives include alcohol, parabens, oxybenzenes and so on.

An important parameter is water resistance. Even if not bathing in water is planned, a person sweats in the sun. Good ones water resistance indicators guarantee long-term exposure, in otherwise, the beneficial effect will disappear after 15-20 minutes.

Dermatologists and allergists pay attention to the fact that such cosmetics have a serious effect on the skin. Every drug must go through clinical trials, confirming safety. First of all it concerns hypoallergenicity. Otherwise, the person will experience dryness, burning, irritation.

Which sunscreen to choose?

Which sunscreen to choose?

First of all, a sunblock cream is selected for a specific type skin. Beauticians recommend having 5 types of creams on hand – for intensive protection, dark skin, face and body, children. It all depends on of how you plan to spend time in the sun.

People with very white and sensitive skin are recommended funds with SPFs of at least 35-40. This includes those who undergo cosmetic procedures or skin operations. Intensive protection is also important at first, when the skin is not yet tanned. This will prevent burns and hypersensitivity.

Remember that children also have sensitive skin, therefore they need intensive protection products.

If you plan to buy a cream for daily use during walks or not a long stay on the beach, then standard tools with SPF from 10 to 20.

Filters play an important role. If a person wants to receive quick tan, then you should choose creams with filters only from UVB. If you plan to spend a lot of time in the sun, then pay attention to safety. In this case, funds are used. with protection against UVA and UVB.

Pay attention to water resistance indicators – the higher, the it’s better. Such a cream will not be superfluous, because it is taken with you on walks and the beach.

How much does a sunscreen cost?

The price of cosmetics varies by brand, components, production difficulties.

Simple sunscreens are sold from 100 rubles.

Expensive funds can cost more than 10,000 rubles.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose a face cream, the secrets of choosing a cream after tanning and features of choosing a cream for depilation.


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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