How to choose a stove – reviews of experts

When choosing a stove, you should pay attention first queue for the type of device, as well as its ergonomic qualities.

How to choose a stove

How to choose a stove: selection criteria

When choosing a stove, consider the following parameters:

  1. Type (gas, electric with an open spiral, electric with closed spiral, induction);

  2. Number and types of burners;

  3. Type of oven;

  4. Material of the working panel.

  5. The device manufacturer is also important.

Types of cookers – advantages and disadvantages

In terms of energy source for heating elements cookers are divided into gas, electric (open and closed spiral), as well as induction.

Gas stove

Gas stove

The vast majority of traditional models of stoves run on gas. In the burners of such devices, methane burns, and An open flame heats the cookware installed on the oven.

Advantages

  • No restrictions on the size and weight of the installed dishes;

  • Low price;

  • Ease of care;

  • Simplicity and habit of exploitation;

  • Work without electricity (or with a minimum consumption in models with automatic ignition);

disadvantages

  • High level of fire hazard;

  • Maintenance required, including by natural gas supplier organizations;

  • High gas consumption;

The main of these shortcomings, of course, is the high fire hazard due to two factors. Firstly, such stoves require open fire. And secondly, the methane gas used in them is flammable and may leak explode.

Electric stoves have been spared this shortcoming.

Open Spiral Electric Cookers

Electric cookers with an open spiral

Under the “spiral” in this case means heating element. It really can be as spiral (in ultra-budget models), and disk. Externally, such plates are similar on ordinary gas, just do not have a grill, but instead of burners them – heating elements.

Advantages

  • High level of fire safety;

  • Residual heat – after switching off the burner for some time stays hot by warming foods;

  • Low price;

  • The ability to accurately set the temperature of the heating plate;

  • Smooth heating of the burner;

disadvantages

  • Restriction on the size and weight of installed dishes;

  • High power consumption;

  • The need to bring a separate branch of power from floor shield;

  • Difficulty in cleaning the heating element from contamination;

At a price comparable to the price of a conventional gas stove, electric offer great fire safety.

Closed spiral electric cookers (vitroceramic surface)

glass-ceramic plates

In such devices, the spiral heating element is hidden behind the front glass panel. This allows you to heat it up to very high temperatures, providing high speed cooking or boiling water.

Advantages

  • Attractive design

  • Residual heat;

  • Maximum ease of washing;

  • The ability to accurately set the heating temperature;

  • High level of fire safety;

  • Fast and uniform heating;

disadvantages

  • High cost;

  • The need to bring a separate branch of power from floor guard.

  • It is undesirable to spill liquid on the surface, especially sugar content;

  • Restriction on the size and weight of installed dishes;

Very fast heating of such a stove makes it an ideal solution for lovers of oriental cuisine, as well as just people who tend to spend as little time as possible in the kitchen.

Electric induction cookers

Electric induction cookers

In induction electric stoves instead of traditional The heating element uses a magnetic coil. She like it is clear from the name, “induces” in the furnace dishes, heating the pan itself or the pan, not the space around her. The burners of such cookers always remain cold.

The level of the magnetic field that the induction cooker generates, due to directivity is very low – in fact, even ordinary household hair dryer creates a much more powerful “radiation”.

Advantages

  • Maximum fire safety;

  • Wide functionality, including various features for detailed temperature and timer settings.

  • High heating rate;

  • Attractive and modern design;

disadvantages

  • Compatible only with dishes made of ferromagnetic materials;

  • The high cost and complexity of the design.

  • It is undesirable to spill liquid on the surface, especially containing sugar;

  • High requirements for the mass and size of dishes;

However, induction hobs are simply the perfect choice for use in homes where there are young children or the elderly. ABOUT the surface of such a furnace cannot be burned, and accidental activation is not will lead to no negative consequences (except for overspending electricity, of course).

Combined cookers

Combined plates

Combined plates are also rare. In their design includes both gas burners and electric open or closed coil heaters. The main advantage such plates – they can work when one of the utilities (gas or electricity, respectively).

However, structurally such slabs are far from perfect. The presence of a grill on gas hobs may interfere with the removal of dishes with electric. And with active use, both gas and “light”, which leads to increased costs for the “communal”.

Number and types of burners

The standard number of burners, historically and optimal for home use, equal to four. Exactly so many heating elements are equipped with the vast most cookers, both gas and electric type.

Some narrow models are equipped with two burners. But they are quite rare. Similarly, wide models gas stoves are equipped with 5-6 burners. However, due to the high cost and custom design, they are not suitable for ordinary home use.

Thus, it is the 4-burners that are ideal choice for home.

Types of burners in gas stoves

Burners in gas stoves differ exclusively in size and the number of “crowns” – rings from which the flame breaks out:

  1. “Single Crown” – a classic option, which is often even does not have its own name. Flames escaping exclusively from holes on the outside of the burner. Almost all gas plates from the budget or mid-price segment are performed with such rings;

  2. “Double Crown” – a modern option. Gas horn in such burners equipped with a special nozzle design, allowing to receive two rings of fire – external and internal. “Double crown” provides a higher heating rate of dishes than conventional burners;

  3. The Triple Crown is also known as the turbo burner. Nozzle has a complex structure that provides three rings of fire – external, internal and central. These burners are even faster. warm dishes and food, so that the water boils almost instantly.

For double burner and triple crown burners a sufficiently high gas pressure in the pipes is required. Otherwise In this case, the intensity of the inner rings of fire will be rather weak, and there will be little practical benefit from them.

Types of hobs in electric stoves

Hot plates in electric stoves differ not only in size, but also functionality as well as type. In various models you can meet:

  1. Oval heating surfaces. Long burners designed for appropriate utensils. They can also used in the “Bridge” mode for heating large pots (and basins in case of disconnection of hot water);

  2. Multi-circuit burners can change their size to diameter set dishes. Thanks to this, you can significantly save electricity, getting rid of inefficient consumption for heating the space around the pot or pan. Some models multi-ring burners are equipped with Autofocus, which automatically adjusts the width of the hot zone. Optimal number contours in such a burner – 3;

  3. Halogen burners – special heating elements, which reach the set temperature in 2-3 seconds after inclusion. The logical development of the technology are Hi-Light speakers, warming up almost instantly.

Hotplate options expand thanks to additional functionality:

  1. Auto shutdown timer;

  2. The mode of accelerated boiling (at first the burner heats up to maximum temperature, and after boiling water “cools” to the level of heat, which is sufficient to maintain a boil);

  3. Burner safety shutdown after a while inactivity;

  4. The indicator of residual heat which shows while a ring hot enough.

It is clear that not all functions can be technically implemented in plates of various types. For example, the residual heat indicator is not mounted on induction panels due to lack of any heating.

Type of oven

Type of oven

Regardless of the type of hob, the oven in the kitchen the stove can be either gas or electric. The only thing “but” is that in the presence of induction hobs the size of the oven can be very small, and the cost of the entire device is extremely high. This is due to the need for dense shielding the oven from electromagnetic fields.

  1. Gas ovens are the most traditional option. Installed in their horns provide very quick and powerful warming up, as well as can maintain temperature at the highest values. also in The number of advantages of a gas oven can make a low price. The disadvantages of gas ovens are the same. Firstly, such devices have a high fire hazard, caused, inter alia, by risk blowing or extinguishing the nozzle. And secondly, gas ovens very poorly regulate and maintain temperature, every now and then overheating, which leads to a deterioration in the taste of dishes.

  2. Electric ovens heat up slower than gas ovens and stand much more expensive. But they are fireproof and support temperature at a given level. Due to this, the risk of burning products in such an oven is minimal.

Despite the existence of electric stoves with gas ovens and gas stoves with electric ovens, it is worth choosing ovens in which the hob and oven are performed one at a time technology. This greatly simplifies installation. If features installations are not particularly worried, then you can choose any configuration.

Work surface material

The working surface of stoves can be made of stainless steel without and with enamel coating as well glass ceramic or tempered glass.

  1. Enamel-free stainless steel – the most affordable material found only in the cheapest models cookers. Despite its reliability and durability, it easily scratched and poorly washed from any burned or sticking pollution. Enamel coating makes it more practical.

  2. Enamelled stainless steel is the most common housing material for stoves. He can used both in gas devices and in electrical open spiral. Thanks enamel stainless steel being sufficiently strong and durable material, it also becomes very practical. It is poorly contaminated and easily washed, and almost any cleaning agent can be used.

  3. Glass-ceramic – the material of the cooking surface of stoves, in which use a closed coil or induction coil. is he durable, easy to clean from most contaminants (except sticking sugar), practically not sagging and not scratched. The disadvantage of glass ceramics is the high mechanical fragility – it can be broken with a strong blow some sharp object. However, alternatives for electric hobs with an induction coil just don’t exist.

  4. Tempered glass can be used in both gas and electric stoves. However, in the first case, it carries exclusively decorative function, and in the second – decorative and practical. That is, in gas stoves, dishes mounted on a cast iron grate, and in electrical – directly to the glass surface.

Tempered glass has a sufficiently high mechanical durability, it is easily washed away from the majority of various pollution (especially sticky sugar) and is very beautiful and unusual design. However, it is fragile. Like glass ceramics, it can break from a strong blow with a sharp subject. Another drawback is the very high price.

Functional Features

Functional Features

Among additional features and functional features cookers that are very practical for home use, can distinguish:

  1. Boost mode It is found in induction hobs. Like special burners, increases the speed of heating dishes for quick boiling or cooking;

  2. Child protection. Found in induction and electrical plates. Locks control and setting changes until pressed a specific key or key combination. Makes the stove more safe;

  3. Automatic programs, off timer and memory mode recipe. They are found in electric and induction cookers. Simplify cooking;

  4. Delay start timer. Automates the cooking process food. It is found in electric and induction cookers;

  5. Automatic arson. It is found in gas stoves. Allows save on matches and makes operation safer.

Top models of electric and induction cookers are equipped also information LCD display, touch control and others high tech solutions.

Top manufacturers

The best manufacturers of gas stoves are:

  1. Gefest, Darina, De Luxe – in the budget price segment;

  2. Gorenje, Beko – in the middle and top price segment;

  3. Hansa, Electrolux – in the top price segment.

The best manufacturers of electric stoves are:

  1. Darina, Flama – in the budget price segment;

  2. Beko, Gorenje, Hansa – in the middle price segment;

  3. Electrolux, Bosch, Gefest – in the top price segment.

  4. And the best manufacturers of induction cookers are Hansa and Electrolux

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In the next article, we show how to choose the right electric oven for home.

Cooker selection video


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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