How to choose a ski

Skiing in our country enjoys tremendous popularity. Great view of exercise, great way keep your body fit and burn extra pounds – that’s far from a complete list of the positive aspects of ski operation. AND in order to maximize the effect, to the choice of skis and related equipment must be treated with all seriousness.

choose skiing

Top ski equipment manufacturers

The release of quality skis is a very complicated procedure. in compliance with numerous nuances, but because your choice follows give away in favor of exclusively trusted brands that everyone by ear:

  1. Salomon;

  2. Tisa;

  3. Fischer;

  4. Rossignol;

  5. Atomic

  6. Madshus;

When choosing a specific model, one should rely not only on technical specifications, but also on the reviews of athletes, using skis for an arbitrarily long time. You can get acquainted with them on specialized portals on the network Internet, as well as on thematic forums and social networks.

Types of skis. What are they like?

Ski models on sale can be divided into several conditional groups depending on their price range, as well as the benefits that users gain with them.

Types of skis. What are they like?

Ski models on sale can be divided into several conditional groups depending on their price range, as well as the benefits that users gain with them.

Classic skiing

Classic skiing

The most popular view among amateurs, suggest unhurried moving on a snowy surface along two parallel tracks. The length of classic skis is 20-30 centimeters higher than the height of a rider, the width is minimal, the nose is almost always sharp and bent up at a slight angle. The best option for beginners.

Advantages

  • Inexpensive

  • Low rigidity;

  • Suitable for outdoor activities in the winter;

  • Suitable for beginners;

disadvantages

  • Do not develop high speed;

  • Not intended for other riding techniques;

Skis

Skis for skating

Short and stiff models designed to move around ridge style. They have a small length and pronounced bullied up nose rounded. The inside of the ski has sufficient rigidity and assumes a stop point during overclocking. Allow to develop significant speed with minimal energy costs.

Advantages

  • Compact;

  • Used for sports competitions;

  • Allow quick acceleration;

  • Hard;

disadvantages

  • Not suitable for classic running;

  • Roads

Combination ski

Combined skiing

A universal option that is a cross between classics and skate models. Allow with the same perform both of the above running techniques with efficiency. Are different medium hardness and slightly less than classic length models.

Advantages

  • Universal;

  • Medium hardness;

  • Suitable for both classic and skate equipment walk;

  • Relatively inexpensive;

disadvantages

  • Exclusively amateur option, not suitable for professional sports;

  • Do not provide the ability to develop high speed displacement;

Skiing

Skiing

Highly specialized ski subspecies designed for high-speed maneuvering when descending from a steep slope. To this categories include carving models, cross-country skiing and ski-cross skiing, freestyle and freeride. Have a significant waist width and minimal bend sock. Provide Olympic mounts and installation hard boots, rigidly fixing the ankle. Allow to develop very high speed.

Advantages

  • High quality workmanship;

  • Rigid construction

  • Allow to develop significant acceleration;

  • Wide waist;

disadvantages

  • Expensive;

  • Not suitable for beginners;

Children and teenagers skiing

teenage skiing

Compact models made of lightweight plastic. Designed for the smallest athletes who only Learn to stand and ski properly. Simple design reliable fastenings, light weight and high strength – here key characteristics of children’s ski models.

Advantages

  • Compact size;

  • Low cost;

  • Robust construction;

  • Light weight;

disadvantages

  • You can not get “for growth”;

  • It should be selected individually;

Hunting skis

Hunting ski

A separate category of skis intended for use in the harshest conditions. Any innovative and speedy characteristics are not distinguished here, the main requirement is simplicity designs, unpretentiousness and reliability. Skis for hunting characterized by maximum strength, increased width and comfortable mounts that allow you to fix the feet or vice versa, free them in seconds.

Advantages

  • High strength;

  • Suitable for operation in the most severe conditions;

  • Significant width;

  • Short length;

disadvantages

  • Not suitable for everyday use;

  • Professional models are very expensive;

  • Heavy weight;

The main criteria for choosing cross-country skiing

cross-country skiing selection criteria

Having decided on a specific category of skis and their mode operation, you need to choose the most suitable model, taking into account the following technical specifications.

Choose the length of the skis by height and weight

Individual parameter selected based on anatomical features of a particular person.

  1. The standard rule is that the length is correct hand-picked skis for freeriding exceeds the height of a person by 9-14 centimeters. It is fair for the average rider weighing 70-90 kilograms;

  2. Experienced skiers very often neglect this rule and choose skis whose length is identical to their growth. They explain your choice of increased mobility and maneuverability, which give compact size.

  3. When choosing skis for professional slalom, freestyle and downhill skiing will be optimal skis that are shorter than growth rider for 10-15 centimeters;

  4. If the weight exceeds 100 kilograms – to the obtained value you need to add another 3-5 centimeters.

Ski hardness

Depending on the type, design and purpose of a particular models, ski stiffness can vary significantly.

  1. The higher the stiffness – the faster and sharper it will move athlete and the “meaner” will take turns. Hard skiing Experienced sportsmen with good technical skills choose

  2. Soft skis are more comfortable when skiing, they forgive many mistakes in technology, and therefore are best suited for beginners.

  3. This parameter is indicated on the package.

U-turn circumference

Reflects how quickly one or the other is able to turn around. a pair of skis. Measured in meters and indicates described during Move the rider to the radius of the track. For most modern The circumference of the models is 10 to 20 meters. For beginners you should prefer skis with a wide, about 16-18 meters, radius U-turn. And vice versa, the more experienced the athlete – the smaller the radius will be optimal for him.

Geometric characteristics and ski waist width

Providing specific advice on choosing ski geometry is enough problematic. There are a number of specific criteria that are characteristic for models of one type or another, which many manufacturers. When choosing a particular type of ski, the buyer will certainly gets a certain set of geometric properties, the most suitable for operation.

  1. Models equipped with a wide nose are comfortable for high-speed maneuvering and perfectly laid in a turn, with a narrow – are optimal for performing a cross-over.

  2. A similar situation exists in terms of the heel of the skis – the wider it is, the requires more skill from the skier, and therefore beginners should prefer skis with a narrow heel.

  3. Waist – the narrowest place on the ski, located in the area attachment to the ski boot. The wider the waist, the more stable the ski and the higher its cross. Skis with a waist from 65 to 75 centimeters, and the more experienced the skier, the narrower the models he would prefer.

The material from which skis are made

  1. Soft woods – durable and high-quality material, requiring special care from the athlete. Most common got beech, ash, elm and pine. Due to the high hygroscopicity, they are not recommended for use in the thaw, and after riding must be thoroughly dried;

  2. Plastic and similar polymeric materials – durable, reliable and quality material widely used in the manufacture of skis. Plastic is devoid of all the flaws that are inherent in wood. He has one minus – when skiing in frost, plastic skis are inclined roll back;

How to choose ski bindings?

Mounting Model NNN (New Nordic Norm)

New Nordic Norm

The most common design, convenient to operate and unpretentious in leaving. Provides for special guides along the mount, as well as soft a rubber insert in the bow that the boot rests against acceleration. The mounting bracket in this diagram is shifted back for maximum convenience when performing skate technique movement;

Advantages

  • The greatest distribution;

  • Fixing is carried out both in manual and automatic mode;

  • Large selection of shoe models supporting this fastening;

  • Simplicity of construction;

disadvantages

  • In frosty weather, moisture trapped between the boot and mount, may freeze;

NIS mounting system (Nordic Integrated System)

Nordic Integrated System

The unified fixing algorithm developed in 2005. Widely used by leading ski and ski manufacturers equipment. In terms of design, fully compatible with equipment for the construction of NNN. Compact in size thanks to the mounting pad fixed on the ski.

Advantages

  • Small dimensions;

  • Compatible with NNN equipment;

  • Simplicity and ease of installation;

  • The ability to move along the longitudinal axis of the ski;

disadvantages

  • High price;

  • Also subject to freezing;

SNS mounting system (Salomon Nordic System)

Salomon Nordic System

The principle of operation of this system is similar to that of NNN. The key the element is the wide guide to which it is attached boot. The front part is equipped with a soft stop made of rubber, with adjustable stiffness, due to which there is the ability to change the riding technique if necessary.

Advantages

  • Functionality;

  • The equipment of this standard is issued by most famous manufacturers;

  • Ease of use;

  • Ease of installation;

disadvantages

  • Not compatible with other types of mounts;

  • It’s hard to find the right shoes because of the small prevalence and high cost;

  • Requires special equipment;

Fixing system Nordic Norm 75

Nordic Norm 75

The oldest, time-tested design, familiar many skiers since the Soviet Union. Modern analogues are made of plastic or lightweight metal alloys and allow you to use skis with a waist width of up to 75 millimeters. Fixing is carried out due to a special metal thrust bearing of variable length.

Advantages

  • Cheapness;

  • A great option for children and teenagers;

  • Suitable for both beginners and experienced skiers;

disadvantages

  • Popularity is waning;

  • Differences of left and right fasteners;

  • A large number of counterfeit and fakes;

How to choose ski boots?

How to choose ski boots

In order for skiing to bring exclusively positive emotions, the choice of ski boots must be given the closest attention. Properly chosen ski shoes should:

  1. Be comfortable, do not create discomfort during prolonged operation;

  2. Clearly fit the size of the legs;

  3. Protect from cold and moisture;

  4. Firmly fix the ankle, thereby improving comfort maneuvering at high speed;

Modern ski boots are divided into three categories:

  1. Classic ski shoes. It features a low drumstick and soft the sole is made of plastic material. Fixing on leg occurs with the help of lightning or lace;

  2. Sports boots for aggressive driving. Tall and tough equipped with a firm sole and reliably fix an ankle rider.

  3. Combined option, popular among advanced amateurs skiing. Boots of a similar design are high and tough fix the joint, however, the material used in their manufacture, much softer than their sports counterparts.

Characteristics to watch out for choosing ski boots

  1. The size. Measured by the length and width of the inner boot, which fixes the rider’s foot. It is necessary to choose such option that will securely fix the foot and avoid its free movement, but at the same time will not compress with both sides, as well as crush in the fingers with active movement. The best option for selecting shoes is fitting sock to be used when skiing;

  2. Rigidity. As noted above, the choice of shoes in terms of stiffness is based on the experience of the rider and his riding technique. Soft shoes are suitable for beginners and fans of freeride, hard shoes – professional athletes who actively use jogging techniques skiing;

  3. Boot weight. The traditional rule is “the less weight – the more convenient ski management is typical for both amateurs and professionals. However, one must remember that too light shoes can to have insufficient strength, which is fraught with an early exit from system;

  4. Type of mounting mount. This parameter requires pick up those shoes, the design of the mounting unit which will match the ski fastening;

  5. Form factor and design of the inner boot. Important element directly affecting comfort. Should be preferred an anatomically shaped boot that repeats completely contours of the rider’s legs;

Choosing cross-country skiing

A huge number of skis are classified as cross-country, used for freeriding and outdoor activities. Classic skis for outdoor activities are selected based on the weight and height of the rider. Them the length should exceed the growth of 15-20 centimeters, and if the weight a person more than 100 kilograms – 20-25 centimeters. Rigidity it is better to prefer the middle, thereby ensuring a balance between ease of use and speed. The surface of the skis is flat. devoid of notches. Despite the tendency to roll back, such skis are suitable for use both in frost and thaw, and also over ice-crusted snow;

Choosing skis for skating

Skating skis have a length exceeding 7-10 centimeters the height of the rider himself, as well as a narrow nose and a wide heel. At the waist, the width of skis is almost never exceeds 70-72 mm. Flat surface of the bottom of the ski obligatory, in this way a good run-out in any operation mode. An important role is played by the proper selection of ski boot – for skating equipment hard boots with high ankle, firmly holding the foot during skiing.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose skiing and the secrets of choosing children’s skis.


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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