How to choose a sewing machine – tips of experts

When choosing a sewing machine, you should determine the planned options use (minor repairs, creativity or full home workshop), as well as pay attention to technical specifications.

How to choose a sewing machine

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We recommend that you read the rating of the best sewing machines by expert opinion.

How to choose a sewing machine: what to look for

When choosing a sewing machine, it is recommended to pay attention to following specifications:

  1. Type of sewing machine (electromechanical, computerized, overlock or other);

  2. Type of shuttle device;

  3. Types of lines and stitch length;

  4. Type of needles and equipment of the machine with them;

  5. Complete sewing machine with additional accessories;

  6. Additional functionality.

  7. The sewing machine manufacturer is also important.

Types of sewing machines

The sewing machines presented on the market today in design and the principle of operation can be divided into the following types:

  1. Electromechanical;

  2. Computerized;

  3. Highly specialized (overlocks, filers, carpetlocks).

When choosing the type of sewing machine, it is worth considering the planned using.

Electromechanical Sewing Machines

Electromechanical sewing machines

Electronic sewing machines are equipped with many additional functional elements that greatly expand the possibilities technicians.

Such machines are well suited for both home masters and specialists whose sewing is the main form of activity and source of income. The higher the cost of the device, the more it offers opportunities.

Advantages

  • Wide functionality (for example, in the form of multiple preset types of seams and operating modes);

  • Relative simplicity in management.

disadvantages

  • Relatively high price (compared to mechanical);

  • The complexity and high cost of both maintenance and repair.

Computerized sewing machines

Computerized Sewing Machines

Computerized sewing machines offer the greatest functionality. Automated processes yourself select the type and characteristics of the seam, as well as threads and needles. Detailed adjusting the parameters of the sewing machine will allow you to get that stitch, who really want to.

Such sewing machines are a tool for professionals and masters. But thanks to automation, they are suitable for beginners, but the main thing in this case is maximum accuracy when use.

Advantages

  • Suitable for both beginners and professionals;

  • Suitable for working with various types of fabric;

  • Offers the broadest functionality;

disadvantages

  • Very high price;

  • They can easily break due to rough handling;

  • The high cost of maintenance and repair;

Specialized Sewing Machines

Overlocks

The above types of sewing machines are designed for fastening two (or more) cloths. But this functionality presented in the device market is not limited.

  1. Overlocks – a highly specialized type of sewing machines, designed for overcasting stitch. Their main feature – the presence in the design of the looper, which wraps the fabric. Such devices most often support only one type of seam, and this determined structurally. Therefore, when choosing an overlock, it’s worth determine the appropriate type of stitch (by the way, most often it traditional four-thread knit stitch that is made two needles).

  2. Flat sewing machine (also called a sewing machine) Designed for sewing with a chain stitch – a special tensile look a seam that is commonly used to hem the garment or sewing clothing parts.

  3. Coverlock is a special type of sewing machine that combines all previous ones. With its help it is possible to apply overcasting and chain stitches, as well as a sewing seam on the basis of a chain (“pigtail”). Such the sewing machine is suitable for small repairs at home, however, the high quality and reliability of sewing stitches can be do not count.

  4. Specialized sewing machines can and should be used in as a complement to the usual (grinding).

What sewing machine to choose

Choosing a sewing machine is based on its planned use:

  1. If you plan to occasionally repair or sew clothes in at home, the usual mechanical will do;

  2. If you want to sew clothes in a home mini-studio – it is better to take electromechanical;

  3. For a professional studio, a computerized one is suitable;

  4. For sewing specialized stitches (chain or hem) need a separate sewing machine.

  5. In addition, for simple home use a carpet.

The main criteria for choosing a sewing machine

Which sewing machine to choose

When choosing a sewing machine, it is worth considering not only the type, but device specifications. Among the parameters for which The following features should be noted:

  1. Type of shuttle device;

  2. Types of lines;

  3. Stitch length

  4. Loop execution type;

  5. Needles that come with the kit;

  6. Equipment;

  7. Additional functions.

Shuttle Type

Three sewing machines are used in sewing machines types:

  1. Swinging vertical shuttle;

  2. Rotational horizontal shuttle;

  3. Rotational vertical shuttle.

Swing Vertical Shuttle

A swinging vertical shuttle is one of the easiest and classic options for implementing such a stapler. is he found as in already quite old mechanical machines (like “The Seagull”), and very modern.

Advantages

  • Low price;

  • Simplicity of design.

disadvantages

  • Increased vibration that may cause jams. tissue;

  • The length and width of the stitch cannot be more than 5 mm.

  • Low speed;

Rotary Horizontal Shuttle

Rotary horizontal shuttle offers more convenient construction. It is found in most household electromechanical and computerized sewing machines and located under the needle plate. Most often he is “hiding” under a transparent plastic panel, so you can see the remainder of the thread on the bobbin.

It is this type of shuttle that is best Suitable for home use.

Advantages

  • High practicality;

  • The lower thread is not tangled in principle;

  • Low vibration

disadvantages

  • Less reliable compared to vertical shuttles;

  • High complexity of adjusting the degree of thread tension.

Rotary Vertical Shuttle

The vertical rotation shuttle is primarily intended for use in professional type sewing machines. More often in all, it can be found in devices from the company Pfaff. However in household sewing machines such a shuttle device is found rarely.

Advantages

  • Low vibration

  • Easy to adjust the degree of thread tension;

  • Low risk of thread tangling;

disadvantages

  • Regular lubrication of the shuttle is required.

Types of lines

Types of lines

Stitches in sewing machines can be divided into several types:

  1. Banding and flat chain seams require use special sewing machine – overlock or stitching respectively. The rest can be applied using regular grinding.

  2. Grinding seams, as the name implies, are intended for joining two cloths of fabric. At home for repair clothes most often use straight lines and zigzags. If If you plan to sew clothes, you should pay attention to the appearance stitches – then they will not only connect fabrics, but also decorate finished things. And also it will be possible to pick up suitable lines for various materials.

  3. Secret seams, as the name implies, or do not have an external line, or she just does not catch the eye. They are intended for joints or lining finishes and are distinguished by maximum smoothness.

  4. Elastic seams are designed to connect fabrics that can stretch. It is worth distinguishing between chain stitches and regular elastic seams. The first option is better for trimming fabrics, which do not stretch or stretch weakly. Elastic seams which are carried out on the grinding machine are able to increase its length by 10-20%, while maintaining the strength of the connection even in a compressed condition.

  5. Decorative seams are used for finishing finished products. Some types of stitches can also be used for edge trimming. material.

  6. Embroidery loops are designed to be placed on an active used edges of materials. They can surround the hole for future buttons or zippers. This greatly reduces the degree of wear of products.

  7. Mechanical sewing machines usually only support a few types of seams. Electromechanical and computerized – significantly larger number. However, choose a sewing machine preferably based on intended use, not quantity available operating modes.

Stitch length

The stitch length in the sewing machine depends on the type used. shuttle device. So, for example, models with vertical swinging shuttle supports maximum 4 stitches mm

And if you need a longer stitch, then you should pay attention to models with a rotary shuttle.

Loop Type

Sewing machine loops can be sewn in one of three possible mechanics:

  1. Automatic

  2. Semi-automatic;

  3. Manual

Automatic looping implies installation special “paws” with a fixed button. Sewing machine independently process it by placing on the fabric the appropriate a loop. The user only has to periodically change needle direction.

The main advantage of automatic loop mechanics lies in the fact that the owner does not need to mark the fabric. It is enough to install a foot on it with a fixed button.

Semi-automatic loop execution is almost the same automatic – a cloth with fixed button, and the machine “by itself” bypasses it. The only “but” is that the user will have to switch device operation modes.

Manual looping can be done on the zigzag foot. You will have to pre-mark the fabric.

Needles

Needles in sewing machines vary in design and destination, as well as the scope of use. Regardless of type, it is worth choosing such device models that are out of the box equipped with a maximum number of needles and their varieties.

According to the type of needle for sewing machines are divided into:

  1. Straight with the eye. This is the most common option that Suitable for almost all seams and fabrics. It differs, like other types, by thickness, which is measured in micrometers – from 50 (0.5 mm) to 400 (4 mm);

  2. Double. These needles are equipped with two eyelets and allow make complex seams, including for joining cloths butt

  3. Radius Curved needles designed for a number of specific types of seams and joining of some thick canvases of materials;

  4. With a hook. Special needles for embroidery, knitting, and some special types of seams.

By type of needle are divided into:

  1. Pointy. Grindings (joints) for dense, smooth, synthetic, natural fabrics and leather;

  2. Slightly rounded. Designed to work with sensitive damage to fibers by fabrics – knitwear, fine knitwear, Jersey;

  3. Medium Rounded. Designed to work with very tissue sensitive to damage to individual fibers – knitwear of medium density, jeans;

  4. Strongly rounded. Designed to work with extremely tissue sensitive to damage to individual fibers – thin highly elastic (such as lycra), rough knitwear, processing women’s underwear;

  5. With side groove. Designed to work with dense fabrics. Do not allow threads to break, allow the use of a minimum length stitch;

  6. Cutting. Suitable for working with dense fabrics, non-woven materials, leather, rubberized canvas, etc.

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Needles for sewing machines are often equipped with universal a mount that allows you to purchase them if necessary. Therefore, when purchasing such a device, it is worth clarifying the ability to separately order a package of needles. If this is not possible – It is recommended to pay attention to models with maximum complete set.

Equipment

Standard on most sewing machines except the device itself may include:

  1. The sewing speed pedal is a useful accessory that allows you to conveniently manage this parameter. It is desirable that he was.

  2. Feet allow you to customize the stitch shape, seam type and others functions. In the minimum configuration there should be at least three – universal, for a zigzag and for a loop.

  3. Accessories for sewing machines can be very diverse. Than more of them are, therefore, better. Among the most important accessories can distinguish several spare bobbins cleaning brush, seam ripper, additional spool pin. The rest are also practical, but not required.

  4. The minimum required set of needles is three universal, the same or different in size. For cars supporting double needle use, matching accessories also should go bundled.

  5. A case is a useful but optional accessory that protects sewing machine from dust during storage.

We determine the functionality of the function

additional functionality of sewing machines

Among the most useful additional features you can highlight:

  1. Puncture force adjustment. Useful when working with very dense – or, on the contrary, literally airy – with fabrics;

  2. Needle stop function in up position. Practical since nothing will interfere with tissue extraction, mode switching, or stitch directions;

  3. The needle threader is a small but useful accessory that simplifies thread installation in the eye of the needle;

  4. Table for expanding the work surface – very comfortable when sewing large canvases of dense fabric;

  5. Adjusting the pressure of the presser foot on the fabric is a useful feature when sewing sensitive materials;

  6. The presence of the upper conveyor – a special foot, which designed for sewing multilayer materials without bias separate layers when moving;

  7. The knee lever for raising the foot is an additional lever that frees hands and allows you to raise the foot of the washing machine without their use;

  8. The presence of an embroidery unit allows you to apply simple patterns on the cloth. For complex ones, it is better to purchase a separate embroidery a car;

  9. Ability to connect to a computer – allows you to program embroidery or use ready-made downloadable from the Internet programs;

  10. The reverse function allows you to reverse the stitch direction for fixing the ends of the seams;

  11. Sleeve platform – structural narrowing of the sewing case machines that allow you to handle the sleeves. Practically implemented in all models – if you remove the compartment for accessories, you get sleeve platform;

  12. Compartment for accessories – a convenient box for storing needles, bobbins, etc.

For many additional features you have to pay separately (then there is a sewing machine with them is much more expensive than without them), so choose their availability only on the basis of their needs.

How much does a sewing machine cost

The cost of sewing machines directly depends on their functionality, configuration and other technical characteristics.

  1. Electromechanical sewing machines cost from a few hundred to 18-20 thousand rubles. The vast majority of models are in price range of 6-8 thousand rubles.

  2. Electronic sewing machines cost from 8-9 to 18-20 thousand rubles. Most models are in the price range of 14-16 thousand rubles.

  3. Computerized sewing machines cost from 10 to 50 thousand rubles. The spread in prices is very large, so a significant part budget class models cost 16-20 thousand rubles, and the average – 30-40 thousand rubles.

Top Sewing Machine Manufacturers

Among the manufacturers of sewing machines can be identified:

  1. Mid-range and budget pricing: Brother, Jaguar, Janome;

  2. Upper price segment: Bernina, Pfaff, Juki, Husqvarna.

  3. You can also highlight the company Singer, but its sewing machines usually refer to the ultra-top price segment.

Video for choosing a sewing machine


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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