How to choose a robot vacuum cleaner for home and apartments

Despite the high cost of such devices, when choosing a vacuum cleaner should pay attention not to the price, but to operational characteristics. Budget models may well to be just useless.

How to choose a robot vacuum cleaner


We recommend reading an article from an expert on the main criteria choosing a vacuum cleaner for the home.

How to choose a robot vacuum cleaner for home and apartment: what to look for Attention

When choosing a robot vacuum cleaner, you should pay attention to the following its parameters:

  1. Cleaning method;

  2. Cleaning area;

  3. Type of cleaning brushes;

  4. The volume and type of the waste bin;

  5. Battery;

  6. Extra options.

  7. The manufacturer is also important.

Cleaning method

Like conventional robots, vacuum cleaners are divided into three types:

  1. For dry cleaning;

  2. For wet cleaning;

  3. For dry and wet cleaning.

Dry cleaning robots

Robots vacuum cleaners for dry cleaning

The most classic and inexpensive version of robotic vacuum cleaners. They just remove dust from various flooring – which is quite enough for most users.


  • Relatively low price and a wide range of models;

  • Suitable for cleaning various floor surfaces – laminate, parquet, carpet and high-grade carpets with short pile.


  • Only dust and medium-sized debris, serious contaminants are removed have to clean yourself;

  • Periodic independent mopping required.

Wet cleaning robots

washing robot vacuum cleaner

The design of such vacuum cleaners includes two containers – for clean and already dirty water – and an atomizer that applies moisture to flooring. Therefore, when working, they carry out a full cleaning.


  • Suitable for washing hard floor coverings (laminate, parquet etc.);

  • They remove not only dust, but more extensive pollution.


  • Not suitable for cleaning carpets and carpets since completely sucked in sprayed moisture;

  • Work on a small area due to the small volume capacities.

  • Work exclusively with purified water, otherwise internal communications may become clogged;

  • They require constant maintenance (replacing water in containers);

Wet and dry robots

Robots vacuum cleaners for dry and wet cleaning

These are universal devices that are suitable for both daily cleaning as well as to maintain cleanliness as well compatible with all types of flooring.


  • They clean both dust and more serious dirt;

  • Suitable for maintaining cleanliness and daily cleaning;

  • Suitable for cleaning hard and soft flooring;


  • Water in tanks must be changed regularly;

  • Similar robotic vacuum cleaners – a device for full automatic cleaning of apartments and houses;

  • Due to the small volume of water tanks, rooms are supported small area.

  • It requires programming and creating a room map (to the robot vacuum cleaner did not accidentally flood the carpet);

Which robot vacuum cleaner to choose

Which robot vacuum cleaner to choose

If the house does not use soft flooring, then The ideal solution would be a robot vacuum cleaner for wet cleaning. However it requires periodic water changes.

For cleaning rooms with soft floor coverings. Robot vacuum cleaner for dry cleaning. For mixed-coated apartments – for dry and wet cleaning.

But if you want complete automation and minimal service, it is worth buying a model for dry cleaning. Her just clean once a week. Models with water tanks will have to be serviced daily.

Vacuum cleaner selection options

Parameters for choosing robotic vacuum cleaners

When choosing a robot vacuum cleaner, it is worth considering its following operational parameters and specifications:

  1. Cleaning area;

  2. Type and number of cleaning brushes;

  3. The volume and type of the garbage container;

  4. Type of battery;

  5. Additional features (obstacle avoidance function, movement speed, cleaning time, soft touch mode, cleaning by scheduled, power, filtration system).

Cleaning area

The cleaning area of ​​the robot cleaner should ideally be the area of ​​the entire available floor in the apartment. But since the count it is very difficult, it is enough to take away from the total area of ​​the apartment 10-15 square meters – exactly this amount of space occupied by cabinets and similar furnishings.

Thus, for an apartment of 70 square meters A robot vacuum cleaner designed for 60 square meters is suitable.

Better to take “with a margin”, because the device can move along a complex trajectory and repeatedly pass the same plots.

Cleaning brushes

The vast majority of models of robotic vacuum cleaners are used Static brush with a long nap. They are enough for cleaning hard and some types of soft floor coverings.

There are models that are equipped with movable brushes with long pile. They are suitable for removing large debris.

Modern vacuum cleaners, such as the latest models from the company iRobot equipped with rubber scrapers. They are more effective in removal of pollution from hard and soft floor coverings with shorter than traditional brushes.

For regular cleaning of relatively clean coatings (e.g. from pet hair) models with static brushes or rubber scrapers. If the task of the robot cleaner is disposal of large debris such as spilled cereals, for example it’s worth choosing devices with moving parts.

Waste bin size and type

The vast majority of models of modern robotic vacuum cleaners equipped with container bins. Such containers are easy to clean and effectively trap dust. Bagged Vacuum Cleaners are very rare and definitely not recommended for purchase.

The size of the waste bin is a decisive factor:

  1. Up to 0.4 l Such robotic vacuum cleaners are highly not recommended for purchase – unless, of course, it is planned to use them within one room or there is a willingness to clean them daily;

  2. From 0.4 to 0.8 liters Such robotic vacuum cleaners are suitable for use in houses and apartments with an area of ​​more than 80 m2 .;

  3. More than 0.8 liters It is advisable to buy only if in the house serious pollution of the floor is constantly observed coverings.

Battery type

Battery Type

Three types of batteries are used in robotic vacuum cleaners – Ni-Mh (nickel metal hydride), Li-Ion (lithium-ion), Li-Po (lithium polymer).

Ni-Mh batteries

Ni-Mh batteries are used more often in robotic vacuum cleaners Total.


  • Low price;

  • Environmental friendliness;

  • Long service life (batteries of this type withstand 10-20% more recharge cycles than lithium ones);


  • Memory effect. It manifests itself due to reversible loss. capacity after a charge with an incomplete discharge;

  • Loss of capacity during prolonged storage;

  • Self-discharge up to 10% per day;

The memory effect is manifested in the form of loss of part of the capacity due to incomplete discharge. That is, for example, if a robot vacuum cleaner “stands up” with base with a 100% battery charge, will drive around the apartment and only 20% of the battery will be used up, after which it will return to charging, at the next working cycle, only these will be available to him received 20%.

To get rid of the memory effect, you should periodically completely discharge and fully charge the battery.

Obviously, vacuum cleaners equipped with this type of battery better to purchase for large apartments (cleaning area from 50 square meters).

Li-ion batteries

Li-ion batteries are found mainly in robotic vacuum cleaners premium class. This is due to the high cost of such elements nutrition.


  • The mass and volume of such batteries are quite small while maintaining high energy density;

  • High speed charging;

  • There is no memory effect;


  • High cost – both the batteries themselves and those equipped with them vacuum cleaner robots;

  • Pronounced aging resulting in loss of capacity battery over time (with increasing number of cycles recharge).

  • Mechanical instability during sharp and strong impacts batteries are damaged, sometimes “extra” “burning” the electronics of the device itself;

The disadvantages of lithium-ion batteries are negligible, therefore vacuum cleaners equipped with such batteries may be used in all conditions.

Li-Pol batteries are almost the same as lithium-ion, unless which have a slightly lower energy density – but differ in a larger mechanical resistance.

additional characteristics

Additional characteristics

Additional features determine convenience rather. use a robot vacuum cleaner than its practical operational parameters. Among these properties:

  1. The function of overcoming obstacles;

  2. Movement speed;

  3. Cleaning time;

  4. Soft touch mode;

  5. Scheduled cleaning;

  6. Power;

  7. Filtration system.

Obstruction Function

The obstacle management function can be implemented in two species. The first is the ability of a vacuum cleaner to cross thresholds. Of course, such obstacles may have a maximum height. (usually not more than a few centimeters), as indicated in the description to the device.

The second implementation of the function of overcoming obstacles is the operating mode a vacuum cleaner in which he independently determines a detour various objects, furniture and other objects on the floor.

To buy a robot vacuum cleaner with the function of overcoming the thresholds is worth in case there are such obstacles in the house. Worth considering the height of such barriers. If there are no thresholds in the apartment, then a vacuum cleaner with this function is simply not needed.

Similarly, with respect to the function of overcoming obstacles in the form self-build route. Vacuum cleaners equipped with it worth buying, if furniture is often rearranged in the house – there is movable chairs, armchairs and similar interior items.

Movement speed

The speed of the robot vacuum cleaner is one of the factors that affects the quality of cleaning. If it is too high, the device may leave trash on the floor. If, conversely, low is will make the robot vacuum cleaner offline to pass not the whole apartment.

The best solution is to buy a robot vacuum cleaner with adjustable speed – through programming or selection from predefined modes. Thanks to this, you can create maximum compatibility with the flooring used.

Cleaning time

Harvest time – a parameter that also determines the quality of collection garbage. It’s worth remembering that most batteries used in robotic vacuum cleaners are heated during operation. therefore the ideal solution is to buy a device that can clean at fixed time intervals (for example, 10 minutes of work on passing a certain area, then a break, and again passing this area in 10 minutes).

However, robotic vacuum cleaners with continuous continuous cleaning times can show greater productivity in regarding debris removal.

Soft touch mode

Soft touch mode is designed to protect the electronics vacuum cleaner and surrounding furniture from damage due to strokes. It can be implemented in two ways – hardware-software and hardware.

  1. Hardware-software method involves equipping a vacuum cleaner proximity sensors and position in space, so he determines the distance to the nearest obstacle and reduces speed his movement.

  2. The hardware method is simpler – on the body of a robot cleaner rubber bumpers are placed that absorb shock.

Vacuum cleaners equipped with proximity and position sensors differ in the big operational period as blows in them cushion better and do less damage than devices with bumpers. However, they are more expensive. A perfect the solution is to buy a robot vacuum cleaner with both of these methods depreciation of touches.

Scheduled cleaning

Scheduled cleaning – a convenient feature for automating work vacuum cleaner. For example, he can clean an apartment while its owner is absent. The only negative is that you need to spend time on schedule setting.

Suction power

The suction power of robotic vacuum cleaners is usually not very large – but the noise level is minimal. Power is similarly low. consumption – even with top models, it rarely exceeds 40 watts per charging. This parameter should be taken into account only if the house is an old wiring.

Filtration system

Filtration system in almost all robotic vacuum cleaners same – this is a multilayer HEPA filter. Higher level standard, the better the air discharged from the device is cleared. For example, robotic vacuum cleaners with a HEPA H13 filter are suitable for use in apartments where people with allergies, asthma or just hypersensitivity to dust. And HEPA H10 is suitable for most ordinary users.

How much do robotic vacuum cleaners cost

The cost of robotic vacuum cleaners depends on functionality, configuration and other parameters. She starts from 10-12 thousand rubles, but the vast majority of models are in the price range of 25-35 thousand rubles.

However, top models such as the iRobot Roomba 980 or Samsung PowerBot, can cost significantly more – up to 50-60 thousand rubles.

The best manufacturers of robotic vacuum cleaners

The best manufacturers of robotic vacuum cleaners

The following companies produce the best robotic vacuum cleaners:

  1. iRobot, Samsung, Kärcher – belong to the premium segment, stand quite expensive, but provide high quality cleaning;

  2. Panda, iClebo – produce both low-cost and high-quality robotic vacuum cleaners with good performance;

  3. Neato – produces some of the most expensive robotic vacuum cleaners, but at the same time, devices from this company differ in the widest functionality and design, thanks to which they can climb under the furniture.

You can also highlight the company LG, Polaris and Philips, which produce middle-class devices.

Vacuum Cleaner Selection Video

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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