How to choose a refrigerator for home

When choosing a refrigerator for the home, you need to consider it operational parameters and specifications.

how to choose a refrigerator


We recommend you to read the ratings – the best Bosh refrigerators according to experts, the best built-in refrigerators for an apartment, the best refrigerators Atlant and a rating of the best refrigerators by customer reviews.

How to choose a refrigerator for the home: what to look for

When choosing a refrigerator for the home, you should pay attention to following its parameters:

  1. Type (built-in, separate, with hinged doors);

  2. Dimensions (so that it fits into the kitchen);

  3. Number, volume and location of cameras;

  4. Compressor specifications;

  5. Energy saving class;

  6. Type of defrosting (system No frost, drip);

  7. The presence of an antibacterial coating;

  8. Compressor noise level;

  9. Usability features (ergonomics, sizes, design);

  10. The ability to outweigh the door;

  11. Additional characteristics.

  12. Equally important is the manufacturer of the refrigerator.

Types of refrigerators

According to the design and operational features of refrigerators are subdivided into:

  1. Single chamber;

  2. Two-chamber with a freezer on top;

  3. Double chamber with bottom freezer (combination type);

  4. Two-door (side-by-side);

  5. Multi-chamber

By type of accommodation, they are divided into:

  1. Recessed;

  2. Freestanding.

Single chamber refrigerators

Single chamber refrigerators

Single-chamber refrigerators – the easiest, cheapest and compact option. They are equipped with a single door. The freezer may, in principle, be absent or may be replaced by a special metal shelf.

Single-chamber refrigerators should be purchased only if if you plan to integrate them into the kitchen furniture under the work surface. You will have to buy a freezer separately. In all in other cases, single-chamber refrigerators lose two chamber.


  • Very compact sizes, so the refrigerator can be built-in under the work surface (useful for small kitchens);

  • Low price;

  • Efficient temperature exchange by placing a “freezer” cameras “in the upper part of the main space of the refrigerator;

  • Low power consumption


  • Very compact dimensions, as a result of which they are placed in a lot of products will not work in the refrigerator;

  • The impossibility of freezing and long-term storage of products due to the low productivity of the freezer;

  • Often the missing self-defrosting system;

Two-compartment refrigerators with a freezer on top

Two-compartment refrigerators with a freezer on top

Classic design of two-compartment refrigerators implies the location of the freezer in the upper part. it provides sufficiently effective heat transfer inside the device – low temperature air descends into the main body devices.

It is worth considering that refrigerators of this type are now (in 2017 year) almost never released.


  • Efficient heat transfer inside the refrigerator, so the device consumes less power;

  • Large volume of the refrigerator (usually more than 70% of the total device volume);

  • Relatively low price;


  • Inefficient use of the bottom of the refrigerator compartment – most often there is a large department for anything;

  • May accumulate on top of the refrigerator condensation, especially if you install hot food in it.

  • Small freezer volume (usually not more than 30% of the total refrigerator volume);

  • It is difficult to reach the bottom of the refrigerator;

Two-chamber refrigerators with a freezer below (combi refrigerators)

Two-chamber refrigerators with a freezer below

The most common type of refrigerator, especially on average price segment. Such refrigerators show maximum practicality and ergonomics and therefore are recommended for purchase.


  • The largest total volume among devices of its class;

  • Effective freezing in the freezer – it can save low temperature for a long time, even if the refrigerator is unplugged;

  • Low risk of wearing in both chambers;

  • Effective use of space in the refrigerator;

  • The optimal location of the freezer;


  • Fixed drawers are used in the freezer heights;

  • The volume of the refrigerator may not be large enough to user needs.

Two-door refrigerators (side-by-side, cabinet refrigerators)

Two-door refrigerators (side-by-side)

As the name implies, such refrigerators are equipped swing doors. Moreover, they have the largest volume among presented on the market and often offer the broadest functionality (such as having an ice dispenser, built-in TV, and etc.).

If the budget and space in the kitchen allow you to set refrigerator-cupboard – it is worth buying a device of this type. It is most practical – in terms of both the volume of the cameras and ergonomics, and even the ability to maintain established temperature (and therefore energy consumption).


  • The largest volume of both cameras;

  • Low power consumption due to efficient thermoregulation inside the chambers;

  • High power and performance;

  • Wide functionality;


  • Large dimensions, as a result of which such refrigerators are not suitable for use in small kitchens;

  • High price.

Multi-chamber refrigerators

Multi-chamber refrigerators

Multi-chamber refrigerators are designed to store various categories of products with the preservation of their freshness and taste. IN each branch of such a device can be set temperature.

Multi-chamber refrigerators are best purchased for sale specific purposes (i.e. for use in restaurants, cafes, bars and other catering establishments). The kitchen will be just the usual two-chamber.

The exception is three-chamber refrigerator cabinets. They suitable for use in the kitchen, as equipped with less freezer than regular side-by-side, and therefore people like it, who are not used to clogging this squad.


  • Multiple cameras with adjustable temperature in each of them;

  • Effective storage of various product categories while preserving the taste of each of them (for example, the cheese is not saturated fish smell, as they will be in different chambers).


  • Inefficient use of space;

  • High price;

  • Either a small internal volume, or huge external dimensions;

Built-in refrigerators

Built-in refrigerators

Refrigerators of all types can be built-in. In this case they are not equipped with a decorative facade, but instead used elements of the furniture.


  • They do not stand out from the design of the kitchen, as they are its part;

  • Usually small in size, low power consumption and small degree of heating.


  • Difficult in installation and repair;

  • The performance of such refrigerators may be sufficient small to minimize heat generation;

  • The fit of the door to the walls of the chamber may be loose;

The performance of such refrigerators may be sufficient small to minimize heat generation.

However, these shortcomings do not apply to all models. refrigerators. Some embedded devices offer simple placement and high performance – but they can to be expensive.

Thus, when choosing a built-in refrigerator, you will need a lot of time to find the right model.

Free-standing refrigerators

Free-standing refrigerators

Almost all refrigerators offer device installation independently, not within the furniture ensemble.


  • Relative simplicity of installation and repair;

  • The widest assortment;

  • Larger effective volume with the same dimensions as that of built-in refrigerator;

  • The ability to organize effective air circulation and therefore high power


  • To create a harmonious kitchen interior you will have to spend time to look for a refrigerator with a suitable design;

  • It is necessary to maintain the cleanliness of not only the interior, but also the exterior of the refrigerator.

Nevertheless, it is recommended to buy separately standing refrigerators.

Which refrigerator to choose

Choosing the type of refrigerator is based on the characteristics of the kitchen and intended use. So:

  1. If the kitchen area is very small (but at the same time we are not talking about “kitchen zone” studio apartment), it is worth buying single-chamber refrigerator and freezer and set them under the working surface;

  2. Unless special use cases are planned (i.e. the refrigerator will be used just for a short time food storage), it is worth buying a freestanding two-chamber;

  3. If the kitchen area is large and it is planned to store many products frozen, the best solution would be a refrigerator;

  4. If the area of ​​the kitchen is large and store a lot of frozen no products are planned, a three-chamber will be a good solution fridge-cupboard;

  5. If the features of food storage are presented the most strict requirements, it is worth buying a multi-chamber refrigerator with the ability to set a separate temperature in each branch;

  6. If design is important, a two-chamber built-in is suitable refrigerator.

However, an ordinary freestanding two-chamber refrigerator with a freezer at the bottom meets the requirements of the vast most users.

The main criteria for choosing a refrigerator

The main criteria for choosing a refrigerator

When choosing a refrigerator, you should pay attention to its following specifications:

  1. Volume and location of cameras;

  2. Compressor power, number of compressors;

  3. Energy class;

  4. Type and mode of defrosting;

  5. The presence of an antibacterial coating;

  6. Noise level;

  7. Ergonomic parameters (dimensions, design, ability outweighing the door);

  8. Autonomy of work.

  9. It is worth considering additional features.

Volume, location and number of cameras

Optimal for most users is a two-chamber refrigerator configuration – with one refrigerator compartment and one freezer. If you want to keep a lot of food cool condition, it is worth taking a three-chamber refrigerator with two refrigerating compartments.

Regarding the volume, it is worth choosing based on your own needs. For classic two-compartment refrigerators the optimal value is 180-210 liters for the main compartments and 90-120 liters for the freezer.

It’s self-evident that the larger the volume of the cameras, the more energy it takes a refrigerator to cool the air in them. Therefore, if optimal current consumption is required, large models you should not choose.

The most energy efficient is the top location freezers, but the most practical one is the bottom.

Power and number of compressors

The vast majority of modern fridges and budget mid-price segment uses one compressor power consumption of about 150-300 W, depending on the class power consumption and device volume. Effective power the compressor is usually less – about 50-100 watts.

The higher the effective compressor power, the faster it is. cools or the larger the volume of cameras supports. But worth remember that the refrigerator does not constantly lower the temperature inside. Usually it first cools the air to a certain mark (spending on this is the so-called power, which is the very same 150-300 W), and then simply maintains it at this mark, spending very little electricity (the same effective power of 50-100 Tue).

It is much more advisable to choose a refrigerator based on its class. power consumption.

In addition, there are refrigerators with two low-power compressors. They are much more effective both in terms of power consumption (consume less current because maintaining the temperature in an unused compartment – a freezer or in the refrigerator – less current is wasted), and in relation to cooling.

The main disadvantage of refrigerators with two compressors is their high price in most cases.

Energy class

Energy Class (Energy Efficiency) shows the efficiency of the compressor of the refrigerator, that is, the ratio power input starting to effective. According to european classifications, refrigerators belong to the following classes power consumption:

  1. G

  2. F

  3. E

  4. D

  5. C

  6. B

  7. A

  8. A +,

  9. A ++,

  10. A +++.

For domestic use, it is advisable to purchase a refrigerator Class A, A +, A ++, or A +++. Everyone else consumes too much energy, which leads to an increase not only in costs, but also in level noise.

It is also worth remembering that the starting power of the refrigerator is much higher effective. So, for devices of class A +++ its value is greater in 5 times. However, this is good – in class G refrigerators power is equal to effective, as a result of which it actively consumes current, is very noisy and prone to freezing.

Type and mode of defrosting

Modern refrigerators use three systems automatic defrosting – drip, No Frost and Frost Free. Moreover, the first is much less common.

The drip defrost system implies that ice first freezes on a special evaporator. Then this plate heats up, the frost obtained turns into droplets of water and drains into an appropriate container. The system is not very efficient – with prolonged contact of any food product or object with the evaporator freezes tightly.

The No Frost convection system is much more efficient, which involves the installation of special fans. While spinning, they mix cold and hot air, does not allow moisture to condense on the walls. However, this leads to dry foods, as a result of which they lose freshness.

The third option is the Frost Free system. It uses and fan, and drip evaporator. The first is set to freezer, the second – in the main compartment.

The Frost Free system is recommended for use, however refrigerators equipped with it are usually expensive compared to models where only a drip evaporator is installed or No Frost.

It is important to remember that ultra-budget models of refrigerators (at the cost of up to 10 thousand rubles) are usually not equipped with automatic defrosting, as a result of which the ice removal procedure will have to spend alone about once a week. And this, in his in turn, will lead to increased energy consumption.

The presence of antibacterial coating

If the budget allows, you should buy a refrigerator with antibacterial coating in all chambers. Thanks to him, you can not only to get rid of the unpleasant odor in the departments, but also extend the shelf life of products.

Noise level

To use the refrigerator was comfortable, you should choose models with the lowest noise level – up to 40 dB.

Indirectly determine the noise level by class power consumption of the refrigerator. For models certified by standard A, A +, A ++ and A +++, it is minimal. But the refrigerators classes B and below are quite noisy.

Ergonomic options

Ergonomic parameters include those that affect ease of installation and use of the refrigerator – its dimensions, design, the ability to outweigh the door, the number of shelves and their location, etc. Almost all of them are selected individually, however, there are several characteristics that can be called objective.

The size of the refrigerator must be such that it fits in kitchen in height. In this case, “close to the ceiling” to buy definitely not recommended. For efficient operation of the refrigerator it is required to create a zone of free air convection around it – then there is a distance to the nearest wall should be more than 10 cm from the back sides, more than 5 cm on the sides, and more than 20 cm on top.

Design is desirable to choose one that will show the best performance. For example, on white refrigerators traces of touch remain, as a result of which their appearance is strongly spoils. Much more practical models made in gray or silver case.

The ability to outweigh the door is a very practical feature, especially if you plan to install a refrigerator near the aisle.

The number of shelves should also be optimal. For the refrigerator with with a capacity of the main chamber of the order of 200 liters, 3-4 shelves are enough, more will cause inconvenience to use – or the extra ones will have to be stored somewhere separately. But less will reduce practical qualities of the refrigerator.

Work autonomy

This parameter is relevant only if in the house, where a refrigerator is installed, electricity is often cut off. Accordingly, the longer the device can keep low temperature (with the door closed) – the better.

Unfortunately, manufacturers and sellers very rarely indicate battery life of the refrigerator. Indirectly, it can be deduced from the energy class of the device. Best autonomy show refrigerators certified to standard B and higher.

Additional functions

Additional functions

Among the additional features that determine convenience use of the refrigerator, you can highlight:

  1. Freshness zone (zero chamber);

  2. Super freezing;

  3. Super cooling;

  4. Notification of an open door;

  5. Child protection function;

  6. Cooler;

  7. Ice maker and dispenser.

Freshness zone

Freshness zone (zero chamber) – special department in refrigerator compartment, where the temperature is maintained just above 0 degrees centigrade, designed to preserve fruit and fresh vegetables. Useful feature for those people who often store similar products for a long time (up to a few days).

Super freeze

Superfrost – extreme freezer cooling mode cameras. When it is turned on, the compressor controller stops respond to temperature controller and compressor starts to work constantly. As a result, the temperature in freezer drops to the lowest possible in current operating conditions. This is necessary to quickly freeze those or other products.

Super cooling

Supercooling – similar mode, refrigeration only cameras.

It is important to remember that super-freezing and super-cooling modes lead to increased energy consumption and reduced life refrigerator service. Therefore, in no case should you turn them on more than 24 hours.

Door Open Alert

A notification about an open door is a sound signal that sounds when the door is not snug against the main camera the refrigerator. Reduces power consumption and durability devices.

Child protection

Child protection in refrigerators can be realized by two ways – a magnetic lock on the door that makes it open complicated and demanding; and button lock preventing accidental click. Both functions are not too practical, but if in the house has a very active and curious child, able to be useful.


The cooler is usually found in two-door refrigerators premium class. It is designed to cool water. Worth remembering that the liquid tank in the refrigerator has a small volume, and the device in most cases is not able to work in heating up. Therefore, the practical benefit of a cooler in the refrigerator quite controversial.

Ice Maker and Dispenser

Ice maker and dispenser designed for quick and easy adding ice cubes to drinks. Functions are quite useful, but only for lovers of iced tea, juices and similar drinks.

How much does a refrigerator cost?

The price of refrigerators directly depends on their volume and functional, and indirectly – on the type.

  1. For example, the cheapest models are compact single-chamber. Price they start from a few thousand rubles. In the same time, single-chamber refrigerators with a capacity of about 300 l are already 40-50 thousand rubles.

  2. The price of two-chamber refrigerators starts from 10 thousand rubles. The vast majority of middle-class models are in the range of 20-35 thousand rubles.

  3. Side-by-side refrigerators cost from 40 thousand rubles. The vast majority of models are in the price range 80-100 thousand rubles.

The best manufacturers of refrigerators – which company to choose

The best manufacturers of refrigerators

Among the many manufacturers of refrigerators can be distinguished following companies:

  1. Liebherr is perhaps the best manufacturer of refrigerators. Only one drawback is the high cost of the models;

  2. Bosch – Another Top Price Refrigerator Manufacturer segment. But the models are reliable and quality;

  3. Electrolux, Indesit – produce quality refrigerators middle price segment;

Samsung – produces high-quality mid-priced refrigerators segment and state-of-the-art high-tech devices top;

Atlant – produces fairly high-quality budget refrigerators.

In addition, among manufacturers of budget models you can set up Candy.

How to check the refrigerator in the store

When buying, check the operation of the refrigerator, in principle it doesn’t work out – sales consultants are unlikely to wait half an hour, until the temperature in the chamber drops. Therefore, the future owner a thorough visual inspection of the device is necessary:

  1. Inspect the exterior. There should be no cracks, scratches on the case, dents and other defects;

  2. Inspect the handle mounts. They also should not have defects;

  3. Inspect the compressor system. Carefully evaluate integrity tubes, their connection points, electrical connection points Contacts

  4. Check the integrity of the seal on the door. It should not be cracked and overdried places. The seal itself must have soft, elastic texture, fit snugly to the entire perimeter cameras

  5. Check the integrity of shelves, plastic containers, other accessories;

  6. Inspect the interior. Similarly, the inner walls should not be scratches, cracks and other defects;

  7. Inspect the evaporator. It should also be free from defects;

  8. Check noise level. This can be done by including several identical or similar in characteristics of refrigerators. Availability extraneous sounds in the noise indicates a compressor failure.

If you can leave the refrigerator on for 20-30 minutes – definitely worth it.


In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose a washing machine for the home and the secrets of choosing a dishwasher cars.

Refrigerator selection video

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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