Currently, choosing a flooring, more and more more people prefer laminate flooring. This material is rightfully can be called an ideal example of the ratio “price-quality”. His appearance is practically indistinguishable from natural parquet, due to its sufficiently high strength, it is perfect for laying in places with high traffic, and a huge the number of colors and colors allows you to choose the model which will fit into the interior of the room in the most ideal way.
- The best laminate manufacturers – which company to choose
- Laminate structure and application
- Types of Laminate
- Residential laminate
- Laminate for office and commercial use premises
- Laminate selection options
- Laminate class
- Laminate thickness
- Moisture resistance
- Connection type
- Environmental class
- Which laminate flooring to choose?
- How much does laminate flooring cost?
The best laminate manufacturers – which company to choose
The laminate market has been “divided” for quite some time. Lion’s share world-famous manufacturers in need of advertising, the range of their catalogs can be found as budget models, and a premium laminate, by its properties quite capable of “competing” with real parquet. Choosing laminate, giving preference is worth the following products manufacturers:
Laminate structure and application
Laminate is a flat rectangular boards, whose thickness varies from 6 to 12 millimeters. “Heart” of him is the so-called supporting base – HDF board made of pressed wood fiber. The stove is hiding from above decorative layer coated with a special transparent composition. Being laid in solid flooring, for the uninformed Human laminate flooring is practically no different from parquet.
The structure of the laminate is a kind of “sandwich”, including the following layers:
Waterproof layer – the bottom of the board, preventing wet laminate bottom;
The HDF layer, which is the basis of the laminate, depends on it operational characteristics of a particular plate;
The decorative layer, which is usually thin a special-structured paper layer resembling wood, stone or any other other kind of surface;
The protective layer is a special transparent coating that provides safety from moisture, mechanical stress, as well as drops temperature and direct sunlight.
Due to its excellent functional characteristics, the laminate is widely It is used both in domestic and industrial premises, its laid in schools, hotels and various catering facilities. At with proper care and following the installation procedure, the laminate is capable of maintain their properties for many years.
Types of Laminate
Despite the general structure and similar production principle, laminate is usually divided into two separate classes, each of which differs in its characteristics, and also has both positive points and disadvantages.
A great option for laying in an apartment or a private house. Differs in worthy mechanical durability and resistance to abrasion, moisture and sunshine. Laying such the laminate is carried out through special locks and does not require special skills and knowledge.
Unpretentious in leaving;
It goes well with a warm floor;
A huge number of options for texture, colors and shades;
Excellent strength and mechanical characteristics;
Insufficient resistance to moisture;
In places with an intense flow of people quickly enough frayed;
Laminate for office and commercial use premises
The structure of this type of laminate is almost the same the above type, and the main difference is not an example more high abrasion resistance. Many manufacturers give a five-year abrasion guarantee even for models that stacked in the halls of hotels and conference rooms – places the daily human flow density of which is several hundreds of people!
Maximum resistance to abrasion and mechanical damage;
Long-term warranty subject to the installation procedure;
Almost perfect docking;
Does not burn;
Afraid of water;
Laminate selection options
Key Features to Consider When choosing a specific laminate model, quite a lot. Before start choosing the right model, you need to decide on type of premises, as well as the conditions in which it will take place exploitation. And only after that you can choose, paying attention to the following options.
This concept is a composite parameter, including in many different features. Worldwide Technique laminate class definitions includes over ten independent trials, the results of which indicate the degree of resistance to external influences. So, one of the most important tests is the abrasion test, referred to as the Taber Test, the results of which are displayed as acronym AC and subsequent figures. The larger it is, the laminate is more resistant to mechanical impact.
According to the test results, a specific laminate model is attributed to one of the following specific classes. It is designated a two-digit number, the first of which indicates applicability (2- for home or 3 – for office use), the second – resistance to mechanical stress (happens 1,2 or 3).
Laminate 21-22 classes – great for laying indoors with a small number of visitors;
Covering 31 classes can be recommended for laying in commercial premises with relatively low human flow small. Under such operating conditions, it is quite calm will last up to 5-7 years without changing its properties and without losing appearance;
Class 32 laminate is intended for commercial premises with average load density. In normal home use, he able to maintain its properties up to 20 years;
Significantly stronger laminate class 33. It is intended for operation in rooms with an intensive flow of visitors. IN under these conditions he is able to withstand up to 5-7 years without change own physical properties;
34th grade is considered the most durable. This type of coating can withstand, if not extreme, then loads close to them. At normal operation, he is able to maintain his appearance right up to up to 15 years. When laying in houses or apartments, such coverage will be truly eternal.
Contrary to popular belief that the characteristics of laminate flooring and resistance to impact forms only the outer protective layer, the foundation plays the most important role – the HDF-plate made of fiberboard. Its thickness can vary from 6 to 12 millimeters. Thicker a concrete slab – the better sound and vibration isolation and the higher resistance of the material to mechanical stress.
The edges of the laminate can be either uniform or have V-shaped facet. In the first case, when stitched together, the seams between the boards are invisible, and the flooring appears as a single a whole that not everyone likes. Conversely, the presence of small V-shaped chamfer similar to that of natural parquet, looks natural and does not cause negativity.
A parameter that reflects how well a particular laminate will resist moisture. In normal operation rhythm, this parameter fades into the background, however, in the case when high exposure to high humidity is likely to the surface, preference should be given as much as possible moisture resistant models.
Boards can be connected among themselves by one of the following ways:
Click Provides for a special tenon on one tile and a groove for him on the second. The board is retracted at an angle of 45 degrees and inserted into the groove, after which it latches;
Lock Joins two comparable tiles along the long side;
Glue method. Laminate boards do not have a lock and connect when help glue. The least convenient and functional way.
Currently on sale you can find a variety of a laminate that imitates not only wood, but also stone, marble and other, no less aesthetic and beautiful types of materials. Which one to choose – depends only on your preferences, style and functional purpose of the room.
Resins that provide moisture resistance and stability laminate surfaces to mechanical stresses, contain formaldehyde – a substance that can negatively affect respiratory organs. For this reason, many manufacturers apply such a thing as a class of environmental friendliness. It is designated the letter E and a number representing a particular class. For example, E0 – absolutely harmless laminate, it can easily fit into children’s rooms or bedrooms. E2 is already less environmentally friendly, and therefore experienced craftsmen advise laying it on balconies, in loggias and other places that are not regularly visited.
Which laminate flooring to choose?
For a living room – a children’s room, a bedroom – the best a laminate of 23 or 31 class, having a V-shaped chamfer, and ecological class E0;
If laying will be carried out in the hallway, prefer Class 32 models with enhanced resistance to moisture and environmental class E1;
Office premises require laying the most resistant to mechanical impact of the laminate. Models 33 classes, thick about 10-12 millimeters with a V-shaped chamfer and ecological class E1 – the best option;
How much does laminate flooring cost?
Low-cost models of 22 or 31 classes, designed for styling in residential premises, cost from 500 to 700 rubles per square meter;
Laminate, laid in the hallway or in the kitchen – places, subject to increased mechanical stress, costs 800-1200 rubles per m2;
Office laminate 33 class will be somewhat more expensive, of the order 1000-1500 rubles per “square”;
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Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.