Select a printer based on its intended use. – whether it will be used to print only documents or images or photos.
- What parameters to pay attention to
- Types of Printers
- Print resolution
- Additional functions
- Top Printer Manufacturers
How to choose a printer for your home: options you need note
When choosing a printer for home use, you need to pay attention to the following options:
Color (color, black and white);
Type (laser, inkjet or direct photo printer);
Print resolution (important for photos);
But such characteristics as print speed or delay output to the first page, for a printer designed to use at home, can be ignored. At the end after all, it’s unlikely to be exploited very intensively.
If you plan to use the printer for printing abstracts, course and similar documents, in most cases it’s enough black and white device. However, when printing images on paper, graphs and similar information, it is advisable to use color.
However, there is one “but.” If color and black and white inkjet printers cost about the same, then laser printers with the function color printing is much more expensive than black and white. Besides, refilling or replacing cartridges may require enough serious investment.
Type (inkjet, laser or photo printer)
Home printers from the point of view of the principle of work are divided into three types:
They differ in the type of ink and the mechanics of printing.
So, inkjet printers use liquid ink. Through nozzle they fall on a sheet of paper, leaving an imprint on it – text or image. Inkjet printers are among the most cheap, have compact dimensions, but have a mass disadvantages:
Increased print price (average cost of text output or images per page is 2-10 rubles – this is the price used toner);
Noise – the printer may print unpleasant rattle or similar sounds;
The need for periodic “preventative printing” – if do not use the printer for a long time; toner in the nozzle dries, resulting in damage.
On the other hand, you can install a CISS on an inkjet printer – continuous ink system – which significantly reduces printing cost. However, such a modification can be carried out not with each model, and even it leads to a loss of warranty.
Laser printers are much more expensive. Moreover, the price of color models are higher than black and white. However they have low the cost of printing (up to several cents per sheet), they work silently and do not need preventive maintenance.
Disadvantages of laser printers also have:
Dark streaks appear on the image due to baking toner on the roller. This problem occurs after prolonged operating the device and / or several refuelings;
Limited number and relatively high cost of refueling cartridge;
The high cost of a new cartridge.
Thus, if you want to print infrequently (up to about 10 sheets per week) and while the budget is very limited, then enough inkjet printer. For operation in large volumes it is better to take laser.
Photo printers stand apart. These devices are designed to printing photos, for which they use special consumables materials – glossy paper and pigment ink. Such printers equipped with 6- or 8-color toner, have a very high print resolution and excellent transfer shades.
However, these printers have a very high printing cost. (about 10-15 rubles per photo). And therefore they are advisable Use only for photos. Documents and “pictures” on them better not to print.
Print Resolution Determines How Smooth It Will Be look like an image. In addition, the higher it is, the more small details can be seen in the photograph. However printers with large print resolution are quite expensive.
The vast majority of inkjet and laser printers available with print resolutions of 300 × 300, 600 × 600 or 1200 × 1200 dots per inch (may also be abbreviated as DPI).
300 × 300 dpi resolution is enough for printing texts and simple graphics (diagrams). With him, even the small print will remain quite readable. However, when printing images with high resolution or more details some elements may get lost or be blurry.
600 × 600 dpi resolution suitable for printing and texts and images with an acceptable level of quality. Just such printers are recommended for home use, since they have a balanced toner consumption. But their also not recommended for photo printing.
If you want to print images, photographs or very small text, it is better to use printers with a resolution of 1200 × 1200 dpi It is worth remembering that it can be native or interpolated. The first option provides the greatest “smoothness” and image detail, but such printers are quite expensive. Interpolated resolution of 1200 × 1200 pixels on an inch allows you to get maybe a little better fingerprints than devices with 600 × 600 pixels.
If mixed printing is required – that is, periodically print highly detailed images on paper, and periodically just texts – a high-resolution printer with economical mode. “Back interpolation” occurs in it. IN in economy mode, print resolution drops to 600 × 600 or even 300 × 300 dpi, which reduces toner consumption, while maintaining readability of the text.
The above parameters are valid for laser and inkjet printers. Photo printers due to their specialization have significantly higher print resolution – for example, the model Epson Expression Premium XP-710 it is 5760 × 1440 pixels on inch.
Many modern printer models are equipped with additional features. The more they are, the higher the cost devices. However, many of these features greatly simplify work with the printer:
The presence of a built-in scanner and photocopying mode. Models in which have these modes of operation, are called MFPs (multifunction devices) and they are very convenient for use at home;
Compatible with alternative operating systems – e.g. macOS or the Linux family. If you plan to use printer on a computer where non-windows is installed, it is necessary make sure that the manufacturer has a driver for your environment;
Ability to work in local wired or wireless (Wi-Fi) network. This will allow you to install the printer in any convenient place. and do not connect it to the computer with a USB cable;
Compatible with mobile devices (on Android or iOS). Printers equipped with this feature can be used to printing photos directly from a smartphone or tablet;
Ability to duplex without shifting pages. Convenient function, if you have to display books on paper, manuals or simply voluminous documents. She’s well saves paper;
Slots for memory cards. Most often, such a function can be found in photo printers. It allows you to print on paper pictures from professional camera without using a computer;
LCD, often a touch screen. Another function which is commonly found in high-end photo printers. IN combined with the previous one, it allows you to select the necessary pictures and print them out on paper, and crop or other image editing operations.
However, for all these functions it’s worth overpaying only in case they are really necessary. On the market today printers are represented by dozens of manufacturers and thousands of models, so that you can always choose an alternative.
Top Printer Manufacturers
Market manufacturers who produce recommended for home use printers, represented mainly by three Brands – HP, Canon and Epson.
HP printers are for the most part lower priced range. They are suitable for everyday printing, but differ. high maintenance costs – consumables are expensive. However, virtually all HP inkjet printers can be equipped with a continuous ink supply system (which is all the same will void the warranty).
Canon laser printers, as well as those on average the price range of the Epson models are great for everyday use, because they provide optimal cost print. However, some devices do not refill. cartridges, which can be a serious problem.
And for photo printing it is recommended to use Epson printers, since they offer the widest functionality and excellent characteristics in its price range.
In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose a laser printer, secrets of choosing paper for the printer and basic criteria for choosing a photo printer for printing bright photos.
Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.