For many centuries, pearls have been used as jewelry. Pearls known as a rarity, therefore, were the property of very wealthy people and aristocracy. Pearls are considered feminine jewelry, maybe this is due to the fact that the shape of the mollusk inside which grows a pearl that resembles the female genitals. Time goes on sale cultured pearls appeared, but this precious the stone is still a symbol of luxury, prestige and good taste.
Natural pearl is a formation that arises in the process of life. sea and river mollusks. If foreign matter enters the sink bodies (grains of sand, shell fragment, etc.), the mollusk begins wrap it with mother of pearl, and after a certain time is formed pearl. Natural pearls are rare, their extraction is dangerous, therefore it is valued so highly that it becomes a subject auction bidding.
Modern jewelers mainly work with cultured sea pearls, which first declared itself at the beginning of the 20th century. Pearl cultivation originated in Japan and spread wherever suitable conditions exist. Oyster technology or mussels implant a bead or a piece of nacre, and after A pearl grows in the shell for 18-24 months. Such pearls have very few differences from the analogue of natural origin.
Man-made pearls have long been known to people. It is obtained by applying various compositions to a ball of porcelain, glass or plastics. Initially, an artificial analogue of jewelry was made from a glass ball filled with paraffin (the so-called “Roman pearls “) or covered with a fish scale agent to It turned out pearly shine. Modern technologies allow produce artificial pearls indistinguishable in appearance from natural.
Variety of pearls
The general picture of the types of pearls is as follows:
natural, is divided into several groups:
natural marine (mined in the Persian Gulf, Red Sea, off the coast of Japan and Australia);
natural river (mining is carried out in China, Russia, Germany);
cultivated (by technology);
cultivated without standards (sold on resorts in India, Thailand and China);
artificial, which is of two types – high qualities (for example, pearls “Mallorca”) and ordinary (for jewelry). Does not apply to jewelry.
All types of pearls vary in value. So, the most valuable from a cultivated species is considered pearls from the South Sea. Tahiti black pearls unique due to extraordinarily thick layer mother of pearl. Keshi’s smallest saltwater pearl has a low price. River (freshwater) pearls are valued less than marine, although it has a luster and durability.
Color, Shine, Beauty
Due to the fact that the current market is literally flooded with pearls, you need to learn to distinguish fake from a real quality products. Verification is usually carried out according to several parameters:
shine and color;
shape and size.
Natural pearls are easily identified by their luster. Natural the pearl shimmers and glows from the inside. If the pearl has high quality, you can see that there is a difference between its bright area and shaded. The result is visual the illusion of having a ball inside a pearl
Natural pearls have a different color, the palette has about 120 shades. Among expensive specimens come across pearls of black and white, bronze, green, silver, cream, gold, purple shades. What color will get pebbles, depends on the type of mollusk-producer, from the place cultivation and age of pearls (degree of maturity). Most stones of pink and blue color are considered rare and expensive.
Larger Mother of Pearl, Larger Size
The quality of pearls directly depends on the thickness of the pearl layer. This indicator has a significant impact on the price. products. Also an important factor in determining the quality of a pearl is the state of the surface, how smooth and uniform whether painted. The presence of chips, dents, spots and other damage greatly reduces the value of pearls.
In their shape, pearls can be:
round (most often);
in the form of drops;
fantasy outlines (“baroque”);
similar to animal silhouettes or different objects (have a separate name – paragons). It is believed that such stones are endowed with special mystical properties and are natural talismans. More often total framing for paragons is gold.
The shape of the pearls is best viewed on a black background, then any defects will become more noticeable. In finished product of high quality all pearls must be the same size and lie flat. Holes should be in the center.
With dimensions, everything is simple – the larger the pearl, the higher the price. Size is determined by diameter, it is considered in millimeters. River pearls as smaller are usually in the range of 3-11 mm, and marine can reach 22 mm.
For jewelry, the weight of large pearls is usually determined in grana or carat. Small pearls are called grain, they are sold by weight. Large pearls are very rare. The largest The pearl was discovered in 1934 near the Philippines. It’s a miracle nature weighs 6.35 kg, looks like a head in a turban, therefore has the name “Pearl of Allah.” Large luxury pearls usually are included in the register of foreign exchange reserves of the state together with others precious stones.
How to choose natural pearls
In order not to make a mistake with the choice, you should check the proposed pearls to match it. The tests are not heavy, but in the end you You will be sure to buy real pearls.
You can throw the pearl on a smooth surface sufficient hardness from a height of about half a meter. Natural pearls, in contrast from artificial, will spring elastically.
If it is possible to look through the pearl in the sun, then you will notice that the natural will glow in blue, and cultivated in green. Confirmation of what is in your hands cultivated specimen, uneven holes with chips serve.
You can just pick up the pearls. If at the same time you feel cool, then you are offered natural. If you rub two pearls against each other, light dust appears, which serves confirmation of the natural origin of products.
An original way to determine naturalness is to draw a pearl strip over the surface of your tooth. Real pearls has microscopic roughness, so it will creak.
The cost of pearl jewelry ultimately depends on many factors – from origin and size to shape and quality surface. Therefore, you can choose a product for yourself, completely suitable both in price and in appearance and quality. Buy and wear with pleasure, because they say that the stone is alive and in the box can get bored and die. Try not to let pearls regularly show themselves and decorate your cute image.
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Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.