Mother’s milk is the best food for the baby. But if a woman doesn’t can feed a baby or wants to transfer it to mixed food, she buys the milk mixture.
- The composition of the milk mixture
- Child age
- Adapted and non-adapted mixtures
- Which mixture to choose
What to look for when choosing
The composition of the milk mixture
When creating many milk mixtures, cow’s milk is used. Some substitute products are made from goat’s milk or soy protein. If the baby is diagnosed with intolerance lactose, soy-based mixtures are prescribed. Goat milk used for allergies to cow protein. But the body can crumbs do not eat goat protein based foods.
The milk mixture should be similar to breast milk. therefore it contains proteins, vitamins, nucleotides, lactose, vegetable oils and other beneficial substances.
Sometimes they add to the product:
Prebiotics. Increase the distribution of beneficial lacto- and bifidobacteria in the intestine. Useful in treating constipation, help get rid of bowel problems. With a lack of prebiotics dysbiosis, atopic eczema develops, worsens functioning of the immune system.
Probiotics These bacteria improve the functioning of the immune system, used for flatulence, promote digestion. They used to prevent allergic reactions.
Bifidobacteria. Recommended for intestinal infections, help the body absorb food, improve immunity.
Starch. Contained in antireflux mixtures, which prevent frequent and plentiful spitting up. It is added to conventional milk substitutes to normalize stool and increase nutritional value of the product. When used at an early age, it may cause flatulence and abdominal pain.
Gluten. This vegetable protein is added to most milk mixtures. But it can cause an allergy or an upset. intestines in children younger than a year. Sometimes babies have gluten intolerance.
Iron. Used to prevent anemia.
Often in baby food is palm oil, which contains a lot of fatty acids. But some doctors claim that its regular consumption causes bone loss.
The milk mixture should not contain sugar. Sucrose may cause allergies, cause flatulence and cause pain in tummy.
Before using any mixture, you should consult with children’s doctor.
High-calorie substitutes are used for premature babies. milk containing more protein and beneficial ingredients compared to conventional mixtures. They are in the diet of babies, which weigh less than 3 kg.
Antireflux mixtures contain starch or other thickeners. They help children who suffer from frequent regurgitation.
If the crumbs have problems with the intestinal microflora, they are prescribed sour-milk mixture. They positively affect immunity and increase the growth of “good” microorganisms in the intestine. They can give after antibiotic therapy.
Hypoallergenic products suitable for developmental children allergies. They contain hydrolyzed protein, which, in contrast from cow protein, does not cause an allergic reaction.
Sometimes for the prevention or treatment of anemia (anemia) iron enriched mixtures are prescribed.
There are products that do not contain milk sugar. They prescribed for children with lactose intolerance. If the disease manifests itself in a mild form, mother feeds the baby with a mixture of low milk sugar level. Feed the baby with therapeutic mixtures without the consent of the pediatrician is impossible.
Milk formula for moms
Not only children can use milk formulas. Exist special nutrition for moms that enhances lactation and improves composition of breast milk. It contains many minerals (potassium, iodine, sodium, zinc, chromium), vitamins (B2, B9, C, retinol, nicotinamide), taurine, pectin and other useful compounds.
The composition of the infant formula depends on how many months the baby is. The older the baby, the more nutrients and unadapted milk protein is contained in the product. therefore manufacturers always indicate the age and level of the mixture.
The “0” step is designed for premature babies and lightweight babies. toddlers.
“1” – designed for children from birth to six months.
“2” – designed for 6-12 month old babies.
“3” and “4” – is used in the diet of one-year-old children.
“5” – designed for children over two years old.
When moving to the next step, it is recommended to feed the baby a mixture of the same manufacturer.
Adapted and non-adapted mixtures
Adapted goods are created from demineralized dairy serum. They contain many vitamins, minerals and amino acids. Due to this, the composition of baby food is similar to the composition of breast milk. Because of this, it is more expensive. Adapted mixtures are used for children from birth to one year.
Non-adapted products are made from whole milk, therefore they should not be used for children under 6 months of age. They are worse digestible and often “poorer” adapted mixtures according to the content of nutrients.
Even when using adapted nutrition in a baby, health problems: upset bowel, rash, colic and flatulence. Therefore, the mixture must be introduced into the diet gradually. If, following all the instructions, the baby’s body is still does not accept the product, the mixture needs to be changed.
Which mixture to choose
For children with low weight, you need to choose a milk mixture zero level with high nutritional value. For babies less than six months, the product must be adapted. AND if you have an allergy or intestinal disorder, you should choose therapeutic and prophylactic mixtures, but use them without approval a doctor is not allowed.
When choosing a milk mixture, pay attention to the type of milk mixtures. Liquid products need only warming up. Their comfortable to take on a trip or on a visit. After opening the packaging mixture can not be stored.
Dry milk substitutes must be poured with boiled water before feeding. They can be stored for a month after opening. packaging.
In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose baby food and the secrets of choosing porridge for the first feeding and recommendations for choosing a baby highchair.
Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.