How to choose a loader

The loader is a compact motorized vehicle, used for industrial purposes for transportation and storage bulk cargo weighing one ton or more. Controls the device a driver for whom a special place in the central the part of the cabin in which all the manipulators and levers are located, designed to work with weights, as well as the steering wheel and transmission used for control.

choose a loader

Top loader manufacturers

Choosing a loader for industrial exploitation, preference it is better to give in favor of concerns producing various types installation equipment and construction equipment:

  1. Mitsubishi

  2. Cashima

  3. Komatsu;

  4. Caterpillar;

  5. Volvo

  6. Heli;

The above equipment is used in construction and industrial facilities that are fundamentally different from each other. It is best to choose the model whose characteristics are suitable for solving tasks, taking into account the technical features, as well as user reviews on the Internet.

Types of loaders

Depending on the nature of the operations performed, all loaders are divided into two types.

Bucket loaders

Bucket loaders

Devices used to work with various bulk cargo. They are a truck mounted chassis and driven by an engine. At the end of a telescopic boom a special bucket designed for working with sand is installed, crushed stone, gravel and other bulk materials.


  • Simple construction;

  • Allow the possibility of installing additional equipment instead of a bucket;

  • Depending on the load capacity, they allow you to work with scales from 1 to 11-13 tons;

  • High cross;

  • Allow to work in any conditions;

  • Universality;


  • They require high-quality service and maintenance;

  • Not suitable for transporting pallets, pallets and other bulky goods;

  • In case of failure, the repair is carried out for a long time. time;

  • Costly;

Forklift trucks

Forklift trucks

Devices designed to transport solid bulky items loaded on pallets or pallets. Allow to lift pallets and containers by 1.5-2 meters and set them in piles. Compact and small models, economical to use and unpretentious to maintain.


  • Small dimensions;

  • Mobile and maneuverable;

  • Carrying capacity up to 3-3.5 tons;


  • Expensive cost;

  • Not suitable for handling bulk cargo;

  • Require qualified service;

Loader selection options

loader selection criteria

Having determined the operating conditions and type of loader, it is necessary to carefully consider criteria that have direct impact on the workflow:

Maximum payload

Parameter showing the ability of the device to lift the load a certain weight. The higher the payload, the larger and more massive device and the higher its cost. It’s for this the reason before choosing it is necessary to determine the working conditions and the weight of the transported goods, add to the obtained number 10-15% and use this figure as a guide;

Lifting height

The design involves a telescopic rod, allowing adjust the height of the lift and change it over a wide range. Thus, the functionality and operational loader range. On sale you can find models that can lift heavy loads up to a height of 2-2.5 meters;

Type of engine loader

By analogy with cars, installed engines can divided into 4 conditional types:

  1. Gasoline;

  2. Diesel;

  3. Gas;

  4. Electric;

The service life of the device is not determined in this case. kilometers and hourly hours – continuous operation engine. After a certain amount of time, the loader sent for scheduled repairs, and the engine – to “kapitalku”. Loaders vary in power – on sale can be found devices whose power starts 15-20 and ends on around 80-100 horsepower;

Ability to install additional accessories to perform non-traditional types of work

Many manufacturers produce various accessories, mounted on a bar or fork forks using special quick-release clamps. With their help, it is possible to significantly expand the capabilities of the device;

Type of installed transmission

Currently the most common are classic “mechanics”, hydrostatic manual gears, as well as its automatic counterpart. Last one is the most convenient in operational terms, but such a box is still and the most complex in terms of design. Mechanical boxes gears, due to their specifics, are set sufficiently rarely, most often on a budget price range model.

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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