How to choose a dishwasher – tips of experts

When choosing a dishwasher, pay attention to its technical and operational characteristics.


  1. How to choose a dishwasher: selection criteria
  2. Should I buy a dishwashing machine
  3. Types of dishwashers – what they are
  4. The main criteria for choosing a dishwasher
  5. Types of drying in dishwashers
  6. Additional features
  7. How to choose a dishwasher
  8. How much is a dishwasher
  9. Top dishwasher manufacturers
  10. Dishwasher Selection Video

How to choose a dishwasher

How to choose a dishwasher: selection criteria

When choosing, pay attention to the following options dishwasher machine:

  1. Type of installation (recessed, partially recessed, separately standing car);

  2. Size (narrow, compact, full-sized);

  3. Water consumption and consumption class;

  4. Number of programs

  5. Type of connection (to cold or hot water supply);

  6. Leakage protection;

  7. Filtration system;

  8. Additional functions.

  9. Manufacturer.

Should I buy a dishwashing machine

If more than one person lives in the house – yes, it’s worth it. Especially if the family has a small child. Amount dirty dishes grows exponentially depending on “population” at home – that is, two people will be able to stain 3-4 times more plates and forks than one.

Therefore, installing a dishwasher can save time, strength and even reduce water consumption for hygiene procedures.

Types of dishwashers – what they are

There are two criteria by which you can group existing washing machines – type of installation and size.

type of instalation

According to the type of installation, dishwashers are divided into recessed, partially recessed and freestanding.

Built-in dishwashers

Built-in dishwashers

Fully built-in dishwasher design implies that they do not have their own facade, but a replacement The external decorative case is a furniture panel. therefore such devices do not stand out from the rest of the kitchen headset.


  • Completely invisible in the kitchen;

  • Often lower price than partially embedded or full-sized;

  • They can be decorated with panels of any color and type, thanks to what you can not buy a new car when changing kitchen furniture;


  • The installation of a dishwasher needs to be planned at the stage selecting or ordering a kitchen unit;

  • Slightly more complex access to internal functional elements if necessary repair or service

The most serious drawback of built-in dishwashers is that they cannot be purchased “at will” or “at necessary. “The installation of such a device will have to be planned in advance, even at the stage of selecting a kitchen set and engineering communications – to ensure water supply and connection to the sewer.

Partially built-in dishwashers

Partially built-in dishwashers

Such dishwashers differ from fully built-in the presence of its own facade. Therefore, they “stand out” from the rest of the kitchen.

The facade of partially embedded machines can be made of plastic or metal. The first is easier to clean from various contaminants, but also easy to scratch. The second is more difficult to maintain, but it has attractive appearance and resistant to various damage.

Partially built-in dishwashers are the most common type.

Some models of partially built-in dishwashers “remodel” into fully recessed by hanging your own facade made of furniture panel.


  • A variety of models available;

  • In most cases, a concise and modern design.


  • Stand out from the kitchen, as a result of which they can spoil the design composition;

  • Practicality is affected by the material of which it is made. facade.

Free-standing dishwashers

Free-standing dishwashers

Free-standing dishwashers are not suitable for installation in the kitchen. They are equipped with a decorative exterior housing, thanks to which they can be placed anywhere.

In some cases (when there is no room in the kitchen installing an add-on module or with difficulty accessing communications) it is these machines that are the most optimal decision.


  • Simplicity of installation (it is not required to make insertions in advance engineering Communication);

  • Easy access to all functional elements with the need for repair and maintenance.


  • Often higher noise or vibration than embedded models;

  • Stand out from the kitchen and occupy a place in indoors.

Dishwasher size

A parameter such as size serves as a selection criterion. exclusively for built-in dishwashers of both types. Indeed, the freestanding “a couple of extra centimeters” won’t be a problem. But the car is too thick just does not fit in the kitchen.

There are three standard sizes for dishwashers:

  1. Compact – height 45 cm, width 55 cm, depth 45 cm;

  2. Narrow – height 82 cm, width 45 cm, depth 57 cm;

  3. Standard – height 60 cm, width 60 cm, depth 85 cm.

It is worth remembering that for manufacturers these parameters are recommendatory, therefore the specific dimensions of the dishwasher cars may vary by a few centimeters.

The size of the dishwasher directly determines its capacity. So, compact models are designed for 4-6 sets of dishes and therefore suitable for daily use in a small family of 2-3 person. The narrow one will include up to 10 sets, and the standard one – from 12 sets. Therefore, choosing the size of the dishwasher is worth based not only on the dimensions of the kitchen set (where it planned to be embedded), but also from the number of “users”.

When choosing a free-standing dishwasher, its capacity becomes the prevailing value.

The main criteria for choosing a dishwasher

dishwasher selection criteria

Among the most important design features that determine the practicality of the dishwasher, we can distinguish:

  1. Water consumption and energy class;

  2. Washing class;

  3. Type of management;

  4. Operating modes and the number of pre-installed programs;

  5. Type of connection;

  6. The presence of protection against leaks;

  7. The presence of filters.

Water consumption

This parameter determines how much water will be consumed. dishwasher during a full cycle of operation, including preliminary washing (for some models), the main and rinsing. It depends on the specific device model, the established program, dimensions, year of release and many others parameters. Therefore, determining the recommended value is not seems possible.

Most modern compact dishwashers consume water for a full wash cycle is 6-8 liters, for narrow – 8-10 liters, standard ones – 10-14 liters.

There are also super-economical models – for example, standard ones with consumption of about 6 liters per wash cycle. But they are different high cost.

For urban environments, the type of water which is used in the car – hot (expensive) or cold (relatively cheap). In the latter case, the device independently heats the liquid. Of course, this is spent electricity. Therefore, you should pay attention to energy consumption. a dishwasher.

Energy class

Energy class means dishwasher current consumption machine for a cycle of work. The higher it is, the better. Classes energy consumption is denoted by Latin letters, where A – most economical, and G – spending the most energy.

The specific values ​​are as follows:

  1. G – from 2.7 kW;

  2. F – 2.5 kW;

  3. E – 2.2 kW;

  4. D – 2 kW;

  5. C – 1.5 kW;

  6. B – 1.1 kW;

  7. A – up to 1.07 kW.

Some modern models of dishwashers have a class A + or A ++ power consumption that consumes even less electricity.

However, the lower the energy consumption of the dishwasher – the more expensive it is. Therefore, do not chase the super-economical models, even devices are suitable for home use class C.

Washing class

The washing class is a parameter that shows how good the machine is. copes with dirt on the dishes. It is also indicated by Latin in letters, where A is the best work and maximum safety.

The quality of washing is directly affected by the quantity and location sprayers and nozzles. The more of them, the better the car copes with pollution.

Type of management

Dishwasher control can be mechanical or electronic.

Mechanical control

Mechanical control means equipping the device corresponding switches and buttons. It is durable, but not especially functional.

In modern dishwashers, mechanical control almost never occurs. It can only be found in very budget models or special ultra-compact options, dimensions similar to a microwave.


  • Durability (expressed in the independence of functionality from humidity or electricity stability);

  • Simplicity.


  • Extremely meager functionality;

  • Large dimensions of the control module, affecting the size device or usable volume;

  • Lack of programs;

Electronic control

E-government is the de facto standard for modern dishwashers. It allows you to set many automatic work programs for maximum practicality or profitability.


  • Wide functionality – many modes and automatic programs;

  • Relative simplicity in setup (for some models);

  • Compactness of the module;


  • High sensitivity to harmful external influences environment (humidity, voltage drops);

  • Risk of inadequate operation of the device in case of problems with firmware.

Operating modes

Modes of operation determine the practical qualities of the device. Among They can be distinguished as the most important of the following:

  1. Pre-wash mode – designed to remove very heavy contaminants, including dried and greasy. There are dishes just doused with water without the addition of chemicals and “soaked” for a while;

  2. Main wash mode – directly remove contaminants from the surface of the dishes. In it on the surface of the plates alternately water is applied with and without a special agent;

  3. Rinse Mode – designed to rinse off cleaning residue products from the surface of the dishes;

  4. Drying mode – in it moisture is removed from the surface of the dishes.

Types of drying in dishwashers

The drying mode itself can be implemented in two ways – condensation and turbo drying.

Condensation drying

Condensation drying involves removing moisture from the surface. dishes naturally – it just evaporates from there and settles on the inside of the dishwasher.


  • Low power consumption of the dishwasher;

  • Low price of the device;

  • Lower requirements for water quality;

  • Low risk of damage to any elements of the dishwasher condensate machines;


  • It takes a lot of time, up to several hours;

  • The risk of stains on dishes.

Turbo dryer

Turbo dryer means blowing dishes with hot air through nozzles or a special fan in the dishwasher. If the speed of drying the dishes is important – you should choose a model, equipped with a turbo-drying mode. If this parameter does not matter – machines with condensation drying are suitable.


  • High speed drying dishes;

  • Lack of divorces.


  • The high cost of a dishwasher;

  • Increased power consumption.

Connection Features

Dishwashers can only be connected to cold or and to cold, and to hot water. Moreover, the first type of installation preferable.

When connected only to cold water, the dishwasher independently heats it to the desired temperature, so utility bills (hot is usually much more expensive) are declining. In addition, this option is much easier to install. AND also the quality of washing dishes does not depend on maintenance work public utilities.

The only drawback of this connection option is that that the heating element “eats away” the usable space main compartment of the dishwasher.

When connected to cold and hot water, the dishwasher Heats nothing on his own. It slightly reduces electricity consumption. But at the same time, installation is complicated.

Leakage protection

Leakage protection is implemented through a special sensor, located in the pan of the dishwasher. More often than not, he has simple float configuration and fires as soon as the bottom a sufficient amount of water will be collected (usually 0.2 l).

The protection system can be of two types – full and partial.

  1. For dishwashers with partial leakage protection, blocking the water supply, located directly in the housing. It is he who triggers after the “panic” signal float sensor.

  2. For dishwashers with full leakage protection, this valve located at the end of the hose. Thus, they are protected from depressurization of utilities and therefore significantly safer. But also more expensive.


Various types of filters are installed in the dishwashers – from input intended for softening water to weekend, which purify the waste water before feeding it to recirculation system.

The more different filters, the better. For example, input extend the operating period of the dishwasher, reducing the risk of scale in nozzles and on the heating element. AND output filters mechanically purify waste water by removing her pieces of food from plates.

The only drawback of filters is that they must be cleaned regularly, and in some cases even change.

Additional features

Additional features

Among the additional features that define the practicality of the dishwasher, we can distinguish:

  1. Half load mode is designed to wash relatively a small amount of dishes. Despite the fact that the procedure time not reduced, water consumption decreases by about 30%.

  2. Quick wash mode, as the name implies, reduces time processing dishes by about 30-50% by reducing the duration of each of the stages of the cycle. Suitable for processing not too dirty cutlery.

  3. Intensive washing mode is designed to remove complex pollution. It contains the amount of detergent and water pressure from nozzles are increasing. It is understood that this also leads to several increased energy consumption, but allows you to cope even with very dry or stubborn dirt.

  4. The delicate washing mode is designed to clean sensitive to temperature and mechanical effects of utensils – such as crystal glasses. In it, the water becomes less hot, and the intensity of its flows decreases.

  5. Cost-effective program and BIO program reduce consumption tap water by increasing the amount of fluid used from the recirculation system. Not suitable for removing complex pollution.

  6. Child protection excludes accidental or uncontrolled clicks. To set the operating parameters, as well as just turn on the dishwasher will need to commit some complicated actions (e.g. hold and hold for a while two buttons).

How to choose a dishwasher

Choose a dishwasher according to the following procedure:

  1. Determine the type of placement (built-in or separately standing);

  2. Determine the required size (compact, narrow, standard);

  3. Choose the desired operating modes and preset programs;

  4. Determine if the selected dishwasher is suitable for it technical specifications.

Ergonomics are also important, but they can be identify only in the store – and for each person it is different.

How much is a dishwasher

The cost of dishwashers depends on functionality, type and volume. It starts from 10 thousand rubles, ends with several hundred thousand rubles. But the vast most home use models are in the optimal price range of 25-40 thousand rubles.

Top dishwasher manufacturers

Among the manufacturers of dishwashers, one of the best is a German concern B / S / H, producing household appliances under Bosch and Siemens brands. In addition, quality models can found at Whirlpool, Miele, and Electrolux. In the budget segment by performance and durability leading company products Candy


In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose a refrigerator for the apartment and the secrets of choosing a washing cars.

Dishwasher Selection Video

Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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