How to choose a boat engine

Outboard motor – a popular tool among hunters, fishers, as well as outdoor enthusiasts. FROM it can be used to get anywhere in the reservoir, regardless from its location. Maximum functionality however provided when the outboard motor is selected correctly, and its characteristics fully comply with the conditions operation and characteristics of the vessel used.

choose a boat engine

The best manufacturers. What brand of outboard motor to choose?

If you exclude from attention the good old “Veterok”, known to each more or less experienced fisherman, the best producers The following companies are considered outboard motors:

  1. Tohatsu

  2. Mercury

  3. Mitsubishi

  4. Yamaha

  5. Suzuki

Before choosing a motor, you should familiarize yourself with characteristics, as well as reviews of anglers who use such equipment in the field – only they are capable give practical advice and outline key features of operation one or another model.

Types of motors for a boat

Despite the common name, outboard motors for a boat structurally differ in the most dramatic way. Considering these devices in terms of design features, It is necessary to distinguish the following types.

Two stroke outboard motors

Two-stroke outboard motors

Classic internal combustion engines, duty cycle which is two measures. Unpretentious in maintenance and simple in terms of design. Oil is added to such an engine directly to gasoline, and cooling is carried out by water intake from a reservoir. On sale are a variety of engines with power from 1-2 to 100-150 horsepower.

Advantages

  • Low price;

  • A wide range of devices in terms of power;

  • Lubrication is done using push-pull oil, added to gasoline;

  • Unpretentious in maintenance;

  • Simple construction;

disadvantages

  • High noise;

  • Heavy weight;

  • Low efficiency;

  • Exhaust fumes are discharged into the water;

Four stroke outboard motors

Four stroke outboard motors

More advanced devices, working whose cycle involves 4 measures and is similar to that in cars. The efficiency of such motors tends to the maximum, and the noise is low. The lubrication system here is closed contour and identical to that in a car;

Advantages

  • Decent functionality;

  • Environmental friendliness;

  • Low noise;

  • Separate lubrication system;

  • High efficiency per unit of fuel burned;

disadvantages

  • Quite expensive;

  • They require regular and high-quality after-sales service;

  • It is necessary to monitor the oil level;

  • Moody for fuel quality;

Outboard Electric Motors

Boat electric motors

These devices are popular among those anglers who fish in small enclosed shallow waters. The power source is a traction battery, which means that such engines do not require gasoline or fuel. They are characterized completely silent, which allows you to approach the point of fishing, not guarding the fish. Sensitive tuning of traction gives the ability to use an electric motor as an anchor when fishing on the current holding the boat in one place.

Advantages

  • Environmental friendliness;

  • Low cost;

  • Unpretentiousness in service;

  • Complete silence;

  • Compact dimensions and weight;

disadvantages

  • One battery charge is not enough for a long time;

  • Not able to take the boat to glide due to the small maximum speed

  • Not suitable for large boats and boats;

Selection options. What to look for when buying a pendant outboard motor?

engine selection criteria

Given the variety of engines on sale, differing in their technical characteristics, it is necessary to determine the type of boat on which it will be installed engine, as well as with its main technical characteristics, have a direct impact on functionality.

Outboard Motor Power

Factor that must be considered in the first place. Especially in light of the fact that on sale you can find diverse engines with power from 1-2 to 300-350 horsepower.

  1. Compact motors with power from 1-2 to 5-6 horsepower. A good option for operation on small inflatable and PVC – boating while fishing in small enclosed lakes and reservoirs. Provides unhurried movement of the boat on speeds up to 10 kilometers per hour.

  2. Outboard motors with a capacity of 5-15 horsepower – a great option for use on 3-4 local boats with a crew of 2-3 people and full arsenal of fishing gear. All motors of this type are already have a two-cylinder design and allow speeds up to 30 kilometers per hour. Fuel consumption in the average cycle is 3-4 liters per hour;

  3. Outboard motors with a capacity of over 20 horsepower are far from needed to each. For PVC boats, they are redundant due to the large weight, h fuel consumption and own high cost. Install such engines for full-size boats and boats designed for high-speed movement across large rivers and open spaces reservoirs;

What does the outboard motor work on?

The most popular and common engines running on gasoline. High profitability, high efficiency, ability to develop significant speed – these and many other advantages explain their popularity. The disadvantages are increased noise, the presence of exhaust gases and the need to monitor the presence of technical fluids and their condition;

Electric motors currently are gaining in popularity. As a power source the battery is used, and therefore the problems associated with gasoline use, lubrication system and after-sales service fall away by themselves. The second advantage is almost complete noiselessness. These engines also have disadvantages – low speed, relatively small battery life, decreasing together with a drop in temperature below zero – one of them.

In order to mitigate the above disadvantages, many anglers use both types of engines at the same time: for transitions gas motors are used for a considerable distance, and when the need for a local change of fishing point or movement to low speed switch to electric traction.

Engine Mounting Design

As a rule, all outboard motors include fastening to the transom – a rigid structural element located at the back of the boat. The motor is attached to the transformer with a design resembling a traditional clamp and has several degrees of adjustment of the angle of elevation of the screw. Feature is important when it is necessary to bypass the sandbank, snag or section of the reservoir overgrown with algae. Electric boat the motor is attached to the bow of the boat using a special bracket.

Engine controls and their algorithm

In terms of controls, modern outboard motors almost always fall into two types:

  1. Manual control, or tiller. Special handle with which you can change the direction of the boat, as well as change her speed;

  2. The foot pedal is a very convenient control using which you can change the speed of the boat without releasing this tackle from the hands. Its disadvantage is the lack of opportunity changes in the direction of the boat;

Choose a motor for a PVC boat

motor for PVC boat

PVC boats are compact boats used for outdoor activities, hunting or fishing. The payload of the most popular models is limited. 500-600 kilogram mark, and therefore outboard motor unlikely to be appropriate. Choose push-pull or four-stroke models with a power of 10-15 horsepower forces. This engine is enough to move around the water at high speed without burning a large amount of fuel. Preference should be given to proven models from Tohatsu, Mercury, Honda

Choosing an electric outboard motor

Low-powered electric boat motors used by anglers in small bodies of water – both standing and flowing, and provide high speed of movement with complete noiselessness. Choosing a similar device, preference should be given compact models with traction of the order of 15-20 kilograms. IN appendage to such a motor, you must purchase a capacious traction battery for 80-100 ampere hours. Preference should be given. products manufactured by Watersnake, Minn-kota, Suzuki, Honda.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose motor boat and the secrets of choosing a boat for fishing.

Outboard Motor Video


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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