How to choose a bicycle by height for a man, women and children – expert opinions

The fashion for a healthy lifestyle in recent years has swept the whole world and contributed to the rapid growth of sales of sports equipment and equipment. Popular bikes too – this one compact, convenient and environmentally friendly transport prefers more and more and more people use it in order to get to work and solve everyday issues, it is him very often replace the car. But in order to feel the maximum effect and the benefits of pokatushek and training, you need to pay the most close attention to the selection of the bicycle, its main characteristics and mechanisms.

how to choose a bike

The best bicycle manufacturers – which company to choose

As with cars now in the world there are so many different bike manufacturers each of which has many models for every taste and any price budget. It is the latter in many cases that plays the decisive role in choosing this or that bike is quality, branded products are very expensive. In general, choosing specific bike model, should be preferred following brands:

  1. Giant

  2. Forward

  3. Shimano

  4. GT Bicycles

  5. Shtil

Each of the above manufacturers has its own catalog a large number of different models for every taste – there really is plenty to choose from! Before you buy a bike is best to review customer reviews, considering how laudatory and negative posts on the Internet.

The principle of operation and the device of the bike

The design of the bicycles and the basic principle of their work well known to everyone, and therefore long descriptions are not required. Any a bicycle, regardless of its price range and design, consists of several key elements:

  1. Frame. It has a welded construction and is made of durable metal pipes. Magnesium alloys, aluminum, as well as other metals and their alloys are widely used to achieve certain characteristics. The lower part of the frame is equipped with a special carriage, locking pedal assembly. It is he who drives the gear gear, which, through a chain, transmits torque to rear wheel;

  2. The steering unit also consists of several key elements. IN the upper part is directly the steering wheel itself with brake handles fixed to it, change mechanisms transmission and other elements. At the bottom of the steering column bifurcates and turns into a fork designed for mounting front wheel.

  3. A special place is occupied by the transmission mechanism. Equipped with it not all models of bicycles, but it is intended for change gear ratio, which has a direct impact on bike speed as well as the effort that is needed apply to achieve a certain speed;

Types of Bicycles

Despite the generality of the designs presented on sale bicycles have cardinal differences among themselves, and therefore before in how to choose the appropriate option, you need to decide specific type of bike.

Mountain bikes

Mountain bikes

Powerful frame, oversized wheels equipped off-road tires, high-performance pedal assembly the location of the carriage – these are their main elements. Such bikes designed for use in harsh environments and for active cross country travel.

Advantages

  • Powerful frame capable of withstanding significant dynamic load;

  • Excellent cushioning properties;

  • High cross;

  • Maximum stability in any operating mode;

  • A large number of speeds for different modes operation;

disadvantages

  • High price;

  • Not suitable for monotonous driving in urban areas;

  • Inconvenient saddle;

Universal (all-round)

all-round bikes

To some extent, all-round bikes can be considered universal. Their design is very similar to mountain bikes in a slightly simplified version, which makes it very good an option for both off-road pokatushek and for city driving. They are distinguished by excellent performance, high maneuverability and the presence of high-quality components and assemblies.

Advantages

  • High universality – suitable for off-road pokatushek, and for driving on asphalt;

  • Allow installation of the trunk;

  • Low cost;

  • Excellent cushioning capabilities;

  • Strong and reliable frame design;

disadvantages

  • Limited cross-country functionality terrain;

Road bikes

Road

Models that fully reveal their own characteristics when driving on good asphalt. Designed to move around high speed, which is facilitated by a high-quality lightweight frame, steering wheel bent down as well as large diameter wheels with enough narrow tires.

Advantages

  • Light weight;

  • High-speed, high-quality transmission drive;

  • High-speed and maneuverable devices;

  • Lightweight and durable frame;

disadvantages

  • Hard and not comfortable enough;

  • Designed exclusively for highway operation;

City bikes

City bikes

Simple and practical models designed for use in city ​​mode. Differ in a thought-over design and provide a sufficiently high degree of comfort for the rider. Almost always equipped with a transmission that provides the ability to change gear ratios depending on the load and driving mode.

Advantages

  • Compact devices designed for everyday use operation;

  • Low cost;

  • Wide wheels providing decent reel and good patency;

  • Comfortable fit while riding;

  • Well-developed luggage abilities – suggest the presence of both trunk, and baskets for things in the front;

disadvantages

  • On most models, shock absorbers are not available as a class;

    Underdeveloped brake system;

Bicycle Selection Options

bike selection options

The design of the bicycle frame and its height

This parameter, according to experienced cyclists, is defining – a correctly selected frame of the desired height provides maximum comfort when driving in any mode. Behind the height of the frame is taken from the pedal carriage to crosses designed for mounting saddles. This parameter fully connected with the length of the legs of the cyclist, as well as with his growth: the higher the rider, the higher the frame should be.

Frame material

  1. Stainless steel frame – good old “grandfather” option. Frames made of steel can be found on budget models of bicycles, it has decent durability and able to withstand significant loads. The only the disadvantage of a steel frame is weight;

  2. Aluminum frames can be considered to some extent. the opposite of steel. They are lightweight, however aluminum structures cannot be called excessively strong;

  3. Frames made of magnesium, molybdenum and other alloys strong enough and at the same time weigh quite a bit. Sustainability corrosion, sufficient strength and low price – these are the main advantages of such frames;

  4. Titanium and carbon frames are not suitable for everyone, first turn because of the sky-high price. Otherwise, such frames practically have no shortcomings – they are very durable, practically weightless and able to withstand significant loads.

Bike weight

It is traditionally believed that the lower the weight, the lower the mechanical bike strength. However, this does not apply to professional models – the use of modern materials allowed to achieve minimum weight and decent durability. It is traditionally believed that for daily use, the weight of the bicycle must be about 15-20 kilograms. If you like speed slaloms and racing on the highway – you should prefer a more lightweight, order 12-14 kilograms, models.

Shock absorbers

Similar to automobiles, shock absorbers are designed to reduce shock and vibration transmitted from the wheel to the steering wheel and frame. For this goals are four different types of construction, each of which has both pros and cons:

  1. Spring shock absorbers are well known to many riders. Main their disadvantage is the aging of metal and a short service life as consequence. Advantages – a lot: there is good depreciation, and low cost, and unpretentiousness in leaving;

  2. Oil shock absorbers and their air-oil analogues – A great option for off-road driving. Represent a tank filled with special oil, which performs shock absorbing functions. The disadvantages include a tendency to leaks, as well as limited weight and size characteristics riders – models with oil shock absorbers are not suitable for people heavier than 100-110 kilograms;

  3. Air shock absorbers are exclusively for urban bikes, not “Seeing” off-road and dirt. In urban operation go long enough and provide excellent cushioning properties. And they can be adjusted to the weight of almost any person;

Brake system

Brake system

  1. Traditional foot brakes are the most a common type of mechanism nowadays. Stop running the bike by depressing the pedals in the opposite direction. Simple and unpretentious in operation, but hardly able to provide decent braking performance when intensive use;

  2. V-shaped brakes are a special cable mechanism, equipped with pads pressed to the rim using special calipers. Show their effectiveness only when the wheel rim is dry and even, and the pads are in good condition. Fancy in operation, need regular replacement pads. Of the advantages, it should be noted a low price and a significant braking performance;

  3. Disc brakes – both mechanical and hydraulic. The key feature is that they do not inhibit the rim itself, but wheel hub, being isolated from the environment. it makes them independent of atmospheric conditions, temperature and rim condition. The disadvantages include the high price and the complexity of repair and maintenance;

Transmission and gears

The mechanism responsible for the driving characteristics of a particular bike and allowing you to change the load and speed in depending on operating conditions. The most elaborate mechanisms manufactured by Shimano, Alteco and other world-famous corporations can have up to 28-30 speed adjustments, but they are only needed professional cyclists. For ordinary urban use budget transmission models equipped with 7-10 different speeds, more than enough.

When choosing a transmission, which is equipped with one or another a bicycle, attention should be paid to quality, and therefore priority is given products from famous European and Japanese concerns – Shimano, Alteco, SRAM.

Which bike to choose?

  1. For everyday city operation and driving to the place of study either work there is no point in buying highly specialized expensive models. Classic city bike with lightweight aluminum Shimano frame and brakes and large transmission wheels with a road tread pattern will be for a similar operation is the best option;

  2. If your goal is pokatushki through the woods or country roads, however urban exploitation is not excluded, preference should be give to a classic universal bike or inexpensive mountain model. Big wheels, thoughtful braking system and multi-stage transmission will surely be enjoyable addition;

  3. Professionals choosing a device for use in harsh conditions, close to extreme, should be addressed attention to top-end mountain models with a two-suspension design frames equipped with powerful wheels with a diameter of 27-29 inches, hydraulic disc brakes and sophisticated system depreciation. Transmission – exceptionally high-quality solutions from Shimano or SRAM;

How much does a bike cost?

  1. Classic models for everyday urban use mode, the so-called city bikes, start at 10 thousand and can reach 50-60 thousand rubles. Children’s similar models are cheaper – when buying a quality bike it is quite possible to keep within 10-12 thousand rubles;

  2. Road bikes are highly specialized models, and therefore the price for them is appropriate – the start begins from a level of 15-20 thousand rubles and can reach 80-100 thousand;

  3. Professional mountain bikes are the most expensive devices in our ranking. Prices for the best models from famous manufacturers can reach 400-500 thousand rubles, but a high-quality model it is quite possible to get for 40-60 thousand.

In the following articles, our experts tell you how to choose adult bike, the secrets of choosing a bike for triathlon and Features of choosing a bike for the city.

Bike Selection Video


Attention! This material is subjective opinion of the authors of the project and is not a buying guide.

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