9 best remedies for pinworms, or how to treat enterobiosis

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

In more than two million years of its development, man has passed in tremendous way. For almost all these years, he has been stubbornly evolving from monkey-like ancestors in man. He mastered upright posture, brain volume constantly increased, and approximately forty thousand years ago, a person acquired his modern look. Then started rapid development of scientific and technological progress. Person subjugated the fire, invented the wheel and written language, appeared alphabet. We are currently living in an era of the Internet, really existing quantum computers, smart homes, visited the moon and on Mars.

But alas! However, we still could not cope with parasites, ordinary small worms, including those with pinworms, pathogens of enterobiasis. Unlike the “king of nature”, pinworms have neither a head (only the head end) nor a head brain. All they can do is tremendously persistent cling to life using all the resources that allow maintain pinworm populations even among the most civilized peoples (animals and birds do not get sick with enterobiasis). Already many Guessed that today’s conversation will focus on how to treat enterobiasis, that is, pinworm infestation.

This article is slightly different from all similar medications. reviews to list even the most effective medicinal remedies for enterobiasis are simply not enough. Even if fanatical follow the instructions, then get rid of only one medicine from pinworms is impossible. The reason for this is the phenomenon of self-infection. human, the most powerful tool of pinworms in the struggle for survival. To to properly recover from enterobiasis, you need to find out what is self-infection and by what mechanisms it is realized.

Self-infection: a powerful survival mechanism

Those helminths that can infect the same host, not needing other organisms for their development, have tremendous advantage. After one day, once in the final the host that secretes the eggs into the environment, they favorable conditions make it a lifelong source of eggs, in which lives not one generation of worms, but more and more – dozens of generations succeeding each other.

Take opisthorchiasis, the causative agent of which is feline fluke. Adult opisthorchias live in the liver and they secrete eggs, which with human feces go out. But even if constantly deal with the feces of a sick person then get infected opisthorchiasis is even theoretically impossible. In order to happen infection, eggs must fall into a freshwater reservoir, pass a number stages of development. So, the intermediate host should be fish family of cyprinids with mature metistercaria opisthorchias in their “fish meat”. Only fish, not thermally good processed, dangerous to humans. Eggs of opisthorchus for us completely safe, just like bovine tapeworm eggs, pork tapeworm and many other flat and tapeworms.

Pinworms are a completely different story. Pinworms lay their eggs in the area around the anus, and the person (most often a child) combes this area at night, because it feels severe itching. Accordingly, microscopic pinworm eggs fall under him nails, and he these infected hands during the day, along with toys calmly sends it to his mouth.

Imagine that even the most modern anthelmintic drugs that will kill everyone pathogens in the intestines inside the human body. But if at least a few dozen pinworm eggs will remain under the nails, postponed the night before treatment, and avoiding destructive the action of the medicine, then they appear in the mouth, and there autoinfection. The medicine eventually worked, but only on part of the population, and therefore became useless.

Why is this lengthy preface needed? To the reader paid close attention not only to the description drugs, but also followed the rules exactly hygiene during the treatment of enterobiasis to help avoid self-infection and radically get rid of parasites.

Who are pinworms?

Pinworms are small, and, in general, “almost” harmless the worms. They do not lead to serious or even fatal complications, such as roundworms or trichinella. Roundworm, tangle crawling from the esophagus to the larynx can simply suffocate during sleep human blocking the airways. Trichinella, hundreds and thousands deposited in the muscles, cause toxic – anaphylactic shock. Pinworms are much smarter. Congenital instinct, if possible to express himself about creatures without a brain, tells them that the owner and habitat, you need to protect, and do not bring to extremes. is he must live as long as possible to constantly produce eggs.

Therefore, enterobiosis proceeds “delicately.” This is the most common helminthic invasion in the number of cases in the Russian Federation, and in countries around the world. When you hear the expression “y our worms found our baby, “then almost always, almost 100% we are talking about pinworms. Pinworms, or enterobias, are dioecious parasites, and one end of them is a little pointed, therefore they were called pinworms. Their body length is short, but females are easy distinguish from males: females up to a centimeter long, males twice in short.

Adult parasites attach to the intestinal wall, and feed on its contents, but can also feed on blood, however they themselves do not damage the intestinal wall, unlike hookworms, and do not cause anemia. Pinworms themselves live in the area of ​​thick intestines, and in adults – no symptoms, no pain usually does not happen. Of course, parasites can cause allergic symptoms, marked skin itching, which is especially worrying toddlers.

As stated above, eggs are laid in the perianal folds, and there they develop, and after 6 hours from the eggs already larvae appear. They crawl back into the anus, enter the intestines, and develop in adult worms, the cycle repeated. At the same time, pinworm eggs are also actively swallowed, and they enter the intestine, therefore, from all sides. Wherein self-infection also comes from two sides.

Who can get enterobiasis: epidemiology

Most often get sick, and are able to maintain for a long time the persistence of pinworms in their body is small children, especially united in groups, for example, in the nursery and the younger group of the children’s the garden. Children are not yet accustomed to the rules of personal hygiene, often pull hands in the mouth, and this method of periodic self-infection allows extend invasion to many babies.

The second important factor is pinworm eggs are very viable, and they do not die right there, once in the environment, but retain the ability to infestation up to a month outside organisms. Abundantly seeding children’s toys, objects in the room, bedding – they pose a threat not only for children but also for adults. We highlight those risk groups for babies, which are most often susceptible to helminthic invasions in general, and enterobiosis in particular, children:

  1. without hygiene skills that pull hands in your mouth, predominantly younger age groups
  2. from unsanitary and asocial families that reside in mud”;
  3. with poor health, often sick, who have low, and number – anthelmintic immunity;
  4. with a delay in physical and mental development;
  5. who were breast-fed and have not received real breast milk with protective factors – secretory immunoglobulins.

Finally, we should not forget that the “Caesars” have less adaptability compared to children “received” in the result of physiological birth, as well as children, mothers which had aggravating factors in pregnancy.

By the way, enterobiosis is a severe anthroponosis, which means that only people get sick. No animals, snails, birds or animals able to be a source of infection. Of course, animals can be sources of very dangerous, and even deadly helminthiases, for example, such as echinococcosis and especially alveococcosis. But as for pinworms, here “everything is calm.” You don’t have to worry that during the treatment the worms “crawl” onto dog and cat, and then back to the child.

Clinical picture

It was said above that no strong and sharp abdominal pain pinworms do not cause, and in adults the disease is most often really asymptomatic. After all, in an adult the immune defenses are ripe, but pinworms are still not so dangerous like some other types of helminths. And still for the children, especially with a weakened immune system, pinworms are dangerous, causing allergic – toxic clinical picture, which consists of the following symptoms and signs:

  1. the child is disturbed by abdominal discomfort, near the navel, and weak, wandering, mild pain;
  2. there is an alternation of diarrhea, constipation and bloating – signs of intestinal dyspepsia associated with secondary dysbiosis;
  3. symptoms of gastric dyspepsia are also worrying. This is nausea and lack of appetite, belching and nausea, most often these signs observed in the child in the morning;
  4. long-term enterobiosis causes increased fatigue and irritability. The baby becomes tearful, due to the pronounced itching in the anus; he sleeps poorly;
  5. bruxism can be considered a sign of helminthiasis. So called teeth creaking in a dream, which occurs not only in the child, but also in adults, and clearly audible from a distance;
  6. pinworms can not only crawl out of the anus onto the skin, to lay eggs there, but also to migrate a little further from anal opening. Therefore, they can crawl into the genital tract girls, and cause there non-specific microbial vulvovaginitis, and if there are infections such as pyelonephritis or cystitis, then they prone to periodic exacerbation against enterobiosis;
  7. a long course of enterobiosis leads to a lag in physical development, the child loses weight;
  8. in the study of a general blood test a characteristic symptom helminthiasis is an increase in the number of eosinophils over 5% with counting leukoformulas.

Of this entire set of numerous symptoms and signs, one of the main ones, which directly points to pinworm infestation, is severe itching in the anus at night. Why pinworms do not lay eggs in the intestines, but outside? Yes, simply because developing larvae need atmospheric oxygen. In a few hours, in the morning, the eggs ripen, and after hatching the larvae are possible potential infection. If pinworms did not cause severe itching, then the child would not have insomnia, irritability and tearfulness.

But the harm of skin itching is not only this. This is the most important factor. self-infection through the mouth and getting into other people when the eggs pinworms capable of development fall under the nails, and then in the mouth. In addition, a child with chronic microbial skin lesions, with impetigo, with streptoderma, can also bring secondary microbial infection.

Why do pinworms lay their eggs and cause itching at night? Are there really peculiar inside worm organisms The biological clock? Naturally exist. No man at night eating, and the concentration of nutrients in the intestines becomes different. But most importantly, the sphincter of the anus able to relax at night, and the fertilized female is much easier than during the day to crawl out. Man is at rest, and nothing prevents pinworms from laying their eggs. The number of deferred one female egg ranges from 10 to 15 thousand. Female lays eggs only once in a lifetime, and then it dies.

Diagnosis of Enterobiosis

Diagnosis of enterobiosis is very simple, and its reliability is close to 100%. Unlike opisthorchs, pinworms are always very numerous, and their they helpfully lay eggs not inside but outside. That they favorably with opisthorchiasis. With opisthorchiasis, sometimes tests feces are completely uninformative, it is necessary to do repeatedly analysis of duodenal contents and probe that of course exhausting the patient.

In order to diagnose enterobiosis, they are not needed at all expensive blood tests, and no special financial expenses. It is necessary to make scraping from the perianal folds, and before scraping, you can not wash, and do not wash child, so as not to wash off these eggs. This scraping can be modified, and this analysis is called the imprint of perianal folds on the sticky tape, this is a common medical hypoallergenic tape.

It’s relatively useless to look for pinworm eggs in feces, therefore, it is not recommended to take feces. After all, females attach eggs special glue to the perianal folds so that they do not disappear, not lost, and did not go outside with feces. Therefore take feces on worm eggs with suspected pinworms can be repeatedly, and at the same time it is useless, if eggs are found there, then in a very small the amount and outside of feces, hitting them randomly. Scraping and the imprint of the adhesive tape from the perianal folds is equally reliable, safe and painlessly carried out as in the smallest children, so in adults. How to treat enterobiosis?

Treatment

The most important thing is to be ready with the start of the drug treat ruthless, serious and very thorough secondary prevention. The goals of this prevention are to prevent pinworm eggs on objects and hands of a child and an adult, and then – preventing them from getting into the mouth.

The best remedies for pinworms, or how to treat enterobiosis

Nomination a place Name of product price
Drug therapy 1 Mebendazole (Vermox, Vormin, Helmindazole) 79 rub
2 Pyrantel (Helmintox) 26 rub
3 Levamisole (Decaris) 65 rub
Sorbents and eubiotics 1 Enterosgel sweet 400 rub
2 Lactofiltrum 288 rub
3 Enterol 294 rub
4 Hilak Forte 231 rub
Symptomatic 1 Drotaverin (No-shpa) 156 rub
2 Ceterizine (Cetrin) 134 rub

Drug therapy

Unlike numerous drugs (for the treatment of inflammation, heart rhythm disturbances, antibiotics), – drugs for treatment enterobiosis is relatively small. They can be counted on the fingers. one hand. The medicine should actively influence not only adult worms, but prevent the development of larvae, and destroy parasite eggs, which is especially difficult because eggs are usually protected very well. It is easiest to act on adult worms. it there may be inhibition of glucose transmission, muscle paralysis, and in as a result of this, the worms become unable to contract and attach to the walls of the intestine.

Such worms paralyzed at the level of neuromuscular endings easily exit the intestines. If there wasn’t a phenomenon of self-infection and finding eggs in the external environment, then no problems with treatment would not have arisen at all. All existing tools are very effective, well tolerated, and after their intake, parasites do not start actively leave the intestines and “creep up, disturbed”, it’s very important. A person during treatment does not become more dangerous for surrounding persons.

But in the event that the eggs still got into the environment environment (which happens almost always), then the danger of infection lasts up to 2 weeks. Therefore, the immutable rule of treatment enterobiosis is a second course of treatment after 2 or 3 weeks, and This is especially important when it is not possible to comply with all preventive and hygienic measures. Usually take everything medication is necessary for 4-5 days, since this the duration of the course covers not only the death of one adult generations, but also destroys those larvae that mature in intestines, and could be swallowed after taking the drug. What kind of medicine are these?

Mebendazole (Vermox, Vormin, Helmindazole)

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Mebendazole (Vermox, Vormin, Helmindazole)

Mebendazole is one of the main drugs for enterobiasis, it affects the metabolism of glucose in the tissues of parasites, depletes them energy reserve. As a result of inhibition of synthesis energy substrates, worms are immobilized, and freely exit out of the body. In addition to pinworm infestation, this remedy is universal for helminthiases caused by round and ribbon worms, including some forms of echinococcosis. He is assigned to for treating enterobiosis in infants up to 5 years of age strictly according to body weight: 5 mg per a kilogram of weight per day, and for children over 5 years old – 10 mg daily. Up to two years, children are not recommended to prescribe it. Release mebendazole in the form of a Vermox drug Hungarian company Gideon Richter, and 6 tablets of 100 mg will cost from 80 to 110 rubles., November 2019 prices.

Advantages and disadvantages

The drug is not recommended for pregnant women, especially in first trimester, during breastfeeding, with ulcerative bowel lesions, liver failure, Also rare, but there are side effects such as urticaria, eczema, nausea and discomfort in the abdomen, dizziness. And if the medicine is used in high doses and very long, for example, in severe forms echinococcosis and alveococcosis, then allopecia occurs – loss hair. There are symptoms of overdose. If Vermox is prescribed a patient with type 1 diabetes who injects insulin it must be remembered that the need for insulin while taking the drug will be slightly reduced.

Pyrantel (Helmintox)

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Pyrantel (Helminthox)

Pyrantel is also a modern inexpensive drug, its action based on neuromuscular blocking of impulse transmission, subsequent paralysis of helminths, which makes their expulsion possible. In this case, also no excitation of worms, their stimulation and sprawl is not observed. Pyrantel acts as an adult individuals of both sexes, and on larvae, and other immature forms with nematodoses, that is, with invasion by roundworms, to which pinworms also belong. Therefore, in addition to enterobiosis, Pyrantel is good treat ascariasis, and rare invasions – trichocephalosis, hookworm infection and so on. Prescribe Pyrantel for invasion pinworms need once, at a dose of 10 mg per kilogram of mass bodies for both adults and children. Release Pirantel various manufacturers, and its analogue Helminthox is produced in France. The cost of Pirantel is very low. 250 mg tablets 3 pieces, manufactured in Poland will not exceed 40 rubles, and the suspension volume of 250 ml, also produced in Poland, will not cost more 65 rub

Advantages and disadvantages

Pyrantel even abroad is considered a first-line drug for treatment of enterobiasis. Its effectiveness is very high, from 95 to 100%, and the drug is very well tolerated. In addition to pills, there is a form suspension, which is very well accepted by children, because tastes good peach. So, babies don’t have any negative emotions, the price of Pirantel, like tablets and suspensions very attractive with high quality, and in pharmacies he widespread.

Dosing the suspension is very convenient, since there is a measured spoon, and a special scale of divisions. This allows you to choose any the amount of medication for an adult and for a child. Finally, the suspension can already be prescribed to babies from the age of six months. However, despite its good tolerance, contraindications. This is severe myasthenia gravis, pregnancy, caution need to be shown in the treatment of patients with hepatic insufficiency. You also need to remember that you can not assign laxative for attempts to expel worms after taking the medicine. You can not take Pirantel and its analogues in pregnant women, And if it’s went about the treatment of a nursing mother, then for the duration of the drug it is necessary to suspend breastfeeding. Also possible various side effects ranging from nausea and vomiting, and ending with an increase in transaminases, dizziness, and hyperthermia.

Levamisole (Decaris)

Popularity Rating: 4.8

LEVAMIZOL

This drug also blocks neuromuscular transmission, and used for various forms of invasion by nematodes, including with enterobiosis. The drug is prescribed once, for adults – one a tablet of 150 mg, and for children according to schemes according to body weight. Through a week, two or three, you can repeat the drug. Dekaris also inexpensive, manufactured in Hungary by Gideon Richter, and packaging costs no more than 82 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

However, do not rely on the cheapness of the funds, all anthelmintic drugs are relatively inexpensive. The thing is that according to modern data, the effectiveness of Dekaris is gradually decreases, and unlike Pirantel, a single dose of the drug causes the elimination of parasites in only 56% of cases. Therefore, for if possible, other medicines should be used. Side effects such as incompatibility should also be considered. drug with the intake of alcoholic beverages – there is a teturam-like reaction.

Sorbents and eubiotics

Do not think that drug therapy for helminthiases limited only to etiotropic treatment, i.e. impact on the cause – directly expelling helminths drugs. After all, worms form a habitat around themselves, and this means that they release toxic substances, various allergens, waste products and so on. As a result a large amount of toxins accumulates in the intestine, decreases the number of representatives of normal microbiota develops dysbiosis. Therefore, after the effect has manifested anthelmintic drugs and parasites destroyed in the intestines you need to clean up. For this, various modern sorbents for adults and children, and eubiotics.

Enterosgel sweet

Popularity Rating: 4.9

Enterosgel sweet

Enterosgel, or Polymethylsiloxane polymer – it’s just translucent paste without color, without taste, and absolutely without any smell. It is this completely neutral flavor range that leads for some patients to swallow a spoon of Enterosgel, or drinking it in an aqueous solution is very difficult, nausea occurs. Therefore, in order to give Enterosgel any taste “notes”, sweet taste, and some aroma is added to it. it makes it attractive to children.

Enterosgel absorbs toxins, envelops, removes allergens, stimulates the intestines. It can be used not only after helminthic infestations, but also after intestinal infections, with various allergic diseases and with a high level of bilirubin in the blood, in chronic renal failure.

It is necessary to take it for children under the age of 5 years – half tablespoon 3 times a day, up to 14 years – one tablespoon three once a day, and for adults, a single dose rises to one and a half, or even 2 tablespoons. It is advisable not to take Enterosgel as paste, and carefully dissolve it in a glass of water and drink separately from food and other medicines – 2 hours before a meal or after. Enterosgel is widely distributed in all pharmacies, and large a tube of 225 g can be purchased at a price of 360 to 580 rubles. It is produced by the enterprise Silma in Russia and Creoma on Ukraine.

Advantages and disadvantages

Enterosgel has practically no contraindications, except atony intestines, and chronic atonic constipation, individual intolerance. It can be used even in pregnant and lactating women. women, and even in infants. If the patient has symptoms severe hepatic, or renal failure, then gradually may develop an aversion to the drug, nausea and even vomiting, but such cases are quite rare. Perhaps the main problem is improper use of the drug when simultaneously with it medicines or food are accidentally taken. As a result, Enterosgel lose their activity, so you need to carefully monitor separate reception mode.

Lactofiltrum

Popularity Rating: 4.8

LACTOFILTRUM

Lactofiltrum is a combined drug that relates to enterosorbents, and consists of two subunits – lignin and lactuloses. Lignin is a component of wood, has a high activity and binds toxins, allergens and many substances that contribute to the development of endotoxemia, including – helminth allergens and the results of their vital activity. Lactulose is a substrate for normal microflora nutrition, its addition allows you to successfully treat dysbiosis. Lactulose in the thick the intestines breaks down, with the occurrence of many short chain organic acid molecules, and this leads to inhibition of growth pathogenic microflora. In addition, lactulose stimulates stool, peristalsis, increasing the osmotic pressure. The tool is prescribed adults and children over 12 years old 3 tablets 3 times a day, and children younger ages – according to medical schemes. A course of treatment lasts from 2 to 3 weeks. Pack of 60 capsules, which for adults designed for one week of use, will cost from 280 up to 530 rub.

Advantages and disadvantages

The medicine is complex, allows you to immediately correct dysbiosis and remove toxins, but it is contraindicated in intestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal bleeding, severe allergic reactions. Therefore, the patient with exacerbation peptic ulcer and a sharp decrease in bowel tone this drug can not be assigned. But pregnant and lactating women do not The official instructions do not give contraindications. As well as in in the previous case, it is necessary to observe the rules of separate reception, and apply Lactofiltrum without other drugs and out of use food.

Enterol

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Enterol

Enterol is a modern monocomponent eubiotic that contains saccharomycetes, i.e. medicinal yeast. They fight with pathogens have antidiarrheal effects and normalize microflora. An important role belongs to saccharomycetes in increasing local immune defense of the intestines as they increase the secretion of immunoglobulins, and have an antitoxic act. Enterol is indicated during and after anthelmintic therapy.

Unlike antibiotics, which are detrimental, including beneficial microorganisms, anthelmintic drugs, designed to eliminate pinworms, do not affect them, because anthelmintic drugs designed to fight multicellular worms, not bacteria at all.

Enterol should be used for babies up to 3 years old – one capsule twice a day for 5 days, diluting the contents of the capsule in warm water or fruit mixture, and from 3 years and adults – 1 capsule, or one powder twice a day for 10 days. Produced by Enterol by the French company Biocodex, and one a pack of 30 capsules of 250 mg each will cost from 510 to 840 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Enterol dignity – in high quality European production. However, the minus is that it contains only one type of microorganisms, and also has a fairly high price. Also Enterol can be considered a big plus, the only thing that it can cause from side effects is slight discomfort in the stomach, which soon passes and does not requires withdrawal of the drug.

Hilak Forte

Popularity Rating: 4.7

Hilak

Hilak-Forte is the basic tool that you need to take before any eubiotic, after drug therapy, and after helminthic invasion. Hilak Forte does not contain any useful microorganisms, but it contains the habitat of these microbes, and provides their high-quality and fast settlement. Therefore he indicated for use not only after acute intestinal infections, helminthic invasions and various forms of dysbiosis, but also after the course radiotherapy and chemotherapy in oncology, while living in an environmentally friendly adverse areas, with various types of gastritis, constipation and other functional disorders of the digestive system. Hilak Forte contains substrates of E. coli metabolism, ordinary fecal streptococcus and two types of lactobacilli.

The medicine is sold in drops that must be taken by adults. 40 – 60 drops per reception 3 times a day, and for children – 20 drops. While taking, you need to dilute the medicine with a small amount liquids, except boiling water, and milk. Releases German Hilak-Forte Merkle company, and the cost of one bottle of Hilak-Forte, in volume 100 ml will be from 370 to 490 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Hilak Forte – with virtually no flaws. Although he is not directly with a medicine, it significantly improves and accelerates the treatment of dysbiosis, improves the well-being of patients, well tolerated, and has no side effects. He reinforces immune response, accelerates the elimination of pathogenic microorganisms after treatment, normalizes the synthesis of vitamins of group B and K, and the presence in it short chain fatty acids provides weakened microflora intestines digestible food. Therefore this drug can recommend to patients of all age groups for a variety of diseases, decreased adaptive capabilities of the body, and even just for prevention, for example, during long journeys and switching to another type of food.

Symptomatic

Finally, one should not forget about symptomatic drugs, which reduce abdominal discomfort, especially in children, and allow more comfortable to carry out a full treatment. Besides normalization of the condition, drugs of these groups can relieve pruritus and other allergic reactions. But you need to remember that if in a small patient or in a weakened adult only the symptoms of helminthic invasion were eliminated, and he became to feel better, then this does not mean that the disease got rid of. Helminths just stayed living inside and harming organism, only signs of helminthic invasion began to bother less the patient. Therefore, symptomatic drugs should only be prescribed when it is planned to deworm and a complex of hygienic events, you can not replace the name of the main treatment. Often myotropic antispasmodics are used to relax smooth muscle intestines, and anti-allergic drugs.

Drotaverin (No-shpa)

Popularity Rating: 4.9

DROTAVERIN

No-shpa, or drotaverine, is the most famous antispasmodic. is he used for a large number of different diseases, starting from gastritis and gallstone disease, and ending with kidney colic, wherever there is a spasm of smooth muscles. No-spa presented 40 mg tablets, compared to papaverine – stronger, act faster and are used in adults and children, for except for those under the age of 6 years. Enough for kids one tablet per day, and for adults – up to 3 times a day, but not more than 6 pills. Produced by No-spa by a Hungarian pharmaceutical company Quinoin, and a pack of 24 tablets will cost no more than 120 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

Plus No-shpy is that it relieves spasm well, reduces discomfort and pain, improves well-being. The downside is that this is a symptomatic drug that does not affect the course helminthic infestation and pinworms simply do not feel it. Also no-shpa has some contraindications, for example, hepatic and renal failure, breastfeeding and low arterial pressure.

Ceterizine (Cetrin)

Popularity Rating: 4.8

Ceterizine (Cetrin)

Cetrin is also a medicine whose main purpose – eliminate skin itching, and other allergy symptoms that sometimes children are very worried about helminthiases. But apart from worms invasion, the main area of ​​application of cetrin is allergic conjunctivitis and rhinitis, urticaria, angioedema and hay fever. It is necessary to apply it to children older than 6 years of 5 mg 2 once a day, (half a tablet), and for adults – in a dosage twice as high, 10 mg once daily. Produces Cetrin Indian company Dr. Reddis, and a pack of 20 tablets of 10 mg will cost from 130 to 180 rubles.

Advantages and disadvantages

As in the previous case, antiallergic drugs with helminthiasis is extremely undesirable to prescribe for a long time, this tool single treatment, when urticaria occurs, severe skin itching, and other symptoms. Parents need to understand that intense night itching in the anus is not at all purely allergic in nature, but associated with laying eggs with pinworms, and so the main way the treatment for this itching is the administration of anthelmintic drugs, and also the rules of prevention and hygiene measures that must be strictly observed. What are the rules during treatment are you talking about?

What prevention rules should be observed during treatment?

The need to strictly abide was repeatedly emphasized. rules of personal hygiene and secondary prevention, otherwise drug treatment will be useless because in a child or an adult will constantly have contact with the eggs of the parasites. how is it right to be treated? These are simple and important measures:

  1. before starting treatment, both the child and the adult need short nails;
  2. you need to try to instill the habit of washing the baby thoroughly before meals, in the mornings and evenings, and be sure to teach him wash the area under the nails with a brush along with soap, or, in in any case, to teach him not to resist it;
  3. you need to wean him “drag” all kinds of toys and objects, hands in your mouth, and this is the most difficult. Can use special bitterness to make fingers “tasteless”;
  4. before going to bed, the child needs to be washed;
  5. panties or diapers should have an elastic band not only on the belt, but also on the hips so that the eggs fall on the linen as little as possible and surrounding objects;
  6. during and after treatment, bed and underwear need to be changed daily;
  7. sheets and panties need to be ironed with high-quality steaming an iron;
  8. in living rooms and premises it is necessary to eliminate all “dust collectors”: carpets, covers for upholstered furniture, and all items make wet cleaning available with disinfectants funds. Remember that pinworms cover their eggs with special fat, similar to wax, and they stick to any surface;
  9. to guarantee the destruction of eggs, preferably bedding and underwear for both adults and children before washing (or after) preheat in the oven at a temperature of 65 degrees for 40 minutes, and in the winter at night take out on a loggia, balcony or in a bag throw in the window, in a private house just bury in snow;
  10. it is possible in sunny weather just extended linen in front of ironing just hang on the street. Pinworm eggs, like any helminths, very afraid of dryness and ultraviolet radiation.
  11. it is forbidden for the child to sleep with adults, should be single bed; he must also have his own towels;
  12. Before starting treatment, rinse all soft toys, dry in to the oven, or also to bring frost out at night without harm;
  13. regularly check how short the child nails are cut off, you need to wash them with a brush daily, at least twice – in the morning and in the evening.

The most important point that prevents the allocation of eggs in the environment is the introduction at night into the anus of the baby (or adult, anyone who is being treated) swab lubricated with petroleum jelly. it a simple remedy prevents the laying of eggs by parasites, petroleum jelly interferes with the oxygen supply to the eggs. This simple measure significantly reduces the risk of self-infection and seeding of all household items. This event must be started one day before prescribing a drug, and ending with taking medicines.

In the event that a sick child is in the family, then it is recommended that everyone living together with children be treated, and to adults. Indeed, in the event that after it has been expended much effort to treat the child, it turns out that it was necessary to be treated also for adults, then everything will have to be done anew. Everyone needs to be treated twice, with an interval of 2-3 weeks, and observe all the rules prevention. If a child becomes infected in kindergarten, then treatment and disinfection should be carried out in everyone in the group, otherwise this infection can become repeated.

Popularity rating based on analysis of demand data service wordstat.yandex.ru.


Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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