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The number of inhabitants, as a rule, indicates the degree of development city and its significance for the country. But there are those who are ready offer not only a high population density, but also a rich cultural and historical heritage. In our ranking we have collected the magnificent eight most populated cities in Europe and, by part-time, the most famous.
The largest megacities of Europe: top 8 most densely populated cities
|8 most populated cities||1||Rome, Italy||2.8 million people|
|2||Kiev, Ukraine||2.8 million people|
|3||Madrid, Spain||3.2 million people|
|4||Berlin, Germany||3.7 million people|
|5||Saint-Petersburg, Russia||5.4 million people|
|6||London, Great Britain||8.2 million people|
|7||Moscow, Russia||12.6 million people|
|8||Istanbul, Turkey||15 million people|
Population: 2.8 million
Rome is the Italian capital and one of the oldest cities on the planet. The city on seven hills, according to legend, is considered the brainchild the son of the god of war Mars – Romulus. He became the first king fortified settlement, which once Rome was.
The mythical date of the founding of the city is April 21, 753 BC. It is on this day that knowledgeable travelers come to the Italian capital. All kinds of fairs, tasting the tastiest traditional dishes, vibrant fireworks and spectacular gladiator fights – all this awaits those who join the annual celebration of the day founding of the city.
Tourists note: on the day of the founding of Rome, many museums are open for a free visit.
Rome is one of the few historically important ancient cities of the world, surviving to this day. For several centuries the city was repeatedly destroyed by invaders (Visigoths, vandals), and its inhabitants were enslaved. So in due time it was destroyed most noble Roman families.
Rome is considered the only city in the world in which is an independent state – the Vatican, which also known as the smallest country on the planet. In Rome there is one of the seven wonders of the world – the Colosseum. True, few knows another fact about this arena: for the entire time the Coliseum has existed about 500 thousand people and 1 million were killed on its arena animals.
Rome is also famous for another amazing fact: it is a city of cats. They can be seen everywhere. To harm them is prohibited by law. is he gives them complete freedom of movement. There is even a special an organization whose main task is to feed and care for pussies.
Population: 2.8 million
The capital of Ukraine and its largest city – Kiev is also deservedly falls into the ranking of the most populated in Europe. Sprawling on the banks of the Dnieper the city is considered very ancient – it was he in the old times was the largest settlement of the meadow (East Slavic tribe), the capital of Kievan Rus, the principality of the same name, Ukrainian folk Republic and others.
There are several religious buildings (including Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, St. Sophia Cathedral, etc.) included in the list UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
At the end of the 18th century, the population of the city did not exceed 30 thousand. person. In just one century, the situation has changed dramatically: in the 19th century in Kiev there was a rapid assimilation, due to which the quantity has significantly decreased Ukrainians, and the population also grew rapidly.
The industrial center of the country, one of its largest transport nodes and a storehouse of many cultural and historical monuments – Kiev have something to brag about. This is where one of the most the deepest metro stations in the world – Arsenalnaya, located on more than 105 meters deep, the world’s only monument to the garbage truck and one of the most visited museums in the country – Kiev Pechersk laurel.
Population: 3.2 million
The sunniest city in Europe – the Spanish capital – not only one of the most populous, but also the most popular cities among tourists. For almost 500 years, Madrid has been the “face” of the country, but that curious can’t boast world landmarks significance.
Interesting fact: Madrid is in second place in the world in level of deficit of the city budget. It is over 67 billion. dollars. Moreover, the city is considered the fourth in Europe by wealth.
Few people know that the Moors were the first settlers of the city. They and gave him the name “Magrit” similar to the present. Madrid is considered cultural and political-economic center of the country. Few which European cities can compete with the Spanish capital in quantity greens and tourists visiting her annually.
It is in Madrid located (according to the Guinness Book of Records) the oldest restaurant in the world – Restaurante Botin S.L., which opened its doors back in 1725. It is famous for its amazing dish of piglet. The city has one of the largest botanical gardens of the world – more than 90 thousand plants and 1,500 are represented here trees.
Madrid has the world’s only sculpture of the devil. By the legend that found it (which is not easy to do) will be in everything accompany luck.
Population: 3.7 million
Berlin is a city with a rich and ancient history. Divided by Will fate in two, even 20 years after the reunification has not yet came to himself. The city is considered one of the most non-religious in Europe: more than 60% of its inhabitants are atheists and only 9% are Catholics.
Berlin can be safely called the city of bridges: there are more than 2000 of them. For example, Venice, actually standing on the water, boasts only 500. The city has many museums, any of which can be visited free on Thursdays from 16:00 to 20:00, and at the amount in your pocket from 2 to 8 thousand euros and rent for private party.
Interesting fact: more than half of Berliners prefer not start a family, and the predominant part of those who decided to do so, don’t get married. The fact is that cohabitation without an official marriage allows you to save on rent for housing and utilities services. In addition, unmarried marriages are fairly common. residence.
Population: 5.4 million
Known to the world as Northern Venice, and to the inhabitants of Russia as Northern capital, St. Petersburg was and remains a cultural center country. Every year it receives millions of tourists, and even more than the capital. Many mistakenly believe that the city was named after the first Russian emperor. In fact, the name he received in the honor of his patron Saint Peter.
St. Petersburg is amazing in quantity cultural and historical monuments, many of which are unique. What St. Isaac’s Cathedral stands – the largest in the country and fourth in the largest in the world. The gilding of its domes took more than 100 kg gold.
The Hermitage Museum, rich in valuable memorabilia, largest in the world: for inspection of all 3 million exhibits, moreover spending no more than 1 minute on each will take 8 years. Near the city The world famous Peterhof is located. Luxury ensemble, represented by 173 fountains, was included in the cultural list UNESCO heritage.
It is in St. Petersburg that the deepest subway is located and the longest escalator in the world – as much as 150 meters.
Interesting fact: in the 19th century (in the first half) on the streets cities were forbidden to smoke, so that it was predominant wooden buildings, and fires at that time were common.
London, Great Britain
Population: 8.2 million
The unique charm and ancient history of the city annually attract millions of tourists. London is very distinctive and truly interesting, but always disappointing at incredibly high prices.
Londoners speak 300 languages, making it the most multilingual city of the world. Moreover, in English here, of course absolutely everyone says it. London can be called unique in many reasons, sometimes very nontrivial. For example, this availability 20 rivers under the city, enclosed in pipes. Here was opened the first in the world zoo (back in 1828).
Interesting fact: London is undeservedly considered one of the most rainy in the world. But this is not at all true. This city is one of them. the driest in Europe. But the cloudy days here are really the phenomenon is quite common.
Although London is one of the most expensive cities in the world, one of modes of transport are very cheap here – a bicycle. His you can rent almost on any street in a word, about 1000. Rent a two-wheeled car for a day will cost twice cheaper than the shortest metro ride.
Population: 12.6 million
The ancient Russian city can accommodate the population immediately all Baltic countries. Moscow is invariably called white stone because of the once snow-white Kremlin, although in the days of Stalin he was repainted in red. By the way, the Kremlin is the largest of operating fortresses in Europe.
Lovers of quality literature in the Russian capital are bored obviously will not be – in Moscow there are more than 500 libraries. It – absolute world record. By the way, one of the libraries (named after Lenin) – largest in Europe. Moscow has the largest in the world thermometer, barometer and watch.
The two most famous diamonds in the world (“Shah” and “Orlov”) are also kept in Moscow. The first, by the way, was donated to Russia by the Shah of Iran after incident at the Russian embassy in Tehran: the building was actually crushed. A diplomat and the famous Russian were killed there. writer Griboedov.
Interesting fact: in 1812, when approaching the city Napoleonic army was fired, which destroyed more than 80% all buildings of the capital.
Moscow has the highest European television tower – Ostankino. It is one of the ten tallest buildings in the world.
Population: 15 million
The capital of the four ancient empires – Roman, Byzantine, Latin and Ottoman – Istanbul is one of the oldest cities on the earth. Multicultural, striking in its complex and unique architecture, as well as the friendliness of residents, Istanbul is practically It has never been renamed for its nearly 2000-year history.
Located simultaneously in two parts of the world – Europe and Asia, Istanbul is connected by the Bosphorus Bridge – one of the longest (among suspension bridges) in the world. The fare here is paid, and for pedestrians the road is closed here: the bridge was very popular with suicides.
Interesting fact: already in the 14th century in the then Constantinople more than 1,500 public toilets were equipped, although at that time Such an innovation was not in every European palace.
Istanbul boasts one of the largest palace complexes on the planet: Topkapi Palace with an area of more than 700,000 square meters. m now turned into a museum and is a separate district of the city. Here the world famous bazaar is located scope: it consists of 66 streets, on which there are more than 4 thousand stores.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.