Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
In 1913, the world’s first passenger flew into the air aircraft designed by legendary aircraft designer Igor Sikorsky. It was equipped with a heated passenger compartment, even had a toilet. Who would know that such an unusual idea of aviation genesis will become prophetic. Today’s modern passenger models planes boldly plow through the air, comfortably transporting thousands of passengers a day at incredible distances. Further speech will talk about the “monsters” of the world: to your attention the top 7 largest passenger planes of the planet.
- The largest passenger aircraft
- Tupolev ANT-20 (Maxim Gorky) – the largest airliner of his time
- Tu-114 – the largest turboprop airliner
- IL-96-400 – the largest in the USSR and Russia
- Boeing-747-8I – the longest airliner
- Airbus A340-600 – the second longest in the world
- Boeing 777-300ER – the largest twin-engine airliner
- Airbus A-380-800 – the largest in terms of passenger capacity
The largest passenger aircraft
|The largest passenger aircraft||7||Tupolev ANT-20 (“Maxim Gorky”)||THE BIGGEST AIRLINE OF THE TIME||4.4|
|6||Tu-114||THE BIGGEST TURBIN SCREW AIRLINER �||4.5|
|5||IL-96-400||THE BIGGEST IN THE USSR AND RUSSIA||4.6|
|4||Boeing-747-8I||THE LONGEST AIRLINE �||4.7|
|3||Airbus A340-600||SECOND LENGTH IN THE WORLD||4.8|
|2||Boeing 777-300ER||THE BIGGEST TWO-ENGINE AIRLINE �||4.9|
|1||Airbus A-380-800||BIGGEST ON PASSENGER CAPACITY||5.0|
Tupolev ANT-20 (Maxim Gorky) – the largest airliner of his time
- Number of passengers: 60-70 people
- Length: 33 m
- Wing span: 63 m
- Flight range: 1000 km
The concept was conceived as a tribute to the great Soviet writer Maxim Gorky, and the issue is dedicated to the 40th anniversary his creative activity. A real giant of the time with incredible wingspan and 8 engines, airliner successfully passed a test flight in 1934 and in just a couple of days was introduced to the inhabitants of the capital, slicing through the air in the sky over Red area.
Noted not only the size of the aircraft at that time, but also its internal content: in the wings of the ANT-20 there were places for sleep, and in the salon – a printing house and even a library. Originally widespread use of Tupolev, ranging from air Broadcasting and ending with entertaining passenger flights. TO Unfortunately, these plans were not destined to come true – a unique model never got into serial production. In May 1935 the only existing instance crashed: the crew and all passengers (35 people) on board died.
Tu-114 – the largest turboprop airliner
- Number of passengers: 220 people
- Length: 54.1 m
- Wing span: 51.1 m
- Flight range: 9720 km
Unique in its kind Soviet turboprop aircraft production can rightfully be called a very successful model. This an airliner could have a bright future if it hadn’t been in an era development of a new branch of aviation – jet aircraft. They could very quickly displace their turboprop counterparts that not surprising, because the latter were significantly inferior to them in speed. After completing its first flight in 1961, the Tu-114 is serviceable performed his task for a short 16 years, after which he was discontinued.
Despite the short term of operation, the “bird” managed to show its sharp beak: Soviet pilots installed on this largest world turboprop aircraft as many as 32 records of flight range, carrying capacity and the number of passengers carried. Of all only one of the previously used Tu-114s crash (at Sheremetyevo airport in 1966).
IL-96-400 – the largest in the USSR and Russia
- Number of passengers: 435 people
- Length: 63.9 m
- Wing span: 60.1 m
- Flight range: 13,000 km
Although this model of a passenger liner is not used as much actively, as a couple of decades ago, it would be wrong keep silent about her. A true achievement, the “pearl” of the Soviet aircraft designers, IL-96 was considered the largest airliner The Soviet Union is still considered the largest in Russia.
The first instance of this impressive-sized airplane rose in air in 1988 and has since been modified several times. IN ranking presents the most striking variety of Soviet the airliner that has achieved the maximum result possible for its category.
IL-96 is unique in one important fact: its models for the whole history of their existence did not suffer a single major accident. One of the boards of IL-96-400 unofficially called the “first liner countries. “He is a member of the Russian squadron and is used in as the main aircraft for air travel President of the country.
Boeing-747-8I – the longest airliner
- Number of passengers: 605 people (single class configuration)
- Length: 76.4 m
- Wing span: 68.5 m
- Flight range: 14100 km
Every passenger of an airliner has seen this model at least once in his life the plane. Since its first flight (1969 year) until the onset of 2006, when “born” now the largest passenger aircraft (Airbus A380), namely the 747th Boeing was considered a “giant” passenger aircraft.
For the entire existence of the American model of the aircraft to the world Several modifications were introduced. One of the most recognizable and common became a Boeing 474-400. Kind of so popular that was acquired for the purpose of civil transportation 60 countries of the world.
In 1991, an American-made aircraft set a record by the number of passengers on board: as a result ongoing military operation to export Ethiopian Jews to Israel the airliner delivered to the destination no less – 1112 passengers. Modification 747-8I is considered the longest “iron “not only among Boeing aircraft, but among all existing passenger models in the world.
Airbus A340-600 – the second longest in the world
- Number of passengers: 475 people
- Length: 73.3 m
- Wing span: 63.5 m
- Range: 16 670 km
One of the most popular modifications of the Airbus aircraft and one of largest in the world. Long-range airliner showed unique range results: this “monster” is capable of fly without landing for refueling over 16 600 km. Before The introduction of the Boeing 747-8 was considered the longest in the world.
It would seem that the fate of such a powerful and practical aircraft should to be successful and very promising, but in reality it turned out differently: this model dry lost the brainchild of the Boeing concern when literally for a couple of years (2009-2010) the level of aircraft sales fell almost to zero. And in 2011, the company stopped production models.
In total, from 1991 to 2011, 370 units were produced the plane. The remaining “in service” copies are actively operated several European trans-haul carriers, including which Lufthansa and Airfrance.
Boeing 777-300ER – the largest twin-engine airliner
- Number of passengers: 365 people
- Length: 73.9 m
- Wing span: 64.8 m
- Flight range: 21,600 km
Over the past quarter century, the Boeing Group rolled off the assembly line 1,500 ultra-modern liners with a wide fuselage. Unique the airliner surpassed the 340th Airbus in flight range, increasing this figure is as much as 5,000 km. The aircraft model is unique in its design features: in its production used twin-engine power plant instead four-engine. Thus, the Boeing 777-300ER became the most the world’s largest passenger aircraft operating on twin-engine turbofan system.
The aircraft thrust ranges from 330 to 470 kN (it all depends on modifications and model manufacturer). From an economic point of view this airliner, perhaps, can be called the most profitable option among all on the market. And this fully confirms level of sales of the Boeing 777-300ER, which, since 1995, neither have never fallen. As of 2019, the number of ordered copies exceed the actual offer. Most active on today this model is exploited by North American and Asian air carriers.
Airbus A-380-800 – the largest in terms of passenger capacity
- Number of passengers: 853 people (single class configuration)
- Length: 73.1 m
- Wing span: 79.75 m
- Range: 15,200 km
The largest passenger airliner in the world among production models airplanes. It was developed by a famous European concern and immediately after the first flight made a real sensation, taking the championship from the then world favorite – the plane Boeing-747.
The model was developed in 2007 and has since been more active than any other aircraft used in passenger aircraft. Despite the impressive dimensions of the airliner, its real mass is not so sky-high: when designing an airplane, all design features and, in order to reduce the mass of the model for its manufacture decided to use composite materials.
A distinctive feature of the airliner is considered not only its two-deck, but also the ability to fly without refueling a tremendously long distance – about 15,000 km. It will not be superfluous note the incredible cost-effectiveness of this “giant” compared with models of the same class: fuel consumption per 100 km is only 3 liters
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.