7 best antiviral agents

Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.

Antiviral – a large group of drugs. She includes and prescription drugs with severe side effects that used to treat hepatitis or HIV infection, and homeopathic “medicines” that are advertised as a means to effective flu therapy, but in reality are nothing more than placebo. Therefore, in order not to lead anyone into the temptation to heal serious diseases with the help of tips from the Internet, we make a reservation right away: in the ranking will be about antiviral drugs. intended for the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections (i.e. colds) and flu.

Reservation number two – in our review there will be no homeopathic funds. The ranking of the best drugs is not a place for paranoscience discussions, so just recall that the Russian Academy of Sciences recognized homeopathy as pseudoscience, and the World Organization Health Cautions Against Using Homeopathy When infectious diseases, which include colds.

Some of the effective medicines sold in prescription pharmacies doctor and should be taken under his supervision. Speaking of such means, we mention that they are prescription.

Please do not consider our rating as comprehensive instructions for treating colds and flu. Treatment recommendations the doctor must give the disease, we only inform our readers about available opportunities.

How to distinguish colds from flu

The usual seasonal acute respiratory viral infection – the thing that is called everyday life: doctors consider that a healthy child with normal immunity may carry up to 6 colds a year, and an adult – up to 4. Whereas the flu – a serious disease fraught with complications, the most dangerous of which – viral pneumonia and respiratory failure. And if with SARS, you can postpone a visit to the doctor for 2 to 3 days, however, colleagues and fellow travelers in public transport are unlikely to tell you for thank you, if you suspect a flu, you need to contact specialist as soon as possible.

We bring to your attention a table suggesting what are you dealing this time.

Sign

Flu

ARVI

Disease onset

A sharp, sudden, often called the time of the disease with accuracy. up to an hour

The condition worsens gradually, the disease begins with a general malaise.

Temperature

Usually much higher than 38

Usually 37.1 – 37.9

Runny nose

In the early days is absent

It usually appears at the very beginning of the disease

Cough

From the very first days, dry, painful, accompanied by a strong pain behind the sternum

Virus-specific, but usually appears on 2 – 3 day

Bone ache, muscle pain

Usually, caused by severe intoxication.

Usually not

Photophobia, lacrimation, pain during eye movement apples

Often

Seldom

Seasonality

Winter, usually amid the already announced flu epidemic

All year round – you can catch a cold under the air condition etc

Some of the drugs listed below are effective. exclusively against influenza, such we took out in a separate a group.

Note! Any antiviral medication effective only if you start taking them in the first 48 hours from the onset of cold symptoms.

If possible, we tried to indicate the name of the current substances (international name of the drug), and only after him – trade (company) names so that our readers can choose between analogues, based on their own economic of opportunities.

Rating of the best antiviral agents

Nomination a place Name of product price
The best antiviral agents for children 1 Umifenovir 144 rub
2 Viferon 384 rub
3 Kagocel 223 rub
Best Antivirals for Adults 1 Tiloron 486 r
2 Ingavirin 382 rub
Best Flu Remedies 1 Zanamivir 905 rub
2 Oseltamivir 1 020 rub.
What to do with colds and flu: first aid without medicines

The best antiviral agents for children

As regards antiviral agents for children, the situation paradoxical: they get sick much more often than adults, but effective there are practically no drugs for babies under two years old (about homeopathy, again, we are not talking). This is partly due to that for such young children they need a special form of release: a tablet they can choke, and the spray can provoke laryngospasm (croup). In any case, if you have a cold or the flu A child under two years old is ill, do not self-medicate, see a doctor!

Umifenovir

Rating: 4.9

Umifenovir

Trade Names: Arbidol, Arpeflu, Orvitol, Afludol

Arbidol has a rather controversial reputation – at the dawn of its appearance evidence was not enough, and rumors of the administrative resource used for promotion is not contributed to the positive attitude of specialists. But in recent years, the number of studies carried out is growing, moreover, doctors are interested in the drug not only in the post-Soviet space, but also experts from other countries (China, USA). Collected statistics confirm the efficacy of umifenovir against viruses influenza, causative agents of seasonal colds and enteroviruses (“intestinal flu, “manifested by a runny nose and fever combined with diarrhea and abdominal pains).

The drug blocks a particular molecule in the envelope of the virus, which called hemagglutinin. It is this molecule that “drags” the virus through membranes into the cells of the body. The virus itself, in unlike bacteria, it is not able to reproduce, for this it needs get into a living cell and insert their genes so that the cell starts produce viral particles. Until this happens – no and infection.

According to studies, umifenovir helps reduce disease duration by 1.7 – 2.65 days, and reduces by 4 times the likelihood of complications.

You can take umifenovir starting from two years, for kids this Aged Antiviral Powder Arbidol Powder For suspension preparation. For other ages provided 50 mg tablets, capsules with a dosage of 100 mg and 200 mg. Take the drug is needed 4 times a day:

  1. from 2 to 6 years – 50 mg (or 10 ml of suspension);
  2. from 6 to 12 years – 100 mg;
  3. over 12 years old and adults – 200 mg.

Here is a table that can tell you what dosage to choose for treating a child or adult:

Release form, dosage

Children 2 to 6 years old

Children 6 to 12 years old

Over 12 years old and adults

Arbidol powder for suspension

+

You can take it, but it will be too expensive compared to other dosages

You can take it, but it will be too expensive compared to other dosages

Arbidol tablets 50 mg (from 3 years)

+

(two tablets per reception)

You can take it, but it will be too expensive compared to other dosages

Arbidol Capsules 100 mg

– – –

+

(two tablets per reception)

Arbidol Maximum 200 mg.

– – –

– – –

+

An antiviral drug is contraindicated during pregnancy and with reliably known intolerance.

Of the adverse events are possible allergic reactions.

Advantages

  • a wide range of antiviral effects,
  • minimum contraindications
  • no side effects.

disadvantages

  • can not be used in children under two years of age.

Viferon

Rating: 4.6

Viferon

This agent contains human interferon, which has both direct antiviral properties and ability stimulate the immune system. The antiviral drug is released on prescription.

Viferon can be used from birth to treat colds and influenza – one suppository every 12 hours.

For babies from birth to 7 years, use Viferon in a dosage 150,000 IU. Suppositories recommended for children over 7 years old and adults. 500,000 IU each.

An antiviral drug can be used during pregnancy and when breastfeeding.

Of the adverse events, allergic reactions are possible. Contraindicated with known intolerance.

Advantages

  • can be used from birth,
  • minimum side effects.

disadvantages

  • because when using suppositories about direct antiviral the effect of interferon is not in question (nevertheless, the flu affects the mucous membrane respiratory tract, not the rectum), the effectiveness of the drug will depend on the response of the immune system, which is individual in every case.

Kagocel

Rating: 4.3

Kagocel

Kagocel does not have a direct antiviral effect, but promotes the production of interferons, which, in turn, stimulate the immune response. It can be used to treat influenza and other acute viral infections of the respiratory tract in children starting at the age of three.

Available in tablets of 12 mg.

The duration of the course of treatment is 4 days, the dosage regimen depends from the age and day of the disease:

  1. children from 3 to 6 years: in the first 2 days, a tablet twice a day, the next 2 days – once a day, a full course of 6 tablets;
  2. children from 6 years: in the first 2 days, a tablet three times a day, the next 2 days – twice a day, a full course of 10 tablets,
  3. adults: in the first 2 days, 2 tablets three times a day, the following 2 days – a tablet three times a day. In total for the course of treatment – 18 pills.

Of the possible adverse events, allergic reactions.

An antiviral agent is contraindicated in children under 3 years old, pregnant and lactating.

Advantages

  • minimum range of side effects.

disadvantages

  • complex application scheme
  • no direct antiviral effect, effectiveness depends on state of the immune system.

Best Antivirals for Adults

We have included in this section antiviral drugs that can be used not only in adults, but also in school children age. Such children can already be given the same dosage forms (tablets, capsules), as for adults, only the dosage differs medicines.

Tiloron

Rating: 4.5

Amiksin

Trade names: Amiksin, Lavomaks.

This is another interferon inducer – a substance that does not acts directly on viruses, but stimulates the immune reaction. However, it is prescribed exactly as antiviral.

Available in tablets of 60 mg for children and 125 mg for adults (from 18 years old).

Note! Lavomax is available only in 125 mg tablets and is approved for use from 18 years.

An antiviral drug is taken 1 time per day, at 1, 2 and 4 day of treatment.

Of the side effects, dyspepsia (abdominal pain, nausea, impaired stool), transient chills. Allergic reactions.

Tiloron is contraindicated in pregnancy and lactation.

Advantages

  • taken once a day.

disadvantages

  • no direct antiviral effect.

Ingavirin

Rating: 4.4

Ingavirin

The antiviral agent acts in several ways: on the one hand stimulates the production of special cells in infected cells proteins that inhibit the reproduction of the virus. On the other hand, it increases sensitivity of virus-infected cells to exposure interferons. The product has a mild anti-inflammatory act.

According to research, it helps to reduce the duration of the disease on average for 1 day.

Available in capsules of 60 mg for children from 7 years and 90 mg for adults. Take 1 capsule per day for 5 to 7 days.

Of the adverse events, allergic reactions are possible.

The use of the drug during pregnancy and lactation right in instructions are not prohibited, but it is noted that its safety application during these periods has not been studied. Obviously put on an experiment in a similar state is not too reasonable idea.

Advantages

  • no contraindications
  • convenient use – 1 time per day.

disadvantages

  • relatively long course of admission.

Best Flu Remedies

In this section of our ranking are drugs that WHO recommends for flu treatment. Moreover, they are ineffective against ARVI and therefore it is pointless to use it during normal seasonal colds. Both prescription drugs, that is, they should be prescribed doctor. Their use during pregnancy and lactation formally not prohibited but since human safety studies by for obvious reasons, no one did; all possible risks remain at the discretion of the prescribing physician and the patient herself.

Zanamivir

Rating: 4.8

Zanamivir

Trade Names: Relenza.

The tool blocks a special substance on the shell of the virus – neuraminidase. It is an enzyme that breaks down the receptors for the virus on host cells, allowing the virus to pass through cell membranes. By blocking neuraminidase, oseltamivir does not inhibit only the spread, but also the multiplication of the virus, because not one the virus is not able to reproduce on its own.

Zanamivir helps reduce the duration of the disease in an average of 1.5 days and about a third reduces the likelihood development of complications. In addition, it reduces the release of the virus in the environment, that is, with relatives of the patient taking zanamivir, less likely to get infected.

Available in the form for inhalation: 5 are in the bottle drug rotadisc to be inserted into special device – diskhaller, which comes complete with drug. One rotadisk is enough for 4 inhalations.

Zanamivir antiviral can be used to treat children starting from 5 years old. Dosage and administration are the same for all ages: 2 inhalations 2 times a day for 5 days. I.e one package is designed just for the course of treatment.

You can not take the drug for people with reliably known intolerance to zanamivir. Use the product carefully people prone to bronchospasm (children. who have already suffered croup, adults and children with bronchial asthma).

Do not try to place the drug in a nebulizer contrary to instructions – Lactose contained in the composition may damage the device.

The product is sold by prescription.

Advantages

  • issued in the form of inhalation: practically not absorbed in blood and does not affect internal organs,
  • ease of use.

disadvantages

  • can provoke bronchospasm in people with individual predisposition.

Oseltamivir

Rating: 4.7

Tamiflu

Trade Names: Tamiflu, Nomides, Oseltamivira phosphate

The mechanism of action is the same as the previous drug. Helps reduce the duration of the disease by an average of 2 of the day. You can use it to treat flu in both adults and children over 1 year old.

For babies from a year to 8 years old, it is better to use a suspension for solution preparation. Apply it twice a day, and the amount will depend on the weight of the child:

  1. < 15 кг – 30 мг,
  2. > 15 – 23 кг – 45 мг,
  3. > 23 – 40 кг – 60 мг.

To measure the required amount, the kit for preparation of the suspension includes a syringe on which there are marks, the corresponding 30, 45 and 60 mg of active ingredient.

Children over 8 years old, if they weigh more than 40 kg, can be given 75 mg capsules, otherwise it is better to use a suspension.

Adolescents over 12 years of age and adults are advised to take oseltamivir 75 mg 2 times a day.

Possible side effects: nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness,

The drug is contraindicated in renal failure and individual intolerance to the active substance.

The product is sold by prescription.

Advantages

  • proven effective against influenza virus,
  • can be used in children from a year.

disadvantages

  • high price.

All antiviral agents mentioned in the rating can be use as a treatment for colds. we deliberately did not indicate recommended in such cases dosage, as this would turn an already voluminous review into endless. You can clarify all the necessary information, referring to the instructions for the use of medicines.

What to do with colds and flu: first aid without medicines

  1. Before running to the pharmacy, put the patient to bed. Select gadgets, a computer and a TV: let them sleep at least the first few days. You can listen to music.
  2. If possible, give the patient a separate room. Open the windows: a constant flow of cool air will reduce the concentration of the virus in the room. Of course, the patient and all the others in the room should be dressed Accordingly, the temperature, which ideally should be no higher than 16 – 18 degrees.
  3. If the house has a humidifier, turn it on. If not – hang the batteries with wet towels, change them as necessary drying out. In winter, the air is too dry, and this is bad for protective functions of the mucous membranes. Immunoglobulins, interferons and other substances that our body secretes to fight viruses that work only in a humid environment. Actually, therefore mucous membranes and are covered with mucus, and when they dry out, effectively fight the disease does not work.
  4. Place at least two liters of any drink (of course, except alcohol), so that he can drink in any moment you want. Drinking plenty of fluids helps bring out body toxins. So you can relieve headaches and pains in the muscles.
  5. If the patient has cold hands and feet, put on his socks (You can also mittens), cover with a blanket. If he’s hot, don’t try to wrap it up on the contrary, let me undress to comfortable level. Wash it with cool water (just water, without vodka or vinegar). This will help to bring down the temperature faster.
  6. Western doctors recommend knocking down temperature not only rubbing with cool water, but also placing the patient for a while (until 10 minutes) in a cool bath. Our compatriots believe this too radical method.
  7. If the patient suffers from a dry cough, do not make him breathe over potatoes, it is not only fraught with burns, but also helps infections spread through the respiratory tract. Let it go in the bathroom boiling water, closing the door, wait 5 – 15 minutes until the room will be filled with steam, and let the patient into it (not in boiling water, but in room!). But it’s easier to give a nebulizer with ordinary water or alkaline (bicarbonate) mineral water, from which previously released bubbles.
  8. If the patient is a child and he categorically refuses to eat, do not force. Gets up when he gets well. Let him drink milk while (only not hot and without soda), yogurts, juices.
  9. If on 2 – 3 days the patient does not feel better, and to the doctor until still not appealed – do it immediately!

Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.

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