Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Squares have always been the center of city life. In the Middle Ages on these “public spaces” held various meetings (like executions), in modern times markets were located here, and now – festivals, parades and entertainments are held activity.
In addition, large areas are an indicator of successful economic and political development of the city. Not every a metropolis can afford to allocate a huge space under nothing. After all, this is a source of profit! We have to get out: in Moscow near Red Square is the Okhotny Ryad shopping center, in Kiev near Independence Square – “Globe”, and in Minsk under The central square is Kupalovsky.
And for those who like to make long boardwalks in the city center, admiring the historical and cultural sights without separation from such “benefits of civilization” as coffee houses and shops, we collected a rating of 16 of the largest squares in the world. Spoiler: two of them in Russia.
- The largest squares in the world
- 16th place: Moscow Square, St. Petersburg, Russia (13.12 ha)
- 15th place: Kuibyshev Square, Samara, Russia (17.4 ha)
- 14th place: Front Square, Warsaw, Poland (24 ha)
- 13th place: Freedom Square, Taipei (24 ha)
- 12th place: Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany (25 ha)
- 11th place: Cancons Square, Bordeaux, France (25.6 ha)
- 10th place: Quezon Memorial Circle, Manila, Philippines (27.1 ha)
- 9th place: The Gateway of India Complex, New Delhi, India (30.6 ha)
- 8th place: Macroplaza, Monterrey, Mexico (40 ha)
- 7th place: Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China (44 ha)
- 6th place: Huacheng Square (“Flower City”), Guangzhou, China (56 ha)
- 5th place: Jose Risal Park, Manila, Philippines (56.7 ha)
- 4th place: Sunflowers Area, Palmas, Brazil (57 ha)
- 3rd place: Freedom Square, Jakarta, Indonesia (100 ha)
- 2nd place: Times Square, Daqing, China (144 ha)
- 1st place: Xinghai, Dalian, China (176 ha)
The largest squares in the world
|The largest squares in the world||16||Moscow Square, St. Petersburg, Russia||13.12 ha|
|15||Kuibyshev Square, Samara, Russia||17.4 GA|
|14||Front Square, Warsaw, Poland||24 ha|
|13||Liberty Square, Taipei||24 ha|
|12||Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany||25 ha|
|11||Cancons Square, Bordeaux, France||25.6 GA|
|10||Quezon Memorial Circle, Manila, Philippines||27.1 GA|
|9||Gates of India Complex, New Delhi, India||30.6 ha|
|8||Macroplaza, Monterrey, Mexico||40 ha|
|7||Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China||44 ha|
|6||Huacheng Square (“Flower City”), Guangzhou, China||56 ha|
|5||Jose Risal Park, Manila, Philippines||56.7 ha|
|4||Sunflowers Square, Palmas, Brazil||57 ha|
|3||Freedom Square, Jakarta, Indonesia||100 ha|
|2||Times Square, Daqing, China||144 ha|
|1||Xinghai, Dalian, China||176 ha|
16th place: Moscow Square, St. Petersburg, Russia (13.12 ha)
Moscow Square is the largest in St. Petersburg, with a total an area of over 13 hectares. It is, however, not in the center, but much south, on the border with the Kirov region. She was built in the second half of the 1930s and was originally created as a venue for various demonstrations and other mass events. It was also planned that the center of St. Petersburg will moved here.
However, the Great Patriotic War changed the plans of architects. There was a line just a few kilometers from this property. front, as a result, a lot of reinforced concrete were placed on the site bunkers – one of which has been preserved to the present as a monument courage.
The master plan updated after the war provided preservation of the area, however, it turned out to transfer the city center impractical. As a result, the territory received its name only after completion of construction work – in 1968. And later just a few months the metro station was opened here Moscow.
In 2006, a large fountain was opened on Moscow Square complex consisting of 11 sources. In addition, there are dynamic water cascades and jets. On holidays include backlight and music.
15th place: Kuibyshev Square, Samara, Russia (17.4 ha)
It is worth noting immediately that the architects and mayors of Samara somewhat cheated when calculating the size of the Kuibyshev square. 17.4 hectare – taking into account the adjacent buildings. It turns out without them slightly smaller, but still Kuibyshev Square is the largest in Russia and one of the largest in Europe (inferior in size only the front door in Warsaw, Alexanderplatz in Berlin and the Quincons in Bordeaux).
Only half of the territory of Kuibyshev Square is covered with asphalt. Everything else is planted with flowers, flower beds and trees. In the corners there are 4 large squares in which you can walk and hiding from the heat. And in the center is located, which is surprisingly not some government building, and the Samara academic Opera and Ballet Theatre. It occupies 2.4 hectares.
Kuibyshev Square began to be built back in 1853 – though then it was called the Cathedral. In the general plan of the city indicated absolutely incredible, huge size of the territory – 525 × 352 meters (18.4 hectares). The center housed the Cathedral Cathedral Church of Christ the Savior, which was completed in 1894, and by its corners are squares.
True, this cathedral did not last long. With coming Communist authorities began the destruction of religious sites, and the temple The new government did not like Christ the Savior either. In 1930 it was blown up in the year. But even this did not completely destroy the cathedral – it took another 20 months to disassemble it before grounds.
After that, for 12 years, the square took on a modern look. In the center they built the Palace of Culture (today – the academic theater), and on the western outskirts – the House of the Red Army (today – the District House Officers).
14th place: Front Square, Warsaw, Poland (24 ha)
In the center of Warsaw, Poland, is Plac Defilad w Warszawie – Front Square, whose territory is 24 hectare. In terms of size, it ranks second in Europe, second only to Alexanderplatz in Berlin and the Quincons in Bordeaux.
Front Square is one of the youngest in the country. Its construction was carried out in the 1950s, simultaneously with the construction adjacent to one of the sides of the Palace of Culture and Science. After discoveries on its territory were constantly carried out by propaganda parades led by the government of the Polish People’s Republic. Actually, that’s why the territory got its name. The largest of the parades was held in 1966 – in honor of Millennium celebration of the Polish nation.
At the end of the last century, the communist regime in Poland was defeated, and Parade Square lost its significance. New power she didn’t like it. It was believed that it spoils the city center. Repeatedly developed plans for reconstruction and change geometry of the territory – but so far none of them has been embodied in a life.
For example, in 2012, Poland became the host country. European Football Championship – and in this territory was placed fan base. And now, almost the entire territory of Parade The area is used as car parking. But the Warsaw government still plans to allow construction on this site.
13th place: Freedom Square, Taipei (24 ha)
Freedom Square is central in Taipei (a controversial status, which is considered and as part of the state PRC, and as the capital of the Republic of China). It was built in the 1970s years, and got its name already in this century as a result socio-political events leading to the secession of the province Taiwan.
In 1990, mass political demonstration led by the Wild Lily student movement. This event – as well as several others – led to the secession of the province Taiwan and the change of power: from the communist one-party (in currently persisting in the People’s China Republic) to a democratic multiparty.
In 2007, Taiwan President Chen Shui-bian issued a decree on the name of this territory is Freedom Square. Today she almost completely “rolled” into the asphalt, with the exception of large flower beds along the entire length. At the entrance there are large gates of several arches decorated with calligraphy in the style of Wang Shizhi. Interestingly, characters are written from left to right – “modern”, not traditional for China.
Freedom Square is currently primarily used. for political demonstrations. For example, shortly after getting its name she became the rally for the release Tibet, for the right to vote and hold meetings, and so on. Besides In addition, it is planned to turn it into a historical and cultural memorial.
12th place: Alexanderplatz, Berlin, Germany (25 ha)
Alexanderplatz – the central square of Berlin, the largest in country. Its territory stretches over 25 hectares – however, these sizes managed to be achieved only in the 1970s, with the times of the GDR. Alexanderplatz is the central transport hub of Berlin, as well as important historical attraction with high tourist attendance – over 360 thousand people daily.
The history of Alexanderplatz begins in the 1700s. Then she was called the “Royal Gate Square” (Königs Tor Platz). Of course, already at that time it was an important transportation hub – travelers visiting Berlin arrived primarily on her. But she got the modern name in 1805 – in honor of Russian Emperor Alexander I, who visited the country with political visit.
Alexanderplatz existed “untouched” until 1966. IN the middle of the last century in the GDR there was a sharp increase in population, therefore, the area began to be built up with new buildings. At the same time managed expand its territory, extending towards east Berlin. IN As a result, Alexanderplatz square amounted to those same 25 hectares.
A huge hotel appeared at the GDR at Alexanderplatz (controlled by Radisson network), Central Department Store, Teacher’s House and even a television tower. Currently, many of the buildings of those times rebuilt or destroyed. However a large revolving watch and Fountain “Friendship of Peoples” preserved. In the future it is planned to demolish hotel and build a residential house in its place.
11th place: Cancons Square, Bordeaux, France (25.6 ha)
The largest square in Europe is Kencons, located in French city of Bordeaux. Its territory spans 25.6 hectares. And, which is especially nice, it is not completely flooded asphalt (as is often the case with urban areas), and lined with sculptures and planted with trees.
The history of Kenkons begins in 1820. More precisely, in 1816 city architects decided to erect a long rectangular area, one of the ends of which would end in a semicircle. In 1820, tree planting began. Plants placed in the order called “kenkons” (or “chess”) – thanks to which the area got its name.
Subsequently, Kencons began to install various sculptures and monuments, turning it into cultural and historical center. For example, at the beginning of the last century here is a monument in honor of the Girondins who became victims The era of terror during the French Revolution.
In 2003, the square was included in the city tram system. – and after that it became the most important transport hub of Bordeaux. Here, in addition to two tram lines, there are 21 bus lines; shuttle bus stop and even the “intercity” station, from where flights depart to Gironde.
10th place: Quezon Memorial Circle, Manila, Philippines (27.1 ha)
Quezon Memorial Circle is not quite a city square. Local authorities allocate this territory, located in the capital Philippines region (Metro Manila), in a national park. Whole plot placed in a large road ring called Elliptical track.
In the center of the square is the 66-meter mausoleum of Manuel Queson, the second official president of the Philippines. Actually, in honor of him territory and got its name. Manuel Quezon became the first the president of the Philippines, elected popularly – he was supported by more 80% of the population. During his reign, the country was changed the constitution, thanks to which citizens received more rights and freedoms, and also provided more active change of power.
Now the authorities of the Philippines are doing everything to turn the Memorial Quezon circle in an attractive tourist site. Not held only landscaping, so this national the park becomes almost as comfortable as Moscow Zaryadye, but also just the popularization of the territory. So for example here hosted many museums (dedicated not only to Manuel Kesonu) and a separate amusement park Circle of Fun. There are also gardens, and restaurants, and even a flea market. As a result, the park is visited more than 1 million people per month.
9th place: The Gateway of India Complex, New Delhi, India (30.6 ha)
At the entrance to the Indian capital New Delhi is a memorial complex “Gateway of India”. Together with the surrounding territories, he covers an area of 30.6 hectares, making it the most great in the country.
The Gates of India themselves, which are a classic triumphal arch, were erected in 1931. True, not in honor of the celebration. On the contrary, it is a memorial commemorating the tragic events. “Gateway of India” dedicated to 90 thousand soldiers who died during the Anglo-Afghan wars. And their names are carved on the walls of the arch. And at its foot burns Eternal flame.
In 1971, the complex “Gateway of India” replenished with another sad monument. Near the arch was opened the Tomb of the Unknown soldier – in memory of those killed in the Third Indo-Pakistani War. This monument was erected by order of Indira Gandhi, the only women prime minister of the country.
Representatives of other states visiting India, according to tradition lay wreaths at these monuments.
The area around the Gates of India is occupied by several other important cultural and historical monuments. There is also a park nearby Princesses, which is part of the complex. In the near future planned to turn the entire area into a national military memorial.
8th place: Macroplaza, Monterrey, Mexico (40 ha)
Macroplaza – or simply “Big Square” (La Gran Plaza) – the largest square in mexico. It is located in the city center Monterrey, the capital of the country’s northeastern state, and extends 40 hectares.
Surprisingly, Macroplaza, with all its dimensions, is pretty “young” site. It was officially opened in the 1980s by the order of President Alfonso Martinez Dominguez. For construction Square had to demolish several old buildings, including turned out to be one of the most famous movie theaters in the country.
But on the territory of Macroplaza there is a huge amount “interesting”. First of all, it attracts the attention of Shopping lighthouse – a 70-meter structure that is equipped with a laser lighting visible from anywhere in the city. Also located here many gardens, monuments, pedestrian areas and cultural and entertainment buildings.
For example, the governor’s office was located on Macroplaza, made in neoclassical style; esplanade of heroes; hidden garden with fountains and a corner for free performances; several bronze fountains; theater; several government buildings – and many many others. True, getting to the square is pretty difficult – there is only one metro station. But a huge parking area for those who have arrived in a private car.
7th place: Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China (44 ha)
In the center of Beijing is Tiananmen Square, which until XX century was considered the largest in the world. Now she is spread out 44 hectares, takes only 7th place in the ranking. However, she one of the most popular in the country – and this is not surprising, since on it there are immediately two religious buildings.
The first is the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong. He serves as the tomb for one of the founders of the Chinese Communist Party, now governing country. Unlike the Lenin Mausoleum in Russia, access this building is almost always open, and those who wish to touch not only the remains will see the country’s political and cultural history Chairman, but also a movie about his life, as well as many photographs, statues, paintings, letters and other relics.
The second building is the Tiananmen Gate, which gave the name territories and leading to the Forbidden City: palace complex Chinese emperors, served as a residence for rulers from 1406 of the year. Now it is a cultural-historical a tourist attraction and is protected by UNESCO.
However, in Tiananmen Square there are more modern attractions. For example, an opera house equipped with the latest technology. “And it looks amazing. The building is in the form of a dome having the shape of a half egg, and lined with glass and titanium.
However, Tiananmen Square is known not only for historical and cultural “basis”. This territory is often chosen for stocks and demonstrations. In this case, one of the most “popular” forms protest is self-immolation – such “acts” happen on it with sad regularity.
6th place: Huacheng Square (“Flower City”), Guangzhou, China (56 ha)
In the heart of the Chinese metropolis of Guangzhou is the square Huacheng, also called the “Flower City.” She has elliptical shape, oriented strictly along the central axis settlement and spreads over 56 hectares.
She got her name due to the fact that most of her the territory surrounded by a wide roadway, is planted with greenery. “Flower City” is, in fact, a large park, however, very comfortable and modern. It makes him attractive. for tourists.
In addition, the “Flower City” has many parks, ponds and fountains. Hiking and cycling trails are available here. tracks. Almost everywhere you can see the Canton Tower and skyscrapers of guangzhou business district. Also, “Flower City” serves an important transportation hub – several lines are connected here at once metro and bus routes. And in the park there is a huge a shopping center called Mall of the without modesty World
Huacheng Square was opened recently – in 2010. Her erected to the Asian Games – an analogue of the Olympics, only for 45 Asian and Middle Eastern countries (including Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan). In 2010, it was China that accepted them, and Guangzhou was one of the three competition centers.
Also since 2011 in the “Flower City” the International festival of light, where participants from all over the world demonstrate a variety of works of art.
5th place: Jose Risal Park, Manila, Philippines (56.7 ha)
Jose Risal Park, also called Luneta National Park – the largest square in the Philippines and the oldest urban green an array among all Asian countries. Its territory is spread over 56.65 hectares. But Risal Park is not known for its size.
In 1946, the Philippines finally ceased to be American. island colony and became a full-fledged, independent by the state. And the country’s independence was proclaimed here. In 1965-1986, President Ferdinand Marcos ruled the Philippines. is he was a cruel sovereign, tyrant and despot. As a result, people, tired of his reign, staged a revolution. And in 1986 it was in the Park Jose Risal new president Cuirason Aquino announced completion tyranny of the predecessor.
In 2013, another demonstration called “March of a million.” And in 2015, Pope Francis, visiting Philippines, held its final Mass in the same park. On her more than 6 million believers came.
All in all, Jose Risal Park was the most important place in history and political life of the Philippines. And he is named after the writer, who He was executed here in 1869. His remains lie under a memorial in center.
Today, the park is one of the favorite vacation spots of Filipinos. is he very “green” and well-maintained. Head of Space Directly Department of Tourism. Also here regularly large-scale socio-political events are held, national holidays and special occasions.
4th place: Sunflowers Area, Palmas, Brazil (57 ha)
Sunflower Area (Praça dos Girassóis) – Central public space in the city of Palmas, the capital of Brazil State of Tokantis. Spread over 57 hectares, she got her the name is probably due to some “desert”. Most of the territory is simply “rolled into asphalt”, and on hot summer days there even a shadow cannot be found.
The area of sunflowers was created in 1991, simultaneously with the construction of the Araguay Palace – an administrative building, in which meets the government of the state of Tokantis. Also here there are many monuments, and tourists languishing from the heat can Head over to the Fonte Luminosa fountain in the north wing. Jets of water from it rises to a height of 15 meters!
The northern wing of the Sunflower Square is, in principle, more more comfortable than the rest. In addition to various monuments, including Bible monument, there are several cafes and a family playroom playground. Also in this wing is the Metropolitan Cathedral in Palmas and a chain of water cascades imitating rivers and rapids in the region Tokantis.
In the Araguay Palace itself is not only a meeting room, but and several tourist attractions. For example, a museum, which demonstrates works describing the story Tokantis and made in different styles – from expressionism to cubism. And here is the geodetic center of Brazil.
3rd place: Freedom Square, Jakarta, Indonesia (100 ha)
Freedom Square (also called Medan Merdeka) – the most the largest in Indonesia and one of the largest in the world. Located in the center the capital of the country, the city of Jakarta. Around this territory, spread over 100 hectares – or 1 square kilometer – key buildings are located: Presidential Palace, Headquarters Armed Forces, Headquarters KOSTRAD (Army Command strategic reserve); US Embassy, Telecommunication center, Ministry of Defense and the building of the country’s main radio station. Иstation, of course.
The history of the square began in the XVIII century, during Dutch East Indies when Indonesia was a colony of the Netherlands. AND then came under the control of the French. And then, in the time of the Second World War II became a colony of Japan. And every new superpower increased the size of the area, erecting more and more around it administrative institutions.
Finally, in 1945, Indonesia gained independence. The proclamation of sovereignty occurred precisely in this territory. Indonesia’s First Democratic President, Sukarno, in 1946 renamed this piece of urban land to Medan Merdeka that translated from the local language as “Freedom Square”.
A large number of administrative institutions and in general central location led to the fact that in 2002 the city the governor ordered the fence of Medan Merdek. Along it security guards come in, whose task is to “filter” visitors. Most foreigners and local citizens can freely go to Medan Merdeka, but the homeless and the merchants “sifted out.”
The territory of Freedom Square is divided into four parks. In each of them have their own attractions. And if they stand in three monuments, the “South Medan Merdeka” is interesting because it grows here 33 rare plant species – one for each region of Indonesia – and the axis family (special subspecies of deer) lives. And in the center The area is 132-meter stele of the National Monument.
2nd place: Times Square, Daqing, China (144 ha)
Times Square, despite its deceptive name, is huge Square in the Chinese city of Daqing, Heilongjiang Province. Was established in 2000.
There is little information about Times Square – primarily because of “youth” of the city itself. The Daqing settlement literally “grew” at the end of the 20th century. Until this time, the territory of Heilongjiang remained deserted.
In the 1950s, near the Daqing oil was discovered field. And little is what drives the spread of civilization, like underground hydrocarbon deposits. In the 1990s, Daqing turned into a full-fledged city with a central enterprise in the form of oil refinery as well as several others industrial enterprises. And he even has his own airport.
Times Square in Daqing – an area almost completely covered parks. It covers an area of 1.4 square kilometers, fitting into the even ranks of local neighborhoods. Tourist interesting there are no places here, but for the historical importance of Times Square too young, so you can skip it and go straight to the leader rating.
1st place: Xinghai, Dalian, China (176 ha)
Xinghai, also known as “Starfish Square” – The largest city square on the planet. Its territory is 1.76 square kilometer! It was opened in 1994 – in part Hong Kong’s return under Chinese sovereignty.
Xinghai offers tourists not too much entertainment. Here there is a 20-meter huabiao (Chinese ceremonial column) in center, several light and music fountains, nine Chinese huge tripods and incredible in size lawns. Still here, of course, you can find many sculptures – from bronze figures of people to models of ancient ships. In the “corner” there is also an amusement park where there are attractions for any taste – from carousels to roller coasters, and also, of course, the wheel view from which overlooks Xinghai and the surrounding its high-rise buildings of an elite microdistrict. It also rises above the square 200-meter tower of Dalian television.
However, if you plan a trip to Dalyan, then in the middle summers. Indeed, in the last days of July, as well as in early August, on Xinghai Square hosts a 10-day beer festival!
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.