Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Volcanoes call a certain type of geological formations. on the surface of the earth’s lithosphere, where magma has access to surface, which leads to the release of lava, ash and steam. The word itself “volcano” came from the name of the god of fire in the mythology of ancient Rome. There are active and extinct volcanoes. The first include those formations that at least once showed activity during the period human history. But most volcanoes belong to the second type, since tens of thousands ceased their activities or even millions of years ago. The youngest of them are located mostly in the middle of the Andean Cordillera mountain system in the western parts of South America. I reach many of these volcanic peaks dizzying heights. Let’s find out which of South American volcanoes are the highest.
- The highest volcanoes in South America
- 15th place – Sierra Nevada de Lagunas-Bravas
- 14th place – San Pedro
- 13th place – Aukankilcha
- 12th place – Pular
- 11th place – Chimboraso
- 10th place – Ampato
- 9th place – Parinacota
- 8th place – Tupungato
- 7th place – Inkahuasi
- 6th place – Koropuna
- 5th place – Sahama
- 4th place – Ljulyayljako
- 3rd place – Nevado Tres Cruces
- 2nd place – Monte Pissis
- 1st place – Ojos del Salado
The highest volcanoes in South America
|The highest volcanoes in South America||1||Sierra Nevada de Lagunas Bravas||6173 METERS|
|2||San pedro||6145 meters|
|13||Nevado Tres Cruces||6749 meters|
|14||Monte Pissis||6795 meters|
|15||Ojos del Salado||6893 meters|
15th place – Sierra Nevada de Lagunas-Bravas
The volcanic complex Sierra Nevada de Lagunas Bravas is located on the border between the Argentinean province of Catamarca and Chilean Atacama region, in a remote part of the Central Andes. In view of the inaccessibility of this region, it is still little investigated. The total area of the complex is about 225 square kilometers. Most of it was formed in Holocene era from ingimbritic products of eruptions. Top the point of the complex of volcanic domes is at an altitude of 6173 meter.
14th place – San Pedro
One of the highest active volcanoes in the world, the peak of which reaches 6145 meters, located near the Atacama Desert, in the north parts of Chile. In its valley flows Loa, the longest Chilean 440 km long river. San Pedro is a stratovolcano, the cone was formed by andesitic lava flows. High saddle connects it in the west with the volcano of San Pablo, a height of 6092 meters. The first ascent to the crater was made in 1903 by the French Climber George Corti accompanied by a Chilean guide Philemon of Morales. The volcano is characterized by violent activity: beyond the last century he made himself known as much as seven times, the last the eruption occurred in 1960. Currently the giant is napping, only from time to time emitting toxic fumes, which, however, does not stops tourists coming from all over the world, to climb to the top of San Pedro.
13th place – Aukankilcha
Aukankilcha stratovolcano in the Chilean region of Antofagasta is part of a nine-kilometer ridge, consisting of 20 volcanoes. is he rises above the surrounding area at 1250 meters, and its height above sea level reaches 6176 meters. Volcanic formation in this the region began about 11 million years ago, and the last Aukankilch eruption occurred in the late Pleistocene era. On the Throughout the 20th century, a mining village was located here. Workers mining sulfur in a mine laid inside a slope, constantly lived at an altitude of five and a half thousand meters. After the mine abandoned the village, and the roads eroded over time landslides. Today, the volcano, while remaining asleep, shows significant fumarole activity, i.e. the release of hot gases through cracks.
12th place – Pular
The large stratovolcano Pular is located in northern Chile, about 15 kilometers from the Argentine border. Together with the mountain Cerro Payonales it makes up a long volcanic ridge long about 12 kilometers. The top of Pular rises 6233 meters above sea level. The Payones-Pular massif is formed of dacitic and andesitic rocks, its total area is over 300 square kilometers.
11th place – Chimboraso
Chimborazo – an extinct volcano 6310 meters high, the highest point countries of Ecuador. The last eruption was allegedly in 400-700 years of our era. The mountain belongs to the ridge Cordillera Occidental, owned by the Ecuadorian mountain system Andes. It is located 150 kilometers from Quito, the capital of the state. At the foot of the volcano flows the river Guayas. Covering top volcano ice has long served as a source of water for residents the nearest settlements. Ice was also mined for cooling purposes. products in a hot climate, because for many residents dozens of provincial towns and villages in Ecuador years ago, the refrigerator was a luxury item. Now icy cover has decreased significantly due to global warming. First Climbing the volcano was made in 1880. A curious fact is when measuring the height of Chimboraso from the center of the earth it will be a few kilometers exceed Everest.
10th place – Ampato
Ampato Volcano is located in southern Peru, in the distance approximately hundreds of kilometers northwest of the city of Arequipa. His height is 6288 meters. It refers to a complex under the name Sabankaya, consisting of three sleeping stratovolcanoes. IN winter time the peak is covered with a snow cap. The volcano is famous for that on its slopes, in 1995, an expedition led by American archaeologist Joan Reinhard discovered excellently the body of the Inca 13-year-old girl preserved in ice. Find dates from the middle of the 15th century AD. Apparently, “Lady Ampato, “as archaeologists called the girl, was brought compatriots sacrificed to the Inca gods in order to pacify raging volcano. Further studies of the slopes Ampato scientists have found three more such bodies.
9th place – Parinacota
The dormant volcano Parinacota is located in the national park Lauca, near the border between Chile and Bolivia. Together with the volcano Pomepera, he forms the Payyachata complex, belonging to the Western Cordillera. Parinacota reaches a height of 6348 meters, and its width the crater is 300 meters. During one of the most powerful volcanic eruptions that occurred about eight thousand years ago, released six cubic kilometers of red-hot lava, which blocked the river channels to the west, which in turn led to the emergence of alpine lake Chungara.
8th place – Tupungato
Volcano 6565 meters high located in the Argentine province Mendoza, 65 kilometers east of Santiago. Formation Tupungato occurred during the Pleistocene era, it arose due to the collision of the Nazca lithosphere plate with the South American stove. The volcano remains active until our time – the most a late eruption occurred in 1986. Despite the danger its peak has long attracted climbers. First successful climb it was carried out in 1897 by a team led by Matthias Zubriggenom. Also associated with the volcano is the case of a passenger crash a plane that crashed into a glacier on a slope and was buried an avalanche for as long as 50 years, until in 1998 a group of climbers discovered his remains under the thickness of snow.
7th place – Inkahuasi
Incuasi Volcano is located in the Argentinean province Catamarca, in the eastern Atacama Desert. It has a height of 6621 meter, and the width of its caldera is three and a half kilometers. In the time of the Incas, the volcano served as a center for worship of the gods, as confirmed by archaeological discovered on its slopes artifacts. Today it attracts numerous mountaineering expeditions, since it is considered the most beautiful volcanic complex of the region.
6th place – Koropuna
Koropuna – the highest volcano in Peru, its height reaches 6377 meters above sea level. It is located 150 kilometers to northwest of the city of Arequipa and 110 kilometers from pacific coast. Stratovolcano formed in the Pliocene period, several million years ago, and remained active in Holocene era. Geologists were able to determine the last fact thanks to analysis of frozen lava flows and ash deposits at the foot. Starting at an altitude of 5300 meters, the slopes are covered with snow and ice. Melt water from the volcano is used by residents of two nearby provinces to drinking and irrigation fields. According to the traditions of the Peruvian Indians of Koropun considered a sacred place, the mountain was also revered by the Incas, offering sacrifices to the deity Apu on it.
5th place – Sahama
The extinct Sakhama stratovolcano is located on the territory of eponymous national park, about 20 kilometers from borders between Bolivia and Chile. It has a height of 6542 meters. Volcano is part of the Western Cordillera. On the slopes there is scarce vegetation, and from six thousand meters the eternal begins glaciation. Scientists do not find out the time of the last eruption of Sahama succeeded, presumably it occurred in the Holocene era.
4th place – Ljulyayljako
The volcano with the unpronounceable name Ljulyayljako stands on Argentinean plateau Pune de Atacama, near the Chilean-Argentinean borders. This is the highest of all the active volcanoes of the planet, its height above sea level reaches 6739 meters. Andes Indians gave Ljulyayljako the nickname “deceiver”, thus eloquently warning that the external calm of a volcano may be deceiving. He was most active in the middle of the XIX century, and 1877 was marked by an explosive eruption. Now the volcano dwells in the solfatar phase, making itself felt only secretions in the form of steam and sulfur dioxide. In 1999, archaeologists made a unique find near the crater – the frozen mummies of three Inca children about five hundred years old. Two boys and girl became victims of an ancient ritual kapakocha, called propitiate the gods. Their bodies and even clothes are perfectly preserved in Mummies are currently on display at the museum. Another interesting the discovery was the discovery of the highest mountain mammal, living on the slopes of Ljulyayljako. It turned out to be a leaf-hamster, which manages to survive in low oxygen conditions (up to 45% of norms) and at a temperature of 60 degrees below zero.
3rd place – Nevado Tres Cruces
Volcanic massif along the Chilean border Nevado Tres Cruces belongs to the Andes mountain system. He is surrounded deserted dry terrain, also nearby Chile National Park of the same name. The array stretches to the north-south direction over 12 kilometers. His last eruption happened about 28 thousand years ago. Nevado Tres Cruces has four peaks, the highest of which rises above sea level at 6749 meters.
2nd place – Monte Pissis
An inactive volcano in the Argentinean province of La Rioja, 550 km away north of the city of Aconcagua. The volcano got its name from the name geologist Pedro José Amadeo Pisa, who studied it subsoil on behalf of the government. Its height is 6795 meters. The first people to conquer the peak of Monte Pissis were 1937 climbers from Poland, Jan Schepansky and Stefan Osiecki. Peak for a long time was not very popular because inaccessibility, however, the construction of mines in the region led to the laying of roads, which in turn contributed to tourism development.
1st place – Ojos del Salado
Ojos del Salado is the highest volcano not only in South America, but the whole planet. Also the 6893-meter peak is second highest point in the Western Hemisphere (first place belongs to Mount Aconcagua). The sleeping volcano is located east of Atacama Desert, near the Argentine-Chilean border. On his the eastern slope is the highest mountain lake in the world. For all the time of the observation of Ojos del Salado never erupted, however throughout the XX century, the minimum activity in the form of steam emissions. In the ancient period of the history of the volcano revered by the Incas, and their remains are still preserved on it sacrificial altars.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.