Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Breeders bred about 3,000 varieties of bitter / hot pepper. The degree of severity in them can be very different. Severity index in different varieties evaluated on a Scoville scale. Developed it American pharmacologist. Using ECS (Scoville scale units) evaluate how much capsaicin is contained in a particular vegetable. For pepper test is organoleptically tested.
The grade is given in the analysis of peppers that have reached biological maturity. Unripe fruits are not examined. Peppers are often spicy affected by the conditions in which it is cultivated. Hot peppers can grow both outdoors and in pots indoors. All varieties of this vegetable are divided into early, middle and late ripening. This review focuses on the best of them.
- Rating of the best varieties of hot pepper
- Hot peppers for growing in the room
- Indian summer
- Explosive ember
- Filius Bleu
- Hot peppers for open ground
- Dragon tongue
- Astrakhan 147
- Hungarian yellow
- Homer F1
- Early ripening hot peppers
- Impala F1
- Tula F1
- Middle and late ripening hot peppers
- Ram’s horn
Rating of the best varieties of hot pepper
|Hot peppers for growing in the room||1||Indian summer||5.0|
|Hot peppers for open ground||1||Dragon tongue||5.0|
|Early ripening hot peppers||1||Impala F1||5.0|
|Middle and late ripening hot peppers||1||Ram’s horn||5.0|
Hot peppers for growing in the room
Varieties of hot pepper with small pods are optimal option for growing in an apartment or house. They are forming compact root system, so they are enough for growth pots intended for growing flowers.
Bitter pepper Indian summer is a small bushes, whose height does not exceed 30-40 cm. The plant is spreading with a lot of leaves. It grows well on the windowsill year-round or summer on balconies / loggias. Indian summer use as a seasoning, pepper powder is made from it or canned.
The bush is strewn with small (diameter no more than 2 cm) spherical with peppers. They vary greatly in color. Becoming biologically mature, these bitter peppers acquire a bright red color. Thickness their walls do not exceed 3 mm. The taste is sweet with sourness and sharpness. The variety ripens early. Seeding for seedlings carried out in the last week of February or in the first week Martha.
According to reviews, Indian summer grows well with low illumination. Pods ripen for 16 weeks. By taste this pepper is slightly spicy – from 500 to 1000 units on a scale Scovilla. Of the shortcomings, some emit a large amount seeds in small peppercorns, and also that the fruits are pretty fast dry out.
- appearance of the bush;
- slightly hot, fragrant peppers;
- extended ripening period;
- grows well in low light.
- peppercorns contain a lot of seeds;
- fruits dry quickly.
American grade of hot pepper Explosive ember is a very beautiful decorative view. He is squat, compact bush. In height, it reaches only 35 cm. Leaflets and twigs are distinguished by a blue-green color. Intensity The dominance of blue depends on the light. If a pot with this plant is in a sunny place, then the bush will prevail green shades in color. And in the presence of a dense shadow more blue appears.
The pods are oblong. During technical maturity they painted in purple. Over time, they go through milky, yellow, orange color. Reaching biological maturity, they become close to red. In place of each flower formed about 6 ovaries. The plant is strewn with large the number of small pods. Fruits 78-86 days after planting seedlings.
In reviews, lovers of this variety note that hot pepper Explosive ember is characterized by increased stiffness. The sharpness is high – up to 30,000 ECU. But in mature pods, it partially softens. Such peppers get a sweet touch. The variety is very unpretentious. He feels well in an apartment. But peppercorns have a lot small, flattened, rounded seeds.
- very attractive plant;
- variety with excellent flavoring characteristics;
- very sharp peppercorns;
- early ripening, unpretentious variety;
- grows well indoors.
- fruits contain many small seeds.
The Filius Bleu variety is a decorative hot pepper, related to highly productive. This plant is well grown in room conditions. Bushes do not exceed 20 cm in height. Filius Bleu not only adorns the windowsill, but also guarantees the availability hot edible peppers. By the time of biological maturity, Filius the blue is becoming less burning.
The Filius Blue variety has curved, thin peppercorns. Their color gradually changing from violet blue to red. Peppers erect, fleshy – average. Their length and diameter are not exceed 1.3-1.9 cm. Productivity at a grade is high. Peppercorns on keep the plant for a long time. Filius bleu is used in as a spice, it is also suitable for canning.
Fans of this variety speak very well about it. They like appearance of the bushes. Against the background of dark green foliage with bluish multi-colored pods look just gorgeous. But at the same time they note that the plant is very fond of good light, regular watering and responds poorly to dry air, so it it is advisable to spray often.
- graceful bushes;
- profuse bearing;
- peppercorns stay on the branches for a long time;
- exceptional hotness of tricks.
- frequent spraying of foliage is necessary.
Hot peppers for open ground
When cultivating bitter pepper in a garden, gardeners before take care of seedlings in room conditions. And when the earth warms up, then the young sprouts are transferred to the ground under the open the sky.
Bitter pepper Dragon’s tongue is intended for cultivation in greenhouses of any type and in the open. The height of the bushes of this varieties is approximately 60-70 cm. Dragon’s tongue ripens early. From seedlings to complete ripening takes about 97-105 days. C 1 m² can be collected up to 2 kg of hot pepper of this variety.
The Dragon’s tongue has peppercorns drooping, resembling the trunk of an elephant. Having reached technical maturity, peppers have a green color. And ripened fully, these vegetables turn red. The mass of one pod in average 25 g, length up to 15 cm. Dragon’s Tongue pronounced pericy aroma. And the taste is quite spicy. Of they prepare dry seasoning, preserve peppercorns or eat fresh.
According to gardeners, the productivity of the Dragon Language high. Peppers ripen at about the same time. They differ in strong pepper aroma. Grown seedlings way, tolerates cold. Bushes require timely watering, loosening and fertilizing. It is important to note that plant this variety is necessary away from sweet peppers so that it does not happen cross pollination.
- it turns out to collect a lot of pepper from one bush;
- simultaneous ripening of peppercorns;
- rich pepper aroma;
- tolerates cold well.
- requires careful care.
Bitter pepper Astrakhan 147 refers to varieties that differ high productivity. He ripens in about 120 days. Him without problems can be cultivated in the open field. The bush is compact, growing with virtually no branching. In height, it reaches 50-65 see. The maturation and appearance of peppers in this variety is extended. Astrakhan 147 is widely used in cooking and medicine.
Peppers are smooth, have a drooping shape. Their length is usually not exceeds 6-9 cm. The shape of the peppercorn is conical, small. Weight each of them is up to 18 g with a wall thickness of 1-2 mm. As the formation and ripening peppers change their color from dark green to bright red. The pulp of the variety Astrakhan quite rough, and also characterized by increased severity.
In the reviews, gardeners note that they are harvesting pepper Astrakhan for a very long time, since he has a fruiting period stretched out. The variety is not moody, it easily adapts to various environmental conditions. This hot pepper is actively used in traditional medicine to increase appetite, relieve heat or eliminate muscle pain.
- high yields;
- the variety adapts well to various conditions;
- suitable for cooking and medicinal purposes;
- high ECU indicators.
- not identified.
Hungarian yellow pepper is well cultivated under open sky or in greenhouses. The bushes grow low (40-45 cm) and compact. No supports are used for their formation. Harvesting the first crop from the moment of seed germination is possible at 85-90 day. Hungarian yellow is a great seasoning cooking various dishes, also suitable for canning.
Narrow, rather large fruits in shape resemble a cone. They smooth with a glossy skin. Initially, the fruits are yellowish, but ripened as much as possible, peppercorns become ruby. They weigh up to 60 grams, and their thickness is up to 4 mm. The taste of Hungarian yellow is peninsular, bitter. The yield in greenhouses is quite high. From 1 m² manages to collect up to 6-7 kg of hot pepper.
According to reviews, Hungarian yellow resists this well. a disease like vertex rot is not afraid of low temperatures. On the in the garden he looks very attractive. But at the same time gardeners note that watering this plant should be carried out after sunset and only warm water, under the root. Feeding is needed spend throughout the growing season.
- beautiful appearance on the garden;
- peppers have a semi-sharp taste;
- good germination of seeds;
- high yields;
- well tolerate a decrease in temperature;
- resistant to disease.
- Needs constant feeding.
Homer F1 Hot Pepper Hybrid is a compact plant. It has a large number of leaves, so peppercorns are not exposed to sunburn. Grow a plant under film coatings or in open ground. Throughout during the growing season, this hybrid stably sets new fruits.
Homer peppercorns weigh an average of 28-35 grams. Their length reaches 22 cm and a diameter of 4 cm. Initially formed peppercorns have a light green color. And when they are fully mature, then turn red. Anthocyanin coloration of fruits low temperatures are absent. The variety Homer is spicy, but in moderately sharp taste. Such hot peppers are often pickled, as well as eat fresh.
Gardeners speak well of the Homer F1 hot pepper variety. They like the pungent taste of the fruit and its average aroma. Also they note that this hybrid has good immunity to viral diseases. Homer’s yield when grown open the sky is 3.2 kg with 1 m². Many people love this hybrid with a good viscosity and spicy taste.
- a large number of leaves on the bush;
- fruit setting throughout the growing season;
- high productivity;
- immunity to viral diseases.
- not identified.
Early ripening hot peppers
Bitter peppers that ripen early will delight gardeners already in the middle of summer.
The Impala F1 hot pepper hybrid is strong, tall plants. Bushes grow straight. They have an open outside view. They have a large number of leaves, which are good protect peppercorns in the heat. Impala feels great under open air or under a film in greenhouses. His growing season is about 70-75 days. Fresh pepper spicy many dishes. They also make dry seasoning or preserve it. his.
Impala peppers grow quite long – up to 18-20 cm. Each the fruit weighs about 80 g and has an average diameter of 3 cm. Average the number of peppers on the bush is 8-12. Technically ripened vegetables light green, and by the time of biological ripeness they become red. Consumers really like this kind of pepper for its hot, spicy taste. It is actively used at any stage. ripening.
About the Impala F1 variety, many respond well. They like that this hybrid tolerates heat well and also has high immunity to viral diseases. He is also praised for being good. It is transported and perfectly stored. Leaves protect fruits from getting sunburn. But since it is a hybrid, it fails independently collect seeds.
- spicy pungent taste;
- early ripening of fruits;
- well stored and transported;
- not afraid of heat.
- it is impossible to collect seeds on your own.
Hybrid of hot pepper Tula F1 refers to early ripening species. From seedling to the ability to harvest, 90-100 passes days. The bush grows medium height. It refers to the standard (40-60 cm). Habitus is closed. Leaves are green, average size. The arrangement of fruits on the plant is mixed. Grade excellent grows in the open air or in greenhouses.
Peppers are large enough, cone-shaped, with medium weighing 14–21 g. Their apex is pointed. The surface is smooth. The wall thickness at the time of biological maturity is 2.0-4.4 mm Peppers have a pronounced pungent taste and rich aroma. Productivity is 1.1–1.6 kg per 1 m². Fruit Prescription universal. Tula is great for all dishes where piquancy required.
According to reviews, this hybrid is valued for its stable yield, plasticity, attractive appearance of fruits. Consumers praise the grade Tula for the fact that he behaves well during transportation and in extended storage time. The plant is simple and unpretentious in care. The main minus of Tula is the inability to procure their seeds from the hybrid.
- rich taste;
- early ripening;
- simplicity and unpretentiousness in leaving;
- good yield;
- excellent transportability.
- the inability to harvest their seeds from the hybrid.
Variety of hot peppers Ostryak refers to those that ripen early. The growing season it takes 90-100 days. Fine cultivated outdoors or in greenhouses. The plant closed habit. The bush does not require auxiliary structures for formation. There are a large number of large dark green leaves. Wit can be grown in any regions. From 1 m² it is possible to collect up to 2.5 kg of pepper.
In Ostryak, peppercorns are cone-shaped, smooth, glossy, looking up. Their average weight is 5-8 g, and the wall thickness is 2 mm. Technically ripe fruits have a greenish-white color. And becoming biologically mature, they acquire a dark red color. Peppercorns have a pungent, spicy taste and strong aroma. Its active use during cooking and marinate for future use. Wit suitable for drying and long storage.
In reviews, gardeners praise this variety for having extended fruiting, excellent palatability, resistance to temperature differences. They also note that Ostryak is also very beautiful, decorative look. Many people like this variety. suitable for cultivation in the northern regions. Basic care of him consists in watering, loosening and top dressing.
- excellent taste;
- adapted to adverse weather conditions;
- beautiful decorative look;
- suitable for drying.
- poorly tolerates a lack of lighting.
Middle and late ripening hot peppers
Typically, medium-ripening crops ripen 100-130 days after seedling germination. But there are also varieties that gain full maturity for about 150 days and more.
The variety of bitter pepper Lamb horn belongs to the medium late varieties. The duration of the growing season is 130-145 days. The bush is compact, branched. Plant height 50-60 см. Grade Бараний рог предназначен для выращивания
и на грядках , и в открытом грунте, и подfilm shelter. The yield of pepper in greenhouses is 3 kg s 1 m² Lamb horn is actively consumed fresh or canned.
Peppers have an elongated, conical shape. Outwardly they resemble ram horn. Their average length is 25–35 cm and weight is 30–40 g. By the time of technical maturity, the fruits have a light green color. AND reaching biological maturity, they turn red. The variety Lamb horn sharp taste with a soft finish. They have a very aroma saturated. If watering is minimal, then the taste will be sharper. On one up to 60 peppers are tied in a bush.
According to reviews, Lamb horn is unpretentious in cultivation, but not tolerates stagnation of water. Requires a lot of sun, growing in partial shade slower. Timely watering is important for him. Many people like that you can adjust the sharpness of this vegetable by increasing or decreasing watering. This variety has universal application. Autumn bush can dig and continue growing on the windowsill.
- high productivity;
- the ability to adjust the severity of the volume of irrigation;
- universality of application;
- You can continue growing in a pot on the windowsill.
- in partial shade it grows more slowly.
Variety Tabasco is a type of chili pepper. Ripening period this vegetable – 100-120 days. Plant height – 60-150 cm. It is a small bushes strewn with a lot of small pods. This is a perennial variety, but lives no more than 2-5 years old.
Tabasco has a conical shape. Their length is approximately 4 cm. They grow vertically up. Initially after the ovary peppercorns are yellow, but eventually turn bright red. At Tabasco indicators of hotness are in the range of 30,000-50,000 ECU. At Peppers have a unique smoky aroma. As the peel ripens thickens on peppers, and the flesh inside becomes creamy.
Consumers speak very well of Tabasco hot peppers. Them like the high yield of this variety and its resistance to diseases. Fans of this pepper note that despite their small size, it has a strong sharpness. Tabasco is not particularly demanding care, however gardeners report that this variety does not tolerate cold at all. If the night temperature becomes below 15 ° C, the formation of fruits is difficult.
- incredibly hot pepper;
- perennial grade;
- bears fruit abundantly;
- It has a unique smoky aroma.
- does not tolerate cold.
Hot pepper Vizier is one of the varieties that ripen late. The vegetable reaches its technical maturity after 120-125 days after complete germination, and becomes biologically mature after 140 days. The plant is tall, powerful. It has semi-spreading habit. The type of bush is semi-stem. Has the form trees and a height of 80-100 cm.
The fruits are small, each weighs 25-30 g. Their color is red or Dark red. The shape of the peppercorns is complex and unusual. According to reviews gardeners, it resembles an oriental turban, asterisk or flower. The walls are thin, 2-3 mm each. Thanks to its bizarre shape it’s beautiful Looks when preserving it whole. In greenhouses from 1 m² manages to collect up to 4 kg of crop.
Pepper Vizier is an excellent, slightly sharp variety that will give piquancy to any gourmet dish. It is easy to grow and requires minimal maintenance for a good harvest. Vizier is praised for that it is possible to cook various pastas and paprika from it. Сортhas good yield and natural resistance to various diseases.
- original beautiful form;
- pleasant bitter taste;
- simplicity in leaving;
- immunity to disease;
- excellent commercial quality.
- not identified.
Hot pepper Spark refers to the average maturity (growing season is 115-120). It can be grown under open air, in apartments or in greenhouses. The height of the bush in the garden – 45–55 cm, and in pots – 30–35 cm. The Spark has a dense pyramidal crown. At the same time, there are flowers and fruits with different maturity.
Peppers are elongated, cuspid, slightly curved, smooth. Weight one fruit – 20 g, wall thickness – 1.5 mm. Pods a bit twisted. By the time of biological maturity they become dark red color. The ripening of peppers is not friendly. Has a sharp taste and pleasant aroma. It is used not only as a piquant supplement dishes, but also for the treatment of diseases.
According to reviews, Spark enhances immunity, has a bright aroma and pungent taste. This is a popular and sought after plant. However many companies sell completely different varieties under the name Spark. Often their fruits are yellow, small and too sticking up. Unscrupulous manufacturers mix various spicy varieties, which do not correspond to the real description of the Twinkle.
- decorative appearance;
- pungent taste and rich aroma;
- You can harvest for a long time;
- strong immunity.
- When buying, confusion with the seeds is possible.
Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.