Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Favorite berry of many cherries grows and ripens in many regions southern and central strip, it is only important to choose the right variety with taking into account the taste and needs of the plant in a certain climate. You also need to know: a tree for the formation of berry buds a related pollinator plant blooming in one time with the variety, they must be planted nearby. Another way help the sweet cherry to start – plant a twig of another variety to adult sapling ready for fruiting.
The experts of the online magazine did a great job of identifying popular and interesting cherry varieties and based on the description and opinions of summer residents made a rating of the most successful selection representatives of the berry family of different ripening periods.
- Rating of the best varieties of cherries
- Best Early Cherries
- Leningrad black
- Homestead yellow
- The best mid-season cherries
- People’s Syubarova
- Oryol pink
- Gift to Stepanov
- Best late cherries
- Large-fruited Tyutchevka
- Bryansk pink
- Michurinka (late Michurinsky)
Rating of the best varieties of cherries
|Nomination||a place||sweet cherry variety||price|
|Best Early Cherries||1||Iput||900 rub|
|2||Leningrad black||900 rub|
|4||Homestead yellow||350 rub|
|The best mid-season cherries||1||Fatezh||1500 rub.|
|2||People’s Syubarova||900 rub|
|3||Oryol pink||480 rub|
|4||Gift to Stepanov||480 rub|
|Best late cherries||1||Revna||760 rub|
|3||Large-fruited Tyutchevka||1500 rub.|
|4||Bryansk pink||480 rub|
|5||Michurinka (late Michurinsky)||760 rub|
Best Early Cherries
In the first summer month will reward an early variety with a cherry harvest trees.
Leader in the rating of early ripe varieties large, bulk cherries Itput, enduring winter frosts. The tree extends up to 6 meters, therefore, it is necessary to maintain a distance between the plants in the garden not less than 3 meters. With a wide and abundant crown in the harvest year collect up to 35 kg of berries of a deep maroon shade, each weighing 5 … 10 grams. The juicy soft body of the berries is moderately dense and pleasant organoleptic characteristics with a subtle sourness, which intensifies in the absence of sufficient amount of insolation and comfortable summer temperature.
Hypatia is demanding on the sun, but tolerates frosts well, takes root in the weather-varied regions of the middle lane and Ural ridge. However, severe frosts can damage young twigs and flower stalks, as well as April, May frosts – the death of the set kidneys reaches up to 60%. Sort at elimination vaccinated resistance to common parasites and viruses.
In the best way, the Yiput is pollinated with the cherries Ovstuzhenka, Raditsa, Bryansk pink, Revna, Tyutchevka.
- Adaptability to winter cold;
- Large berries with a decent taste;
- Parasites do not affect the variety.
- An abundance of precipitation leads to oversaturation and bursting of fruits;
- Damage by May temperature drops (early problem varieties).
Cherry tree varieties Leningradskaya stretches up to 6 meters and bears fruit only three years after settling in permanent residence, developing small berries up to 5 gr. with a delicate sugar taste with a slight sourness, and with full ripeness also with a slight bitterness, estimated at 4.2 from 5 points. This led the representative to the second place in the rating.
The black Leningrad tree gives not only tasty berries, it undemanding in care and resistant enough to common parasites. Good resistance to -300С to frosts.
Weak point – high summer humidity and excess water, leading to rupture of the shell of berries. The variety will bear fruit when “friendship” with representatives of varieties Leningrad yellow, Leningrad pink, Red dense, Fatezh.
- Moderate berry flavor;
- No frost damage;
- Quick survival and fast fruiting.
- The need for pollinators of certain varieties;
- Weakness to excess water.
Berry Chermashnaya iremeet unusual yellow color, slightly bleached. The tree extends up to 5 meters, but the spherical crown unbroken, the sun fully illuminates and warms every twig, therefore, the berries are saturated sweet with a slight tint of acidity, weight up to 4.5 gr. By the way, they ripen at the same time, so we harvest You can enjoy a week or two. In total, completely the formed tree will reward the owner with 20 kilograms sweet cherry.
Populating a sapling on a site, a summer resident can be sure: in 3-4 summer you can enjoy the first berries, but for this the site should be a neighborhood of trees with “relatives” of varieties Fatezh, Raditsa and Bryansk pink. Chermashnaya feels great in warm regions, in areas with frost, low tolerance even of mild frosts.
- The dessert taste is medium fruit;
- Excellent survival rate;
- Strong immunity.
- The lack of ripeness of berries;
- Inability to develop normally in the northern regions.
Third place in another representative of the cherries Household yellow, from the name of which the color of berries is understandable. True, in comparison with Chermashna, the fruits are brighter golden, but small (5.5 gr.), Ideal for use immediately after assembly – very sugar with a minimal touch of acidity. The fruiting is plentiful – 22 tons per hectare.
The tree does not stretch more than 5 meters, differs in accelerated growth, but fruiting will have to wait about 6 years. But this cherry does not need pollinators – an undoubted advantage. Another argument – adaptability to the quirks of winter and a high degree preservation of fruitful buds in the spring.
- Ovaries persist in April-May frosts and winter cold
- Mouth-watering fruits;
- There is no need for pollinators;
- The berries do not crumble;
- Convenient picking – berries often grow on a branch.
- Intensive growth (growing, need to be molded);
- Long wait for fruiting.
Medium-sized cherries of the Sadko variety with a crown of medium sprawling gives very large berries – their mass is maximum in the category early ripe and reaches 6.1 … 8.1 gr., the color is saturated dark red, and the taste is surprisingly sweet with a high rating of 4.7. Noteworthy: the flesh is easily separated from the small bone, the juicy body does not Cracks from excess moisture.
The tree grows moderately, you can expect the harvest by the fourth year, but subject to the proximity to other varieties. Sadko needs to be protected from coccomycosis, it will cope with other diseases by yourself.
- Large fruits with a dry branch of the stalk;
- Dessert fruits that are easy to peel;
- Resistance to winter cold.
- Average resistance to coccomycosis;
- Pollination is required.
The best mid-season cherries
Want to treat yourself to cherries in the beginning – mid-July, get mid-season seedlings. And we will tell how gardeners prefer.
The second half of July is rich in the leading cherry harvest Fatezh variety rating, with a developed tree they collect half a centner fruits, at the beginning of bearing – from 10 kg. Tree does not stretch more than 5 meters, while its branches are sprawling, and the crown resembles ball that needs molding. Particular attention should be paid to the lower branches: they are the most loaded with fruits and under weight bend.
Berries will please any gourmet and summer resident – they are juicy and very sweet, the bone is easily taken out, it remains pink dense the flesh. The size of the fruit is determined by various factors: in warm and sunny summers with sufficient watering and nutritious soil they reach a weight of 6 grams, with a deficiency of one of the factors weight loss up to 3.8 g.
To Fatezh pleased berries, you should put him in The central region in the neighborhood of Chermashnaya, Ovstuzhenka, Iputy, Raditsa or Jealous.
- Amazing taste with an almost imperceptible sourness;
- Excellent winter hardiness;
- Immunity to disease;
- Juicy pulp with simple bone separation.
- The size of the fruit is unstable;
- It is necessary to form an expanding crown.
This self-producing cherry confidently takes the second place in the rating mid-season berries according to the version. Folk Syubarova takes root well and develops in many regions due to excellent frost resistance and, which is uncharacteristic of the species, to the winds. Foliage and fruit also do not terrible sunburn, parasites.
Berry gatherings are held by the end of July, removed mature berries reach a weight of 6 grams, and they taste traditional sweet and sour. An adult tree can produce up to 50 kg of cherries, which maybe already at 6 year of development.
- Unpretentiousness to the conditions of growth and development;
- Can grow in windy areas;
- The classic taste of berries;
- It can be used in a tapeworm or fruit tree tree;
- Abundant fruiting.
- It does not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the soil.
At first glance, it may seem that the berry is unripe, but for Oryol pink bleached red with bright spots – natural color. Fruits grow on a stunted tree, height which even in adulthood does not exceed 3 meters – this greatly facilitates the harvesting process that fits mid July. It is noteworthy that rely on returns from young tree can already be in the third year of development. Requires participation pollinators.
The berries themselves are small, their weight does not exceed 4 grams., Department of small the bones are uncomplicated. Orlovskaya pink sweet cherry is defined to dessert grades and good unprocessed for canning also suitable, but used infrequently.
The picture of merits is saddened by the average resistance to pests – observation and timely treatment of coccomycosis and moniliosis.
- Dessert destination berries;
- Low tree;
- Unusual color of fruits;
- The ability to give berries in the third year of development.
- The berries are small in size;
- Lack of immunity.
Gift to Stepanov
This relatively young variety is selected from Bryansk cherries, he absorbed all the best from the “progenitor”: growth up to 5 meters, medium-sized berries up to 4.5 gr. with elastic sugary pulp (4.9-5.0 b.) intense burgundy black. Productivity Gardeners satisfied, especially in central areas and southern areas – wood not afraid of drought (but a young plant requires watering at least once every week) and cool, excellent winters and resists pests.
For fruiting, Teremoshka varieties and The favorite of Astakhov.
- The most delicious cherry variety, according to gourmets and experts;
- Easily detachable bone and peduncle;
- Good immunity.
- Small berries with an average bone size.
Best late cherries
The main advantage of cherries ripening by August is minimizing the risk of kidney damage in spring frost, so fees berries in late summer are usually the richest.
At normal height, an adult cherry tree in a sparse crown can simultaneously develop up to 30 kg large (up to 8 grams) dark red and incredibly tasty berries rated by the highest score (4.8 … 5.0). The tree is partially able to pollinate itself, but only by 5%, therefore, neighbors in the class will not hurt (Iput, Ovstuzhenko, Raditsa, Tyutchevka). Crohn grows intensively, so it is necessary molded, good tree allows you to do it.
Tree frosts practically do not hit, it transfers quirks of winters of the middle zone, and also return spring colds. Immunity to diseases is sure, therefore parasites are not sweet scary.
- Large, highly rated berries;
- Resistance of a tree and young shoots to frosts, including spring;
- Berries do not crack with excess water;
- Persistent immunity.
- The plant begins to bear fruit only in 5 years;
- Need “neighbors” – pollinators.
The name of the variety speaks for itself: the cherries are large, much more weighty than the rest – up to 14 grams, or even 18 grams. Fruit saturated dark colors are all the same shape, smooth and Neat, sweet and sour in taste, suitable for transportation. Bones and stalks come off easily – before use easy to clean, including large volumes for preservation.
The plant extends up to 5 meters, its crown is scattered broad – for order it is recommended to give it a shape. Near should grow cherries of other varieties for pollination Adult the bush will delight with an abundant offspring – up to 56 kg.
- Excellent frost resistance;
- The largest of the listed fruits;
- Good taste;
- Drought does not affect the taste of berries;
- Immunity to characteristic ailments.
- Forming required;
- Do not do without pollinating “neighbors” (Bugaro Oratovsky, Surprise, Francis).
By the end of the second summer month you can enjoy cherries. Tyutcheva (Tyutchevka Large-fruited). This is the optimal berry size. up to 7-8 gr., intense red with a slightly noticeable speck. Difficulty will cause bone removal from the soft body, but the stalk is removed dry. Gourmets and sweet tooth will appreciate the sweet cherry Large-fruited Tyutchevka: it is sugary with a moderate characteristic acidity.
One tree can produce about 40 kg of berries – not the best An impressive but optimal result for cherries. To the kidneys tied up, you will need an additional tree – pollinator, although Large-fruited Tyutchevka variety is capable of partial self-pollination.
The rainy summer will turn into trouble – the berries will crack. Damage to coccomycosis and kleasterosporiosis is also dangerous, moniliosis. Winter frosts are fearless for a tree, but spring ones are capable of kill more than 65% of the ovaries.
Tyutchevka bred for breeding in the central lane, good takes root in the south of the Urals.
- Great sugar flavor;
- Stable rich productivity;
- Portability of winters of the middle zone.
- It is affected by diseases; prevention is needed;
- Violation of the integrity of berries during waterlogging;
- Difficult seizure of pulp.
A widespread variety of August ripeness Bryansk pink is a tree of small stature up to 4 with a small meter, Crown neat with moderate branching. Berries, as is clear from names, pink, with a marked speck, small (up to 5.5 grams), resistant to excess water. The bone, although small, but its separation from the pulp is somewhat difficult. There is no sour taste it is replaced by a light bitterness on the background of unsurpassed sweetness. it The property is used in conservation and winemaking.
For an adult tree to produce 20 … 30 kg of fruit, next to or by grafting other cherries must be used.
Bryanskaya pink is resistant to frost and disease, variety bred for distribution in the Central regions and in the middle lane.
- Berries do not crack;
- Immunity to diseases and colds;
- There is no acidity in taste.
- Difficult bone separation;
- The ovaries are afraid of spring frosts;
- Small berries.
Michurinka (late Michurinsky)
The late ripening variety of Michurinskaya cherries completes the rating with berries saturated dark red color and small size (weight up to 6.5 grams). The fruits are distinguished by a characteristic abdominal suture and pronounced juicy sweet taste. The bone can be easily detached, just like stalk.
The tree grows quickly, a neat elevated crown is formed, well tolerating winter frosts, as well as drought, it begins bear fruit in the fifth year, needs pollinators. Plant is not afraid of disease.
Michurinka bears fruit regularly, yield up to 140 quintals with hectare in conditions of Michurinsk and its region, feels good in the same climatic zone.
- Resistance to winter cold;
- Resistance to transportation;
- High and regular productivity;
- Estimated taste.
- With significant frosts, life expectancy decreases tree.
Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.