Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
Many grow grapes for the purpose of making wine at home. conditions. But not all varieties are suitable for processing, and not all grow well in the middle band. If in priority domestic wine, you should choose the appropriate technical (wine) varieties. They usually look less attractive than diners, but but growing them is much easier.
Wine grapes are distinguished by a high juice content (75-88%) and increased sugar content. These are important indicators for winemaking. AND although it is generally accepted that grapes are a thermophilic culture, but even in the middle zone it can well be grown. In that The review will feature 12 of the best varieties of wine grapes, suitable for growing under such conditions.
- Rating of the best middle grape wine grape varieties
- Best White Wine Grapes
- Nutmeg white
- Sauvignon Blanc
- Louise Swanson
- The best dark wine grape varieties
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Pinot noir
- Grenache Noir
- Express early
- Olenevsky Black
Rating of the best middle grape wine grape varieties
|Nomination||a place||Grape sort||rating|
|Best White Wine Grapes||1||Chardonnay||5.0|
|The best dark wine grape varieties||1||Cabernet Sauvignon||5.0|
Best White Wine Grapes
For the manufacture of white wine can be used red and pink varieties, but light wine remains a priority varieties of this culture.
One of the most famous white wine grapes. is a chardonnay. Burgundy (France) is considered to be its homeland. A wide variety of wines are made from it (dry, dessert, sparkling, canteens). Bush chardonnay is growing rapidly and half spread. Kidneys appear very early. Plant is not requires intensive pruning. Flowers on the bushes of Chardonnay belong to to both sexes.
The size of the clusters is small: 12–13 cm long and 9–10 cm wide. In shape, they resemble a cone. Their structure may be varied (from dense to very loose). Rounded grapes or oval, painted greenish-white with a golden tan from the sunny side. The pulp is juicy, tastes good, has characteristic aroma for this wine variety. juice content exceeds 74% of the mass of the crop.
According to the reviews of winegrowers, ripening occurs in average late terms. Most often, raw materials are collected in the second half September Bushes without shelter can withstand frosts down to -20 ° C. Experienced growers also note that with a long stay ripened bunches on the vine, the berries begin to crack and rot (especially during rains). But Chardonnay endures drought. Resistance to diseases is average.
- good pollination due to bisexual flowers;
- frost resistance up to -20 ° С;
- tolerates drought;
- excellent taste characteristics;
- intense varietal aroma;
- high percentage of juice output.
- being on the vine for a long time, the berries crack and rot.
Wine material from the Hungarian wine variety Bianca has a rich taste with pronounced vanilla and almond notes. To produce table and semi-sweet wines, it is combined with wine material of other varieties with reduced rates sugar content. Thanks to this they get rid of cloying, characteristic of the Bianca variety.
Bushes of this grape variety grow moderately. Stalks are growing straight, forming an openwork crown. Flowers belong to both sexes. Fruit not prone to peeling. Thin stems ripen well practically full length. The clusters grow small, resembling in shape cylinder. Their average weight is 100-120 g. Juice yield from the total crop mass reaches 80%. This wine variety ripens in about 120 days.
- bisexual flowers, no tendency to pea;
- presentation of the crop is stored on the vine for a long time;
- tolerates frosts to -27 ° C;
- has high resistance to various diseases;
- juice yield – 80% by weight of the crop.
- the variety is prickly.
One of the oldest grape varieties is Muscat white. For it is characterized by the accumulation of large amounts of sugar. Bushes grow medium. The flowers of this wine variety are bisexual. But in some adverse years, he may pea. There is also a tendency of Muscat white to shedding buds and ovaries.
The shape of the brush of this grape is close to the cylinder, and sometimes they there is some wingedness. By structure, they are downed, which may cause deformation located too close to a friend of grapes. The mass of clusters can vary from 100 to 450 g. The pulp is tender, very juicy, has a pleasant taste and magnificent bright aroma of muscat.
Vinogradar in the reviews note that grow this variety in the middle lane is quite problematic, but possible. Harvesting usually in the second half of September – the first half October. If it is planned to make dry wine, then cleaning start a little earlier. Muscat white has low frost resistance. AND if it is rainy autumn, the grapes are affected by sulfur rot.
- commercial and taste at the height;
- high standards of sugar accumulation while maintaining sufficient acidity level;
- the taste is saturated with a musky note.
- poorly tolerates low temperatures and diseases.
Thanks to the crossing of Chenin Blanc and Taminer varieties, wine grapes Sauvignon Blanc. He is popular throughout world, because it has excellent taste characteristics due to optimal ratio of sugar and acid. To Sauvignon Blanc pleased, it is important not to be late with the harvest. Overripe berries lose their valuable properties and taste characteristics, therefore no longer suitable for winemaking.
Bushes grow with medium strength. Sauvignon Blanc has flowers both sexes. They are well pollinated from year to year. For grade small or medium clusters are characteristic. In shape they cylindrical, sometimes with a wing. The grapes are planted very tight. The average mass of the brush is 70−125 g. The juice content is usually exceeds 77%.
According to the reviews of winemakers, the variety is magnificent with technological points of view. It has a very rich aroma and is excellent. complements other varieties, improving the characteristics of wines. With his growers emphasize that ripe berries cannot be overexposed on the bushes, as they quickly lose acidity and accumulate excess sugar. Sauvignon Blanc suffers a demotion temperature up to -21 ° С. But he has poor resistance to disease.
- stable, good pollination;
- amazing aroma and taste;
- frost resistance up to -21 ° С;
- the juice content is 77%.
- overripe berries become tasteless.
Crystal wine grape variety is high-quality interspecific hybrid bred in Hungary. It is most often made from it. dry table wines, champagnes, as well as sherry wine materials. Crystal bushes grow medium. Flowers related to both floors, perfectly pollinated regardless of the weather. Polka Dot Crystal not predisposed. Grapes ripen early enough – for 110−115 days.
The clusters are rather large (200 or more grams). In shape they close to the cone. The density of grapes is moderate. Berry size medium, oval in shape. They are white or yellow-green in depending on the lighting. The pulp is tender, juicy, sweet. There are no specific flavors. But this wine variety is bad It is transported over long distances and is poorly stored.
Reviews of Crystal Wine Grapes Found mostly good. Vinogradar noted that he is excellent suitable for the middle band. Uncovered vines are not damaged without shelter, even if the temperature drops to -29 ° C. What if take advantage of the simplest shelters, they will withstand and -40 ° C. The crystal has a very high productivity. Its pretty easy to grow, because it is unpretentious.
- bisexual flowers are well pollinated in any weather;
- early ripening of grapes;
- excellent taste characteristics;
- high frost resistance;
- unpretentious in cultivation;
- high productivity indicators.
- poorly transported and stored.
The result of American selection was a wine grape variety Louise Swanson It is considered late. Kidneys by Louise Svenson appear late, so spring frosts are not afraid of them. Collection Harvest occurs in the second half of September. The berries ripen on for 120-135 days. Louise Swanson gives consistently high harvests.
Bushes grow moderately. The sizes of the brushes are average. Grapes on They are planted tightly. The berries are rounded, rather small. Color they greenish-white, and a whitish coating of wax is also visible. Taste characteristics of Louise Svenson are rated as average. A slight sourness is felt. Berries rarely crumble and may still stay on the vine for a long time after full maturity.
According to reviews, the hybrid variety Louise Swanson has an increased resistance to major diseases and pests. Him with pleasure grown in central Russia and colder regions. Even lowering the temperature to -40 ° C does not cause them special damage. However, Louise Swanson reacts poorly to drought, therefore requires regular watering.
- high yields;
- berries hold well on the vine;
- increased frost resistance;
- well resists various diseases and pests.
- excessive dryness of the soil harms the plant.
The best dark wine grape varieties
To make red wine resort in a special technology that provides the transition of anthocyanins from the skin of grapes into the must.
Thanks to the crossing of Sauvignon and Cabernet-Fran Cabernet Sauvignon wine grape bred. It belongs to the late varieties of culture. In the middle lane it is usually collected in the first half of October. The variety is very easy to care for and grow. Its maturation is stable. He is able to adapt perfectly to the most adverse environmental conditions.
The clusters of Cabernet Sauvignon resemble a cone in shape. Their length reaches 15 cm. Sometimes they have lateral branches. Round the berries are dark blue. Their skin is very rough, covered wax coating. They have a small number of seeds. The grapes are very juicy and have a pleasant taste.
Vinogradar in the reviews note that the wine grape variety Cabernet Sauvignon is resistant to drought. During rainy summers and In autumn, it practically does not rot. He is not afraid of spring frosts or a strong drop in temperature in winter. Such its characteristics very important for growing in the middle lane. Also he is little susceptible to the most dangerous diseases. However cabernet sauvignon differs in high showability of berries, and also their tendency to peeling.
- the variety is easy to care for and grow;
- excellent wine raw materials;
- resistance to adverse conditions;
- good disease resistance.
- high flaking of berries;
- tendency to pea.
Pinot Noir wine grape is worthy representative of the Western European group. It was bred in France. (Burgundy). Bushes grow medium. Flowers apply to both sex. Early blooming of the kidneys can cause damage late spring frosts. Almost all ripen on the bush brushes. The taste of wine material becomes brighter as it ripens berries.
The Pinot Noir clusters are elongated. The berries are rounded. Peel on them dense, dark blue color. The pulp is very tender, juicy, possesses rich balanced taste. Each grape contains up to 75% juice of the total mass. Under adverse environmental conditions environment there is increased peaking and a decrease in total mass bunches of grapes. This wine grape ripens over the course of 141-151 days.
According to winegrower reviews, Pinot Noir is grown well in middle lane conditions. Vine can withstand temperature drops up to -30˚С. It has medium resistance to major diseases and high to gray rot. Since the bushes do not grow much, then look after them is not difficult and pleasant. Harmonious ratio sugar and acidity in wine material makes it popular with winemakers.
- good vine regeneration;
- bisexual flower;
- fairly high productivity;
- harmonious taste;
- high frost resistance;
- high resistance to gray rot.
- due to poor watering, the berries become smaller.
Rondo wine grape ripens in 125-135 days (early to medium term). From such raw materials get good wines quality. They are deeply colored, highly acid and taste characteristics reminiscent of Merlot. Bushes rondo strongly are growing. This wine grape blooms in mid-June. A special yield is observed on chernozems.
Rondo berries are medium in size. They are rounded, with strong black skin. The pulp of this variety is juicy, bright, black and purple. The weight of each cluster reaches approximately 120 g, and in shape they resemble a cone. It is important to harvest in time. Although the berries are resistant to decay, they can also dry out when delayed. to fall off.
About Rondo there are mostly positive reviews. Vinogradar noted that this variety is quite suitable for growing in the middle lane. It is quite resistant to frost, a plant withstands temperatures up to -24 °. He has major diseases medium resistance (with the exception of chlorosis). Bushes actively bear fruit for two to three years.
- early ripening;
- good tolerance of low temperatures;
- medium disease resistance;
- wine material tastes like Merlot.
- in case of untimely collection, the berries dry and fall.
The Grenache (Garnacha) wine grape variety is one of most common around the world. He has a strong trunk with hardy vine. Grenache bushes are often grown as freely. standing. From this wine material, mature pink or red wines that are high in sugar or alcohol. Often it is blended with wine materials of other varieties.
The Grenache Noir clusters are massive, in shape they resemble cone. Rounded medium-sized berries have a dense skin, painted in dark blue color. They store sugar well and have an amazing flavor. In terms of soil, bushes Grenache Noir picky. They also tolerate drought and others well. adverse environmental effects.
According to reviews, Grenache Noir has good yield indicators. Grape growers recommend removing clusters in the second half of September. The variety can withstand temperatures down to -18 ° C. However indicators resistance to major diseases is low. In winemaking Grenache has established itself as a very plastic variety.
- well withstands temperature drops to -18 ° C;
- resistant to drought;
- has a fairly high yield;
- very plastic grade in winemaking.
- resistance to major diseases is low.
Wine Grapes Express is considered an early variety. In the middle strip of Russia, it can grow without shelter for the winter. Grade grape unpretentious and perfectly adapts to negative environmental conditions. He is very popular with beginner growers. Its sweet, specific taste is like to many.
In the variety Express, the early berries are rather small, rounded. Bunches by weight can reach 350 g. They are painted in dark blue with black ebb. When forming a bush, it should be borne in mind that this The wine variety is highly fertile. Express early provides a good harvest, even if weather conditions wish the best. If the kidneys were damaged by spring frosts, then the vine perfectly restored, maintaining fruiting.
Grapers in their reviews praise wine grapes Express early. This variety can withstand temperatures up to -37 ° C. In the winter, after pruning the vines, it is enough to tie the bushes in bunches and tilt them to the ground. Covered with a thick layer of snow, it is beautiful overwinter. Early express willingly eat children fresh. AND wine material from it is very similar in taste Cabernet Cortis.
- super early ripening;
- taste characteristics;
- withstands temperatures up to -37 ° C;
- has good disease resistance;
- perfectly restored after spring frosts.
- not identified.
The grape variety Olenevsky Cherny does not need shelter for winter and tolerates frosts. It matures in 125-130 days. The flowers on the bush are bisexual. Variety Olivevsky Black is grown universal. Its berries are perfectly consumed fresh. Also It is well suited for winemaking and conservation. Bushes of this wine Grapes are greatly growing.
The clusters resemble a conical cylinder in shape. Their average weight reaches 200 g. Berries are planted very tightly. The skin is black and has an intense wax coating. The seeds in the grapes are small. The taste is quite simple, but harmonious. It balances well sugar content and acidity. Yields are above average. This variety, without any care, can easily live on a personal garden. plot of 10-20 years.
In reviews, wine growers praise Olenevsky Black for good frost resistance. Bushes survive the winter without obligatory shelter. In this case, the vine is not damaged in any way and the bushes still remain prolific. No need to often water this wine grape or use a large number of top dressings. He has an average resistance to major diseases.
- a good combination of sugar content and acidity;
- resistance to frost;
- does not require complicated care;
- harmonious taste;
- suitable for fresh consumption.
- poor resistance to oidium.
Attention! This rating is subjective, is not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.