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The water that rises from the bowels of the earth is usually more heated, than the earth’s surface – because the earth is hot inside, and with depth the temperature rises. Sources whose temperature is year-round does not fall below 20 degrees, are called thermal. Heated water such sources has healing and recreational properties, there is a branch of medicine that studies water treatment – balneology. Many people like to relax, swimming in the warm mineral water – thermal spas are created for them. About them – thermal springs and resorts – and this article will be discussed.
- Overview of the most famous thermal springs in Russia
- Thermal springs of the Krasnodar Territory
- Suvorov sources
- Thermal complex “Geduko”
- Belovsky thermal complex
- Aushiger thermal springs
- Sources of the “Pearl of the Caucasus”
- Thermal Complex “Valley of Geysers”
- Thermal keys Zelinda
- Apache sources
Overview of the most famous thermal springs in Russia
|Rating of the most famous thermal springs in Russia||1||Thermal springs of the Krasnodar Territory||5.0|
|3||Thermal complex “Geduko”||4.8|
|4||Belovsky thermal complex||4.7|
|5||Aushiger thermal springs||4.6|
|6||Sources of the “Pearl of the Caucasus”||4.5|
|7||Thermal Complex “Valley of Geysers”||4.4|
|10||Thermal keys Zelinda||4.1|
Thermal springs of the Krasnodar Territory
Krasnodar Territory – the most popular place among lovers thermal springs. Tourists love to visit this region – here always warm, even in winter there are no noticeable frosts, you can swim in sea. On the territory of the region – many resorts, thermal complexes and recreation centers – for listing all would be required separate article.
Especially rich in thermal keys Mostovsky district Krasnodar Territory. Here from the ground, water beats up to 80 degrees, rich in minerals, rising from a depth of more than two kilometers. In the Mostovsky district there are recreation centers Rasputin, Aqua Vita, Emerald, Old Mill, Khutorok, Anastasia, Ginseng and others, wellness complex Coral Family. In the village Yaroslavskaya is located SPA-resort Silicon Terme, where the healing effect of the spring is complemented by pearl baths, wraps, salt procedures.
In summer, the weather in the region is too hot for swimming in thermal waters. Because many tourists come in the winter and swim against the background of snow, which, however, is quite rare here.
Slightly less Krasnodar is known for hot keys and Stavropol region. This region is especially popular among vacationers – here is the resort region of Caucasian Mineral Waters. Near the cities of the CMS, in the village of Suvorovskaya, are located Suvorov hot springs. The water outlet here is not natural: the well from which Suvorovskaya No1 water flows was drilled in 1959 year.
Mineral water “Suvorovskaya No1” is characterized by high temperature, rich elemental composition, low mineralization and alkalinity. It is used externally to treat nervous diseases, diseases of the heart and blood vessels, endocrine disorders, sexual diseases, diseases of the musculoskeletal system systems and others. Water is also used both internally and as water. for Bath.
In the village built pools filled with mineral water from source. People come here from all over Russia, as well as from countries CIS and other states.
Thermal complex “Geduko”
The Caucasus is a fertile land for vacationers. Warm climate and high mountains attract people who want a good vacation. There are also thermal springs. One of the most popular thermal complexes – Geduko – located in Kabardino-Balkaria, not far from Elbrus. The name means “valley of forest chickens” – Earlier pheasants and black grouse were plentifully found here. Thermal The complex consists of two sources. Water from them enhances blood supply, relieves inflammation and pain, cures diseases vessels, nervous system, musculoskeletal system and genital illnesses.
The complex includes swimming pools, individual cabins for swimming, water rides and sports fields. Wellness the contrast of cold pool water and hot water source. Also, visitors are offered SPA treatments.
They go to the thermal complex both for one day and for long trips. For those who stay long in the territory organizations have a hotel. There is also a cafe, but the menu limited.
Belovsky thermal complex
In addition to Suvorovsky, there is one more in the Stavropol Territory a popular thermal spring – part of Belovsky thermal complex. He takes the name from the Belovsky farm, on outskirts of which is located. The farm is located 80 kilometers from Stavropol.
Key water is rich in silicic acid, which has anti-aging and wound healing effect. Also in the water dissolved sodium, potassium, calcium, zinc, bromine and iodine. These items help with inadequate thyroid function and mild diabetes. There are medical workers on the territory of the complex, advising visitors on how to relax with the greatest benefit.
The complex has three pools: warm, hot (42 degrees) and cold. Visitors spend the most time in the first one, where there is also a Charcot shower. In the hot pool, people are not for long, after which they plunge into the cold.
Tourists who want to stay more than one day stay at a hotel in the complex. They dine in located near cafes and restaurants.
Aushiger thermal springs
Aushiger is a village in Kabardino-Balkaria, 25 kilometers from Nalchik. Here are the second most popular thermal sources in the republic. Like many other thermal keys of the South Russia, they were discovered by chance – in the 50s they drilled here well to search for oil. There was no oil here, but together it was discovered warm mineral water.
The water temperature here is about 50 degrees. The water is slightly alkaline and slightly mineralized, sodium chloride, contains calcium and potassium. Bathing in it helps treat skin and genital diseases, diseases of the nervous system, arthritis and osteochondrosis. Water medical and dining room, used internally for gastritis, liver diseases, intestines, diabetes and obesity, gout.
From sources, water is supplied by pipes to the pool. In him not swimming longer than 20 minutes is recommended due to high temperature there may be a load on the heart. After 20 minutes of swimming you need 20 minutes of rest. Do not go swimming with metal jewelry on body – metals, except gold and platinum, in water sources turn black.
There are cafes and shops around, rooms for living, parking for cars. Tourists arrive daily, some days here there are more than 500 people.
Sources of the “Pearl of the Caucasus”
Thermal keys “Pearls of the Caucasus” – the most popular in Karachay-Cherkessia, another Caucasian republic. Wellness complex located a short distance from Cherkessk, the capital of the KCR. On its territory – eight pools with water temperature from 20 to 43 degrees.
In the pools “Pearls of the Caucasus” bathe like those who are treated for various diseases and healthy people. Staying warm mineral water helps fat burning, strengthens muscles and joints, It has a general healing effect.
The health complex has separate pools for men and women, bath, hammam. You can eat here in the cafe. Also planned create a mud bath here with massage and leech treatment, a hotel and restaurant, a zoo with exotic birds and animals, a pond with fish that can be caught. Tourists can settle in any of the cities of the CMS, which are located in approximately 1.5 hours bus ride.
Thermal Complex “Valley of Geysers”
Another popular source in the Stavropol Territory is in the village of Kazminskoe. Kazminsky keys were discovered in 1984. In place their output was built thermal complex, which received name “Valley of Geysers”. There are no real geysers here, but springs from under the ground resemble them a little.
Water sources recognized as healing. The composition of the water is similar to that of waters of the Belovsky thermal complex: also contains sodium and potassium, calcium, zinc, iodine, bromine. Iodine in water helps in the treatment of iodine deficiency and insufficient thyroid function. A large amount of silicic acid promotes wound healing, as well as the restoration of the heart and blood vessels, bones and muscles.
The complex has five pools with different temperatures. The complex itself is designed for 300 people, 150 men and women each. For Those who wish to stay longer have a hotel and a cafe. For kids a playground is equipped, when children swim, after them carefully watched.
You can rest in Russia not only in the Caucasus and Krasnodar edge. Many tourists are attracted by the cleanest lake in the world – Lake Baikal. Those who arrived in Buryatia swam in Lake Baikal or took photographs beautiful places by the lake, you can also visit the hot spring Gougekit, which is located 25 kilometers from Severobaikalsk. Another name for the place is “Sunny”. It came from the name village located here.
The source was discovered while drilling in 1989. Flows from it water with a temperature of 50 degrees, containing fluorides and bicarbonates, sodium, potassium, iron and iodine. The source water is used for swimming and drinking, it treats nervous and endocrine diseases, diseases heart and blood vessels, genitourinary system, skin, muscles and bones.
The resort has several outdoor pools the sky. You can swim in hot water both in summer and in winter. Nearby are the mountains of the Baikal Range, there is a ski resort – You can do outdoor activities, take a walk in the mountains and ride by ski.
Khakusi is another hot spring resort in Severobaikalsky district of Buryatia. The name, according to different versions, comes either from “haku” – “hot” in Evenki, or from “akushi,” which means heat. Hot keys come to the surface in a pine forest, next to a sand strip 4 kilometers.
Two sources come out from under the earth. Their temperature reaches 47 degrees, water contains a lot of silicic acid, bicarbonates and sodium sulfates. When combined, water flows from sources form Goryachiy stream, which flows into Lake Baikal. Water is diverted from the stream along pipes to the resort’s pools and bathrooms.
Swimming here is used to treat arthritis and osteochondrosis, diseases of muscles and bones, skin, nervous system, heart and blood vessels, glands of internal secretion, genitals. You can swim 10-12 minutes for adults and 8-10 minutes for children, both in summer and in winter. After Visitors of the resort clearly feel bathing for several days healing effect of thermal water.
Thermal keys Zelinda
Besides Gougekita and Khakusa, among the thermal springs of Buryatia Zelinda Key is also popular. It comes to the surface near the mouth of the Dzelinda River, which flows into the Upper Angara from the right. In Evenki, the name of the key means “taimen.”
The temperature of the source is 45-50 degrees. Water contains bicarbonates and sodium sulfates, as well as fluorine, radon and – in low concentration – hydrogen sulfide. Alkaline and water reaction contains silicic acid, which determines the beneficial properties. Bathing in it is indicated for nervous diseases / bone diseases and muscles, diseases of the skin and reproductive system. It is not recommended to swim in vein in the presence of acute inflammation, glaucoma, cardiac failure, infectious and especially cancerous diseases.
At the camp site there are hotel rooms and houses of various amenities, car parking, sauna, bar and billiards. Tourists also stop outside the recreation center in tents. Outside the recreation center there are three thermal baths, in which you can also swim, and a cold bath in the nearest river.
Apache springs – the most popular of thermal springs Kamchatka Located in the Kamchatka Territory, in the Ust-Bolsheretsky district, 15 kilometers from the village of Apache, from which they take the name, in Shikova River Valley. The temperature of the water flowing from 13 griffins Apache source, varies from 55 to 72 degrees. Formed a warm stream in which you can swim in the summer and winter. Water Apache keys contains mainly bicarbonates and chlorides sodium, as well as salts of iron, boron, lithium and aluminum and silicon acid. Mineralization – 0.7-0.8 g / l, silicic acid – up to 110 mg / l
For the first time, the exiled doctor Benedikt Ivanovich discovered the keys Dybovsky in 1879. Even before World War II, next to sources built a holiday home, where they regained their strength local fishermen. Now next to them is a hotel complex. It is believed that swimming here cures nervous diseases systems, muscles, joints and bones, blood vessels and some others.
In addition to the Apache, among Kamchatka sources are also popular Country and Malkinsky keys. Where surface cottages come to the surface hot springs, the largest in Russia Mutnovskaya was built geothermal power station providing more than 20% energy needs of the Kamchatka Territory.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.