Review of the best according to the editors. About the selection criteria. The the material is subjective, is not advertising and is not serves as a guide to the purchase. Before purchase is needed consultation with a specialist.
In the Siberian region and beyond the Arctic Circle there are many cold cities, but some of them are particularly severe the climate. Long, frosty winters lasting there are considered normal. most of the year, during which the temperature drops to phenomenally low rates: 50.60 and even more degrees below zero centigrade. But in the short summer, such places are also not at all pleasing with pleasant weather. Those who are used to living in warm and temperate climates, similar settlements seem unsuitable for living, however, residents of northern cities Once upon a time successfully adapted to an aggressive habitat. In addition, these regions often boast beautiful nature and clean ecology. And one more interesting moment – their residents rarely get sick because most viral infections do not survives in severe frost. Which of the Russian cities can call the coldest in the country?
Rating of the coldest cities in Russia
|Nomination||a place||Town||Absolute minimum|
|Top 10 Coolest Cities in Russia||10||Naryan-Mar||−47.6 ° C|
|9||Vorkuta||−52 ° C|
|8||Anadyr||−46.8 ° C|
|7||Neryungri||−57.9 ° C|
|6||Vilyuysk||−60.9 ° C|
|5||Dudinka||−61 ° C|
|4||Norilsk||−53.1 ° C|
|3||Yakutsk||−64.4 ° C|
|2||Pevek||−50 ° C|
|1||Verkhoyansk||−67.8 ° C|
10th place – Naryan-Mar
Naryan-Mar – the administrative center of the Nenets Autonomous county, it is located just over 100 kilometers from the coast Barents Sea. The name is translated from the Nenets language as “Red city. “This settlement is relatively young; it exists with early 1930s. His economy is based on several fuel industry enterprises. Almost year-round cold didn’t become an obstacle in the development of tourism, every year people come here, wishing to plunge into the pristine beauty of the wild polar regions.
Climatic conditions of Naryan-Mar fully correspond to the rank one of the harshest places in the country. Short, cool and windy summers with temperatures not exceeding 13 degrees and frosty unpredictable winter. Cooling to 40 and below often happens degrees.
9th place – Vorkuta
Vorkuta is located in the Komi Republic. The city was founded in the 30s of the last century, after the discovery in this area of rich coal deposits. Historical heritage represented by architectural monuments, as well as the memory of the gloomy period associated with Vorkutlag, one of the gulag camps. This the time the population of the northern industrial city is about 58 thousands of people. The surroundings of Vorkuta are interesting natural Attractions such as Upper Kara Canyon and reserve “Spine”.
The city has a subarctic climate, temperatures are above zero rises a maximum of 70 days a year, and the rest of the time frosts and icy winds prevail. Winter lasts from October to May itself. The characteristic features of Vorkuta are sharp temperature changes, sometimes from 40 degrees of frost to zero, and high humidity level during warm periods.
8th place – Anadyr
The city of Anadyr was founded in 1889, originally it was worn name Novo-Mariinsk. It is located in the northeast Russia, on the shores of the Bering Sea and is administrative center of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug. There are approximately 15 thousand people, for the most part it consists of multi-story buildings. Most of them are painted in bright colors on the walls. some of them can also see huge themed posters. This expressive design of the urban landscape brightens accommodation in gray and cold tundra.
Winter in Anadyr is long and severe, the minimum temperature can reach 40 degrees below zero. In addition, it often happens blizzards with a wind speed of about 50 meters per second. Snow cover lies from the end of September, often it does not melt until the second half of May, and even at the height of summer heat can be replaced by sudden frosts. A short summer is most often wet, foggy, and the water in Anadyrsky the bay does not warm up above ten degrees Celsius.
7th place – Neryungri
Neryungri is the second largest city of the Republic of Sakha. is he quite young, was founded only in the mid-1970s and soon thanks to active coal mining and construction coal processing enterprises has become a significant industrial center Yakutia. The number of urban population reaches 58 thousand inhabitants. Despite the harsh weather, Neryungri lives full life, it even built one of the largest in the far eastern Russia indoor sports complexes.
The city stands at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level, which combined with geographical location determined the type of climate. Almost all year round, the inhabitants of Neryungri have to put up with high humidity and cold. Annual average temperature is about seven degrees below zero, and in the the coldest month, January, the thermometer can show from 30 to 50 degrees of frost.
6th place – Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk was founded on the banks of the Vilyuy River back in the 17th century Yenisei Cossacks, and two centuries later became administrative the center of the county. It is located in the Republic of Sakha, 600 kilometers away northwest of Yakutsk. Now in the city there are approximately 11 thousands of people. The pride of the inhabitants of the city is the khomus museum, traditional musical instrument of the Yakuts.
The climate of Vilyuisk is sharply continental, most of the year it it is covered in snow, and summer is very short. In the winter months, the temperature air may exceed 40 degrees below zero.
5th place – Dudinka
Dudinka was founded in the 17th century, now it is inhabited by about 22 thousand inhabitants. The city is located in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, on the banks of the river. Yenisei. It is known for having the Taimyr ice arena in it. – the world’s only ice stadium beyond the Arctic Circle. In the arena passes the annual Arctic Curling Cup. Also Dudinka boasts tourist attractions such as the Holy Vvedensky Church and the Museum of the North.
The city is characterized by a cold subarctic climate with large rainfall at any time of the year. Average snow here 280 days of the year fall, and relatively warm weather lasts only four months. The winter period is characterized by severe frosts, often up to 50 degrees. The average annual temperature in Dudinka is approximately 9.5 degrees below zero.
4th place – Norilsk
Norilsk is located beyond the Arctic Circle, in Krasnoyarsk Territory. This is a fairly large city with a population of over 180 thousand people. It is an important center of metallurgical industry, in this area most of the residents are involved. In addition, the tourism industry is developing, in particular nearby there is a ski base with paved slopes for skiers and snowboarders.
Norilsk is not only one of the coldest cities, it is also one of the ten most windy settlements on the planet. Blizzards up to 130 days a year are observed here. In winter, the temperature may fall to an indicator of 50 degrees below zero, and often in the summer frosts occur. A distinctive feature of the city is high humidity, up to 75%, due to which severe frosts are still transported heavier. The warm period lasts in Norilsk no more than two and a half months, but frozen for half a meter inland, the earth does not never thaws. The cold season is characterized by a huge the amount of snow, about 10 tons per inhabitant precipitation.
3rd place – Yakutsk
The capital of the Republic of Yakutia and an important river port of Russia exists since the beginning of the XVII century. Its population is around 300 thousand inhabitants, this is a large cultural economic and educational center in the region. There are many in Yakutsk educational institutions and industrial enterprises, actively logging and diamond mining. Also here regularly International sports competitions “Children of Asia” are held.
A distinctive feature of the climate in Yakutsk is strong fluctuations temperatures throughout the year. In the summer, a thermometer is often rises above thirty degrees of heat, but in the cold season years, residents have to get used to the constant forty-degree frosts. And sometimes the air temperature drops to 60 degrees Celsius. To survive such a cold, the population is forced to wrap themselves up in fur clothes starting in October.
2nd place – Pevek
Pevek’s history is less than a hundred years old, it used to be here correctional labor colony, as well as rich tin mines. In the early 1990s, the mining industry of the city went to recession, as a result of which the number of inhabitants decreased almost twice. Today in the northernmost city of Russia A little less than five thousand people live. But it is often visited tourists who are given the opportunity to watch polar days or nights, and visit the state nature reserve “Wrangel Island”.
The average annual temperature in Pevek is minus 9.5 degrees if add to this strong winds at any time of the year and frequent snowstorms in winter, it becomes obvious why no one is in a hurry to settle in such a place. For winter, the norm is 45 degrees below zero, but sometimes it is even colder.
1st place – Verkhoyansk
Verkhoyansk rightfully has the status of the North Pole cold hemisphere. The city was founded in the XVII century by the Yenisei Cossack Posnik Ivanov as a Cossack winter hut. Then settlement began to replenish for the most part due to political exiles. Now the population of the Yakut city is a little over 1100 residents, they are mainly engaged in fur trade, woodworking and breeding of northern animals. Get to Verkhoyansk is only possible with the help of an airplane, so guests are here are rare.
Harsh, even cruel climate can be said to subjugate everything without exception, aspects of the life of citizens. Especially suffering automotive technology that must be stored in heated garages. Summer in Verkhoyansk is dry, but very short, with probability sudden frosts. Annual average temperature is minus 14 degrees. The lowest officially the recorded temperature in Verkhoyansk is 67 degrees below zero. IN In general, the inhabitants of the city are accustomed to this climate, and here is something special when a thermometer shows 50 degrees below zero.
Attention! This rating is subjective, not advertising and does not serve as a guide to the purchase. Before the purchase consultation with a specialist is necessary.